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May 22, 1959 - Image 2

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-05-22

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I THE MICHIGAN DAILY

FRIDAY. Y 22.

UNIVERSITY-WIDE SURVEY:

i'iVii/iit lllti ll NN'.

Faculty Morale Remains High Despite 'U' Crisis

(Continued from Page 1)

been rather surprised and pleased
that we haven't had a mass exo-
dus."
His department reported only
one "firm" (defined as a position
into which a faculty member
could move immediately) offer,
but a number of "other negotia-
tions" with its 12 full-time mem-
bers.
Prof. Goldberg said that morale
in the astronomy department was
holding up well. But the lack of
funds for expansion of research
facilities might prove injurious,
he added.
"Any astronomer worth his salt
would want to take advantage of
new research opportunities," Prof.
Goldberg commented.
Ten astronomy professors re-
ceived a total of four offers, but,
none were accepted.
"To begin with, since we have
one of the best departments in
the country, our people are al-
ways getting offers. There is a
shortage of astronomers.
"Many universities have been
casting their eyes in this direction
for some time, trying to increase
their own staffs," Prof. Goldberg
recalled. "The number of offers
this year has been greater, but I
couldn't honestly say it's because
other schools havebeen reading
about the sad financial state of
Michigan."
A man gets an offer. He weighs
a lot of reasons in his mind, Prof.
Goldberg said.
"Up to now, people have not
wanted to leave. If the present
situation continues or gets worse,
though, there is no question that
they will look at these offers more
seriously," he added.
Show Confidence . . -
Prof. David C. Chandler was the
chairman who -noted "no indica-
tion of a drop in staff morale."
Members of the zoology depart-
ment show a high degree of con-
fidence in the department and in
the University, he said, as is evi-
denced by only one acceptance of
three offers for zoologists.
Another department of the lit-
erary college reportedly under
high pressure is the Slavic lan-
guages department.
"If things continue as they are,
we could arrive at a very bad situ-
ation," the chairman, Prof. Dem-
ing Brown, said.
He called the three recent of-
fers for his 11-man staff "extra-
ordinary," when compared with
the normal turnover rate. "The
fact is, if they wanted to nego-
tiate, there could have been 30
offers.
"All our members are staying,
but this doesn't mean that the
threat doesn't exist," Prof. Brown
warned.
The schools principally involved
in attempted "raids" of his de-
partment were those relatively
late in discovering the importance
of Russian, he said.

Try to Catch Up . . .
"They are now trying to catch
up by hiring persons from other
institutions, with offers of an av-
erage salary increase of $1,500,"
Prof. Brown said.
Several of the five other lan-
guage and literature departments
noted an increased interest in
their areas, with a resulting de-
mand for instructors.
"The demand for our teaching
fellows is significant, although it
does not necessarily have a con-
nection with the financial crisis,"
Prof. Henry Nordmeyer, Germanic
languages department chairman,
said.
One of his 14 staff members
turned down an offer, he reported.
"I am not aware of any par-
ticular 'raiding' here," he said..
"The interest has increased,
stimulated by thehNational De-
fense Education Act," Romance
language department chairman
Charles Staubach said.
Members of the department
have indicated to him, either di-
rectly or indirectly, that if the
state and the University "fail to
straighten out their financial
problems within a few months"
they will not stay after next year.
Not Affected . .
The English department has
not been "especially affected," its
chairman, Prof. Warner G. Rice,
said. "No senior members are
leaving, although salary increase
offers range from a few hundred
to one thousand dollars - the
normal rate."
Four English professors are
leaving the department, a num-
ber which Prof. Rice described as
"normal" for the year. "The usual
reason for leaving is better aca-
demic opportunities. In one case,
it was health," he explained.
Near and Far Eastern depart-
ment chairmen, Professors Joseph
Yamagiwa and George Cameron,
also noted increased interest.
A graduate student in Far East-
ern studies has found academic
opportunities "so good," Prof.
Yamagiwa said, that while he is
still working on his doctorate de-
gree, he has already received and
accepted an offer for an assistant
professorship at another univer-
sity next fall.
The Near Eastern Studies de-

