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April 23, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-23

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"I Don't Want To Seem Like An Alarmist, But -"

Sixty-Ninth Year
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. *ANN ARBOR, MICH. ' Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the, individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.


DAY, APRIL 23, 1959


Vice-President, Other Participants
Should Not Review SGC Actions

-' Km
t a "

- (2

Militia Conts
Personal Behavior
(EDITOR'S NOTE: Nikita Khrushchev's own brand of repression is having
a sobering effect on the Russians, Harold K. Milks discloses in this third of
four articles on the Soviet Union today. Milks has just come out of Moscow
after nearly three years as chief of the Associated Press bureau there.)
Associated Press Staff Writer
NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV appears to be instituting a new control system
to replace the dreaded midnight knock of Stalin's secret police. The
stocky free-wheeling ruler of the Soviet Union has called for expanded
supervision of the personal habits and behavior of his people. His cam-
paign against drinking is one phase. His institution of People's Volunteer

IT'S AN ENCOURAGING sign that the Com-
mittee on Clarification of -the Student Gov-
ernment Council Plan, after agreeing to dis-
agree for such a long time, has finally agreed
to agree on certain areas.
Debate in the Committee's meetings had
been so legalistic and repetitive, communica-
tion of ideas had been so poor and progress
had been so lacking that some observors have
started calling the group the "Obfuscation
In more or less rapid succession, students,
faculty, and administrative members would
present tentative ideas for discussion. But in
debate at succeeding meetings, such presum-
ably new ideas were ignored, and the commit-
tee went back over ground already covered,
ad infinitum, once more.
THE AGREEMENT for prior consultation
and information exchange between SGC
and other segments of the University was
pretty definite. As such consultations are
neither mandatory nor binding on the
Council, and as they do help communication
and information flow within the University
they seem like a good thing.
Agreement was less certain in other areas. A
"broad scope of power for SGC" is favored by
all, but the type of review to "protect" other
segments of the University remains uncertain.
An area which the Committee says it agrees
on, but which is still under dispute concerns
the role of the Vice-President for Student Af-
fairs, acting as the delegated representative
of the University's president.
All sides agree that it is clear that the presi-

dent has veto power over anything that goes
on in the University, on the merits of the
event itself, disregarding jurisdictional con-
Faculty and administrative members of the
committee argue that the president can and
does delegate his authority to whomever he
pleases, and thus can appoint the Vice-
President for Student Affairs to veto SGC's ac-
tions if he pleases. The students, however, wish
to make the president the only overall veto
THERE IS, a fairly prevalent concept in le-
gal thought which holds that individuals
personally involved as participants in issues
should not hold the-power to review the out-
come of these same disputes.
In the past, the functions of Vice-President
Lewis have been as a participant in student
affairs. He has not acted as an Olympian over-
seer of student affairs, but as an active ad-
visor and participant. His letter to SGC con-
cerning the'recognition of Sigma Kappa clear-
ly shows his commitment to personal active in-
volvement in student affairs.
Considering the Vice-President for Student
Affairs' traditional role in the University, giv-
ing the office the power to veto actions deal-
ing with events in which the vice-president is
personally concerned would be a violation of
a fundamental principle of judicial behavior.
Either the vice-president's role should _be
changed drastically, or he should be of neces-
sity disqualified from exercising the president's
veto power over SGC's actions.

Ohison Reaffirms Stand on 'Radicals'

The New Secretary of State

CHRISTIAN HERTER has been confirmed
as Secretary of State not only at a time
when the job is, especially tough but also
after being handicapped by President Dwight
D. Eisenhower's manner of announcing the
replacement for John Foster Dulles.
The handicap stemmed from the delay of
President Eisenhower in making the announce-
ment when everyone - Herter, Dulles, and
even the President himself - knew it was
coming. After all, Herter served Dulles as
Under-Secretary and moved in when Dulles
became ill. Since the possibility was evident
that Dulles would not have been able to con-
tinue, carrying either a full or partial load, the
President must have been considering a pos-
sible replacement.
It has been suggested that President Eisen-
hower didn't want to announce the appoint-
ment simultaneously with the resignation be-
cause he wanted it to be "Foster's day."
If true, it was a poor move, for three whole
days elapsed before the appointment did come
'through, and during the announcement-of-
resignation speech, Ike said there "are others
to be considered."
The result was doubt in many many minds
where none existed before, doing little to
strengthen Herter's appointment.
THIS IS DOUBLY unfortunate because Her-
ter faces a test, in fact several tests, that
will be tough enough without handicaps.
In less than a week Herter must confer in
Russia Still Ft

