(Oar -THE MICHIGAN DAILY
;ISENHOWER CALLS PROGRAM EFFECTIVE:
Congress To Weigh Pros, Cons of Foreign Aid
Congress soon will decide how
hard a punch the United States
will throw in the dollar-ruble
battle with Russia.
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
has asked for $3,930,000,000 in for-
eign aid, saying the 10-year-old
aid program is "the most econom-
ically effective means of blunting
(SEPS) - The Youth March
for Integrated Schools met with a
vigorous challenge at an Antioch
College NAACP meeting last week
while 26 Antiochians prepared
.for the march to Washington.
Debate and rebuttals flew back
and forth after NAACP member
Bob Press warned the group that
"The time, money and energy
spent to send people to Washing-
ton will not accomplish what you
want to do."
Mass movements such as the
Youth March have never forced
an individual to change his mind,
"I would rather work through
the legislators," he said. He as-
serted that it is the function of
legislative bodies to implement
Supreme Court decisions calling
for an end to segregation.
Press later told the Antioch
Record that he had spoken to
many community members who
agree that the march is an inade-
quate method of bringing about
integrated schools. He added that
a large number of students who
were' enthusiastic about the first
march felt the second would not
Press stated that he would con-
tinue to write to lawmakers as he
has done in the past, urging them
to fight segregation, and that he
also plans to encourage other stu-
dents to do the same.
He said that "face-to-face com-
munication between citizen and
legislator" would also be of use in
putting an end to segregation.
But NAACP member Eleanor
Holmes offered a rebuttal to the
challenger. The Supreme Court
decision to end school segregation
came as a result of failure by
legislators to take effective action,
Student Art Finok pointed out
that when many northerners join
the march it will demonstrate
"that the whole North isn't apa-
and turning back" the Commu-
nist bid for global conquest.
But foreign aid critics again are
raising the cry that the aid pro-
gram is "a gigantic boondoggle
. . a giveaway -- a waste of
American taxpayers' money .
pouring dollars down foreign rat-
holes . . ."
An undesired but distinct talking
point for boosters of the Presi-
dent's foreign aid bill is the fact
that Russia is coming up fast in
the aid-to-other countries race.
Last year, for the first time,
the Soviet bloc's economic aid to
18 key underdeveloped countries
reportedly passed the one billion
dollar mark. Since 1955 the Sov-
iet Union has pledged a reported
2.4 billion dollars to these coun-
tries while the United States has
given 4.4 billion.
Rather than spreading thier
money as far and as thin as the
United States, Russia seems to be
pouring its rubles into the more
critical areas-the Mideast and
Administration supporters, in
and out of Congress, insist that
without American help many
countries of the free world would
have long vanished behind the
They say our aid program has
stiffened wobbly economies and
beefed up military forces in scores
of countries threatened with Com-
Provides $22 Billion
In his message to Congress,
President Eisenhower said the
United States has provided 22 bil-
lion dollars in military aid to
free-world countries, building up a
combined defense force of 5,800,000
men, 72,000 aircraft and 4,200
This compares, he said, with
Communist bloc forces totalling
6,500,000 men, 25,000 planes, and
3,000 naval craft including the
largest submarine fleet in world
Referring to the free-world
ISA -To Hear
Candidates for president and
vice-president of the Internation-
al Students' Association will speak
at the International Center tea
from 4:30 to 6 p.m. today.
M. A. Hyder Shah, Grad., and
George Haniotis, Grad., are run-
ning for president. Shah's running
mate Is Amilcar Gomez, '61E,
while Haniotis' is Barbara. Ann
The weekly teas are held in the
Center's recreation room, and all
students are invited to attend.
FOREIGN AID... who gets it and what it has done
Breakdown on $ 2,187,000,000
Military Aid is secret
'OTALL REC/P/ENS G/S T)
22 billion dollars in
military aid has built
free world armed
forces of 5,800,000
180 190". men, 72,000 aircraft
and 4,200 naval craft.
* ? billion dollars
military aid has built
Soviet bloc army
of 6,500,000 men,
25,000 planes, and
3,000 nava craft.
(continued from Page 5)
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California State Personnel Board;
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AnotIxr noteon ExtracurricularCompetenc e ..
HOW TO BE PART OF
Fear of being elected "I reasurer' has caused more than
one promising type to shun congenial clubs, associations, or
Fear no more! You, too, can acquire the potent reputa-
tion of financial wizardry via the same simple route that
scores of your predecessors followed.
Accept election . . . then drop in at either of the two
near-campus branches of Ann Arbor Bank. Our people have
been aiding and abetting student treasurers for years.
Yoc'l" learn about checking accounts ..«. savings ac-
counts for surplus funds . .. safety deposit boxes for valuable
papers or records.
40 50 60 7
millions of dollars
70 80 90
"BOONDOGGLE"-The Administration calls foreign aid "the most economically effective means of
blunting Communism's bid for global conquest," and critics call it "a gigantic boondoggle . .. a
giveaway." The above graph shows what foreign aid has been in previous years. Administrative
supporters insist that without help, many free countries would have vanished behind the Iron
Bring Quick Results
buildup, President Eisenlower's
"The collective defense gives us
protection which could not be ob-
tainable at any cost if we tried to
do the whole job ourselves."
Nevertheless, critics demand to
know how much longer United
States taxpayers must shoulder1
the burden of revitalizing and
arming other countries to defend
themselves against communism.
Chairman Otto E. Passman (D-
La) of the House appropriations
subcommittee handling foreign aid
funds says that when the original
aid program-the Marshall Plan
for European Recovery-was be-
gun in 1948, it was designed to
last not longer than five years
and cost not more than 15 bil-
Rep. Passman says the program
has already cost a total of 82 bil-
lion dollars. Rep. H. R. Gross (R-
Iowa) estimated a year ago that
U.S. military and economic aid
since mid-1940 totalled $134,764,-
000,000. He said the estimate was
based on a special study con-
ducted by the Library of Congress.
Critics contend that foreign aid
is 'plunging the United States
hopelessly into debt, and that in-
stead of handing out billions to
every friendly country on the map
the money should be spent on
problems at home.
Rep. Passman's subcommittee
says its investigators turned up
"fantastic, disgraceful waste and
profiteering" in carrying out the
Another subcommittee, headed
by Rep. Thomas B. Morgan (D-
Pa), says it found:
1) Three giant pumps, each big
.. .. "«'!..: %41''1 "..... '::1 :1:.yi t m
enough to empty the Potomac Riv-
er, lying in storage in Japan and
never likely to be used because a
foreign aid irrigation project in
Pakistan, for which they were
built, has bogged down.
2) A foreign motor pool reeeived
enough tires in one year to put
44 on each truck in the pool.
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