- ,. -. -,
Far Eastern Aid
(Continued from Preceding Page)
tive workings of a new, inde-
pendent nation is another aspect
of the University's efforts in the
Establishment of a Public Ad-
ministration Institute for train-
ing, education and research in
government techniques was done
by some faculty members in 1956.
The Institute, located at the
University of Philippines, attacked
the problem of administration im-
provement in three ways: creating
a public administration library,
providing in-service training and
course work, and aiding in re-
search and publication of reports.
The University supplied a ma-
jority of the library of about 9,000
books, 1,000 pamphlets, 2,000 Phil-
ippine government publications
and documents, several microfilms,
movie films, and maps and charts.
The only difficulty encountered
was the disappearing book title
labels. It seems that the large
tropical cockroaches found rather
tasty the glue used to attach the
TRAINING of government offi-
cials is now carried on under
the Bureau of Civil Service in a
specially devised six-week course.
For higher executives and ad-
ministrative officials in the na-
tional and local governments, the
Institute organizes or assists in
the planning and conduct of ex-
ecutive development programs.
The Institute of Public Administration at the University of Philippines is shown before and after
assistance from the University of Michigan.
Course work In executive de-
velopment leads to both under-
graduate and graduate degrees in
public administration. The under-
graduate curriculum stresses a
broad liberal education as basic to
The graduate program allows
degree-holders in any discipline
into the study plan. One of the
new phases of the ever-changing
program is the holding of sessions
on public health administration
for a class of medical officers,
nurse supervisors and health edu-
RESEARCH projects and publi-
cation of findings are other
aspects of the Institute.
The complex and varied prob-
lems of public affairs often de-
mand many specialized insights
and analytical skills, which are
encouraged and developed by par-
ticipation in research, according
to Prof. John W. Lederle director
of both the University's Institute
on Public Administration and its
Philippine counterpart. The present
Philippine unit is now managed
by the native population, he said,
::*. . . .L r V:.... ..,* *.LL: :>.* :........
with several American professors
participating in the project.
Important for effective public
administration is a sound legal
framework. Developing an under-
standing of such a framework is
one aim of the 1954 Japanese-
American program in legal studies,
in which the University partici-
pates with Harvard-and Stanford
The program enables the ex-
change of ideas on law. Implemen-
tation of this exchange is being
conducted in three phases, ac-
cording to Prof. B. J. George, Jr.,
of the University law school.
INITIALLY, eight Japanese law-
yers and judges came to the
United States and participated in
legal study at one of the three
schools. They became acquainted
with the foreign legal system in
order to facilitate the second
phase of the program-the visit of
American legal experts to Japan.
Prof. George was one of the in-
structors at Kyoto University.
The third phase of the pro-
gram, now being~ completed, in-
cludes, exchange of law students
between the two nations. Cur-
rently, two Japanese students are
studying at the University.
The program is not designed to
enforce change in the Japanese
system, but to create an interest
in varying legal* problems and
theories, Prof. George said.
often learned an "uin-Philippine"
outlook which involves using per-
sonal effort, initiative'and hard
work in return for some sort of
personal improvement or success,
BARRIERS to re-- adjustment
come 'from the native country
itself, and not fromnthe training,
Peter explained. There are rem-
nants of Spanish forms of social
and governmental organization
within the culture which conflict
with the newly-adopted Western
procedures, he said.
He described the country asone
where extreme poverty and wealth
exist side by side; doors and win-
dows are barred not against for-
eign invaders, but against local
thieves; and "pirates" who rob
small cafes often dock in Manila
There is a rising Philippine mid-
dle class, Peter continued, but little
room for it. When the trainee re-
turns home eager to try his new
ideas, he often finds supervisors
unwilling to change.
Peter supported the need for
training in technological fields in
newly independent nations. But,
he added, it is uncertain whether
or not some areas are ready to
rapidly accept change, particularly
where it means changing social or
IF WESTERN governmental and
economic practices and social
structure are important to the ad-
vancement of underdeveloped na-
tions, education in understanding
and teaching the English language
will facilitate adopting them. Such
education is the goal of a program
in Thailand, Laos and Vietnam
being directed, by the University's
English Language Institute.
