0l4r £irliigzatt Bilgl
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIOtNS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
nilons Are Free
orials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
-DAY,"FEBRUARY' 18, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: SUSAN HOLTZER
U.. Needs Planned Economy
To ,Serve 'Public Interest'
"Great Scott, M.an -That's Inflationary"
AT RACKHAM AUDITORIUM:
Stanley Quartet Concert
N ALL PROBABILITY, there is no small complement of instruments
that is as musically expressive as the string quartet. Here, we are
confronted with all of the lushness and beauty of tone that is inher-
ent in the string orchestra. Yet with this lushness and tonal beauty
is an economy of means worth marveling at. It is precisely this econ-
omy which makes the combination of two violins, viola, and violincello
a striking musical combination.
However, the achievement of good ensemble is a task of massive
proportions. All four performers must, of necessity, function as one.
'HE BATTLE of the budget involves "a con-
test between the public interest and a wide
triety of special interests," President Dwight
Eisenhower said in a recent letter to Rep.
harles Halleck of Indiana, House Republican
Yet in the 'overall view, the public interest is
entical with these special interests. Certainly
stitutiois of higher education seeking support
om government funds-are "a special-interest,"
it the satisfaction of this need is, in the long
n, in the public interest. To satisfy the "pub-
interest," the government must ultimately
tis v, insofar as is humanly possible, the in-
restA of each particular group of each indi-
dual in the state.,
The government has an obligation to all the
ople. That government is no longer best which
verns least. The democratic ideal of equal.
portunity for all, which grew up with the.
e of the capitalist economy, is still only an
eal. To say it is a reality is to ignore the
rsh facts of unemployment, poverty and ig-
rance. If the United States is to have govern-
ent of the people, by the people and for the
ACKHANDEDLY, progress has come to. the
state of Michigan.
vost state political observers, including Re-
blican leaders, believe that the Republicans
l have & difficult time winning in the spring
Most observers feel that the posts the Repub-
ans are least likely to win in the contests
r the Board of Governors of Wayne State
As one reporter expressed it, "these nomina-
ns come pretty cheap (ly)."
Nevertheless the Republicans have nominated
bert B. Chennault, Sr., for a four-year term
the WSU board.
Chennaultis the first Negro to be nominated;
a state-wide office by either party.
Progress, although backhanded, has come to
e state of Michigan.
people it must be government of, by and for all
THERE ARE at present over 4 million unem-
ployed in the United States. The continual
high percentage of unemployment makes it
obvious that some kind of planning is necessary
for the American economy.
Unfortunately, the phrase "planned economy"
conjures up in many minds a regimented police
state similar to George Orwell's 1984. Yet
practically every other aspect of our lives is
carefully planned and laid out. No one would
suggest "un-planning" the University and hav-
ing professors wander around giving lectures
whenever they felt like it, wherever they could
find a room, to anyone who happened to wander
in. No one would suggest "un-planning" our
government. The result would obviously be
anarchy. Planning is not tantamount to regi-
mentation. It is only the idea of a planned
economy that raises such phantasms of horror.
E. H. Carr described the "social service" or
"welfare' state as "the state of which we de-
mand that it shall bring about a larger measure
of equality than ever before between its citizens.
-'fair shares for all'; that 'it should as far as
possible ensure both freedom and equality of
opportunity for all; that it should so plan and
direct the national economy that the periodic
crises inherent in laissez-faire systems should
be avoided; that full employment may be se-
cured for all who are able to work, and that
the natural resources and national man-power
may be applied to the production of those
things which are most needed, rather than of
these things which cant be sold at the highept
profit; and that it should so plan and direct our,
international trade that our scarce resources
may be used to bring in those overseas supplies
of which we are most in need, and on the most
This was written about England, but, holds
equally true for the United States.. There is at
present a considerable amount of government
regulation in the economic system of this coun-
try, and very few deny its necessity. But an
overall plan rather than a hit-or-miss, maybe-
this-will-work type of regulations is necessary
before government for all the people is possible.
