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April 29, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-29

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S ixty-Ntga ai
Sixty-Ninth Year

"We Probably Won't Know Till The Last Minute
Who We'll Put In Orbit"

I

EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER, AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This inus t be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1959 NIGHT EDITOR: PHILIP POWER
Northwood Apartment Meeting
Indicates Another U' Weakness

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LACK OF COMMUNICATION was blamed as
the principal cause of trouble between the
residents of Northwood apartments and the
University administration. The claim was made
at an open meeting of the Northwood Tenants
A s s o c i a t i o n held to question Leonard A.
Schaadt, Business Manager of Residence Halls
about University leasing and other policies.
Among subsidiary complaints aired by North-
wood residents were parking problems, worn-
out refrigerators in some units, and treatment
by, members of Schaadt's staff and the care-
takers. It was pointed out that these minor
irritations, small in themselves, added up to
cause the present aggravated situation when
Not Again!
A CERTAIN AMOUNT of mental flexibility
is certainly a good thing for legislators to
have.
But the meandering course charted by the
proposal to use the Veterans' Trust Fund to'
bail the state out of its financial difficulties in-
dicates that it's possible to have too much of
a good thing.
Before the recent spring election, no action
was taken on the proposal since the Legisla-
ture wanted to "determine the voters' man-
date"
After the election, the Legislature turned
down the idea, because they felt the cash crisis
wasn't as bad as Governor Williams said it was.
Monday, the state Senate voted to reconsider
the plan, because it now felt that the state
was in as bad financial shape as Gov. Williams
said it was.
Yesterday, the state Republicans decided to
vote against the plan in the reconsideration
action because they felt they had suddenly
worked! out a brilliantly original plan for an
additiohal tax proposal.
Curious..
-PHILIP POWER

only in part centers around the September-to-
August leasing policy.
At the beginning of the meeting, the at-
mosphere was tense with many muttered
threats voiced. At the end of the meeting, the
air seemed largley to have cleared, as both
Schaadt and the Northwood residents, who
have very serious and pressing problems, made
a conscious and largely successful effort, to
meet each other half way.
Though nothing concrete was accomplished,
a new attitude is perhaps forming between
Schaadt and the tenants, indicating that the
problem may be worked out to mutual satis-
faction.
Also announced at the meeting was a draft
solution to the problem of damages billed to
departing residents. Schaadt said the agree-
ment had been reached, in principle, at a pre-
vious private meeting.
THIS SITUATION shares the same element
of many student-administration problems.
The tenants group seemed unsure as to basic
administration policy and Schaadt apparently
heard about some of the tenant difficulties for
the first time and promised to investigate them.
Insulated by layers of subordinates, whom the
residents call unreceptive to their problems,
Schaadt could not hope even to try to anti-
cipate all difficulties, though he cannot be ab-
solved of all blame in the problem, either.
At. the moment, the actual lease problem
may not be any closer to solution but certainly
a road has been opened.
However, the meeting seems also to be part
of an all too frequent pattern in which ad-
ministration-student problems are allowed to
develop to an acute situation before action is,
taken. Events such as Monday night's meeting
are good, in that liaison is established, but
they lose much of their effectiveness by being
put off so long.'f
Closer and quicker communication would
prevent a lot of friction.
-PHILIP SHERMAN

SCIENCE REQUIREMENTS:
Committee Suggests
'Historical' Approach

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(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is theI
second in a series of two articles dis-
cussing the recent report of the Uni-
versity's Natural Science S t u d y
Committee which is contemplating
changes in the science distribution
requirements.)
By NAN MARKEL
Daily Staff Writer
IN EFFECT, any effort to change
distribution requirements is
really an attempt to improve
courses. The proposal reads.
"Nevertheless, the manner in
which the individual courses are
taught will be far more critical
in achieving . .. an increased un-
derstanding of science by the non-
science student and an improved.
attitude toward it . . . than the
particular plan of distribution."
It is hoped that new distribu-
tion requirements will help im-
prove courses and" realize these,
goals. But there is still "no assur-
ance that by replacing the present
program with a new one that the
course will then be taught appre-
ciably different from the way
they are presently taught."
* * *
PROF. Lawrence Slobodkin of
the zoology department describes
seven ways to teach a beginning
science course: 1) lives of eminent
scientists 2) meaning of science to
the individual 3) history of 'the
scientist 4) oh my!, or interesting.
facts 5) I am a scientist, cookbook
type 6) case histories of a few
scientific discoveries and 7) pre-
professional.
The last, which is the most
expensive and most difficult, is the
way the largest number of courses
are now taught. Perhaps thisis
why so many students are scared

