See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXIX, No. 138
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, APRIL 17, 1959
House To Submit
Income Tax Bill
Bipartisan Sponsorship Increases
Chances for Legislative Approval
LANSING (A') -Introduction of the first income tax bill was
assured today with bipartisan support.
Rep. George W. Sallade (R-Ann Arbor) said today he and Rep.
Walter H. Nill (D-Muskegon), both members of the House taxation
committee, will submit the bill, a modified version of Gov. G. Mennen
Williams' income tax proposal.
Earlier, an emissary of the Governor conferred with four mem-
bers of the taxation committee in a move to boost chances for legisla-
tive approval by winning bipartisan sponsorship. Republican House
'leaders, however,.blasted the move
and said they would resist the bi-
Rivght partisan tack in lining up sponsors.
.ivi I lg s Fears Tax Stand
"Williams is afraid to stand up
to his own tax program," Rep. Alli-
B ill Faces son Green (R-Kingston), GOP
majority leader, said. He was join-
4 * * ed by House Speaker Don R. Pears
(R-Buchanan), who said he want-
ed no part of the bill.
Pears predicted the Legislature
Opposition by Republicans and will adopt a flat-rate income tax
real estate interests has dimmed and a business income tax as a
the hopes of passing the Demo- solution to the Michigan financial
crat-backed civil rights proposal. crisis.
The proposed-bill, which would He said the state income tax
amend the State Fair Employ- probably would be a compromise
ment Practices Act to provide civil on Gov. Williams' suggested gradu-
rights protection in the fields of ated-income tax plan.
education, housing and public ac-
commodations in addition to the
fair employment protection, was
isc'sed at an open hearing in
Brereton Bissell, '61, spokesman
for a group of University students
who went to Lansing to defend
the bill, reported that it was at-
tacked by various realty interests.
Bissell said that this was the first
time in ten years that there had
been any open opposition to civil
rights measures at legislative
committee hearings. "There is
very little chance of the bill get-
ting out of committee," Bissell
Sources reported that the Re-
publican members of the commit-
tee were "gonsidering" introduc-
ing their own civil rights measure.
CLEVELAND ( - The United
Rubber Workers and Goodyear
Tire & Rubber Co. yesterday
reached a contract agreement.
It is expected to provide a basis
for ending strikes of 58,000 pro-
duction workers against the other
three members of the rubber in-
dustry's "Big Four." '
Details of the agreement with
Goodyear will not be disclosed
for a day or more. It was arrived
at in a bargaining session here
It about 13 hours after the Union
struck the Firestone Tire & Rub-
ber Co. and the B. F. GoodrichCo.
Last Thursday at midnight the
URW struck the other member of
the big four ,the U. S. Rubber Co.
The new walkouts added 18,000
Firestone and 14,006 Goodrich
production workers to the 26,000
U. S. Rubber Workers already out.
Spread over 31 cities in 16
states, the strikes against Fire-
stone, Goodrich and U. S. Rubber
added up to the biggest URW
walkout ever experienced by the
tire and rubber industry, which
employs about 250,000 persons, in
and out o0f the union's jurisdiction.
Because the URW and Good-
year were nearing agreement for
a contract covering 24,000 Good-
year workers in 11 cities, the
' Union held off on a strike against
Goodyear when it struck the othera
two companies at midnight, the |
expiration date of contracts for
Although details of the Good-]
year agreement are to be com-
pleted and the pact signed later
this week, it appeared likely that3
the strikes against the other
members of the industry's "Big
Four" would go into effect next
He said Michigan manufactur-
ers should have some relief from
present state business activities
and property taxes if they are
forced to pay an income tax.
The state income tax should be
adopted only as a last resort, Pears
said, adding, "If it (flat-rate in-
come tax) is enacted, it should
reach all but the lowest income
Sallade said he favored a gradu-
ated tax in rates from two to four,
per cent rather than the two to
six per cent range proposed by
Gov. Williams. Exemptions also
would be allowed in line with
federal income tax provisions.
Seek Other Methods
Gov. Williams, told of the de-
velopment in Washington where
he testified yesterday before sa
congressional committee, welcomed
the Sallade-Nill proposal.
"The Governor said that when
he proposed his tax program, he
did riot mean to indicate his plan
was the only method of meeting
the problem," a Williams aide said.