., F '
. ~~~~~t+ ' 'is w £el ~ rh ''s
>.. CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
.:...... Spending Ong
W ASHINGTON - President creases and increases s
Dwight D. Eisenhower's in- Congress is simply n
creasingly urgent demands for cut down on water-pow
budget economy are dangerously at home, for example,'
likely to produce what to him will rising American assista
be the wrong kind of savings in abroad.
the wrong place at the wrong time. By necessity.Y the F
The are equally " likely, more- hitting again and again
over, to result in the reverse of, ing" in his effort to k
savings in those very areas where of his own I;udget. But
he and the more conservative he does so he -weaken
members of his Cabinet are most position o' foreign ai
determined to cut down, wishes to treat, for per
The confidential estimates of reasons; with a liberal
powerful Congressional Democrats wholly rejects for oth
and of some of the' rebellious Re- the budget.
publicans, too, foreshadow these" ' "
ultimate results ,in the budget BUT THE DI$TINC
fight: too fine and complica
1) Deep Congressional reduc- effective politically.I
tions in the Administration's mu- that the more he dent
tual security, or foreign aid, extravagant motives he
program. This, above all, the Presi- in general to mthe Den
dent wants to keep intact. Of all more impossible he m
his enterprises this is closest to protect the very large
his heart. To continue foreign aid item for which he dema
he has asked $3,900,000,000, or favors.
about $800,000,000 more than Con- Thelarge,lumpy
gress allowed for the current "spending" becomes the
years. The expert consensus at the t cannot practically be
Capitol is that he will be very into "good"r and "bad'
fortunate not to lose a billion dol- It all comes dow to
lars, at least, from his request are you a "spender," or
here. And this is the one place,
the President has said, where the Foreign aid, neverti
knife ought not to be applied. not-be "gutted." WhatC
ly Buet Issue
[AM S. WHIT
TOD4Y AND TOMORROW:
The Ship of State
'HE DECISION taken by the Pres
Sattrday morning, when he re.
cept Secretary of State John Foster
signationf, was most surely the right
anted that Dulles cannot expect U
nd of Secretary of State that hel
fore, accepting the fact that he i
me time to come be under treatm
thdrawn from activity, there is -nev
ason toy hope that he can still play
This is to assure the world that the
ritinue on the course in which he hi
e past few months has set it. No one
re this assurance, and without it the
11 be confusion, miscalculation, and
road and at home..
rhere are, of course, obvious disadvar
situation where the Secretary of St
d inactive while the actual conduct o
the responsiblity of his subordinates.
rd to imagine any good alternative,1
e circumstances of his. unique relat
President, his record and his ref
d the fact that we are approaching
many climaxes of the cold war.
NE THING IS, I believe, quite pla
is not the time to. think of appo
cessor drawn from outside the existi
:hy of the Department of State. Du
sident's second term the Departi
Ite has improved very greatly 'and n
top men as highly qualified, so it
asit has been in its best days. Her
, Henderson, Murphy, Merchant, Re
i Cumming, to name only the key
a strong team. In them there h
ired not only the ravages of McCa
also the political bumbles of the Rei
ty after twenty years in the wildern
t is no mere accident, nor is it a sig
By WALTER LIPPMANN I
ident on flckleness of public opinion, that even before
fused to his present illness there had begun a marked,
Dulles's change in world sentiment about Secretary
one. For Dulles. This change of public opinion is not due
o be the only to his indomitable personal behavior. It
has been reflects a change in the temper and tone of his
nust for diplomacy. It is a response to the sign of "flexi-
nent and bility" which Dulles has judged to be prudent
'ertheless and desirable both in the Far East and in Ger-
a most many. In these changes the- rejuvenated De-
partment of State has -played its necessary
ship will part.
else can THIS IS THE first reason why it would be a,
re might mistake to bring in from the outside a new
suspicion and eminent personage. There is nobody on the.
outside who now possesses the kind of experi-
ntages in ence needed for negotiation in the current phase
ate is ill of our encounter with the Soviet Union. Who-
affairs r he was, he would be a novice, and long
But it is before he could hope to master the situation in
given all his own mind, the climax we are now approach-
ion with ing would have come and gone.
putation, There is now a well-qualified professional
g one of team in charge of the central issues in Europe,
and what this team needs is the confidence and
the advice of the President and of the Congress.
in. This There is no one available from the'outside who
inting a ca ndo this better than, or indeed half so well
ng hier- as, the President himself-especially if Dulles
iring the %is able from his sickbed to watch over the gen-
ment of eral line of policy for which he has set, the
ow is in direction.
seems to If this were a new administration at the be-
'ter, Dil- ginning of its term, and if there were no climax,
inhardt, ahead in -Germany, the President might, look
figures, around for a Secretary of State who in the old
as been tradition of the office was a political power in
irthyism the land. He might think, let us say, of Gov.
publican Thomas Dewey. But not today when knowledge
aess. and experience are so necessary, and when
n of the there is so good a team already in the field.,
IN ALL OF THIS, it is necessary to remember
that Dulles's extremely personal way of con-
ducting his office has been unique, and it can-
Ican- not be duplicated even if it were desirable to
attempt it. It will be'necessary, therefore, to put
more trust in the Ambassadors we sent abroad,
or to send abroad Ambassadors that we can
VEICHER trust. It may be desirable to have one or two
Editor roving Ambassadors where the problems at
issue cover a whole region rather than a single
Director country. It will be desirable to talk things out
Director more at length than it now being done with
tS Editor the' foreign Ambassadors In Washington.