Organized last September, the
program trains instructors in Eng-
lish and improves -their ability to
use the language. Research in pre-
paring textbooks and materials
adaptable to the linguistic prob-
lems of the three countries is also
being conducted, according to
Bryce Van Syoc, coordinator in
the University's English Language
The program, which will con-
tinue for three years, attempts to
adapt the teaching of English to
each of the three countries' lin-
guistic problems. The project was
organized by Edward M. Anthony
of the English Language Institute.
ANOTHER project initiated by
University faculty members
which will continue for 'several
years is a study in Japan of the
harmful effects of genes from
The study, begun in 1948, is be-
ing held in Nagasaki and Hiro-
shima, Japan, but is not directly
related to a study of radiation, ac-
cording to Prof. William J. Schull
of the human genetics department
and one of the project organizers.
Continuing examinations are be-
ing given to 8,000 children, all
born after World War II, to deter-
mine the degree of malformation
in the offspring of blood-related
parents. One-half of the children
studied are from such parents.
Supposedly radiation contributes
to the harmful combination of
genes in a population, Prof. Schull
said. If we can measure the "bad"
genes in a normal population, then
we may be able to evaluate the
additional genetic hazard,of radia-
tion, he c6ntinued
The study was begun by faculty
members at the Unjversity and is
now being continued by Japanese
doctors with American supervisory
'The Disenchanged': Elevated Mediocrity
MoneyBut No 2
When the Box Office
New York's Theatre Si
By MARC ALAN ZAGOREN
EW YORK, the self-acclaimedr
king of American theatre, hasc
been experiencing a dismal season.r
Perhaps the primary reason for<
the vastly disappointing offeringst
is the tendency among Broadway's1
foremost entrepreneurs to finance
almost exclusively productions
which divert the attention rathert
than arrest it.
Thus to produce a commercially
sound venture many productions1
must make a compromise witht
art, and it is this compromise
Harper's journalist Robert Bru-
stein to charge that the Broadway
theatre is currently in a state of
While "middle seriousness" is
excellant to describe the current
condition of the theatre, it must
not be falsely implied, as in Bru-
stein's article; that every produc-
tion is in this limpid state.
To dismiss such productions as
Elia Kazan's interpretation of
Archibald MacLeish's "J.B." and
the Harold Clurman version of
Eugene O'Neill's "A Touch of the
Poet" as nothing more than half
hearted attempts in achieving ef-
fective theatre would truly be an
The virtues of these ventures
make plays of the caliber of "J.B."
and "A Touch of The Poet" ap-
pear to be brilliantly illuminated
diamonds in a field largely covered
with sporadically glittering rhine-
stones. Thus while middle serious-
ness is the keynote to the current
season, there are exceptions.
HOWEVER, if ventures of the
poetic beauty of J.B. are ex-
amples of true theatre, why then
is there not greater encourage-
Marc Alan Zagoren is on
The Daily reviewing staff.
ment of this type of fare and less
of the slick glossy theatre cur-
rently being represented by the
Charles Boyer - Claudette Colbert
tour de force "The Marriage Go
This question can best be an-
swered by thumbing through the
theatre section of the trade jour-
nal Variety and noting that the
support afforded the nobler ven-
ture is considerably weaker than
the support afforded the lighter
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SFACTS ABOUT THE CONTEX
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A N EVALUATION of exchange
programs, such as the Japa-
nese - American law cooperative
plan, is necessary to judge if they
are worth continuing and to deter-
mine what difficulties make them
An evaluation of a technical
training program between the
Philippines and the United States
was conducted by Hollis Peter,
associate director of the Founda-
tion for Research in Human $e-
havior and Larry Schlesinger, re-
search associate at the Institute
for Social Research.
The training program brought
Philippine students to the United
States for training in social sci-
ences, economics, engineering and
By the evaluation, the two men
sought to learn what helps- or
hinders trainees in using newly-
learned skills in their native land.
Their findings indicated that
the more "Americanized" the
trainee became during his stay
here, the harder it was for him to
return. In the United States they
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