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April 17, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-04-17

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"Do You Have To Bring Up Techlnicalities?"

EheAir- 4gatt Bal
Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
"When Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail" STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone No 2-3241
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

FRIDAY, APRIL 17, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: CHARLES KOZOLL

Competition To Enter 'U'
Will Justifiably Increase

THOSE who are in college and concerned
about the academic competition might be
able to take a little comfort from the recent
announcement by the Director of University
admissions that next year's freshman class is
practically filled up.
Clyde Vroman's statement that 4,404 students
haye already been accepted for next fall, a
figure 15 per cent ahead of last year's accept-
ances at this time, points to the University's
speedier processing policy. Vroman says new
methods, which require an enrollment fee, are
-part of experimental measures to manage the
"tidal wave" of students expected from the
high schools.
The admissions director added that the Uni-
versity would like to carry its share of the
increased load but this depends upon appro-
priations.,,
S usual however, appropriations are highly
undependable.
The lack of legislative worry over the fate of
the state's schools becomes evident with each
daily dispatch, filled with the old terms "sent
to committee," "called a political gesture," and
"we're still looking for a better solution."
One distinguished legislator, Sen. John
Smeekens (R-Coldwater) even declared last

week that "the state's reported financial crisis
is a complete phony."
Apparently, none of the suppliers and con-
tractors still owed money by the University
and/or the state are located in Sen. Smeeken's
district. And apparently, Sen. Smeekens ("they
laughed at me when I introduced it in the '30's)
has forgotten about his proposal last month
that the state prepare to issue scrip.
In the face of legislative lack of concern
about providing adequate facilities for those in
school and those yet to come as part of the
flood of war babies, the University should con-
centrate on what it claims is its concern-
quality education.
THE University's obligation to provide for the
increasing numbers of applicants is no
greater than the state's obligation to provide
proper support.
Competition to gain admittance to the Uni-
versity will undoubtedly increase, but it is the
job of those in Lansing to be able to explain it
to constituents whose children can't get a good
education. The "supported" in the phrase state
supported university implies something posi-
tive . . . something which still is missing in
legislator actions or thinking.
-Michael Kraft, Editorial Director

,; .
."'

/5''
~j

haunting face of his friend, andt
Laglen plays the role of Nolan with
great understanding and con-
trolled pathos; the character, how-
ever, does not seem quite real. The
act of informing is certainly in-
consistent with most of the Jimbo
we see.
, The symbolic treatment of Ju-
das' betrayal is at times senti-
mental, and not quite analogous.
F'rankie McPhillips is at best a
very significant Christ. Butbmore
important, in a portrait of Judas,
one would expect the chief force
to be guilt; in Nolan, it is fear at
being caught and, later, self-pre-
servation that are the motives for
his action. The treatment loses
much of its possible effectiveness.
* * *
MAX STEINER'S music and
Ford's directorial touches give a
perfect picture of revolutionary
Ireland. The music, while being
"intrigue-y," is interspersed with
older Irish ballads and lyrics that
give the ,definite impression that
Ireland was not always like this;
Ireland once was gay. But it is in
short sequences that Ford's art-
istry is best apparent: he creates
suspense by playing a few flash-
lights on a wall; he induces fear
by the mere burning of a poster;
and he characterizes. the arrogance
of an entire army in the way the
Black-and-Tan officer hands over
Nolan's reward.
The ending is a little sentimental
for the chrome-plated Fifties. Per-
haps it is out of place; the Com-
mandant of the revolutionaries
keeps saying, "This is no time for
sentiment." But it may have a
more subtle, more significant bear-
ing; it may be a statement that
there is no such thing as an im-
proper time for sentiment.
--Fred Schaen