Director In the special case of the Soviet Union ex-
ographer ceptional procedures are probably necessary.
For with rare exceptions, with only one excep-
tion that I know of, the Soviet Union will not
rely on the normal dinliamtio. channels. wr
nt going to
nce to them
ins his own
Id. This he
ity that he
er parts of.
TION is far
ated to be
'he irony is
nakes it to
as a stoutly
will be an
only in the
ons sure to
ic and gen-
eral campaign against "spending."
On the other hand, he cannot
wisely be too loud, in proclaiming
dire results if Congress does not
follow his lead completely on for-
The wise approach would, seem
to begin now frankly to prepare
Allied opinion by discounting the
inevitable coming foreign aid re-
duction simply by putting it, into
* * .
AN EVEN more basic problem,
however, has no visible solutidn"
whatever. Federal expenditures are
becoming so vast and so diffuse in
purpose as to raise a serious ques-
tion whether any President or
Congress will be able within a few
years actually to control any
budget. May not internal events,
as for illustration sudden business
recessions, or external events in-
stantly requiring vast outlays in
the cold war, become the real fu-
ture masters of the budget?
This is the creeping nightmare
of some fiscal conservatives. It is
not so much the level of present
spending that they fear. It is the
possibility that men may lose to
the robot of circumstance the very
power effectively to, control spend-
ing at all.-
Recently the satellite Commu-
nist press and officials of the sat
ellite countries openly have been
praisingStalin as a fountain of
Marxist dogma. Partly respon-
sible for this- has been the Soviet
party's quarrel with Tito of Yugo-
slavia,'whose deviation is regard-
ed as dangerous to the monolithic
structure of the Communist world
movement. Tito is accused of re-
visionism in refusing to recognize
Moscow's ascendancy in all things
respecting the development of the.
Each must forsake his own musi-
cal individuality to a point, in or-
der to produce a unified body of
sound; a task which necessarily
demands the services of four such
competent musicians as those' in
the Stanley Quartet.
For their concert last evening,
the Stanley Quartet played three
compositions and one excerpt. The
opening selection was Mozart's
"Quartet in C Major," K. 465. This
work, coming as it does in the
latter part of the composer's short
creative career, offers full testa-
ment to the artistic maturity that
Mozart had attained so early in
his life. In the slow sections of
the work (notably the "Adagio"
of the first 'movement and the
second movement, the "Andante
Cantabile"), are the chromaticism
that was to become so integral a
part of Mozart's later style. In
the faster portions of the work,
we also discover another facet of
Mozart's mature style: the in-
creased use of complicated coun-
terpoint for the sake( of melodic
interests. The performance was
The second composition was the
"Quartet (1958)" by R o d o l f o
Halffter. This piece is 'one in a
series of works that have been
commissioned by the University
for performance by the Stanlet.
It is divided into four. movements.
Ofthese, the Sonata and the Cav-
atina (the first two movements)
were probably the most successful
from the 'standpoint of melodic
invention, textural interest, and
craftsmanship. The C a v a t i n a,
with the recurrent plaintive chant
in the cello and, later, the first
violin, was particularly excellent.
However, the last two movements,
the Scherzo and the Fanfare were,
for the most part, rather-super-
s * *
FOLLOWING the intermission,
the "Andante con Moto" (second
movement) from the "Quartet in
D minor, opus posthumous by
Franz Schubert was played in
memory of Helen Melissa Titus,
of the faculty of the School of
Music who died in Ann Arbor on
December 19, 1958. Miss Titus was
a frequent soloist and performer
in chamber music ensembles, and
the selection was chosen because
this composer had been one of her
The final selection was Robert
Schumann's "Quartet in A minor,
opus 41, No. 1." The Whole quar-
tet was played well, the third
movement (the Adagio) being es-
The quartet, on the whole, per-
formed with uniform excellence
and considerable command of the
literature at hand. The attacks
were clean and the phrasing was
The group produced, during the
evening, a consistently beautiful
One can now look forward to
the premiere of the Quartet of El-
liott Carter which has been com-
missioned by the Unive'sity for
the Stanley Quartet in honor of
the organization's tenth anniver-
sary which occurs this year.
