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March 27, 1959 - Image 1

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i
I

MODIFY
1949 RULE
See Page 4

Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom

Iait

M1e9 ,
SNOW FLURRIES, CLOUDY

VOL. LXIX, No. 128

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, MARCH 27, 1959

FIVE CENTS

SIX ]

Hint Dalai Lama
Hides with Allies

BULGARIA:
Resumes
Rela'tions

Big
On

I

Three

Not

iin

Summi

Informed Sources Say Tibetan
Fled Capital at Start of Fighting
NEW DELHI (M) - 'Tibet's temporal and spiritual head, the
Dalai Lama, is reported to have fled south from his capital of Lhasa.
The report came from Gangtok, capital of the Himalayan state
of Sikkim. A staff correspondent of the British-owned newspaper The
Statesman in Gangtok said the Dalai Lama fled Lhasa two days be-
fore the fighting between Tibetans and Communist Chinese started
last week.
Dalai Lama Hiding °
Quoting unidentified but reliable sources, the report said the
Dalai Lama is remaining among Khampa tribesmen within easy

Space Chief
Says A-Blasts,
Jam Radar
S /

WASHINGTON (IP) -Roy W
Johnson, director of the Military
Space Agency, told senators that
it would be possible in theory t
blast out radar and radio com-
munications over much of Soviel
Russia by high level atomic ex-
plosions:
Johnson said Soviet nuclea
blasts similarly could cripple com-
munications and military defenses
of this country.
Testifies before Subcommittee
Johnson testified before a Senate
. space subcommittee. Chairmar
Stuart Symington (D-Mo.)
thanked Johnson for his frankness
as they discussed possible impli-
cations of the high level atomic
tests, known as Argus, recently
* disclosed by the government.
Johnson said that atomic blasts
over the Indian Ocean could black-
out the area from Moscow to
Leningrad. He said that the ArguE
tests had blacked out some United
States military communications.
Terms 'Tragic Mistake'
Johnson also told the senators
"it would be a tragic mistake" to
try to combine the separate civil-
ian and military space efforts into
a centralized agency. The subcom-
mittee's inquiry is directed toward
the question of waste and dupli-
cation in space efforts.'
In other testimony, Johnson said
some of America's brightest scien-
tists are looking forward confi-
dently to a manned space platform
which could move? about and re-
turn to earth at will.
This report came almost casually
from Johnson, who spoke first of
i the platform ideas as, a "screw-
ball thing."
The idea is to spring a thousand-
ton platform into position by
means of many small atomic ex-
plosions.
Report Comes. Casually
"It looks a little less' screwball
now," Johnson added with pos-
sible reference to last fall's nu-
clear experiments in space. . He
said work will continue beyond
the research which already has
cost. more than a million dollars.
Johnson mentioned the space
platform in testimony to a Sen-
ate space subcommittee which is
trying to cut down on waste and
duplication in the nation's fast-
growing space work.
These are the Advanced Re-
search Projects Agency, the mili-
tary arm which he heads in the
Pentagon, and the National Aero-
nautics and Space Administration
the new civilian agency, he said.
Johnson said the two cooperate
well and if there is any real
trouble as to overlapping, the dif-
ferences can be settled by the
President with the advice of ex-
perts.
Panhel Names
Candidates '
For Offices
The executive council of Pan-
hellenic Association has selected
e the following candidates for Pan-
hellenic offices, Mary Tower, '59,
president, said.
Elinor Dodge, '60, Sorosis, and
Mary Wellman, '60, Alpha Phi, for
president; Barbara Nicula, '60,
Kappa Kappa Gamma, and Vicki
Wenner, '60, Kappa Kappa Theta
for first vice-president; Beverly
Ford, '61, Kappa Alpha Theta, for
second vice-president.