"He said that any suggested rea-
sonable changes deserve considera-
Sallade said his plan was broad-
er based than the Governor's,
reaching about 65 per cent of
Michigan's taxpayers as com-
pared with about one-third to 40
per cent proposed by Gov. Wil-
Approximately $100 million in
additional revenue would be ob-
tained using either Sallade's or
the governor's proposal. Both are
also package bills.
Board Assures MSU
Of Pay This Month
By ROBERT JUNKER
State officials yesterday assured
payment of University payrolls, at
least through May 5.
Similar assurance was given
Michigan State University.
In a meeting with State Treas-
urer Sanford A. Brown and other
state administrative board mem-
bers, the University was promised
funds, "probably next week," to
pay faculty salaries on April 30
and May 5, Vice-President in
Charge of Business and Finance
Wilbur K. Pierpont said.
Await Fund Action
This payment is not dependent
upon the liquidation or mortgag-
ing of the Veteran's Trust Fund,
Brown told Pierpont, but he de-
clined to say where the funds
would come from if action were
not taken by the State Senate on
the Veteran's Fund.
Brown will wait at least a week
to see if action is taken on the
Veteran's Fund, Pierpont said. He
described the University's situa-
tion as "optimistic."
"We hope the Senate (where
the Veteran's proposal is current-
ly tied up in committee) will act
to provide the way for the State
Treasurer to pay us," Pierpont de-
MSU Vice-President Philip J.
May reported the pay promise
from the state to the MSU gov-
erning board yesterday. He said
the state currently owes MSU $7,-
900,0000. The university has been
paying faculty by borrowing and
transferring money from other
funds, May reported.
Vote on Monday
In Lansing Sen. Elmer Porter
(R-Blissfield), chairman of the
Senate Appropriations Committee,
said a vote will be taken in com-
mittee Monday on whether or not
to release the Veteran's Fund bill
to the Senate floor.
The bill must reach the gover-
nor by April 24 to be used in
meeting the University's April 30
payroll, state officials have pre-
dicted. Pierpont said if the Fund
is mortgaged, the University will
need at least a week to negotiate
a bank loan.
"We've got to come to some
conclusion pretty soon," Sen Por-
ter said. "We've got to kill the bill,
put it out on the Senate floor
without recommendation or make
a decision of some sort," he said.
Nasser Requests 'No Interference'
* PROF. ROY PIERCE
.. on France
By KENNETH MCELDOWNEY
Communist resurgence in the
November election constitutes. one
of the most striking changes in
French attitude, Prof. Roy Pierce,
of the political science depart-
ment, said last night.
Last year, he declared, the Com-
munists lost over one and a half
million votes from their total in
the 1956 elections. Local elections
showed that the Communists have
regained many of their seats, but
few of these have been at the
expense of the Union for the New
Republic which supports President
Charles de Gaulle.
Speaking at a meeting of the
Political Science Rountable, Prof.
Pierce pointed out that it is hard
to explain how this could happen
over such a short period of time.
Some observers, he went on to
say, feel that trend can be at-
tributed to de Gaulle's economic
policy which some people feel has
not been successful. "But in many
ways it has been," Prof. Pierce
A second reason is that many of
the voters who deserted de Gaulle
had thought that the French pres-
ident would effect new sweeping
changes. They too have been dis-
appointed, he said.
Many changes, however, have
been made in the French consti-'
tution and in their method of
governing, Prof. Pierce explained.
The ability of the president to
dissolve the National Assembly and
the need of a majority of the
entire assembly to defeat the gov-
ernment were cited as two of the
important changes by the profes-
CAIRO (1) -- President Gamal
sbdel Nasser says the old friend-
ship between the United Arab
Republic and the Soviet Union
would be revived if Premier Nikita
Khrushchev stops interfering in
Arab internal affairs.
"Our minimum demand of Mos-
cow, as indeed of Washington or
London, is that they understand
Arab nationalism, appreciate its
dignity and independence and
support rather than subvert ,our
stand on positive neutrality," Nas-
Must Stop Communists
In an interview with R. K. Kar-
anjia, editor of the Indian weekly
news magazine "Blitz," the U.A.R.
president complained bitterly of
Communist plots to establish an
"Arab Soviet" in the Middle East.
