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Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL LXIX, No. 165 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1959 FIVE CENTS
On Faculty Crisis
Hearings Open with MSIJa Release
Of Doubled Losses in Last Year
University officials will head to the state eapitol today for hearings
with Governor G. Mennen Williams, as faculty "raiding" and Michi-,
gun's financial worries continue to cripple the state's major universities.
Michigan State and Wayne State universities opened the series
of Lansing conferences yesterday, highlighted by MSU President John
SA. Hannah's disclosure that faculty resignations have doubled at his
. institution over the past year.
- Fears Raiding
A University vice-president last night expressed similar concern
over possible losses of "some key men" to industry and schools across
the country. Harvard University and the University of California head
"a "broad list of state and private
schools" recruiting local faculty
S samembers, Vice-President and Dean
of Faculties Marvin L. Niehuss re
e e e ported.
riticizes Offers have been heaviest in
Cr-iiizes science 'and engineering programs
where there exists a "heavy active
Ldemand,' Niehuss said.
However, raiding has been "Uni-
LANSING () - Bcth houses of versity-wide," he explained.
the legislature adjourned yester- As an example, he listed the
day until today without acting on Slavic languages department,
any of a series of recommenda- where other schools are seeking
tions for ending, the state cash University specialists in a "grow-
crisis. ing field" of interest.
And the lack of action brought A list noting the full range of
criticism from a freshman Repub- offers will probably be prepared
ican Senator. - for the Governor today, Niehuss
Senator John Stahlin of Beld continued.
ing said he was "sick and tired beved to be the firsteatn hich
over the legislative deadlock on G li ams h ficia exam-
taxes." And he described the law- Gov. Williams has officially exam-
makers' performances to date as ined operating budgets with school
"a ,,cu administrators, might be to rein-
Ta circus." . force the Governor's $101 million
To Organize Compromise budget recommendations for high-
Sen. Stahlin said he would try er education, Niehuss speculated.
to organize a compromise move of e o ss srec
his own if the two parties don't Losses Large
get together this week. He said, In yesterday's talks, MSU Presi-
"They'll find out what a young dent Hannah announced the resig-
STnation of 147 faculty members over
However, none of his colleagues the past ten months, an upsurge of
offered support, although a few 46 over the 12-month period end-
SPrivately agreed with the tenor of ing June 30.
Stahlin'sy remarks. Hannah blamed salary competi-
Sen. Stahlin spoke on the eve io with other schools as the chief
of resumption of bi-partisan legis- cause of the losses, and appealed
lative talks aiming for a middle for support of a requested $4%2
ground in the drawn out tax dis- million increase in the school's
pute. The discussions started a present operating budget of some
week ago Friday and have made $29 million. The Governor has
little progress. recommended slightly less than
Seek Cent Increase half that amount, mostly for fac-
Republicans have been firm on ulty salaries.
"You can ruin an institution
a one-cent increase in the state that has taken years to build in a
sales tax, while Democrats want a few months if you continue to lose
new; state income tax, faculty at this rate," Hannah said.,
"But the real problem is not those
who already have resigned, but
Draper Sa s those who we know have offers to
I T Tni ucaEects MoeStudents
Ton QIncrease Wayne-;:~a .
-~-~' Waneaskingrfor a $15.6 mil-
P' A U lion appropriation, expects an en-
Foreign Aid rollment increase of 1,500 will add
to the need for more operating
WASHINGTON (A) - Congress expenses.
wastol yeteray t soul swll Gov. Williams has recommended
was told yesterday it should swell $15.5 million for the Detroit school,
the foreign aid budget by 400 mil-$1.milofrthDeotsco,
lion dollars so United States allies the legislature cutting the amount
in Europe can confront beefed-up to $14.7 million.
Russian forces with advanced The University has asked a bud-
Smissiles and aircraft and nuclear get of $37.8 million for the coming
weapons, fiscal year, including a raise of
headice wagve t nine per cent on the faculty pay-
The advice was given to the rl.
GENEVA -East and West re-
jected each other's rival proposals
for a German settlement at the
Big Four foreign ministers confer-
United States Secretary of State
Christian A. Herter charged the
Soviet plan for separate peace
treaties with East and West Ger-
many carried "the seeds of future
discord and conflict." He accused
the Soviet Union of blocking a
Soviet Foreign Minister Andri
A. Gromyko snapped back that the
United States, Britain and France
were trying to promote a state of
half-war, half-peace in Germany.
He said German unification could
not be discussed at this or any
, Claim West Seeks East Berlin
Gromyko claimed the Western
powers were trying to extend their
"occupation regime in West Ber-
lin" to encompass East Berlin,
capital of the East German regime.