'reach of the Indian border in
case of emergency.
The Khampas have been re-
ported fighting a guerrilla war
against the Red Chinese since
1956.
An Indian government spokes-
man said fighting around the In-
dian consulate in Lhasa "has
eased and members and their
families are safe." -
The Red Chinese ambassador
to New Delhi called at the foreign
office. There was no hint of what
was discussed, But a foreign office"
source said: "What little good. we
can do can best be done quietly,
and trumpeting will ruin even
those meager chances."
Cut Supply Line
Meanwhile rebels in Tibet have
cut supply lines of the Red Chi-
nese garrison, forcing it to rely
on airdrops from China proper,
Vice-President Chen Cheng as-
serted yesterday.
Simultaneous with the vice-
president's statement that the re-
volt was spreading, President
Chiang Kai-Shek offered Tibet
independence if the Ch in e se
Nationalists regain control of the
China mainland.
The two statements were an ob-
vious Chinese Nationalist effort to
sustain, and expand the anti-
communist revolution.
Fight Communists
Claiming close contact with
anti-communist forces in the re-
mote mountains of far west
China, Chen said the Tibetan;
rebels are being reinforced by
dissidents from China itself.
Chen said veteran anti-commu-
nist Chinese, Moslem and Tibetan
fighters from along Tibet's east-
ern border are moving south of
Lhasa, the Tibetan' capital, to
set up bases.
These forces were said to come
from Szechwan, Tsinghai and Si-
kang provinces, through which
run the two supply roads from1
China to Tibet.
Rebels Raid Suburbs a
Chen said the rebels control the
countryside surrounding Lhasa
and last Sunday in a raid on the
suburbs destroyed Chinese Com-
munist ammunition dumps and
communications.
This forced the garrison to call.
for airdrops, which are on a lim-
ited basis, he added.l
Many tribesmen and Lamas
have joined the Khamba warriors,
Chen reported.

WithU.S.
WASHINGTON (A) - The
United States and communist
Bulgaria have agreed to resume
diplomatic relations, which were
severed in 1950 when Bulgaria
accused the United States ambas-
sador of espionage.
Withdraws Charges
State Department officials said
Bulgaria has informed the United
States it now considers the 1950
charges against Ambassador Don-
ald R. Heath are groundless and
have been withdrawn.
Bulgaria approached the
United States about resuming re-
lations in December, 1957, offi-
cials said, and the State Depart-
ment now considers it in the in-
terest of the United States to re-.
sume them. -
The timing of the announce-
ment, to be made formally at 11
a.m. EST today, was regarded as
significant, coming as it does at
the" beginning of a long series of
negotiations with Soviet Russia
over Berlin and related cold war
problems.
Bulgaria .Takes Iinitative
State Department officials em-
phasized two things - that the
agreement to resume relations
stemmed from the initiative of
Bulgaria, and that the United
States' relations with eastern
European countries are not de-
termined by United States rela-
tions with Russia.
Bureau Sees
'Fairl Good'
Trip Outlook
As thousands of University stu-
dents head home to rest or south
to sunburn, the weather bureau
forecasts "operational" traveling
conditions.
Light rain and possibilities of
fog will not prevent planes from
taking off "in all directions."
Only in northern Michigan -
where four to eight inches of snow
are predicted north of Flint --
will travel be hampered.
To the west, the weather is re-
ported as "improving" over yes-
terday's storm conditions. Roads
toward Chicago will have light
rain possibly mixed with some
snow.
South-bound students may ex-
pect light rain in extreme north-
ern Ohio, but clear driving be-
yond. On the turnpikes toward
Pittsburgh there will be showers
and possibly snow flurries.
For those who will be left be-
hind in the "grand exodus," Ann
Arbor predictions read, "cloudy,
windy, cool," with snow forecast
for sometime today.