F tit

~~t~ENRANCE

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MORE ENTHUSIASM THAN REALISM:
Rockefeller Supporters Face Tough Uphill Climb,

Where Does Education End?

EDUCATION, to the majority of students at
the University of Michigan, ends when they
leave the classroom.
While a great number of opportunities to
put academic theory to work are readily avail-
able, only a minority venture out to investigate
and a smaller number linger to participate.
Unfortunately, the area which this failure is
most evident is Student Government.
Annually the Pan Hellenic Association, Wo-
men's Assembly, the Interfraternity Council
and the Interhouse Council complain that they
,never have enough tryouts to make their pro-
grams function effectively. But more disas-
trously, the important smaller units of these
large organizations (quad and d o r m i t o r y
houses, fraternities and sororities) suffer from
a more pronounced lack of student interest.
AND' IF EACH of the many smaller organiza-
tions on this campus were surveyed, it is
probable that their trouble would be the same.
Too-.few doing too much work while too many
either watch, forget or disregard.
Logically, it then follows that unsupported
student government is weak government, to be
trusted with only minor tasks. They are per-
mitted to plan homecoming celebrations and
the Spring Weekend-busy work which doesn't
,involve any policy questions.
Decisions of consequence belong to faculty,
administrators, various deans and resident ad-
visors who direct and lead just as well as they
guide. "Paternalism" is the name assigned to

this method of operation. To some it connotes
a "Big Brother" attitude on the part of the
University administrators.
This process, however, is a boon of sorts. For
the complacent and apathetic, it is quite help-
ful since it can remove any need for student
responsibility,
U NFORTUNATELY, University control is a
short term benefit, lasting only four years.
From then it is up to these same complacent
and apathetic individuals to fare for them-
selves.
They may be jarred into accepting certain
duties, but more likely they will be the ones to
"escape from freedom" (i.e., responsibility).
Hiding in conformity, neglecting civic duty,
and disregarding politics and parties are the
courses that this mass will take.
But public educators still maintain that
learning to accept these duties is an integral
part of the academic process of gathering
information.
This is true for some, but many more short-
change themselves by neglecting practical ap-
plication of principles learned in the class-
room. These students lose when they forget
about student government and when they ac-
cept paternalism as a means of shirking extra
work.
Unfortunately, their loss is borne by the rest
of the population at a time when this country
can least afford it.
-CHARLES KOZOLL

By MICHAEL KRAFT
Daily Editorial Director
ONE MAN completed a trip last
week, another took one this
week and a third is preparing for
a journey in a few months. Their
objectives differ and their direc-
tions diverge, but three and a half
years ago, their names were linked
together - Harold Stassen, Chris-
tian Herter and Richard Nixon.
Stassen came to Ann Arbor last
week to address a regional meet-
ing of the American Institute of
Architects; Secretary of State
Herter flew to Paris Monday for
a conference with the allied for-
eign ministers. In July, Vice-Presi-
dent Nixon goes to Moscow and
opens the American exhibition.
But in the summer of 1956 all
three were in San Francisco, their
names linked together to provide
the only political interest of a
rather stodgy GOP convention.
Perennial presidential aspirant
Stassen enlivened the "We Like
Ike" session with his futile efforts
to convince delegates that Herter,
not Nixon, should be President
Eisenhower's running mate.
* * *
STASSEN ENDED up taking the
bitter walk to the microphone of
the cavernous Cow Palace to nom-
inate Nixon for Vice-President.
Herter is beginning his role as top
aide to President Eisenhower. And
Nixon?
The question has enlivened the
American politican scene ever