Paris with foreign ministers of Britain, France
and West Germany on preparing proposals
for negotiations with Russia over the Berlin
He probably won't unpack his bag upon re-
turning from Paris because he has* to gallop
off to attend the Big Four foreign ministers
meeting with Russia in Geneva May 11. Later
in the year, if things go as predicted, he will
accompany the President to a Summit Con-
ference with Khrushchev, Macmillan and de
Meantime the overall problem remains of
tying together the divergent strands of Allied
attitudes toward the summit negotiations in
order to build a united front against the Reds.
How he will accomplish these tasks remains
to be seen but it's a pretty sure bet that his
operating techniques will be different from his
former boss. It is not expected that he will
carry on the same sort of personal diplomacy
that Dulles did and which created the vacuum
when he fell ill.
The newest Cabinet member's methods of
operating are still subject to speculation.
Britain hailed Herter's appointment for dif-
ferent reasons than did West German Social-
ists. The former two look for a continuation
of former policies but the Socialists expect a
more flexible attitude.
However he tries to do it, the new Secretary
does not have an enviable job.
ears Germany

To the Editor: '
IN REPLY to various criticisms of
my recent letter, I should like to
reframe my original statement in
terms of the actions to which I
referred, which should further ex-
plain my position. Likewise, an
evident misunderstanding of my
beliefs on segregation should be
My objections to the public school
integration petition and march
and the attempt to introduce legis-
lation regarding fraternal organi-
zations stem from different, but
related, sources. It is my belief
that both actions demonstrate a
lack of knowledge and/or disre-
gard of firmly established prin-
ciples of government and law.
First, the integration petition
and march, no doubt worthy of
themselves, are not consonant with
my standards of gvernment,
which are admittedly conservative,
but far from unusual. American
government is one of the law, not
of the mob. The law has been
established with regard to segre-
gation, and the by which it shall
be enforced, which must and do
recognize the need for moderation,
rather than haste, in their ap-
proach, are in being. Attempts by
pressure groups to hasten the
process by rallies and demonstra-
tions are typical, not of the U.S.,
but of Latin America or the Middle
East. It is the first step to mob
rule, which might fairly be deemed
to be radical.
Second, consideration of the
anti-fraternal legislation move-
ment illustrates another branch
of radical thought. It has been
recognized by the Supreme Court
that voluntary associations, among
which are fraternal orders, reli-
gious groups, and Thursday after-
noos bridge clubs, may establish
any qualifications for member-
ship which they might desire, re-
gardless of how arbitrary they
might be. Further, no person has
any legal right, to which I would
add moral right, to admission or
continuation of membership, nor
can any legal remedy be invoked
to force admission or continuance.
It might here be pointed out that
any religious group, including that
from which the integration peti-
tion was circulated, is a voluntary
association having arbitrary quali-
fications for membership. I sin-
cerely question that these grups
would care to admit all comers,
regardless of intent of belief.
Thus, Mr. Bissell and his fellows
have shown a complete lack of re-
spect for these two basic American
principles of government by law
and unrestricted voluntary associ-
ation. From this standpoint, they
are radicals and deserving of the
Finally, I should like to make
my position on integration crys-
tal-clear. I believe in integration
in public places as provided by the
law. I do not believe in attenpts
to subvert the law in the name of
integration, nor do I believe in the
withdrawal of the constitutional
rights of voluntary associations in
the name of integration.
-John E. Ohlson, Jr., '59
To the Editor:

the choice, and since our proxy
chooses, we absolve ourselves of,
any guilt. But the plan is the
same: some of us must be sacri-
ficed, to God or Science, that the
rest may live (I won't go into the
efficacy of this); we are giving
these gifts that God, or the bomb,
will be with us in the battles
against our enemies. (Of course
battles are the only sure way be-
cause our enemies are pure evil
incarnate and do not understand
Good. We go through the motions
toward peace, but we know ahead
of time what the results will be.)
We tend to look down on the
heathens' sacrifice because it isn't
as glorious as ours. They did it in
the name of Xom, and we do it in
the name of Humanity (effectively,
the humanity inhabiting the U.S.
of A.). Our sacrifices, you see, are
justified. Besides, the number to
be sacrificed is relatively insigni-
When they see to what extent
we will go, I am sure the atoms
will be on our side.
--Omar L. DeWitt
Weapons . .
To the E5ditor:
derslice takes issue with Linus
Pauling's comments concerning the
cessation of nuclear weapons test-
ing. He thinks 'that Pauling is
wrong. This is why I think that
Vanderslice is wrong.
Does Mr. Vanderslice believe
that our ingenuity and inventive-
ness is limited only to making de-
structive devices? As recent evi-
dence from Geneva shows, it is
possible indeed to detect and dis-
tinguish underground atomic ex-
plosions from earthquakes to a
better degree than has heretofore
been admitted. With further im-
proved devices and methods it will
become increasingly difficult to
hide atomic tests. Anyway, since
we know the destructive capabili-
ties of nuclear weapons it is un-
necessary to conduct further tests.
Since Mr. Vanderslice admits
what everyone knows, namely, that
the U.S. is committed to massive
nuclear retaliation, it is unneces-
sary to test small yield atomic
weapons for the practically non-
existent armed forces since they
would never be in position to use
them-if indeed they even sur-
vived. Anyway, we have weapons
that are designed to kill small
numbers of people efficiently and
effectively. So what "new and vital
areas" could atomic weapons be
applied? (Just how "creative" can
we get in this business of human
slaughter?) Moreover, the Rus-
sians, despite their large army and
navy are also committeed to mas-
sive nuclear retaliation. Guess who
wins in such a conflict.
As for the very high altitude
anti-missilemissiles, there is dis-
agreement by responsible persons
as to the effectiveness and/or
ability to disable an enemy mis-
sile. Furthermore, we are ignorant
of what possible cumulative,
permanent, and irreversible effects
such revices when used or tested
might have on the ionized layers
and radioactive absorption proper-
ties of our earth's atmosphere.
Then there is Mr. Vanderslice's
callous dismissal of fallout cas-

- from rocks is higher than in other
areas of lesser radioactivity. Thus,
we cannot even "taper off" test-
ing, since the half-life of many
radioactive isotopes that end up
in the human body extend through
a good portion of a person's life.
We have just begun to collect.
statistics on radioactive effects. It
might be that Mr. Vanderslice
would become less objective and
impartial about such statistics if
someone near and dear to him
were to become such a statistic.
Mr. Vanderslice is apparently ig-
norant of the pain and anguish
suffered by the victims and sur-
vivors of people afflicted with those.
disorders. Mr. Vanderslice, is this
the legacy you would leave the
--Sol Schwartz, Grad.
Help! ...0
To the Editor:
WITH THE coming of Spring the
Michigan Campus again be-
comes alive with strolling couples,
students with spring fever, and
bicycle maniacs. Of course we have
no objection to bicycle riders, but
when one of us was nearly clob-
bered by a bicycle emerging from
a line of halted cars and speeding
through a stop sign, we began to
wonder if Spring was so nice
after all. We do not know why the
Ann Arbor City Police Department
does not enforce the regulations
for bicycles (Art. I, Sec. 2a; and
Art. V, Sec. 30b), but we would
think that sensible bicycle riders
would obey stop signs (at least
once in a while) for their own
protection. In the interest of
pedestrians and bicycle riders
alike, we would like to hear in
these columns from the Ann Arbor
Police Department and the bicycle
maniacs concerning their negli-
-Tyler Bastian
-Winfield H. Arneson

