See Page 4
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
COOL, RAIN POSSIBLE
LXIX, No. 133
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 1959
Six Rebels Kill Pilot,
Report New Tribes
Fight Chinese Reds:
TAIPEI M)-About 100,000 wild Tibetan nomads, who fight with
swords and old muzzleloader muskets, have ; declared war on the
Chinese Reds in Tibet, Nationalist sources said today.
Known as the Goloks, these tribesmen live by hunting an'd sheep-
raising in the North, where Tibet's high mountains merge with those
of China's Tsinghai Province.
Like other'reports purporting to reach Chinese Nationalist intelli-
gence sources from Tibet, there is no way of verifying this one. But
PORT AU PRINCE, Haiti A) -
Foreign Minister Louis Mars
".iblamedCommunists yesterday for
hijacking a Haitian Transport
plane, killing the pilot and flying
on to Haitian rebel headquarters
, The twin-engine DC3 transport
was seized by six rebels Thursday
on a flight from Aux Cayes, in the
southern part of Haiti, to this
Lapital. They forced the co-pilot
to fly to Santiago, in eastern'
Cuba, along with 24 passengers.
All were reported safe,' incltid-
' .ing George Salling, a 58-year-old
American engineer from Ridge-
wood, N. J.
The brief struggle high above
the lush tropical Jungles of this
Negro republic marked the first
outbreak of organized revolution-
ary activity since opposition lead-
ers went into exile and formed a
revolutionary front in Santiago
early this year.
Last July President Francois
Duvalier's government snuffed
out a coup,' killing 14 persons in-
eluding four American adventur-
R e e n t I y, however, severe
drought and threats of invasion
and bankruptcy have helped raise
the political temperature in Haiti.
Mars charged at a news confer-
ence that Thursday's plane inci-
dent was inspired by Communists.
.'He said there are Communists
in Haiti even though there is no
Communist party as such in the
N country. Asked what measures
would be taken -against what he
termed an outbreak of Communist
activity, Mars said it is a matter
f9r the Organization of American
He said the Haitian government
is asking for the return of the
six rebels from Cuba to stand trial
here for the murder of the pilot,
Maj. Eberle Guilbad, 42, one of
the top fliers in Haiti's small air
force and father of nine children.
Mars told newsmen he could
not say whether the rebels are
aligned with any particular party
aligned wi h any particular party.
WELLINGTON, New Zealand t)
-Campaigns to counter disease
and the Communist economic push
in Southeast Asia were sketched
'out today at the close of the fifth
annual SEATO ministers' confer-
Military aspects of the South-
' east Asia Treaty Organization
(SEATO) took second place in
the final communique of the three-
day meeting,' dominated through-
out by economic questions.
It followed last week's sconfer-
ence of SEATO military advisers
The 10-point communique led
off by declaring that Communism's
challenge to the backward nations'
of Southeast Asia is being met by
other than military means.
The ministers approved a pro-
paganda campaign against Com-
munist China's practice of dump-
mg cut-price goods on foreign
markets for political advantage.
'. Red China has recently been flood-
ing Southeast Asian markets with
textiles and other manufactured
"The ministers approved a United
States planfor, a Joint cholera re-
search study project. The disease
is currently raging in Thailand
of an 11-member commission to
study unemployment and recom-
mend means of attacking it was
approved by the Senate today.
It unanimously adopted a reso-
lution proposed by Senate Demo-
cratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson
of Texas. He first proposed it in a
By SUSAN HOLTZER
Lack of funds and personnel for
the accrediting of schools, with-
in. the Department of Public In-
struction, was called yesterday
"one of the headaches to be
faced" by the newly-formed com-
mittee to study transfer of high
school accreditation to the state
Committee member Kent Leach,
Director of the University's Bu-
reau of School Services, which is
currently in charge of accredita-
tion, said the actual transfer "will
probably need legislative action."
Although he said any difference
in the cost of the operation as
handled by the Bureau or by the
state ,could not yet be determined,
Leach commented that, "'in a way,
we' have an advantage in that all
of our men doing accrediting are
involved in other things as well."
Hold Other Positions
The Bureau maintains a high-
quality staff, Leach said, because
they all hold other academic posi-
tions, and they gain educational
ekperience by accrediting schools.
"We couldn't hold our men if they
were solely engaged in accredita-
Leach said the committee will
also have to consider the cost of
the mechanics of transfer. "The
state agency may have to make
some changes in the office setup,"
he said, "and it may also need
He said these were some of the
reasons the transfer "will prob-
ably take a relatively lon time,"
for the committee "must try to
make the transfer as smooth as
Legal Authority Cited
One of the main reasons behind
the recommendation to transfer
the function, Leach explained,
was the feeling that high school
standards "can be determined
with some legal authority." When
the University sets minimum high
school standards, he noted, ac-
commodation to those standards
"has to be fully voluntary on the
part of the school."