since Nixon entered it in 1952 and
-provided more fuel for the great
American guessing game. For al-
though this nation may not be
particularly noted for ability to
look ahead in the area of foreign
politics, domestic politics never
lack intense curiosity and specu-
lation about future events. Pre-
dictions about who will be the
president of the United States in
four years begin before ballots are
completely counted for the current
election.
Whether Nixon will be the next
president is a question which of
course must be sidetracked for the
more immediate one of whether
he'll gain the Republican nomina-
tion.
Those who say no, despite the
overwhelming polls in his favor,
are talking from grounds more
emotional than politically realis-
tic.
* * *
THE VICE-PRESIDENT, despite
the "coldness" attributed to him
by his critics, is one of the more
emotion-arousing personalities in
current politics. In 1956, after
anti-Nixon forces had already
started their barrage at the Demo-
cratic convention, re-heating the
weapons of four years earlier, a
veteran Michigan party leader
pretty well summed up attitudes
toward Nixon. "People either like
Nixon or don't. The reaction is ir-
rational and almost completely

subjective, it's hard to pinpoint,
but it's strong," he said.
At the last convention, it was
strong on Nixon's side. In talking
to delegates and party leaders at
San Francisco,,this reporter found
an emotional backing and eager-
ness to rally behind Nixon that
was matched in its intensity only
by the attacks against the Vice-
President.
While it might be expected that
the state chairmen, the "organiza-
tion men" would go along with
whomever President Eisenhower,
preferred, the rank and file dele-
gate exhibited equal enthusiasm
for Nixon.
TO BE SURE, the attitudes for
one convention don't necessarily
carry over into the next. And the
candidate with the early lead and
the party backing hasn't always
finished with the prize, as the Re-
publican party itself proved at its
1940 and 1952 conventions.
A recent poll of GOP county
leaders showed '75 per cent favored
Nixon, with the rest backing New
York's Gov. Nelson Rockefeller.
But Nixon currently enjoys more
than the sometimes undependable
asset of organizational support.
Another poll, admittedly not al-
ways dependable, shows Nixon in-
creasing his lead over Rockefeller
until now two out of three GOP
voters favor him.
Part of the increase, also re-
flected in attitudes of indepen-

dents, may stem from a decrease
in the emotional reactions against
him. Called many-faced by his
critics, Nixon is taking care to
show a mature, capable face at
present. His role as an active Vice-
President only improves his pub-
lic portrait.
If politics is the art of the
possible, Rockefeller's supporters
have only one asset-by locating
headquarters in this college town,
they are at least in an environ-
ment which is sometimes sympa-
thetic to unrealistic dreamers.
SALLADE:
Practical
Poli0tics
By RALPH LANGER
Daily Contributing Editor
CURRENT moves by Rep. George
Sallade (R-Ann Arbor) to push
New York Governor Nelson Rocke-
feller for president in 1960 creates
a rather significant question. Why?.
The reasons Sallade openly gives
-that he is seeking a new face
because the other Republican pos-
sibility, Vice-President Richard
Nixon has become a captive of the
Republican conservative wing in
his desire for the presidential
nomination, and that Rockefeller
possesses more executive qualifi-
cations than does Nixon-may be
less than "all of the facts, ma'am."
Suppose Rockefeller is nomi-
nated for president and that Sal-
lade plays a big hand, or even a
small hand, but a hand neverthe-
less, in this nomination. Would
this not put the Ann Arbor politi-
cian in favor with the powers that
be, or, assuming that Sallade has
only state-wide ambitions, place
that same Ann Arbor Republican
high in state political circles.
And, suppose Rockefeller isn't
nominated in 1960, as is 'likely,
since the latest polls shows that
Nixon is gaining in popularity due
to his recent playing-of the role
of All-American Boy. Wouldn't
this still leave Sallade with na-
tional connections, and in good
graces in 1964 when it is more
likely that Rockefeller will be
nominated? At the very least,
national notice will have been
acquired for Ann Arbor (probable
headquarters for a Rockefeller
for "President Organization)
and for George W. Sallade, him-
self.