U.S. Bases
Cause Crisis
In Pacific
MANILA (P)-A crisis has devel-
oped over American military bases
in the Philippines.
Top United States and Philip-
pine leaders express belief the
bases problem will be solved in
talks to change the treaty under
which American naval and air
units are stationed here.
But in the background is a pro-
posed resolution signed by 15 of
the Philippine senators. It could
wreck the talks. There is agitation
in some nationalistic quarters to
throw the American bases out.
Affect Defense
The whole American defense
ring around Red China would be
affected. The Philippines is an
hour jet flight from the China
mainland, less from Formosa and
is the northern neighbor of rich,
neutralist Indonesia.
A breakdown of the talks would
damage traditionally friendly re-
lations. Since the United States
granted independence to the
Philippines in 1946, the two na-
tions have walked side by side in
anti-Communist movements in
Asia.
Remain Loyal
The reservoir of pro-American
feeling among the 23 million Fili-
pinos remains strong but is under
stress largely because of the bases
issue,
The United States has two Navy
bases and a huge air base here.
The air base was used during the
recent Formosa crisis, to ferry
supplies and fly air cover. One of
the Navy bases, largest in the Far
East, is a nuclear weapons supply
dump.
The key question in negotiations
to revise the bases treaty is that of
jurisdiction over crimes committed
by American servicemen.
This issue has strained relations
with American allies from Japan
to Iceland.
The Philippines in 1956 pre-
sented a formula that the United
States would not accept.
Relations Strained
It. provided that United States
courts, try servicemen who com-
mitted crimes while on duty on
base, and Philippine courts try
those who broke the law while off
duty. The problem of deciding
when a serviceman is on duty was
left to the top American military
commander.
After discussion with Filipino
officials, U.S. ambassador Charles.
E. Bohlen was called to Washing-
ton early this year. In talks there
the Philippines position was gen-
erally accepted.
On Bohen's return, talks re-
sumed with foreign secretary
Felixberto Serrano, and were;
nearing agreement.,
Then the senatorial resolution9
popped into the picture. It called;
for the Philippines to make the
final decision on whether a sol-
dier was on duty when a crime
was committed.
This is unacceptable to the
United States.
The Senate will discuss the]
resolution next week. It may be1
merely a bargaining weapon.

NCAA CHAMPIONSHIPS:

msU, Oklahoma State Take Leads

Swimming
Special to The Daily
ITHACA, N.Y.-Michigan State
gained a two-point advantage over
defending champion Michigan in
the NCAA swim championships
here last night on the strength of
Bill Steuart's victory inthe 1500-
meter freestyle.
The Wolverines' John Urbans-
cok finished a strong second be-
hind the Spartan star who re-
tained the crown he won last year
in this most gruelling of all col-
legiate swimming events.
Takes Lead
The long-distance race was the
only final contest to be completed
in the first of three days of this
great aqua extravaganza. On the
point basis of 7-5-4-3-2-1 for the
first six places, MSU took a 7-5
lead over the Wolverines.
However, Michigan is still con-
sidered a definite shoo-in to win
its third consecutive national swim
title.
Ben Mintz, ' athletic publicity
director at host school Cornell,
said, "The consensus here picks
Michigan as a can't-miss winner
by 30 or 40 points."
The Wolverines led a three-
team sweep of the one - meter
spring-board competition in the
only preliminary event last night
by placing three men in today's
finals.
Michigan's Joe Gerlach, a Hun-
garian refugee like Urbanscok,
paced the lowboard divers by gain-
ing a 5.90 point edge over Ohio
State's Sam Hall, 272.90-265.50.
Gains Points-
Other Wolverines to gain the
diving finals were Dick Kimball,
1957 champion and 1958 runnerup,
who now rests in fourth and Ernie
Meissner, in the sixth spot.
Ohio State also advanced three
into the finals. In addition to Hall,
Ron O'Brien and Nat Smith head-
ed the strong Buckeye contingent,
placing third and fifth respec-
tively.
Michigan was expected to forge
into an insurmountable lead to-
night after completion of eight of
the 16 final events.
Steuart, unbeaten over 220, 440
yards and 1500 meters this year,
put on a strong burst in the final
See URBANSCOK, Page 3
Willopolitan
Bus Tickets
Still Available
Willopolitan tickets will be
available at the busses today, Stu-
dent Government Council admin-
istrative vice-president Philip
Zook, '60, announced yesterday.
Busses will leave the Union for
the Willow Run airport at 1:30, 3
and 4:30 p.m., and also depart
from Mosher Hall at 1:45, 3:15
and 4:45 p.m. today.
Another bus to Detroit Metro-
politan airport will leave the+
Union at 4 p.m. and Mosher at1
4:15 p.m., Zook added.