The feeling for legal controls
prevails, Leach said, even though
most educators feel the degree of
control the state has over high
school curriculum is "just about.
right" at present. "I think the
state agency will probably main-
tain standards comparable to
those now in use by the Univer-
sity," he said.
The Study Committee "will
probably play down the legal
compulsion aspect," Leach said,
"and will place more emphasis on
retaining' the philosophy \now in
use." He noted that Lynn Bartlett,
State Superintendent of Public
Instruction, has indicated he
would want high schools to con-
tinue to view the function as "an
overall evaluation and a help." r
cif true, it would represent a great
boost to the strngth of rebel
forces led by Khampa tribesmen
in southern Tibet.,
The Nationalist reports said the
Goloks have proclaimed that they
will keep fighting until the Com-
munists are thrown out of Tibet
and the Dalai Lama, the god-king
who took refuge in India, is re-
stored to power.
Li Yung-Hsin, who handles
Tibetan affairs in President
Chiang Kai-Shek's government,
told a news conference rebel guer-
rillas control a major part of
Tibet. He said his information
came from underground sources.
Li said 10,000 Tibetans and
5,000 Chinese Communists were
killed in fighting around Lhasa,
the Tibetan capital. He added that
8,000 Tibetans from the Lhasa
area were taken away to concen-
tration camps and 1,000 of them
died of cold and hunger.
Peiping radio said today the
Tibetan uprising was aided by
anti-Communist rebels from Red
"The large quantity of materi-
als acquired during the course of
putting down the rebellion proves
that the upper strata reactionaries
of Tibet are closely linked with
rebels in the area of the former
province of Sikang," the radio
Report Lana in India
Unconfirmed reports from India
said the 23-year-old Dalai Lama
had reached Bomdila in northeast
India. He and a party of close ad-
visers are traveling by horseback
from T6wang, near where they
crossed into India last month.
Meanwhile, the Panchen Lama,
set up by the Chinese Reds to
replace the Dalai Lama, reached
China proper from Lhasa, Peiping
He is en route to Peiping to
attend the National People's Con-
gress, the rubber stamp parlia-
ment which will review events in
Peiping radio said the revolt
had been brewing in Tibet since
1952 with support from members
of the government Peiping had set
up to rule the country. A main
point of argument, it said, was
Tibet's refusal to reduce the size
of its army.
Alicia Dwyer of the business ad-
ministration school, outgoing First
Ward City Councilman, has an-
nounced she will not petition for a
Miss Dwyer was defeated in
Monday's voting by Republican
Harold J. McKercher, 640 votes to
The official canvass taken at
Thursday's City Council meeting,
confirmed Monday's count,
"Any mistakes that might be
turned up in a recount would re-
sult only in' disenfranchising Ann
Arbor citizens," Miss Dwyer said'
yesterday. "This I do not want to
By ROBERT JUNKER
State Sen. Lynn 0. Francis (R-
Midland) yesterday explained his
proposed use tax as "somewhat a
substitute for the sales tax."
The use tax, a Republican an-
s-er to Gov. G. Mennen Williams'
graduated income tax to make
sufficient funds available for run-
ning the state next year, was in-
troduced Thursday. Gov. Williams'
plan has not yet reached the Leg-
"We've been waiting 12 weeks
for the Governor's tax bills," Sen.
Francis said. "We need some ac-
tion on tax measures now and I
favor this positive approach to the
The proposal, currently being
studied by the taxation committees
of both houses, would add about
$108 million a year to the state's
'Stands Good Chance'
"I think it stands a good chance
of passing the Senate," Sen. Fran-
cis said, "but you can't tell about
the House." The House is evenly
divided between the two parties.
Michigan already has a use tax,
he explained, although it is cur-
rently a three per cent levy only
on purchases made outside Michi-
gan. It is paid by the consumer for
the privilege of using, or consum-
ing, the goods.
The present use tax is a statute,
Sen. Francis explained, and the
Legislature need pass only another
statute to change the rate from
three to four per cent and make
the tax apply within the state.
This can be accomplished by a
majority vote of both houses.
A boost in the sales tax rate
requires a Constitutional amend-
ment, The tax, with its three per
cent rate, is currently written into
a state constitutional amendment,
and a change requires a two-thirds
vote of both houses of the Legis-
lature. The Republicans favored
this measure earlier this session.