the changes Jimbo undergoes. Mc-
EMILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, APRIL 17, 1959
VOL. LXIX, NO. 38
General Notices
Law School Admission Test: Candi-
dates taking the Law School Admission
Test on April 18 requested to report to
Rm. 130 Bus. Ad. Bldg. at 8:30 a.m. Sat.
Astronomy Dept. Visitors' Night. Fri.,
April 17, 8:00 p.m., Rm. 2003 Angell Hall.
Dr. William E. Howard III "Distances
in Astronomy." Student Observatory
on the fifth floor of Angell Hal 'will be
open for inspection and for telescopic
observations of the Moon and Venus.
Children welcomed, but must be ac-
companied by adults.
Honor Society membership lists and
recipients of scholarships, awards, and
prizes for the 1959 'Honors Supplement,
of The Michigan Daily must be sub-
mitted to Miss Zimmer, Rm. 517, Ad-
min. Bldg., no later than April 24.
Phi Beta Kappa: Initiation Banquet,
Mon., April 20, 6:30 p.m. In Michi-
gan Union. Dr. Laurence M. Goulc,
President of Carleton College and Press-
ident of the United Chapters of Phi
Beta Kappa, will be the speaer. Reser-
vations should be made with the Sec-
retary, Hazel M. Losh, Observatory, by
Sat., April 18. Members of Phi Beta
Kappa,'whether members of this chap-
ter or not, are invited to attend.
(Continued on Page 8)

IAT CINEMA GUILD:
Revived Sentiment
Appears Proper
IN 1935, "The Informer" won two Academy awards: John Ford, for
directing. and Victor McLaglen. for acting. It deserved both.
The story, based on Liam O'Flaherty's novel, takes place in 1922
in Dublin during the gorier years of the Irish Revolution. The prota-
gonist Jimbo Nolan. in order to obtain desperately needed miney,
informs the Black-and-Tans of the whereabouts of a wanted i-, olu-
tionary, an old friend of his.
The theme is set up as a replay of Judas' betrayal of Christ, from
the opening screen caption: "Then one of the twelve, 'called Judas
Iscariot, went unto the chief priest, and said unto theni. What will ye
give me, and I will deliver him unto you? And they covenanted with
him for thirty pieces of silver."
The rest of the film is concerned with the play upon Jimbo of the

.

MARCH STATISTICS SHOW:
Nation Still in Economic Woods'

Risig Power Blocs May Serve Peace

HE present bipolar international situation
has been decried as the cause of many of
the world's tensions. At present there are only
two powers whose influence means anything
and whose military and economic might are
unchallengeable except by its equal.
Worse still, no mediator or third force in the
world is powerful enough to radically alter the
intents of the two big powers, the United States
and Russia. As the still evenly balanced powers
maneuver for an advantage in the world strug-
gle, since their power is probably evenly bal-
anced, every attempt adds another possible
spark to world conflagration.
Fortunately however, the means for control
may be at hand. New power blocs are being
formed or are being proposed with interests
not like those of the two present big powers.
Perhaps the most immediate are the European
economic community, which would form a
power bloc about equal to those existing even
without political confederation the "United
Sttaes of Africa" and Nasser's much maligned
effort at Arab unity so recently thwarted in
Iraq. Even so relatively insignificant a federa-
tion as the West Indies grouping in the British

Commonwealth is a sign of a rapidly develop-
ing trend.
Being interested primarily in their own well
being, the new international power confedera-
tions would not necessarily become pawns of
either the United States or Russia but sovereign
international entities competing on a level of
equality with all of their fellow superpowers.
In the developing multiipolar world, the in-
creased competition could have the effect of
restoring a balance of power situation similar
to that which modified and limited Europe in
the earlier years. Even if this were not so, at
least possible balancers in the struggle be-
tween the United States and Russia would be
created who could ensure peace by threaten-
ing to ally against the more aggressive power.
At the least, the rise of new super powers
in many of the present trouble spots would be
shielded from the intervention, and possible
clashes from the super powers.
In restoring any semblance of a multipower
balance in the world, the rise of the new power
blocs should not be opposed if world peace is
truly desired.
PHILIP SHERMAN