Nasser said that last December
he had to act quickly to foil a
Communist coup plotted by Red
leaders in the U.A.R. province of
Nasser charged that an all-
Arab Communist underground
was organied by Arab Commu-
nists at the 21st Communist Par-
ty Congress in Moscow early this
"Having secured an iron grip
on Iraq, they (the Communists)
set out to organize an all-Arab
Communist underground for pur-
poses of subversion and sabotage
Nobel prize-winning scientist
Linus Pauling will highlight a
day's visit here with an address,
"Science, Morality and World
Peace," at 8 p.m. tonight in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Professor of chemistry in the
California Institute of Technol-
ogy, he will speak on "The Nature
of the Double Bond," at 12:10
p.m., today, Rm. 1400 of the
Prof. Pauling was awarded the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954
for his research into the nature
of the chemical bond and its ap-
plication to the elucidation of the
structure of complex substances.
His contributions to, chemistry
have been recognized by several
other awards as well as honorary
doctorates from 15 universities.
against neighboring Arab coun-
tries," Nasser charged.
"Here was planned the master-
plot of pan-Arab Communist un-
deground to work for the break-
up of the U.A.R. and the creation
of the Red fertile crescent, with
Baghdad as a command post of
AUGUSTA. Ga. (M)-President
Dwight D. Eisenhower reportedly
has decided to name Christian
Herter Secretary of State-if Her-
ter's health is up to it.
That picture of the situation
developed further yesterday as
President Eisenhower and John
Foster Dulles conferred for a sec-
ond time on selection of a suc-
cessor to Dulles.
Dulles, 71, resigned from the
Cabinet Wednesday because of
Herter, 64, is undersecretary and
has been acting chief of the State
Department since Dulles was
stricken anew early in February.
Herter suffers from arthritis of
The word afterward was that
the two men are agreed on selec-
tion of Herter-providing there is
n'edical assurance that the job
wouldn't be too crushing a physi-
cal burden for him.
It had been generally expected
that President Eisenhower would
nominate Herter yesterday when
he announced that cancer had in-
But the President also an-
nounced he would delay choice of
a successor for a few days. He
stressed he was not ruling out
Herter, but added "there are all.
kinds of considerations to be
A prime consideration, it now
develops, is Herter's health.
There were reports of a new
medical check-up-something not
at all unusual in the case of men
being considered for top govern-
Herter's personal physician, Dr.
Theodore B. Bayles of Boston, said,
Wednesday night the undersecre-
tary is "perfectly capable" of
handling the full burden.
the Communist counter revolu-
tion against Arab nationalism."
Nasser accused Britain of back-
ing Iraq's Premier Abdel Karim
Kassem against Arab nationalism.
"The British still suffer from
Suez sickness," Nasser declared.
"They are like wuonded wolves
out for revenge against me for
having taken the Suez Canal
Company away from them. They
will use any instrument - Kas-
sem, the Communists, anything
that comes their way - to de-
As for the United States, Nasser
"The trouble with America is
that she has no policy toward us.
"They (the Americans) want to
influence our area like every big,
power and that creates a contra-
diction between us. At the mo-
ment, they appear to be quite pas-
Nasser said Arab nationalists
have no foreign allies any more
and he must depend on the Arab
people for support. He said that
is why he has made his sharp
public attacks on the Iraqi re-
gime and against the Soviet lead-
Declaring he had entered into
controversy with Russia's leaders
"with the utmost unwillingness,"
Nasser went on:
"Moscow on its side had built
a reservoir of good will through
the length and breadth of the
Arab world because of its support
of' Arab nationalism and under-
standing of Arab neutrality. Then
came our troubles with Iraq and
my attack on Iraqi Communists
which was an Arab affair and no
concern of Russia's. '
The following event is sched-
uled for today as a part of the
Creative Arts Festival:
Color Slide Lecture by Den-
nis Lucey of Ansco showing the
technique of- color photography,
3:30 p.m., Architecture Aud.
Hunein F. Maasab of the medi-
cal school was recently acclaimed
by the nation's scientists for his
work in reproducing virus.
Evaluating Maasab's research,
Prof. Thomas Francis, Jr., also of
the medical school and chairman
of the epidemiology department,
noted the influence it will have on
vaccinations. Virus reproduction
will make possible a simpler way
of making multi-strain varieties
of influenza vaccine, he said.
Prof. Francis, who also directed
evaluation of the Salk polio vac-
cine, pointed out that this is an
improved method of making single
vaccines to fight several diseases
Further, it can prevent diseases
by "chemicoprophylaxis"-or, the
use of chemicals rather than the
present technique where viruses or
bacteria are used.