Sen. Francis explained that un-
der his proposal those paying the
present sales tax of will be given
"three cents" credit on the use tax.1
Thus the two taxes will amount to
only a four-cent levy.
The same exemptions now
granted under the sales tax will
apply to the use tax, he said.
These include exemption for non-I
profit organizations and govern-q
Collection of the tax would be
handled as the sales tax now is,
he declared. Merchants presently
fill out remittance forms for the
state. The tax, if Sen. Francis' plan
is adopted, would become effective
He believes "the people would
prefer paying the increased use
tax to an income tax." The Re-
publican stand has been for a
uniform levy in whatever form.
WASHINGTON UP) - A federal
crop survey indicated yesterday
that this year's wheat crop-like
most of its predecessors in recent
years-will add to an already rec-
ord large surplus.
A crop of the predicted size
would be close to 200 million
bushels more than may be needed
to supply domestic and export
PITTSBURGH (N') - The basic
steel industry, a keystone in the
national economy, yesterday pro-
posed a one-year freeze on its
workers' wages and benefits.
The suggestion drew a prompt
and emphatic "no" from the
Twelve of the biggest basic steel
producing firms, in a letter to
USW President David J. McDon-
ald, suggested that existing con-
tracts be extended for one year
in order to combat inflation, un-
employment and foreign competi-
"We believe," the 12 companies
said, "that it would be wholesome
for the economy if the scheduled
(contract) negotiations could be
anticipated and a settlement
reached now to assure the nation
of continued steel production,"
McDonald, who has seen his 1,-
200,000 member union make econ-
omic gains each year since he
succeeded the late Philip Murray
in 1952, promptly replied:
"I want to point out that this
proposal has been made even be-
fore we have had meetings of our
Executive Board and our Inter-
national Wage Policy Committee.
I reject it out of hand."
The union and companies are
scheduled to begin negotiations on
a new contract May 18 in New
York. The UW Wage Policy
Committee will meet April 29-30
in New York to draft union de-
mands. The present contract ex-
pires June 30.
McDonald in recent months has
been talking of a reduced work
schedule to create jobs for steel-
workers he says have been dis-
placed by automation. He said
some 200,000 steel workers are out
of work. He also has been plug-
ging' for a "substantial" wage in-
crease and other contract benefits.
A proposal for a statewide schol-
arship prograr to cost at least
$250,000 a year was made Thurs-
day by Rep. George F. Mont-
The program, rejected last year,
would award 500 one-year schol-
arships to graduates of Michigan
high schools to attend any college
or university in the state. Stipends
would run from $500 to $1,500 de-
pending on need.
Rep. Russell H. Stange, Jr., (R-
Clare) also introduced two bills
Thursday which would do away
with the laws saying no tuition
can be charged in-state students
at the University and Michigan
State University. Students at these
schools currently pay "fees"
amounting to $250 a year at the
University and $255 at MSU.
DANCERS-Indonesian students practice a candle dance which
will be presented at the International Students' Association talent
show tonight in Trueblood Auditorium. Proceeds from the show,
entitled "A Visit To The Planet of Harmonia," will go to the.
March of Dimes.
ISA Plans.e Talent Show;V
Music, .Dances Featured
By JOAN KAATZ
"A Visit To The Planet of Harmonia" will be the International
Students' Association talent variety show at 8 p.m. today in True-
The show will feature folk songs, dances and the playing of
native musical instruments. Ticke
Union main desk, and proceeds
will go to the March of Dimes.
The show begins with the land-
ing of several "earth' people on
the planet Harmonia. The King
of Harmonia rushes to speak to
them in the one earth language
he knows, Italian, which he
learned from Italian operas. Dis-
covering there are no Italians
among the visitors, the King and
his guests begin to converse in the
language of music, which both
The king will be protrayed by
Sergio Scarabello, Grad., and the
court musician is Al Young, '60.
Master of ceremonies, the Prime
Minister of Harmonia, will be
Included in the folk dances will
be an Indonesian candle dance, a
Hawaiian hula and a Philippine
bamboo dance. _ Other countries
represented are the Ukraine, Italy,
Turkey, India and Iran.'
Tomorrow the show will be pre-
sented at the high school in Fern-
dale, a district Rotary convention.
The participants returned last
week from a week's tour of three
Michigan communities, where
they gave performances of the
s are on sale at the Michigan
Yet Rockefeller May
To Nixon Supporter
AUGUSTA, Ga. M)-Sen. Thrus-
ton Morton of Kentucky was
officially tapped by President.,
Eisenhower today to be the new
Republican National Chairman.