By RALPH LANGER
Daily Staff Writer
THE LATEST statistics show that
employment is up and unem-
ployment is down. Unfortunately
these two signs of a healthier
economy are not of the same mag-
nitude. Employment rose in March
by more than a million but unem-
ployment did not decline by even
400x,000.
The new figures released by the
administration reflect almost
double the springtime improve-
ment usually expected.
Naturally the administration has
played the new data for all it is
worth. Released at a special news
conference which followed bright
predictions by President Dwight
D. Eisenhower and his cabinet that
the data would be comforting to
the nation, the March totals were
explained to newsmen with colored
graphs and a special lecture by the
head of the labor department's
employment statistics division.
Just exactly what do the new
figures mean? Are they just an-
other camouflage via numbers or
are they truly meaningful? Prob-
ably nobody knows for sure but
some fairly certain observations
are pertinent.
THE MARCH unemployment

improvement is the best since 1950.
This is encouraging except that it
also indicates the slump that the
economy took last year leaving so
much room for improvement. The
employment improvement is the
best since 1951.
Union leaders, taking, as did the
administration, the expected view-
point of their group, pooh-pooh the
latest figures. The unionists claim
the changes were chiefly seasonal
and didn't really reflect a coming
"bright new era." They're at least
partly right.
March is supposed to be a month
of rising employment as many out-
door workers return to their jobs.
In addition George Meany, AFL-
CIO president, charged that the
idle total last month was the high-
est for any March since World War
II except during last year's reces-
sion.
Meany has repeatedly referred
to the 4,362,000 unemployed work-
ers and their families and certainly
this provides a grim specter of job-
lessness. Of the more than four
million unemployed about one and
one-half million have been jobless
for 15 weeks or more. There are,
as the labor statistics departments
pointed out in releasing the figures,
serious job trouble spots in major
areas, including Detroit. The mil-

lion and a half 15-week-jobless
know that fact well.
But what is the outlook for the
foreseeable future? Businessmen
predict all time low unemployment
by December of this year. Short
range prospects look fairly good
too.
Many manufacturers have been
operating on their supply backlogs
and refrained from ordering fresh
materials. These backlogs have be-
gun to be exhausted and this spurs
other industries to begin rehiring.
Also plants are being expanded and
new machinery is being purchased
at a faster rate than a few months
ago. This indicates both the demise
of the recent recession and bright-
er prospects for employment.
One thing unions must solve is
the problem of the costs of their
long - demanded fringe benefits.
The cost of these benefits is high
enough that it is cheaper for an
employer to pay time and a half
to present employees than to hire
new workers and be forced to ab-
sorb all of the fringe benefits new
employees require.
The situation was summed up
quite adequately by the head of
the employment statistics depart-
ment, who said in releasing the
March totals, "We are by no means
out of the woods."

" ,

NATIONAL BOOK AWARD:
Roethke Verse Firm, Ripe

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
Herter Faces Tough Job
, By WAL.TER LIPPMANN

WITH THE announcement that Mr. Herter
would represent us at the Foreign Ministers
meeting, Mr. Dulles had already put aside the
speculation and the hope that he might conduct
the coming negotiations about Germany. Now,
in submitting his resignation, he has opened the
way for an early decision on his successor and a
clarification and strengthening of Mr. Herter's
authority in the coming meetings.
There is no disguising the fact that Mr. Her-
ter's position in the forthcoming negotiations
will be difficult, even should he then be our
Secretary of State. It could become an insur-
montably difficult position if here and abroad
Mr. Herter is judged by the measure in which
he duplicates the role of John Foster Dulles, and
is judged on specific questions as to whether he
adheres to what are supposed to be the views
that Mr. Dulles would have held.
There are two things we must bear in mind.
The one is that it is impossible to duplicate the
role played by Mr. Dulles in this administra-
tion. The other is that if Mr. Dulles were able
to conduct the coming negotiations, he would
not and he could not stand pat on all of the old
formulae. While he was still active he said as
much.
THE RELATIONSHIP between the President
and Mr. Dulles has had no precedent since
the United States became a world power in this
century, Although Mr. Dulles has been loyal
and scrupulous in deferring to President Dwight
D. Eisenhower, the fact is that in our foreign
affairs he is the man who has been really at the
summit. The world has become used to the idea
that this is what' an American Secretary of
State is supposed to be.
This creates a special obligation on President
Eisenhower. It is the obligation to convince the
world that he himself is participating in the
decisions, and that what the new Secretary of
State says is the authentic and authoritative
voice of the United States government. It will
be very poor business to let the notion get about