To Open Here
The Dramatic Arts Center
Workshop will present Eugene
Ionesco's "The Bald Soprano" at
BERLIN (P) - Communist East
Germany dimmed hopes yesterday
for East-West.agreement at next
month's Foreign Ministers Confer-
Premier Otto Grotewohl ruled
out any accord at Geneva to re-
unite Germany or place all Berlin
under 'United Nations rule.
In a belligerent speech before
East Germany's parliament, Grote-
wohl outlined an uncompromising
policy that undoubtedly fore-
shadowed the stand Soviet Foreign
Minister Andrei Gromyko will take
at Geneva May 11.
Geneva prospects also were
darkened by another exchange o
Russian and United States protests
over the latest buzzing of a high
flying American transport plane
by Soviet MiG jets on a flight to
In his speech Grotewohl de-
clared: "The question of reunifi-
cation is an internal German af-
fair and will not be a matter for
debate at Geneva."
Just as curtly, Grotewohl re-
jected United States suggeston
that his East Berlin capital be
placed under international Qontrol
together with West Berlin.
"We have no intention of allow-
ing this," the Premier snapped.
Grotewohl demanded acceptance
of a Soviet proposal-already re-
jected by the West-for trans-
forming West Berlin into a so-
called demilitarized free city in-
side a loose confederation of the
Then Grotewohl disclosed what
he-and undoubtedly the Russians
-want to bring up at Geneva. He
said the East German delegation
to the meeting will have these
1) A World War II peace treaty
with Germany must be concluded
as a prerequisite to reunificatdh.
2) Occupation of West Berlin
must be ended because the present
status of the divided city threatens
3) A thinning out of troops in
Central Europe must be brought
about tc relax tensions.
Grotewohl opened his policy
statement by accusing the West of
pursuing aggressive policies and
equipping the West German army
with nuclear weapons.
The Premier then declared that
the NATO Supreme Commander,
Gen. Lauris Norstad, and Gen.
Nathan Twining, Chairman of the
Joint Chiefs of Staff "and other
American generals are openly
|threatening atomic war."
Grotewohl did not mention the
latest United >tates-Soviet Berlin
air corridor dispute.
By The Associated Pres
DAMASCUS - A spokesman of
the United Arab Republic's first
army said yesterday a Syrian
frontier post repulsed an attack
Wednesday by 50 armed horsemen
of Iraq's Yazidi tribe.
He reported five Yazidis were
killed in a half hour battle and
said there were no U.A.R. casual-
Nixon To Fly To Moscow
To Open U.S. Exhibition
AUQUSTA, Ga. 00)-Vice-President Richard M. Nixon will fly to
Moscow to open the American National Exhibition in July, President
Dwight D. Eisenhower announced from his vacation headquarters
Nixon's trip is designed as part of a "hopeful approach to under-
standing between East and West," the White House said. The American
exhibit will be opened July 25 in Moscow's Sokolniki Park. At the same j
time, a Russian exhibit will be
opened in New York City at the D
Highest Since FDR
Nixon will be the highest rank-
ing United States official to visit
Soviet territory since President
Franklin D. Roosevelt did at Yaltaf
The announcement had a note
of political interest. Nixon has
been wanting to go to Russia and
his visit will center attention on
him in the months building up to
nomination next year of a Re-
publican presidential/ candidate.o
The Vice-President is regarded as
an unannounced bidder for the n
Quote Statement . .
A White House statement said:
"The President has named Vice- . =
President Nixon to open on behalf.
of the American people the Amen-. ...
ca. National Exhibition in Mos-
cow next summer. ".
"The possibility of such a visit
has been under consideration in
discussions between the President,
.s To Get Low Rate Tickets
By JUDITH DONER
Exam-harried students who would only attend three of the five
Drama Season productions will be able to purchase a special season
ticket for any three shows of their choice, it was announced yesterday.
Prof. Hugh Norton, of the speech department, representing the
Drama Season Committee, reported that the "special" tickets will be
sold to them only and at a price lower than the rate for the same
percentage of a regular season ticket.
"We are offering these tickets for Monday and Tuesday at a price
of $6, and for Friday and Saturday at an $8 rate," he continued. "And
the seats which the students will be getting are the best in the house."
Wednesday and Thursday tickets will not be sold on this basis
only because regular season ticket sales orders were made available
before the new policy had been affirmed, and "the audience got the
jump on us for those nights," Prof. Norton added.
He revealed that the policy change stems from the fact that for
many years the Drama-Season Committee has been concerned because
the Season dates partly fall outside the dates of the school year and
All Washtenaw County residents
rQ .Akrlto faiup 41)rminuites to