r -David M. Schwartz
The Daily Official Bulletin is sa
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 96
International Student and Family Ex-
change: Rms. 103 and 528 (basement)
Wed. night: 7:30-9:00, Thurs. morning:
10-11:30. Haye men's, overcoats and
sweaters, women's warm clothing, ma-
ternity outfits and infants equipment
and clothing and children's clothIng,
Any, foreign students needing any of
these items should come down at these
International Center Tea: Thurs., Feb.,
19, 1959, 4:30-6:00 p.m., at International
Travelogue "Germany" Thursday
night. The opening number on the
'Burton Holmes Travelogue series spon-
sored by the University Platform At-
tractions will be the motion picture
"Germany" in natural color tomorrow,
8:30' p.mn.In Hill Auditorium. Other pic-
tures in the series include "The West,"
March 5; "Holland," March 12; "BerN
muda-Nassau," March 19; "Spain, "
March 26. Robert Mallett will narrati
Ite Germany film. Tickets, for the corn-
lete course As well as for individual
pictures are now on sale at the Audi-
torium box office 10 a.m.-5 p.m. daily,
Lt. Gen. Sir John Gubb wil speak
Fri., 8:30 p.m. in Hill Aud. as 'the sixth
number on the Lecture series. For fif-
teen years head of the famed Arab, Le- 4
gion, Gen. Glubb is'recognized as one
of the most outstanding authorities
on the Middle East. "A Soldier With
the Arabs" is the title of his address.
Tickets are now on sale at the audi-
torium \box office with a specia' ,rate
being offered to students. Box office
hours are 10 a.m.-5 p.m. daily,
The' Department of English and .the
Department of'Classical Studies are
sponsoring two lectures by William Ar-
rowsmith, Prof. of Classics at the Uni-,
versity of Texas, on Modern Criticism
and the Criticism of "Greek Tragedy.
These lectures will be held on Thurs.,
afternoon, Feb. 19, and on Fri. after-
noon, Feb. 20 at 4:15. The Thurs. lee-
ture will be held in Aud. A; the' Fri.
lecture will be in Aud. B.
Mr. John Abernathy, Administrative
Assistant to Governor' Williams will
speak on "The Legislative Influence
in Administration" Wed., Feb. 18, 1959,
at 8:00 on the second floor oi the
'Michigan League, .the Kalamazoo room.
The meeting is being sponsored by the
Michigan Chapter, American Society
for Public Administration. Refresh
'ments will be served.' The'- public is,
Communication Sciences Seminar on
Thurs., Feb. 19 in 1412 Mason Hal at
3:30 p.m. Dr. Bradford Dunham will
speak on "An Experiment in Learning
Seminar in Mathematical Statistics
will meet Thurs., Feb. 19 at 4:00 in
3201 A. H. Prof. Craig will speak on a
simple sequential test on the mean of a
Applied Mathematics' Seminar: Prof.
C. L. Dolph will speak on "C. Wilcox's
deduction of the radiation conditions
from a pulse solution," Thurs., Feb. 19,
at 4:00 p.m. in Rm. 246 W. Engineering.
Refreshments at 3:30 p.m. in 274 W.
The Research Club will meet Wed., at
:00 p.m. in Rackham Amphitheatre.
Profs. A. W. Burks (Philosophy) and
M. M. Flood (Industrial Engineering)
will discuss "Electronic; Computers. and.
Wed., Feb. 18: Speech. Ass'embly, 4
p.m., Rackham Lecture Hall: Ward'.L.
Quaal, Vice-President and General Man-
ager of Radio Station WGN, Chicago,
will speak on "The Communications
Industry." Open to the public.
Analysis Seminar:, Mr. Rogers ,New-
man will speak on "The'Potential
Theoretic Formulation of the Capacity
of Planar Sets." The meeting will be
held in 3201 Angell Hall Thurs., Feb.
* * *
2) CONGRESSIONAL' increases
in domestic spending, for housing,
for welfare projects, for various
public works running to many
" hundredsof millions more than the
Presiderit wants in those' cate-
Thus it is that the President's
real argument with Congress is
not so much over what should be
the grand total of expenditures.