that the Secretary of State lacks authority, and
that there is a last appeal over his head to the
Walter Reed Hospital.
F THE PRESIDENT, seconded by Mr. Dulles
himself, deals clearly with the question of
authority, then there is every reason to believe
that Mr. Herter is highly qualified for the office.
He is a successful and experienced politician
and public man. He is also a man with a large
experience in foreign affairs. This is a very
unusual combination. Mr. Acheson and Dulles
were not politicians, and both paid dearly for
it-Acheson in being persecuted by the Con-
gress, and Dulles in appeasing those who had
persecuted Acheson. By contrast with both of
them there was Cordell Hull, who was a very
astute politician but with little knowledge or
aptitude for foreign affairs.
By and large under our system the office of
Secretary of State is not one that calls for
an expert in foreign affairs. Under any Presi-
dent, but particularly under a President like
Gen. Eisenhower who is not a politician, it is
very necessary that the Secretary of State be
an old hand, in fact a professional, in the art
of politics. He does not need to be an expert in
foreign affairs to know as one might say the
precise differences between the Arabs and the
Kurds. But he must, of course, be an educated
man with a trained mind who can work with
experts and decide between them.
- In all these respects, Mr. Herter seems to me
to fill the bill admirably. I am fortified in this
estimate by knowing how excellent are his rela-
tions with Congress, and how greatly he has
restored the morale and the discipline of the
foreign service since he came into the Depart-
ment of State.
WE MUST BE on guard against those who,
if there is any departure from the official
formulae of the past, will cry out that flexibility
is appeasement, and that anything different is
another Munich. There are a lot of people
here and abroad who are opposed to negotiation
with Communists. They like to believe that this
is the real view of Mr. Dulles, and they will in-
voke his name- as against any effort to work
r~t by iv.,',nyr i'.kPa. ymofbi..iv iuvuli in

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Is'U' Becoming Haven for 'Radicals'?

WORDS FOR THE WIND: THE
COLLECTED VERSE OF
THEODORE ROETHKE.
Doubleday & Company, New
'York, 1958. 212 pages. $4.
"BUT BELIEVE ME: you will
have no trouble if you ap-
proach poems as a child would,
naively, with your whole being
awake, your faculties loose and
alert." Theodore Roethke wrote
these words in introducing a selec-
tion of his poems published in an.
anthology in 1950. Eight years lat-
er they still have real pertinence
for "Words for the Wind,"
Roethke's collected verse, which
won the 1958 National Book Award
for poetry.
Roethke's course as a poet has
not been one of wide expansion or
experiment in technique, subject
matter, or point of view. His course
has been marked by an intense in-
ward development, of examination
and re-examination of- those few
central themes or ideas that re-
veal the child as father of the
man.
"My Papa's Waltz" appeared
in "The Waking," Roethke's first
books, published in 1941. Along
with such poems as "To My Sis-
ter" and "Child on Top of a
Greenhouse," "The Waking" an-
nounced a mature poet of rare
talent.
* * '*
ROETHKE'S is a talent that, if
quieter and smaller in expression
and range than some, is still ripe
and firm. Unlike most poets of
fifty he has little in his early
work to regret or revise, much for
which one's admiration continues
to increase. He is, in this sense, a
more traditional poet. So far as a

To the Editor:
rW O events of the past week
have caused me to wonder pre-
cisely what the function of the
University might be. The events
referred to are the circulation
of the petition regarding public
school integration and the trip to
-nsing by several students in an
attempt to legislate the constitu-
tR . 'its of fraternal organiza-
tions out of existence. Both of the
g oups responsible for these ac-
Sions are under the direction of
Torre Bissell who would appear
to be something akin to the pro-
fessional lobby st or rabble-rouser,
as opposed to a serious student
desi oc s of gaining an education
at c:4 University. I find it difficult
to believe that Mr. Bissell can be
derivng the maximum possible
bent fr from his educational op-
portunities here, when he is de-
voting himself to his pressure-
group activities, which must re-
quire a considerable amount of
his time.
Due to the emergence of several
such groups in the recent past,
from SGC on down, I question
whether the University is rjew an
educational institution, or a con-
venient haven for the radical
fringe If it is the latter, some-
thing has gone drastically wrong
somewhere, and the proper auth-
orities should take appropriate
action quickly. I doubt that the
University can long maintain its
present excellent reputation as an
educational institution if it allows
itself to be taken over by those
who u e it only as a center for
their lobbying activities.
-John E. Ohlson, Jr., '59