* *Wrestllng
Special to The Daily
IOWA CITY - Oklahoma
State's seasoned wrestlers moved
to an expected early lead in quest
of their 21st NCAA title in 29
years as preliminary and first-
round action got underway last
night at the Iowa Field House.
The opening session, starting
at 7:30 p.m. CST was expected
to last until after 1 a.m. CST. and
at Daily'press-time this morning
the great bulk-of 167-1b. and 177-
lb. matches were incomplete.
Thus, it was not known then
how Michigan's two entries, Den-
nis Fitzgerald at 167 and Karl
Fink at 177, came out in their
first-round matches.
The five mats at the Iowa Field
House were in constant use dur-
ing the five-and-a-half hour
period last.night, since there were
246 entrants from, 69 schools, both
figures, setting new NCAA records.
The quarter final matches will
be heli this afternoon in the '10
weight divisions, followed' by the
semifinals this evening. Tomor-'
row night the championship bouts
will be held. At that time, it is
e s t i m a t e'd that 275 separate
matches will have been' held to
determine the 10 titlists.
O kl a homaState, Michigan
See OKLAHOMA, Page 3

I

Conditions f or

BILL STEUART
* .. wins NCAA 1500

BELIEVE FOUR DEAD:
Luxury Cruiser, Tanker
Crash Netlante City
NEW YORK (P')-The battered luxury liner Santa Rosa limped
home at half speed yesterday from a gay, carefree Caribbean cruise
that ended in near disaster.
She rammed an oil tanker in the early morning darkness 22 miles
off Atlantic City, N. J. Two crewmen on the tanker, Valchem, were
dead, two were missing and 16 were injured. There were no injuries
to 247 passengers and 265 crew-

Ike Takes
Mid-Ground
Approach
De Gaulle Displays
Little Enthusiasm
In Note to Moscow
WASHINGTON (A') - Brital
France and the United States la
down differently worded cond
.tions yesterday for a summit co,
ference with Russia's Premier N
kita Khrushchev
President Dwight D. Esenho'
er took a middle-ground 4Lj
proach, saying the United Stat
would be prepared to go into
big four heads of governmei
metling on the understandir
that "constructive proposals" hE
been prepared bbforehand by
foreign ministers meeting.
Sends Russians Note
President Charles de Gaulle(
France displayed less enthusias:
in his not to Moscow than eithi
President Eisenhower or Briti
Prime Minister Harold' Macmi
lan.
De Gaulle agreed to a summ
conference only after "genuir
progress" had been made at
'foreign ministers meeting.
Macmillan's note to the Kren
lin, on the other hand, said .ti
'British would be glad to take pa:
in a summit conference "as soc
as developments in the foreig
ministers meeting warrant."
During his United States vi
last weekend, Macmillan han
mered on the theme that the,
is only one man in Russia the a:
lies can. do business with, an
that there is only one man :I
Russia the Allies can do busine
with and that is Khrushchev.
Cites 'Merit'
President. Eisenhower sa
Wednesday there is considerab]
merit in that argument, but sai
he won't be blackmailed ,
bluffed into a summer session.
Khrushchev, who set off t
current crisis over Berlin with 1±
announced. intention of signing
treaty with East Germany an
pulling out of the German city b
May 27, has already indicated 14
formally that he would be agree
able to a foreign ministers meet
ing starting May 11 in Geneva.
That was the date and plac
proposed in all three wester
notes yesterday.
(However, whereas Presider
Eisenhower mentioned a possibl
summit conference later thi
summer, de Gaulle said only tha
a top level meeting might be hel
at "an appropriate time."
Nixon May G
To Summit
With Presi de]
WASHINGTON (AP) - The6 ques
tion whether VcePresdet RclI
ard M: Nixon might go with Pres
dent Dwight D. Eisenhower IN
any summit conference intrigue
the capitol yesterday.
It went unanswered.
Neither the White House no
Nixon's office commented ona
column in a New York newspape
which suggested that possibility.
Krock wrote that Presider
Eisenhower had told British Prim
Minister Harold A. Macmillan tha
"if his constitutional duities 'a
home required him to leave th

summit conference in its course
he will be replaced by Vice-Presi
dent Nixon, his constitutional al
ternate." The column added:
"This, unless it were decide(
that both President and Vice
President should not go abroac
might seem to call for Nixon'
presence from the beginning ix
-order to take over with the requi
site background."
-A- .- - -4-1,cam- '.tt-