Militia to curtail what is called
public misbehavior is another. 1
The drinking habits of Russians,
long famed as hardy tipplers, have
been changing rapidly under the
demands of Khrushchev-former-
ly renowed himself for his 'ability
to handle a full glass.
Some say Khrushchev's criticism
of excessive drinking as harmful to
Soviet progress began about the
same time as reports that he suffers
from kidney trouble. Be that as it
may, it appears the strong man of
the Soviet Union has tapered off
sharply in his consumption of
alcohol, and that he expects every
drinking man and woman in his
country of over 250 million people
to join him.
NOWHERE has the change in
Khrushchev's-and the nation's-
drinking habits been more star-
tling apparent than at formal
Kremlin receptions.
These show ceremonies of the
Soviet Union were once the scene
of heavy and sometimes lively
drinking bouts.
Tables at such Kremlin affairs
were laden with bottles -vodka,
wines, Armenian brandy, beer,
sometimes champaign from the
Republic of Georgia. Few bottles
were returned to the shelves un-
emptied as Russians and their
guests toasted themselves and,
everyone else.
The last Kremlin reception I
attended-in honor of a visiting
Iraqi delegation - was in sharp
Gone were the vodka bottles,
even from the inner ring tables
for serving diplomats and top level
Russian officials. Our table held
three bottles of native wine, a col-
lection of soft drinks called "Fruk-
ti Water" and several flasks of
mineral water. The diplomats
fared no better. They too, drank
wine or water. A few trays of
brandy wer passed among top
Russians for the formal toasts, but
their drinks were small and few.
Drinks for Soviet citizens have
been cut off at lower levels, too. A
factory worker out for a night on
the town can no longer sit in a
Moscow restaurant and down vod-
ka until his friends carry him
home or the militiamen lug him
off to a sobering-up station.
* w. 9
BEHIND THE whole program of
semi-prohibition is a campaign,
first, to make drinking unpopular
a'nd, second, to bring party and
official pressure to bear on habit-
ual drunkards.
Hand in hand with the temper-
ance 'campaign, Khrushchev has
formally endorsed a broad pro-
gram of behavior control. Its en-
actment is largely in the hands of
the Komsomol (Young Communist
League), from whose leader
Khrushcshev has recently drawn
a new chief of secret police to
replace Gen. Ivan Serov.
They concentrate on restaurants,
parks, public areas, making sure
that hooliganism is suppressed,
that behavior is proper, that
drunkenness in public and at home
is sharply controlled.
Official announcements say the
volunteer policemen will go un-
armed, will depend more on per-
suasion and instruction than force
to accomplish their assignments,
and if necessary will call on the
regular militia or police to take





The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
VOL. LXIX, NO. 143
General Notices
Student Accounts: Your attention is
called to the following rules passed by
the Regents at their meeting on Feb.
28, 193: "Students shall pay all ac-
counts due the University not later
than the last day of classes of each se-
mester or summer session. Student
loans which are not paid or renewed
are subject to this regulation; how-
ever, student loans not yet due are
exempt. Any unpaid accounts at the
close of business on the last day of
classes will be reported to the Cashier
of the University and "(a) All aca-
demic credits will be withheld, the
grades for the semester or summer ses-
sion just completed will not be re-
leased, and no transcript of credits will
be issued.
,(b) All students owing such a-
counts will not be allowed to register
in any subsequent semester or sum-
mer session until payment has been
commencement Instructions to fa-
uity members: Convene at 4:15 p.m. in
the first floor lobby in the Administra-
tion Bldg. Buses will be provided in
front of the Administration Bldg. on
State St. to take you to the Stadium or
Yost Field House to join the procession
and to take the place assigned to you
on stage, as directed by the marshals;
at the end of the exercise buses will be
ready in driveway east of the Stadium
or at west side of Field House to bring
you back to the campus.
Distribution of Diplomas: If the ex-
ercises are held in the Stadium, diplo-
mas for all graduates except thoseof
the 'School of Dentistry, the Medical
School, and Flint College, will be dis-
tributed from designated stations un-
der the east stands of the Stadium,
immediately after the exercises. The
diploma distribution stations are on
the level above the tunnel entrance.
If the exercises are held in the Yost
Field House, all diplomas exceptthose
of the School of Dentistry, the Medical
School, and Flint College, will be dis-
tributed from the windows of the
Cashier's Office and the Office of Regis-
tration and Records in the lobby f the
Administration Bldg. Following the
ceremony diplomas may be called for
until 9:00 p.m.
Phi Chi Theta, professional women's
business fraternity, is offering a $150
scholarship this spring to women en-
rolled inSchool of Business Adminis-
tration. Application blanks and infor-
matio navailable in the Bus. Ad. School
Office (150 B. A.) Completed forms are
due on or before May 8.
The English Journal Club presents
Albert Cook, Prof. of English at West-
ern Reserve University. "Some Habits
of Words in Poetry," Thurs., April 23,
8:00 p.m. E. Conf. Rm. of Rackham
Prof. Albert Cook of Western Re-
serve University Dept. of English.
Thurs., April 23, at 4:10 p.m. Aud. A,
Angell Hall. "The Dramatic Action of
Glidden Lecture in Chemistry: Prof.
H. C. Brown of Purdue University "Se-
lective Reductions"- Thurs., April 23
8:00 p.m. Rm. 1300 Chem. Bldg.
Lecture: Poll. S. Dept.,, Fri., April
24. 4:15 p.m. Rackham Amphitheater.
The Hon. Tom Mboy, Kenya Legis-
lative Council. "A Report on Africa"
(Continued on Page 5)

r a
:.. x:. _.