away from science and must be
pushed to take such courses.
At the conference conducted by
the literary college steering com-
mittee last week, Prof. John Mil-
holland of the psychology depart-
ment noted that "fright" of
science courses is actually discern-
ible, and added that some basis
for it exists.
Although the correlation be-
tween mathematical and verbal
ability is high (that is, if you're
good in one, you'll probably be
good in the other), Prof. Milhol-
land said "it is probable that
grades will be lower in physics and
chemistry than in other subjects."
* * *
VISUALIZE the students' dilem-
ma. when this is coupled with
emphasis on research. Science
teachers are recognized for re-
search in their fields, and the
chemist who is active in the lab-
oratory is likely to be promoted
before the chemist who develops
a good teaching technique.
Discussing the problem, a mem-
ber of the committee noted that
good teachers in English or politi-
cal science will be more easily
recognized than the good teaching
scientist. As a result, instructors
are scarcely encouraged to make
science courses palatable (though
it must be acknowledged that
some do).
Further, most instructors prefer
to teach more advanced material,
and thus give only "transitory"
attention to their elementary
courses.
In other words, as most of the
natural science courses are taught
now, they directly belie their ob-
jectives. These, as stated in the
committee report, are "1) to in-
crease the understanding of
science by the non-scientist 2) to
improve lay attitudes toward
science and 3) to recruit an ade-
quate, supply of qualified people
into science."
Obviously, the first two objec-
tives are not met by the present
science courses. But they might
be attained if history'of science
and philosophy of science courses
were introduced. These could offer
the theory, the abstract idea, the
applicability which research-
oriented courses do not provide.
At its last meeting, the Natural
Science Study Committee agreed
to include a proposal for an inter-
disciplinary course in its report
which will go to the Curriculum
Committee within the next week.
The course envisioned would be
set up for seniors and might pos-
sibly be made a requirement.
ALTHOUGH any such course is
still tentative, Prof. Samuel
Krimm of the physics department
noted it would show "in a general
way, how the historical develop-
ment of science has had an impact
on society." He suggested that the
course start out with hefinite
scientific concepts which students
have met in courses, and then
show the ideologies they promoted
and the way they have affected
history. For instance, first stu-
dents would learn the theory of
relativity, and then they would
go into relativistic theories.
"The faculty agrees," Prof.
Krimm said, "that an interdisci-
plinary course has intrinsic value
if it can be made to work." How-
ever, no professional historian of
science is available to teach it,
and finally its introduction must
be considered a "luxury."
But luxuries can becomeneces-
sities. Looking at the present re-
search-oriented science courses,
looking at the state objectives of
natural science distribution
courses, an interdisciplinay course
is as much of a luxury as a car.
rOFFICIAL

BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin to an
off icial publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 29, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 148
General Notices
School of Natural Resources, annual
Honors convocation,11 a.m., Thurs.,
April 30, Rackham Amphitheatre, Alum-
ni Awards. W. S. Bromley, Exec. Secy.,
American Pulpwood Assoc., speaker. All
11-12 classes in School of Natural Re-
sources will be dismissed on that day.
Film on Space Technology, sponsored
by Bendix Corp. and the College of
Engineering. Wed., April 29, Aud. A,
Angell Hall, 7:30 p.m.
Meeting for students interested in
entering the English Honors Curricu-
lum next fall Thurs. afternoon, April
30, 4:00 p.m. 2440 Mason, Hall. The na-
ture of the program will be discussed,
and students will be invited to raise
questions. Sophomore students are
particularly invited, but freshmen who
are interested in the program are also
welcome.

,{

'}CAPITAL COMMENTARY:
Morton Given Impossible Goal
By- WILLIAM S. WHITE

AS OTHERS SEE IT:
Marches- and Petitions

YOUTH MARCH petitions being circulated
on campus have aroused considerable stu-
dent interest. While this in itself is gratifying,
we raise two questions with regard to the peti-
tion and the Youth March itself: Is the pro-
test expressed in the petition justified, and
are the petitions and the March good choices
as methods of expressing such a protest?
To the first question we answer "Yes." Even
liberal Southerners have asked - not without
justification - for "time" in which to work
out a solution to the integration problem.4Yet
the process of desegregation in the South,
while it need not necessarily be agonizingly
forced, must continue at a reasonable rate.
Whether or not governmental action is taken,
a continual awareness in the South that public
opinion is focused on it may do much to insure
that the process continues.
THE PETITION and the Youth March seem
good ways to focus such attention, and to
mobilize public opinion, both for legislators and
for the South. To the objection that the March
might produce negative results by offending
and calling forth the resistance of Southerners,