partment might be the hardest-
hit percentage-wise of all 25 lit-
erary college departments inter-
viewed. It is threatened with the
loss of three of seven professors,
according to Prof. Cameron.
Chairmen Agree . .
Chairmen of the seven social sci-
ence departments agree that fac-
ulty losses cannot entirely be at-
tributed to the cash crisis.
"A number of people, who think
the situation is far worse than
it is, have written me," acting
chairman Leslie White, anthro-
pology department, said.
It's not the financial crisis, but
"keen competition" from other
schools which "would be glad to
get men from the University," he
emphasized.
"Near-disaster has almost over-
taken the University," Prof. White
asserted. "It has dropped in
standing and status and has lost
face to some extent."
Prof. White has received no
resignations, although one offer
is pending.
The sociology department, ac-
cording to Prof. Ronald Freed-
man, chairman, "is not concerned
with the cash crisis now, but the
budget appropriations for next
year. Whether they get paid a
couple of weeks later isn't going
to make senior staff members de-
cide to leave.
"But," he continued, "it may
have this effect if salary levels,
in "general, lag behind those else-
where in the next year or two."
Eight Resignations . -
Prof.: Freedman has lost no one,
while Prof. E. Lowell Kelly, psy-
chology department, has received
eight resignations from 85 depart-
ment members.
"Four are the normal turnover
of younger people and the other
four are unusual opportunities for
assumption of individual respon-
sibility," Prof. Kelly explained.
"In general, the unfavorable
publicity given the crisis by the
national press is unfortunate and
undeserved and makes it more
difficult to get people to come
here. I am sure the fifth most
prosperous state in the nation can
support its universities," he con-
tinued.
"I wouldn't want a staff that
wasn't good enough to be getting

offers elsewhere," Prof. Kelly con-
cluded.
There have been no losses in
the journalism department due to
the fiscal disturbance, according4
to Prof. Wesley Maurer, chair-,
man. .
"There is no cause for alarm
in any case," he said. "We are in
the midst of a basic transition in
the state.
"It looks like an impasse, but it
will be resolved. It has to be re-
solved," he affirmed.
'Negotiations' . .
Prof. William B. Willcox, acting
chairman of the history depart-
ment, reported five "openings of
negotiations" and three full of-
fers. Two members of his 31-man
staff are leaving permanently and
one offer is pending.
The negotiations were opened
by five different schools, with one
offering a $3,000 salary increase.I
"The loss is pretty near nor-
mal," Prof. Willcox said. "It has1
nothing to do with the cash
crisis."
"We're not so alarmed by these
developments - we're a political
science department, you know,
and understand these things bet-
ter in their political setting,"
department chairman Prof. James;
K. Pollock said.
He reported no losses and a lack
of "any particular 'raiding'." Prof.
Pollock defined a "good" depart-
ment as "being more difficult to
maintain than to build."
C h a i r m a n Gardner Ackley,
economics, called the factor mo-
tivating one department member
to leave "unrelated to the finan-
cial situation."
In the speech department,
headed by acting chairman Prof.
William Sattler, three offers have
been accepted.
Better Offers .. .
"Four professors have received
salary offers which are better
than they are now getting," he1
revealed. "I think ,the most pro-
nounced competition operates in
the technical fields in speech -
industrial and government agen-
cies, which offer more than we
do."
No one has yet resigned from,
the three humanities depart-
ments.
Classicalstudies chairman Ger-
ald Else commented, "I know of
no offers this year."
One offer is pending in the fine
arts department, chairman George
H. Forsyth said.
"Raiding can be primarily at-;
tributed to the financial crisis.
What we can do in the way of
research, with such drastic library
cut-backs, is limited," he ex-
plained.
Although all members of Prof.
William Frankena's philosophy
department have received invita-
tions to teach as visitors on other
campuses, "none have actually
had permanent offers."
"My guess is that the cause of
acceptance is the educational
challenge, in a very broad sense,"
he said. "Several of the Univer-
sity faculty left because they
would rather work in the state
where they came from."
Deans of some of the Univer-
'sity's other schools and colleges
realized the effect of faculty raid-
ing on younger members of the
staffs.
Question Stability ..
Dean Ralph A. Sawyer, of the
Horace Rackham graduate studies
school, has noticed a "little effect
on our graduate students, evi-
denced by questions about finan-
cial stability.
"They want to know whether
or not we will have a summer ses-
sion and whether we will be able
to make payments on our fellow-
ship awards," he said.

The School of Public Health re-
ceives half its financial support
from research funds and outside
agencies, Dean Henry F. Vaughan
explained. Since his staff gets
paid "regularly and on time, no
one is particularly worried at this
time."