It is far more over where the de-.
length provides will cer
the program forward a
going concern. And it
most relative and theore
Nevertheless, past expe
gests that the reductio
be made will be cried up
Congress had halfway
Thus, the Administi
now a peculiarly acut
Obviously; the Preside
simply abandon:his basi
.c and gen-
DE-STALINIZATION IN REVERSE:
Red' Party Line Switched Again
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Foreign News Analyst
THE SOVIET Communist party's
20th congress two years ago
heard Joseph Stalin blasted as
tyrant and murdered. The current
21st congress has heard him
praised as the man who paved the
way for enormous economic growth
in the Soviet Union.
The same man. Nikita S.
Khrushchev, made the two state-
The answer apparently is closely
connected with Khrushchev's bat
tle with his opposition inside the
Communist party Central Com-
mittee. His backtracking indicates
he is confident has has won that
battle. and can safely restore Stalin
to a respectable niche in the gal-
lery of Bolshevik heroes.
Khrushchev's denunciation of
Stalin in the same forum two
years ago was so emotional and
so violent that one felt there must
have been some element of gen-
uineness in it. Stalin, indeed,
might have wiped out his whole
Politburo family had he retained
BUT THE dethroning of Stalin'
at the same time linked with
Stalin those who had been c osest
to the old dictator - Georgi M.
Malenrnry mfoan 1 iy" mce,
led enough strength to drive his
rivals out of the party leadership.
But de-Stalinization always had
in it an element of political danger
to a dictatorship. It seemed clear
in the two years since the denun-
ciation that it had led to what the
hierarchy considered harmful re-
sults, relaxations and arguments.
It seemed clear, also,' that Khrush-
chev wanted the partyranks grad-
ually to forget about his denunci-
ation, and to place Stalin in a
historical niche several cuts below
that of Bolshevik demigod, a role
Stalin assumed in his. later years.
KHRUSHCHEV now can afford
to begin that process. The angry
denunciations of the so-called
anti-party group of Malenkov,
Molotov and former Premier'N. A.
Bulganin which preceded this con-
gress hinted that Khrushchev was
about ready to put the finishing
touches on his political victory.
Apparently he can, if he chooses
to do so at this moment, use the
congress to have the whole anti-
party group denounced, disgraced
and finally read out of the Com.
munist party itself.
This power is a potent threat
over any opposition in the Central
Committee or the ruling party
Presidium to Thrushchev'. a n..
gest that Khrushchev was singing
a hymn to his own leadership..
Praise for Stalin at this point
shows not only that Khrushchev
is confident of his own position
and prospects, but demonstrates a
contempt for the mental processes
of Community' party faithful'
throughout the world. They may
be required once again to do one
of their humiliating intellectual:
Irrationality . .
To the Editor:
IRRATIONALITY": was a most
appropriate title for the article
which appeared in Sunday's Daily;
quoting Prof. Bordua's anti-fra-
ternity. sentiments. Dr. Bordua's
uneducated generalizations made.
his argument far too irrational
to be taken seriously.w
--Roger Pascal,, '62
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
Faces To Meet Faces-, .'
M1 n ,
- .. . .k'i i:: . :":: : .:..
. ::::::. :: .:.:: :"i 4 :: . . r .. :::.:.:: .. ..:..: :....... .,..: .
.......... ... :: .. :... .. ...,:::: :::: T::. : :: .:: n . ._: i}k:l:::i-k"i-i:'i<-:-i-: :;
College of Literature, Science and the
Arts. College Teaching as, a Profession.,
'Panel discussion We'd., Feb. 18 at 4:00
p.m. in Aud. B, Angell Hall. All inter-
ested 'students are' invited. Panelists:
Profs. Richard" C. Boys, Frank. X. Braun,'
Marvin Felheim, Wilbert J. MbKeachie
Frederick E. Smith and Robert C. An-
The Women of the University Faculty
will hold a dinner meeting at the Mich-
igan League, Wed., Feb. 18, at 5:45 p.m.
Miss Elizabeth Green will speak on
"26 Days' in the Soviet Union" and
will illustrate her talk .with slides.
Schools of Business Administration,
Education, Music, Natural Resources,
Nursing, and Public Health: Students
who received marks of I, X ors'no re-
port' at the end of their last semester
or summer session of attendance will
receive a grade of "E" in the course
unless, this work is; made up., In~ the
Schools.of Music and Nursing this date
is by March 9. In the Schools of Busi.
ness Administration, Education,, Natur-
al Resources, and Public Health this
date is by March 11. In the School. of'
Nursing this refers to their non-Inurs-
IR'g courses only. Students wishing an
extension of time beyond these dates
exsho file a petition with the appro-
SERS N.,.. Associate Personnel
N............... ..Associate Spor
TOLD.................. Chief Phot
'PIHEN TOPOL, Business Mann.