segregation. As reminders go, the Youth March
seems likely to be reasonably effective, yet
relatively inoffensive.
Aside from its possible effects on the South
and on legislators, the Youth March And the
petition will be of significance for the indi-
vidual student who marches or signs. The prob-
lem Will be a more real and more personal one,
we would hope, for the student who has taken
part in the March in Washington or who has
signed the petition. The open discussion of
this issue by interested, informed (or becom-
ing-informed) students is encouraging. We are
impressed also with the approach of the stu-
denits on this campus who have backed and
circulated the petition. They have sought not
careless signatures but names added to a care-
fully considered statement of purpose. We hope
that all students who sign will do so with as
responsible an attitude.
WHILE WE COMMEND both the petition
and Youth March, it is important and
timely to emphasize that their area of concern
is quite limited. The problem of segregation is
not to be solved in its entirety with the inte-

THE REPUBLICAN party's new
national chairman, Senator
Thruston Morton, is setting out
with complete sincerity to do a
job that simply cannot be done.
His impossible goal is to maintain
absolute neutrality within the GOP
organization as between the 1960
Presidential possibilities-the open
contender, Richard M. Nixon, and
the latent contender, Gov. Nelson
Rockefeller of New York.
Happily for his state of mind,
Kentuckian Morton comes from a
state where politics is played for
keeps. He is able, therefore, to
confront his present task with
,philosophical awareness that no
man can be expected to do better
than his best.
*1 * *
HE KNOWS quite well that real
objectivity is found in Presidential
politics as often as a Beethoven
sonata is found in a roadside juke
box. Nevertheless, he is going to
give his top goal a determined
try; this is made plain in his
private as well as his public ac-
tions. All the same, candid conver-
sation with him leaves the impres-
sion that his realism has already
told him that while it would be
fine to do everything he has set
for himself he will be fortunate to
reach two lesser, but at any rate
actually attainable, goals.
Above all, he wants the 1960
convention to leave the GOP
united Snecificially. he hopes the

THE 1952 convention deeply split
the GOP for a time. The Eisen-
hower forces accused backers of
the late Senator Robert A. Taft
of "stealing" delegates. The Taft
people, on their side, were con-
vinced that Taft had been de-
feated only by phony propaganda.
In 1940, Wendell Willkie, an ex-
Democrat, was nominated in a
convention made shout-happy by
clamorous Willkieites indthe gal-
leries. Their violent and endless
acclaim of Willkie rather made it
appear that the choice of any
other nominee would be un-Ameri-
can and "bossism."
How, then, will Morton make
sure that in 1960 there is no 1952,
no 1940? He believes that early
prevention action is the answer.
Thus, the two key convention com-
munities - those on arrangements
and on credentials-will be ap-
pointed by him only after careful
screening and also after checking
in with both Vice-President Nixon
and Mr. Rockefeller.
The arrangements committee is-
sues the gallery tickets. There will
be carefully controlled. The num-
ber allowed to any state will be
in proportion to its population and
its total pre-GOP vote in the last
Presidential election.
The credentials committee set-
tles contests between candidates
for delegates. (Did this aspirant
or that aspirant legally win the

party units are in pro-Nixon
hands.
Moreover, the very preparations
Senator Morton is making-par-
ticularly those against gallery-
packing - will tend inevitably,
though unintentionally, to favor
Nixon. Why? Because Rockefeller
show a mature, capable face at
will be an outsider running against
an insider. To deny any gallery-
papering to Nixon would not hurt
him in the least. But to deny it to
Rockefeller might well be to deny
him the best chance open to an
outsider-that is, emotionally to
blitz a convention originally de-
termined to select another man.
(Copyright 1959, by United
Features Syndicate, Inc.)

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