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March 15, 1959 - Image 2

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-15

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

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The Dancing Science' on TV Today

High School Survey
Reveals Statistics

is at its best one of apathy, and
at its worst one of discauragement.
Dean Heyns sees a tendency in
the public to ask, "What's the
point of a scholar translating
Shakespeare into some obscure
language? What's that going to do
for us?"
Dean Heyns feels it will do a
great many things for us, one of
which is to enlarge the nature of
the university.
Research Contributes
"'A university is more than a
collection of courses," he says, "it
is a civilizing influence, it has a
climate." He believs basic research
and what we sometimes call "ivory
tower scholarship" are contribut-
ing to that climate.
In addition, Dean Heyns points
out that the results of basic re-
search may come out years later
in new technilogical applications.
* * *
The first of a series oh Western
Europe will be presented at 1 p.m.
today on WWJ-TV (Channel 4,
Detroit).
The program depicts the lives of
four European leaders -- Michel
Debra, Willy Brandt, Enrico Mat-
tei and Lord Hailsham.
Present Europeans
According to Prof.eRoy Pierce
of the political science department,
these four represent the Euro-
peansthat eierged from the de-
struction of World War II, not
crippled by cynicism or disillusion-
ment but rather determined to
resurrect and rebuild their coun-
tries.
Michel Debr6 is best known for,
his work in writing the new con-
stitution of the Fifth Republic.
Willy Brandt is the mayor of West
Berlin.1

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the first
of a series that will explore the ex-
tent and character of retention,
transfer and withdrawal of students
from colleges and universities. It is
based on a report released by the Of-
fice of Education of the United States
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare.)
By SELMA SAWAYA

,

BRITISH POET--John Wain, a well-known poet, novelist and
critic will arrive at the University tomorrow for a series of lectures,
poetry readings and pro-seminars.
British Criti, Novelist
To Arrive for Lectures

John Wain, British novelist, poet
and critic, will arrive tomorrow
for a week of lectures, poetry read-
ings and pro-seminars, sponsored
by the department of English.
Wain, who laccording to Prof.
Donald Hall, is one of the leaders
of the British school of satirical
novelists and new literary critics,
will speak on "The English Satiric
Novel since 1920," at 4:10 p.m.

Norman Cousins believes
World Government Coming

Friday, March 20, in Aud. A, An-
gell Hall;
He will also give a reading of his
poetry at 4:10 p.m., Thursday,
March 19, in Aud. B, Angell Hall,
and deliver a lecture to the English
Journal Club.
"Born in Captivity" was Wain's
first novel to be published in the
United States. It was followed by
"The Contenders," a satiric novel
on the psychology of competition,
published in 1958. A new novel, "A
Traveling Woman," will be pub-
lished in May.
Among his literary contributions
he also includes a book of poetry,
"A Word Carved on a Sill," and a
book of newspaper criticism, taken
from his writings for the London
"Observer," called "Preliminary
Essays."
Wain was born in Stoke-onTrent,
Staffordshire, England, in 1925.
He is an Oxford graduate, and a
classmate of such contemporary
novelists and poets as Kingsley
Amis and Edwin Larkin.

Of the students who graduate in
the upper half of their classes from
the secondary schools in the
United States, about half go to
college on a full-time basis and
about three-foitrths eventually re-
ceive a baccalaureate degree.
The United States Office of
Education made an extensive sur-
vey of the student class which
enrolled in institutions of higher
learning in 1950. It concerned it-
self with the students who drop
out of school before completing the!
degree requirements.
"College dropouts represent an
alarming waste of our most com-
petent manpower," the report
stated. "Withdrawals cannot be
completely eliminated, but they
can be sharply reduced, or so many,
administrators and educators be-
lieve."
List Results of Change
"If they can be reduced, the re-
sult will be a larger professional
work force and a higher cultural
and intellectual level of citizenry,
contributing to the advancement
of society," the report stated.
The facts In the report on with-
drawal from college are likely to
be a little distorted, the Office
said in listing the reasons which
men gave for withdrawal. This is
due to the United Nations action
in Korea from mid-1'950 to mid-
1953, which led many men to place
greater emphasis on military serv-
ice as a cause of withdrawal than
would normally be the case.
* Survey Colleges
The schools which took part in
the survey were universities, tech-
nological institutions, liberal-arts
colleges, teachers' colleges and
junior colleges.
Based on the sampling of ques-
tionnaires received from the stu-
dents participating, the report
showed that 40 per cent of the
students entering- a degree-grant-
ing institution will remain at the
same institution for the full four