Dean Rhoda Reddig of the
nursing school, said, "We are los-
ing faculty in the usual percent-
age. The staff does hold concern
about the future, particularly
after reading newspaper reports,
but we haven't lost anyone yet."
She described staff morale as
"satisfactory."
Dean Tom Rowe of the phar-
macy college has found industry.
"highly competitive. There have
been no losses so far, but, Rowe
said, "I can say this: if the fiscal
crisis exists beyond this year, we
will lose a fairly large number of
younger faculty members."
None Accepted ..
The social work staff of 22
members has received six offers
and accepted none "as yet."
Dean Fedele F. Fauri said,
"Morale is excellent up-to-date,
but there is 'a question as to
whether or not it can be main-
taied unless there is a substan-
tial salary increase for faculty
members in the coming year.
"I, myself, have serious doubts,"
he said.
If the University doesn't get
needed salary increases, it will be
at a competitive disadvantage,
Dean Russell A. Stevenson of the
business administration school
believes.
Various schools from all parts
of the country have called to ask
him who would be likely to leave
his staff because of the cash crisis.
None of the business administra-
tion professors are leaving, al-
though 12 instructors have ac-
cepted offers, Stevenson reported.
"Staff morale is high, but the
younger men are getting worried.
Those who are leaving would
probably have gone anyway,
though," he emphasized.
Sees Difficulties .
Dean Willard C. Olson said that
the education school realizes two
difficulties: what to tell the in-
structor or teaching fellow about
remaining at the University and
how to go about solving the re-
placement problem.
Of his staff of 140 members,
only 10 offers have been reported
to him. "I am sure that this is
incomplete, however," Olson as-
serted.
Five of the 10 offers have been
accepted, with such salary in-
creases as $2,000 or $2,700.
"My perception is that there is
more activity than usual," he
said. "It's terribly hard to un-
scramble this matter.
"We can, however, give reasons
for two of the people who de-
clined offers. We have recom-
mended a promotion or salary in-
crease for them.
"Of course,' if these recommen-
dations fail, we fully realize the
consequences," Prof. Olson added.
Regardless of six offers to his
school, with'one acceptance, Dean
Earl V. Moore of the music school
is confident that the University is
going to be here. I hope it won't
be sabotaged very severely."
He named Southern and West-
ern schools as the ones principal-
ly involved in "raiding." "I think
it's because they want Northern
people," he explained.

Political Hassle . .
"I don't think this present
scurry, the political hassle, is af-
fecting too many people," Moore
said. "In some cases, the losses
can be accounted for by a mere
promotion in responsibility, great-
er opportunity for a younger fac-
ulty member or a higher salary.
"But faculty members know
their future is here with the Uni-
versity and I think they will stay
and play ball, as evidenced by the
way,they are taking what hurts
more than anything else - the
fact that we can't expand in en-
rollment, courses or buildings."
He added that it must be re-
membered that even an offer of
a salary identical to the one the
University is paying would be an
increase. This is because Ann Ar-
bor has one of the highest living
costs in the country, he said.
Dean A. C. Furstenburg said
that faculty "raiding" hasn't
loomed as a significant problem In
the medical school yet.
"Vice-President and Dean of
Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss's
statement is an important ohe
and describes the situation that
might very well develop soon in
medical school," he said.
Small Number .
Niehuss expressed grave con-
t ern that the situation might be-
come critical if allowed to con-
tinue. "So far," he said, "despite
the offers, a surprisingly small
number of the University faculty
have left.
"It's difficult to ascertain turn-
over, but 150 to 200 members of
the staff may leave per year, In-
dicating nothing to excite you.
"We're going to come through
this. Although some are disturbed,
we still have solid confidence be-
hind us."
He concluded, "There is great
spirit here. Sure, we've been
pushed back beyond mid-field, but
we're holding now and we're go-
ing to hold."
Dewey Says
Siberia 'Best'
For Students
(Continued from Page 1)
guage covering such authors as
Hemingway and Dickens, he in-
sisted. ;, r3 . s
Prof. Dewey said, though, that
he saw nothing startlingly new In
the Russian teaching methodology.
The Russians are embarking
further on this huge language pro-
gram to further scientific and cul-
tural interests, Prof. Dewey said,
adding that if there was more of a
rationale it was not immedatelt
apparent.
Prof. Dewey also noted an Im-
portant difference between Amer-
ican and Russian schools. Here, he
said, it is relatively easy to change
from one curriculum to another
but in Russia this is very difficult.
Russian students must pursue
a specific professional objective
and all their college courses must
be oriented toward this, the former
counselor said.

Hopwood Speaker Gives
Lecture onPoetic Form
{ (Continued from Page !)

of word and flesh indissolubly, a
world simultaneously solid and
transpicuous."
Speaking of the thought of a
poem, he discussed the place of
the poet. "The poet's business is to
name as accurately as possible a
situation, but a situation which he
himself is in. The name he gives

U

ought to be so close a fit with the,
actuality that it summons into
being that there remains no room
between inside and outside; the
thought must be "like a beast
moving in its skin."'"
He said it should consist of sev-
eral points: 1) it is unique, 2) it'
can never be repeated, 3) it brings
into being the situation it names,
and is therefore truly a creation
and 4) it is secret, even while being'
perfectly open and public, for it
defines a thing which could not'
He then discussed the one other
major problem in, poetry--langu-,
age. He noted that civilization is
mirrored in language and it i
through language that relations
are established, including the rela
tion of the poet to his reader. It
is necessary, he pointed out, for
the poet to know the boundary of
the language, and this is what
poets forget.
N emerov Set
To Address
Conference
The Michigan Writers Confer-
ence, sponsored by the English
department, will conclude today.
Howard Nemerov, poet and
novelist, will speak at an informal
discussion at 10:30 a.m. today in
Rm. 3G of the Union

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