He turned down the broad West-
ern package approach for gradual
German reunification and de-
scribed Western proposals forunit-
ing East and West Berlin - the
first phase of the package - as
"utterly unacceptable "
An American spokesman told
newsmen after the three-hour ses-
sion that Gromyk's speech was
"both disturbing and disquieting."
Comments on Tone
A French spokesman thought
the tone of the glum Soviet foreign
minister was much like that of
Russian speeches at the unsuccess-
ful Big Four talks of 1955.
Gromyko left open some avenues
of negotiation, however, by ex-
pressing a willingness to discuss
some aspects of the Western pack-
He mentioned specifically dis-
armament, a nonaggression de-
claration, creation of a mixed com-
mittee of East and West Germans
and an arms limitation zone in
Take Firm Stand
Sec. Herter took the firmest pos-
sible line on German unification.
The diplomat said a final peace
treaty can only be made with an
"All-German government, freely
chosen by the German people."
As far as the United States is
concerned, 'Sec. Herter said, Ger-
many still exists as an entity under
international law despite the fact
that the country has been split
since the conclusion of World
"The government of the United
States does not consider and will
not admit, that Germany as an
international entity, is perman-
ently divided into new and seper-
ently divided into new and separ-
ate states as the case of Austria
after World War I" Sec. Herter
HATCHER, NELSON, DEWEY:
Faculty, Officials Return from Russia
By NAN MARKEL
Increasing Soviet emphasis on
science and technology has not
lessened efforts in the humanities,
University President Harlan
Hatcher remarked on his return
to Ann Arbor yesterday.
Heading a delegation which vis-
ited Russian universities and
academies from Siberia to the
Ukraine, he said the group was
greatly impressed with the Rus-
sians' concern over the fine arts-
music, drama and ballet.
In the field of languages, he in-
dicated the Russians are doing a
job which surpasses American
Reserves Praise of Humanities
But he said he had "reserva-
tkons" in his praise of the hu-
University President Harlan
Hatcher will speak on "Our So-
viet Neighbors" at 8:30 p.m.
Thursday in Hill Auditorium.
The public talk, which will
review President Hatcher's im-
pressionsof Russia during his
trip, is being sponsored by the
international committee of the
manities and social sciences, which
he explained are still doctrinaire.
"You have a thesis with which
you begin," he said, "and most
subjects in this area are Qiosely
interpreted in the Leninist-
The group which made a six-
week tour of the Soviet Union,
also included University Relations
Director Lyle Nelson, Prof. Wil-
liam Dewey of the Slavic lan-
guages department, F. Cyril James,
the vice-chancellor of McGill Uni-
v e r s i t y in Montreal, Norman
Auburn, president of the Univer-
sity of Akron, Ohio, and William
Pine, scholarship director for the
They were the first visitors to
enter several areas previously
closed to Western travelers, where
President Hatcher noted "we were
treated with the greatest hospi-
HOME AGAIN-President Harlan Hatcher, University Relations Director Lyle Nelson and Prof.
William Dewey of the Slavic languages departmeent return to the United States after a six-week
tour of the Soviet Union. These men were the first visitors to enter several areas previously closed
to Western travelers, where President Hatcher noted, "we were treated with the greatest hospitality."
They also visited Russian universities and academies from Siberia to the Ukraine.
Closed areas still exist there, he University from this restriction.
continued, as in the United States. "There have not been sufficient
Senate Foreign Relations Com-
mittee by William H. Draper, Jr.,
who stressed the "open threat of
war . . . over Berlin."
Draper, chairman of a commit-
tee set up by President Dwight
D.' Eisenhower to evaluate the
military aid program, testified be-
hind closed doors. A copy of his
statement was made public.
Proposal Faces Opposition
His proposal to increase Presi-
den Eisenhower's request from
$3,930,000,000 flew in the face of
considerable sentiment in Con-
k gress to cut back that total.
The budget cutters have direct-
ed their attention at economic
aid, but there also has been criti-
cism of the way military aid has
Before Draper entered the com-
mittee room, Democratic Sens.
Mike Mansfield of Montana and
John Sparkman of Alabama
agreed the foreign relations group
probably will trim the authoriza-
tion to about $3172 billion. Sens.
Mansfield and Sparkman, both
members of the committee, spoke
in separate interviews.
Asks Funds for Aid
President Eisenhower asked $1,-
600 million for military aid to
friendly nations around the globe
>' in the fiscal year starting July 1.
In arguing that this be boosted
by 400 millions for allies in Europe,.