By JUDITH DONER
and THOMAS HAYDEN
"All men are affected by this--
the real question is whether or
not they are concerned," Norman
Cousins quietly insisted.
"And if you're concerned, the
whole movement can flow from
you," he continued.
"For, you see, world government
is inevitable."
"The question is now what
kind of government," the editor
of the Saturday Review of Litera-
ture told a gathering at the
League following his lecture Fri-
day night. By not trying to de-
velop the right kind of world or-
ganization, we could find our-
selves with the wrong one, he
said.
Wants Elected Representatives
Cousins had earlier advocated
electing representatives to the
United Nations, to give the world's
people direct contact with their
organization. Instituting interna-
tional due process of law and a
system of checks and balances
also would be a proper start, he
said.
"Fools think this will come
about easily, but we are commit-
ting treason against the human
race if we don't try to develop a
world order," Cousins declared.
He stressed the need of a pow-
erful idea such as world federa-
tion "in this age of anarchy on.
earth."
Cousins proposed the develop-
ment of a world federalist club
on campus. "The people must get
behind this sort of move," he

noted, since a sovereign state by
nature cannot support loss of its
independence.
Sovereign State an Enemy,
"In fact, the unfettered sover-
eign state is perhaps the biggest
single enemy of man."
How would a major power like
the United States, operating on
a $406 million military-defense
budget, stay on an even econom-
ic keel under a peace-time budget?
Cousins parried with a para-
phrase of the question:
"If peace should break out,
could we stand the strain?" he
asked. "Well, let the depression
come. The ultimate spectre is not
unemployment, but the collapse
of man's consciousness."
Asks 'Internal Restraint'
Insisting that "we should be
building internal restraint, not
unrestrained temper," Cousins
called for the United States to
take the lead in the United Na-
tions reform.
"We need to fear Communism
only if we do not have a unify-
ing idea of our own," the editor
asserted. "And until such time
as we can go before the United
Nations on any issue - we don't
have this 'unifying idea'."
If we were to drop a bomb, such
as the one we used at Hiroshima,
every hour of every day for two
months, we would not approxi-
mate the power of one of our nu-
clear bombs of today, Cousins em-
phasized.
"There is no defense against
the bomb except peace," he said.

Group To Circulate Petition
For Integration of Schools

years, while another 20 per cent
will either graduate later or will
go to other institutions from which
they will receive degrees.
The first year of college is the
most critical dropout period, the
report stated. Its statistics showed
that 273 students per 1,000 left
school within the first year, in
comparison with 283 students per
1,000 during the next three years.
Chances Increase
The student's chances of gradu-
ating' are increased considerably
once he passes the first - year
hurdle, the report continues. Once
a student reaches the rank of
Junior, he is a good graduation
risk --- about 685 chances out of
1,000.
In any report on retention and
withdrawal among college stu-
dents, the reasons for attending
college are important. In formu-
lating the questionnaires, the rea-
sons were classified into five head-
ings: academic, occupational, per-
sonal, social service and tradi-
tional.
Men students queried stressed
occupational reasons as of primary
importance and placed academic
reasons second. Women reversed
the order, the report said, "thereby
attaching greater importance to
'pure' intellectual pursuits than to
occupational preparation."
Women Give Reasons
Women students, before going
to college, placed social service
reasons fifth, but after attending
college they moved them up to
third place in importance. Men
students moved this reason from
fourth to third. This may indicate
that institutions of higher educa-
tion develop a sense of social re-
sponsibility.
Ranking second in importance
to this group was a compelling in-
terest in a particular field in which
they wanted to specialize. The bet-
ter-pay motive was ranked third
by students in the other types of
institutions, as a group, while
the "special field" reason' was
ranked first.
In the report, it was shown that
students who were entering pub-
licly - controlled institutions had
more interests in certain fields
than those entering private insti-
tutions. These differences disap-
pear after attending college, it con-
tinued. It is felt that the reason
that the students who wanted o
study in a certain field woull
chose a public institution because
they thought there would be great-
er choice in subjects.
U' Professor
Writes, Book
About Fires
'The first textbook exclusively
devoted to forest fires has been
written by a University of Michi.
gan professor.
The book which was just pub-
lished by McGraw Hill is en-
titled "Forest Fire: Control and
Use." It was written by Professor
Kenneth P. Davis, chairman of
the forestry deprtment.
Davis wrote the book because
he felt that there was no adequate
text for teaching students enrolled
in the fire courses. He says that
with this book "one can cover per-
haps 30 per cent more ground in
the same amount of time."
The main purpose of the text
Davis says "is to raise the level,
quality and coverage of forest fires
as taught in forestry schools.'
However, he adds, "It should prove
valuable as a reference tool to
persons in many fields."
Davis, while a student at Mon-
tana 'State University from 1925-
28, worked summers as a "smoke-