force in the world of today. Too
long have her people been bound
by the fetters of colonialism and
the "white man's burden." Too
long has she suffered under the
injustices of enforced ignorance.
The exploitation of Africa has
come to an end, and her rise as a
world power is imminent.
The progress of Africa deserves
close attention. The world is beset
by a tug-of-war between two great
nations, and Africa is one of the
largest links in the chain. Which
way will Africa be pulled?
The strongest tug will necessar-
ily be in the direction of economic
development. Africa is a land rich
inl resources which are untapped,
and the greatest need is for funds
which will enable her to make use
of this wealth. This aid, from
wherever it comes, may be the
little extra strength needed to pull
Africa over the middle line.
The United States, as one of
the powers engaged in this relent-
less struggle, must concern herself
with the future of Africa. The
closer that Africa is bound to the
United States economically, the
easier will it be to influence Africa
ideologically. Such economic rela-
tions would help build the foun-
dations of a free society in this
new continent.
The U.S. is bound to Africa
philosophically as well as economi-
cally. The ideology of the United
States is deeply concerned with
freedom, and since the demise of
the Monroe Doctrine the extent
of this concern is world wide. The
time for African freedom has come,
and if the U.S. is to live up to the
values which she espouses, then
she must support Africa's struggle
in every possible way.
Afrc it4 nn. ,~ i n orr fhP -. "d'A. .1,

best way to assess a student's pro-
gress toward this goal is the essay
examination. No good, conscien-
tious student is fazed by them. He
greets them with delight as the
fairest means of displaying his
own abilities. The cheat, the sloth,
and the dullard fear anything
which shows up their inability
to reason. Of course, these types
have no business cluttering up the
classrooms and the essay test is
the surest way to send them pack-
ing home or to less exacting in-
stitutions of learning. If the Lit-
erary College wishes to send out
annually into the world a drove of
non-thinking, incompetents, then
by all means loosen up on the es-
say exam. If not, leave them alone
and maintain some semblance of
quality.
John Wilde, '60

generation of poets can be dated,
Roethke was perhaps the fore-
runner of our younger poets, now
about thirty, who have published
first books in this decade.
'The lyric is Roethke's form, a
form capable of as much or as
little weight as a poet wills, but in
recent poetry-years characterized
by a clear austerity of diction, pre-
cision and dexterity of form, and
a tendency toward didactic un-
derstatement, particularly in the
works of such. poets as Philip
Booth, Donald Hall, Howard Moss,
and tobert Pack. The disparity in
age between Roethke and any one
of the younger men points up this
difference, that Roethke is rare-
ly, if ever, betrayed by his wit in-
to writing the kind of poem that
fits its short lines (at a certain
price) into a single column of a
periodical and dies at a single
reading, like any filler.
None of Roethke's poems, howev-
er finished and hard, let one
think that nothing more should
be expected of a poem than a
well-bred surface. Form no more
makes a poem than clothes a man;
Roethke goes back into himself
and his conception of tradition in
order to go forward:
* * *
CHILDHOOD, gardening, night
and the dark, love and the light:
these are among Roethke's prime
concerns. His love poem "The
Dream"-with the rare line "Love
is not love until love's vulnerable"
-is a superb accomplishment, as
fine a poem as one has any right
to expect of any age. It moves
magically through three stanzas
and concludes:
She held her body steady in
the wind
Our shadows met, and slowly
swung4around
She turned the field into a
glittering sea;
I played in flame and water
like a boy
And I swayed out beyond the
whiteseafoam;
Like a wet log, I sang within
a flame.
In that last while, eternity's
confine,
I came to love, I came into
my own.
There are many fine poems in
the book: "The Sensualists" has a
stark reality with its own beauty;
"A Walk in Late Summer" takes
a lovely, reflective way in con-
sidering the lot of all men, with
a brave sincerity that is not
maudlin, mock-heroic, or despair-
ing. These poems and more say
that life is not something one re-
ciunc h1ims~elf trn' nor' sonrthini'

#.

Senimore Says ...

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