Draper said the Russians have 175
ground divisions and more than
20,000 combat planes.
The raise would provide for
cost-of-living and merit increases,
Niehuss explained. ,
Enrollment will be held near
the present 23,000 level, unless
the University receives the funds
it is seeking, Niehuss said.
"I'm not extremely optimistic
about getting that money," he
ON URBAN RENEWAL:
City Council Authorizes
Publication of Booklet
By SUSAN FARRELL
The City Council has authorized the publication of a pamphlet
outlining the facts of the proposed urban renewal plan.
Maps of the affected area are to be included in the pamphlet.
Copies are to be mailed to all who received notification of the
public hearing scheduled for June 10. The motion was introduced at
last night's meeting by Councilwoman Florence R. Crane. Mrs. Crane
(The State Department has closed
off Ann Arbor to Russian visitors
since Jan. 3, 1955, to retaliate
against like travel restrictions in
He indicated that both the Uni-
versity and the State Department
wil continue efforts to free the
By KENNETH McELDOWNEY
The Student Government Coun-
cil Plan Clarification Committee
last night formulated a list of
ambiguities in the present SGC
plan to be reported to the Regents.
A sub - committee set up last
week to work on the various plans
had included the forming of such
a list in its recommendations to
the committee as a whole. The sub-
committee also asked to be allowed
to meet for two more weeks in
hopes of coming up with a com-
plete clarification plan to be pre-
sented to the committee.
Following these recommenda-
tions there was a long discussion
on the possible advantages to be
gained with the continued exist-
ance of the Clarification Commit-
Mort Wise, '59, said that he
doubted after working for three
months anything can be done in
two weeks. Bobbi Maier, '59, in
general supported his view in say-
ing that she was worried with
such a time limit there might be
drastic compromise with- the pos-
sible results of nobody being satis-
Elizabeth Davenport, assistant
Dean of Women, said that she too.
was against any hasty plan, but
added she has faith in the sub-
committee to come up with a good
plan. Much is to be gained by con-
tinuing she said.
Speaks in Opposition
In opposition, Ron Gregg, '60,1
SGC president, said he saw little
advantage to continuing. He de-
clared that he was skeptical of
the sub-committee reaching any
Walter B. Rea. Dean of Men.
ly successful conversations" be-
tween the United States and the
Soviet Union, he said, "but I am
sure the problem will be resolved
in some way."'
Commenting on the "vigor and
drive" directed at higher educa-
tion in Russia, President Hatcher
called it the key to the entire
Enrollment To Double
Almost 2.5 per cent of the na-
tional budget is poured into high-
er education, excluding medicine
and additional substantial in-
ducements to encourage faculty
and students, President Hatcher
In the United States less than
one per cent of the national bud-
get goes to higher education.
Schools Need Funds
However, he pointed out, "All
over the world educational insti-
tutions have difficulty getting
money enough to do their work."
The Soviet government is mak-
ing every move to strengthen its
institutions, University Relations
Director - Nelson said, citing a
school in Irkutsk, Siberia, where
enrollment will double within the
No definite proposals "at the
moment" for an exchange of Uni-
versity and Soviet Union profes-
sors were indicated yesterday by
U n i v e r s i t y President Harlan
However, he noted an exchange
"seems to be beneficial in all re-
spects." There is growing Soviet
interest in cultural exchange, he
While in Russia, President
Hatcher was exploring possibili-
ties of this type of program, Vice-
President and Dean of Faculties
Marvin L. Niehuss commented
Plans for 4 University program
were in the "vague, preliminary
stage" at that time, although
Harvard and Columbia Universi-
ties have announced they may
start faculty exchanges with Rus-
sia next fall.
The American delegation to the
Soviet Union talked to several of
the 20-or-more American ex-
change students studying there,
President Hatcher said, and "found
everywhere a feeling that this
Continuation of Series
At Present Time
By THOMAS HAYDEN
The University Faculty Senate
in effect affirmed renewal of the
Rose Bowl agreement between the
Big Ten and the Pacific Coast
Meanwhile, chances for conti-
uation of the 13-year football
series remained uncertain as Big
Ten opinion seemed evenly split
on the question of withdrawal
from the pact.
At a special meeting to consider
athletic policy, the Senate defeat-
ed a motion recommending that
the faculty representative to the
Western Conference vote against
renewal of the Rose Bowl agree-
Small Percentage Attends '
The vote was 72-41, as only a
small percentage of the Senate's
1,400 members attended the two-
hour closed session in Rackham
Amphitheatre. The action fol-
lowed last week's student refere-
dum which supported University
participation in the Rose Bowl
by a 3-1 margin.