chaser" for the Forest Service.
Later he served 18 years with the
United States Forest Service in his
home state of Montana, in Idaho
and in Washington D.C.
"I've had my share of close calls
from flareups and falling trees,"
he says but has never been injured'
fighting forest fires.
From 1940-45,. Davis worked in
Washington D.C. He was chief of
the Forest Service Division of
Forest Management Research dur-
ing the last three yeras of this
time.
In 1945, he became Dean of the
school of forest management at
Montana State. In 1949, he came
to the University as professor of
forest management. He was ap-
pointed head of the forestry de-
partment in the school of natural
resources in 1950.

,'

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By PHILP SHERMAN

University students will be able
to indicate support for integration
April 8, 9 and 10.
Sponsored by the Congregational
Disciples Guild, a petition support-
ing the integration of schools will
be circulated by a local branch
of the national "March for Inte-
gration" committee. ,
Petitions will be circulated in
University residence housing and
at three places on campus.
The local committee is a branch
of a group supporting integration,
which includes such people as
Harry Belafonte, the Rev. Martin
Luther King, Walter Reuther and,
Jackie Robinson.
Posts Open
.for Musket
Petitions for next year's Musket
general chairman are now avail-
able at the main desk or the stu-
dent offices of the Union, Bruce
McRitchie, '59, this year's chair-
man said yesterday.
Any male student enrolled at
the University is eligible to peti-
tion and all petitions will be due
by 3 p.m., Mar. 24, in the student
offices. Interviews of candidates
will be held shortly after the peti-
tion deadline.
The duties of the general chair-
man entail the selection and
scheduling of next year's produc-
tion, the selection of the execu-
tive committee and general com-
plete management of the show,
McRitchie said. '

In addition to the petition cam-
paign, the group plans to send
delegates for a "youth march" in
Washington, D.C., April 18, which
will present the petitions from all
over the country to the President
and Congress.
A similar march held on Oct. 25,
1958 was attended by 12,000 youth.
They were unable to see either the
President, who was playing golf
in Georgia, or Congress.
Requests Program
The petition to be circulated on
campus requests the President and
Congress to "put into effect an
executive and legislative program
which will ensure the orderly and
speedy integration of schools
throughout the United Sta'tes."
Torre Bissel, '61, chairman of
the local petition group, said the
campaign was a "method of dem-
onstrating student concern over
the problem to the United States."
He went on to say thatthe pets.
tion would enable youth "to repre-
sent values," especially a belief in
brotherhood and equality.
Not Against South
He also said the petition was not
a northern effort against the
South but against all discrimina-
tion.
The "whole drive would make
people very uncomfortable," he
added, and cause them to ask ques-
tions and examine' their own be-
liefs,
At the group's organizational
meeting, held yesterday, there
were only 15 people; but all present
felt that they would act as a
nucleus for rapid expansion.
Cites Example
They cited the example of last
yera's dormitory integration drive,
which was also held under the
auspices of the Congregational
Disciples Guild.
The general opinion was that
the petition would cause people
to think about the integration
problem and some to act, par-
ticularly by signing the petitions.
The group discussed ways of
furthering the campaign, includ-
ing work in the academic depart-
ments of the University, in resi-
dence units and by campus solici-
tations._

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Read and Use Michigan Daily Classifieds

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SESSION No. 2 of the Lecture-Discussion by Faculty
on
neS 10R el e in i
"Religion as, I See ItinMied Zt enuy
Tuesday, March 17,8 p.m.
Speaker: Prof. Charles R. Brassfield,
Dept. of Physiology

I

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HELD
OVER

i r i 1.011':ilhiarur

CONTINUOUS
TODAY
FROM 1 P.M.

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"For and away the Maddest Comedy
of the year!" Herald-Tribune
smart Ie - -_

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