The President's choice-no sur-
prise-was announced by the chief
of a 10-member delegation of GOP
leaders after they had met for
about two hours with the vaca-
tioning Eisenhower at the Augusta
National Golf Club.
The delegation then flew back
to Washington to report to the full
Republican National Committee. \
That unit will vote there tomorrow
on a successor to retiring Meade
Alcorn, and there is no doubt Mor-
ton will be installed.
Friend of Nixon
Selection of Morton as the new
chairman will put a staunch friend
of Vice-President Richard M. Nix-
on at the committee helm during
the preconvention period when ,
Nixon will be actively seeking the
1960 Presidential nomination,
John T. Diedderich, Kentucky
national committeeman, said that
while Morton has made speeches
strongly endorsing Nixon, he is
confident the new chairman will
take a neutral position in any con-
test that develops for the nomina-
Says No Objection
George L. Hinman, new New
York national committeeman, said-
he had no objections to Morton.
Hinman, who quarterbacked the
election of Nelson Rockefeller as
governor of New York last fall,
said nobody now knows-including
Rockefeller-whether the Gover-
nor will make himself available for
the presidential nomination.
There were widespread reports
among committee members, how-
eve that Rockefeller's supporters
are already organizing in the field.
Tried for Aid
Robert D. Timm, Washington
national committeeman, tried un-
successfully to enlist Hinman's aid
in putting up a candidate against
Morton. Timm said he did not
think the chairmanship should go
by default to a Nixon supporter.
However, Rep. Clarence Brown
of Ohio said he had been told that
Morton was informally approved
by President Eisenhower for the
job three weeks ago. Brown said
he was sure there would be no
opposition to the Kentuckian.
The committee also will act to-
morrow on a cite for the 1960 GOP
nominating, convention. Chicago
and a July 25 opening date still
appeared to be favored.
President Eisenhower also told
the National Committee yesterday
that the country is squarely be-
hind Administration efforts "to
block excess spending schemes.
and to keep the federal budget In
President Eisenhower's message
was read to a Committee meeting
by Chairman Meade Alcorn.
U SEE d
War on Crime
WASHINGTON tom) - A major
enlargement of the federal field
force charged with prosecuting
racketeering and organized crime
was announced yesterday by Atty.
Gen. William P. Rogers.
Indicating a sharp step-up in
such prosecutions after a year of
intensive investigative work, the
Attorney General said, "The full
weight of federal law enforce-
ment is now being concentrated
on syndicated criminal opera-
The announcement said the At-
torney General's special group on
organized crime created last Ap-
By The Associated Press
AREA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR:
Scient ic Exhibits Fill Waterman Gym
WASHINGTON - Communist
Czechoslovakia's eagerness to
supply the young nation of
Guinea with arms ,was described
to Congress yesterday as a tipoff
'to "a growing threat to our in-
terests" in Africa.
Rear Adm. E. B. Grantham, Jr.,
told the House Foreign Affairs
Committee the promptness with
which Czechoslovakia responded
to Guinea's request shows inter-
national Communism is eager and
ready to capitalize on opportuni-
ties to strengthen its position
among the emerging African na-
WASHINGTON - The names
and salaries of all employes of
Senators and of the Senate would
have to be made public under a
resolution introduced yesterday
by Sen. Wayne Morse (D-Ore).
"I see nothing so special about
Senators' offices that justifies
keeping a veil of secrecy over the
salaries 'we pay," Morse told the
EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE,
Calif.-The X15 rocket ship made
its third successful flight here
yesterday, locked under the wing
of an eight-jet B52 bomber.
The Air Force said all equip-
ment and systems except the
rocket engine qf'the X15 were op-
erated to simulate actual flight
The X15, designed to, take a
man to the fringes of space this
summer, is expected to make a
glide test soon. On this flight, the
X15 will cut loose from its mother
ship and glide back to base with-
* * *
By BARTON HUTUWAITE
Some 156 youthful student scientists crowded miniature rocket
ships, vitamin-deflicient rabbits, dissected fish and -a host of other
scientific experiments into Waterman Gymnasium last night.
The occasion is the first Southeastern Michigan 'Science Fair.
Junior and senior high school students are being given a chance to
exhibit their budding scientific talent in six categories-biological
sciences, physics and engineering, mathematics, chemistry, earth
sciences and space sciences.
Exhibits Include Rocket
Exhibits include a radio-controlled solid-propellant rocket, a
demonstration of solar energy, a scale telephone system, and home-
made telescopes. Interested spectators will be able to press a button
and trace the flow of digestive juices in the human body, view the
stomach of a frog, listen to half the country on a short-wave receiver
and trip a photoelectric cell.