At the same time, Big Tenfac-
ulty representatives and athletic
directors prepared to meet in Ann
Arbor this weekend to reconsider
the Rose Bowl pact, which ha
resulted in only one victory for
the Pacific Coast since its incep-
tion Jan. 1, 1948.
A March vote at Madison, Wis.,
ended in a 5-4 split on continu-
ance of the pact, with North-
western University' abstaining.
Since then, individual schools vot-
ing at home have established a
5-5 stalemate, falling one short of
the majority necessary for re-
newal of the pact.
Schools Reject Decision
H o w e v e r "more than one"
school has rejected the results of
the Madison decision, thus fore-
The Big Ten has apparently
established a five to five split
on the question of continuing
Rose Bowl participation.
The University, Michigan
State, Iowa, Indiana and Pur-
due have taken action at horne
indicating they will vote for
renewal of the pact.
Northwestern, Ohio State,
llinois, Minnesota and Wis-
consin are apparently against
ing reconsideration, the Univer-
sity's faculty representative told
The Daily last night.
It is difficult to predict "what
the situation really is until they're
all around the conference table,"
Prof. Marcus Plant said.
Prof. Plant, who also serves a
Big Ten conference secretary, ex.
plained that the Madison decision
would have become effective after
60 days (on May 5) had it not
been for the objection of at least
An open hearing on the 1949
bias clause ruling will be held at
3 p.m. tomorrow on the third floor
of the Student Activities Bldg.
The meeting is being held by
the committee set up by Student
Government Council to study the
1949 ruling. Committee member
Jo Hardee, '60,, executive vice-
president, said the committee has
been hearing opinions for the last
two or three months.
The only scheduled groups to be
heard tomorrow are the Selectivity
Conmmittee orf 4the ThtgerfrAt +ni,..4
Polaris Seond St aeFails.
After Successful Launching
CAPE CANAVERAL (P)-A Polaris test rocket shot aloft with
blinding speed last night, but fizzled in flight when the second stage
failed to fire.
The defense department announced in Washington shortly after
the missile was launched at 6:16 p.m. that "preliminary telemetry
(instrumentation) data received during the test flight indicated the
second stage failed to ignite. The objectives were not achieved."
The test rocket appeared to make a smooth liftoff, but disappeared
in the clouds 40 seconds later, blocking the view of ground observers.
Signals Soon Lost
It was learned that signals from the missile were lost shortly
after the solid fuel first stage bured out.
It meant that the latest Polaris test could only be a partial success
at the most. The last two tests had been successful after a series of
earlier disappointments including three blow-ups.
Flashing a thick trail of white flame, the missile disappeared in
the clouds in 40 seconds. The thunder of the 28-foot missile's two
engines were heard for more than two minutes above the clouds.
Would Push War Head
"said that, on the basis of an
article on urban renewal appearing
in Sunday's Daily, "it is obvious
that many people in the area are
not aware of what is involvedin
the present plan." An explanation
of the plan should come from the
city government, she said.
Also at last night's meeting,
Councilman Lloyd Ives discussed
what types of letters could be
read at council meetings without
the knowledge of the council.
members whom theyhconcerned.
He proposed that the matter be
referred to the working commit-
tee of the council for study.
Ives referred to the letter from
the North Central Property Own-
ers' Association attacking Council-
man Richard Dennard that was
read at last week's meeting.
Councilman Dennard was denied
the "basic courtesy" of being noti-
fled of the reading of a letter con-
cerning a direct attack on his
honesty and integrity, Ives said.
It puts the council in the em-
barrassing position of having au-
While the educators were in 1 kind of activity is worthwhile."
World News Roundup
By The Associated Prss
WASHINGTON-The AFL-CIO Executive Council contended yes-
terday that a wage freeze in steel and other American industries would
cause further unemployment and economic recession.
The council said in a statement "the real issue is not inflation
but whether American industry can use the false face of inflation to
frighten workers into giving up their claim to a fair share of the
profits which industry earns at present prices."
, , ' j
COLOMBO, Ceylon-A sixth official last night joined the walkout
from Premier Solomon Bandaranaike's coalition government.
Lakshman Rajapakse quit as Parliamentary Secretary to the
Minister of 'Commerce soon after the resignations of two Marxist
* * * *
TEL AVIV, Israel-Isrgeli Mystere jet fighters interrupted the
vacation flight of a group of United Nations emergency force troops
from Egypt to Lebanon for a few hours yesterday.
A military spokesman said a Lebanese Middle East Airlines plane
was intercepted over the Mediterranean and forced to land at Israel's