KING HUSSEIN:
Arab Leader Condemns
Communistie Strength
WASHINGTON (P) - King Hussein of Jordan said yesterday
Communism is gaining strength in the Arab world because of coopera-
tion between Soviet Russia and "certain Arab governments."
The youthful anti-Communist monarch did not name any other
Arab country in a speech to the National Press Club. But he apparently,
was referring to Iraq and the United Arab Republic in talking about!
"new relations" and "the policy
of collaboration" between some
Arab? countries and the Soviets. I - ~ i i y
He said this collaboration"con -C ity M a
stituted "the greatest danger" to,
the Arab area and Jordan was' the
first country to realize it. This C e
stand against Communism, Has- * aeR . . .
sein said, "created serious mis-
understanding with some Arab By PETER DAWSON
sister states." Urban Renewal is "necessary
Jabs at Nasser,
Howjever, he said that some who for the people in the area and
"so violently attacked" Jordan's necessary for all of Ann Arbor,"
anti-Communist policy now ap- Lloyd M. Ives, Democratic candi-
peared "to be preaching" the same date for mayor in the April 6 gen-
policy. This was an obvious jab eral election, declares.
at United Arab Republic President Ives said in an interview that
Gamal Abdel Nasser who recently
has shown coolness toward the he has investigated the area him-
Soviets, self, talking to 91 families, to sat-
Hussein said the Arab League, isfy himself that the program is
1A -, . + ,. necessary and that the peonle in

men aboard the new and gra-
ciously outfitted Santa Rosa, one
of the most modern ships afloat.
The 18-foot tall funnel of the
tanker was torn free in the crash
and left perching like a top hat
at the tip of the liner's prow.
The two ships never actually
were in danger. No distress signals
were sent out, although they re-.
ported their plight by radio.
But only the fact that the Val-
chem was empty may have pre-
vented a major sea disaster. The
Santa Rosa caught fire after the
collision.
The blaze was!minor and quickly
extinguished. But had the tanker
carried a volatile fuel cargo, the
flames could have touched off a
tremendous explosion while the
two vessels lay locked in a close
embrace of tangled steel after the
crash.
The collision, 75 miles south of'
New York occurred at 3 a.m.
It jolted awake the cruise pas-
sengers, many of them sleeping
off the gala pre-arrival party that
traditionally marks the last night
of a sea voyage.

.Ask Negro-
Voiting Tax
MONTGOMERY (R) - An Ala-
bama legislative study committee
proposed yesterday a heavier
price tag on the right to vote as
one way to keep Negroes away,
from the polls.
T h e i n t e r i m subcommittee
which is drawing up, recommen-,
dations for the legislature also
suggested a new push-button in-
telligence test for prospective
voters.
It, too, was labeled as a device
to prevent mass Negro voting.
To raise the cost of voting, the
subcommittee proposed a consti-
tutional amendment to restore
'the old cumulative features of
Alabama's poll tax which was
wiped out in 1953.
That would require voters to
pay up all back poll taxes between
the ages of 21 and 45 before they
could cast their ballots. The tax
is $1.50 a year, and a man or wo-
man over 45 who had never voted
before would haye to pay $36 in
a lump sum.
Under existing law, all unpaid
poll taxes beyond two years are
forgiven and no one has to pay
more than $3 at one time.
Under the voter intelligence
test plan application papers would.
be graded by an electronics de-
vice, with no way to tell whether
the applicant is white or Negro.
Discuss LSA -
Requirements
The Literary College Steering
Committee set plans yesterday for
a confergice on natural science
rii f ..fin - - vlir mfcslt -

oral Candidates Express Views

Ives...
"Ann Arbor is a growing city,"
Cecil 0. Creal, Republican candi-
date for mAyor in the April 6 city
election, said recently, "and I in-
tend to meet the problems that,
will arise with a business-like ap-
proach.
"It's my belief that to plan for
the future you've got to have a
background of the past."
The need for a new fire station
and the need not to raise taxes:
above their present level are im-
- 4 o n- h i- Pv- n

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