Associated Press News Analyst
THE SOVIET UNION'S latest protests against
the nuclear arming of West Germany em-
phasizes a fear which appears to be very real.
The fear is one which is well understood in
Western Europe, even though the Soviets,
created the postwar situation which make fu-
ture trouble with Germany most likely.
It took a great deal of soul-searching and
pressure from the United States to get Western
Europe to agree to include a rearmed West
Germany in its defense plans.
This was not due solely to modern Germany's
record of resorting to force in her relations
with her neighbors. It was also due to the fear
that, in the situation created by Germany's
partition, a resurgent nation, even if force
were precluded, would eventually make an
independent deal with the Soviet Union for
Because of this, in the formation of the
European union through which West Germany
was brought into NATO, rearmament was sur-
1j1g 0jj pirt !Daily

rounded with Allied controls. The Allies be-
lieve these controls are sufficient not only to
guard themselves against a German about-
face, but also to insure the Soviet Union
against a repetition of 1941.
THERE IS, however, a worldwide recognition
that Germany will not remain perpetually
divided, regardless of what other nations do.
Just as NATO was produced by Soviet mili-
tary posture and international Communism's
aggressive attitude, so has Kremlin policy cre-
ated an explosive situation between Germany
and Eastern Europe.
The Soviet Union first made a deal with Hit-
lerite Germany for some Eastern Polish terri-
tory. When Hitler moved in from the west, the
Reds moved in from the east, and there for a
year and a half before the outbreak of war be-
tween them they glared at one another across
a new line partitioning Poland.
AT WAR'S END the Soviets stayed, but the
Germans were driven not only from modern
Polish territory, but from wide areas which
were truly German. Eight million Germans
were driven into West Germany, and Polish
colonizers replaced them in compensation for
the Soviet's push westward.
This territory beyond the Oder and Neisse
rivers was, like the present Communist zone
of East Germany, the major breadbasket for
the German industrial complex in the West.
It will remain a bone of contention as long


e Smaller Risk

PR MORE than a year a pro-
found struggle has been going
on between two government agen-
cies over which should have final
authority for protecting the Amer-
ican people from radiation and
issue of war or peace itself. On
The great question touches our
lives as could no other except the
issue of war and peace itself. On
one side is the Atomic Energy
Commission. On the other side is
the Department of Health, Educa-
tion and Welfare.
THE ONLY umpire presently
available is the Bureau of the
Budget. "Budget," which is essen-
tially a lofty bookkeeping instru-
ment for the President to deter-
mine what outlays should be asked
of Congress for what departments,
is not eager to make the hard
President Eisenhower himself,
this correspondent is told on good
authority, is "staying out of it"-
though to an onlooker it is difficult
to see whv. In the meantime. Con-

ation and fall-out is' tolerable?
Or, should this responsibility now
be passed to the Federal Public
Health Service - a division of
Health, Education and Welfare
whose sole interest is simply in the
public's health?
* * *
BUT A SECOND great ques-
tion is bound up in the first. For
much more than health is involved
here. True, radiation and fallout,
when the human intake passes
a certain point, becomes deadly
poisons to those alive and those
yet unborn. But radiation and fall-
out are unavoidable accompani-
ments to the immensely useful
development of atomic power and
to the necessary continued de-
velopment of atomic weapons in
an era of unceasing danger from
the Soviet Union.
Thus, this government must
maintain a desperate balance be-
tween the demands of the people's
health and the demands of mili-
tary safety for the whole free

simply seeking to enlarge its vast
bureaucracy. It merely holds the
less-than-revolutionary view that
the best place to protect the public
health by'setting the safety stan-
dards is the Public Health Service.
H-E-W seems to have the better
case. For the Atomic Energy Com-
mission would be more than hu-
man if it did. not tend to play
down any factor, including lhealth,
that would retard atomic develop-
anent. Moreover, the commission's
medical units, superb thoughthey
are, are far -down in the commis-
sion's hierarchy.
AND THE Commission's deter-
mination to continue to be the
final authority on what atomic
work is safe, and where, might un-
derstandably rest most of all upon
this factor: a fear that public
concern over atomic, dangers' to
health could become public hys-
teria if evaluations of that danger
were handed over to some wholly
independent source like the Public
Health Service.

Editorial Staff
itorial DirectorI

City Editor

Associate Editor

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