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March 15, 1959 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-15

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See Page 4



t rit
Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom



VOL. LXIX, No. 118



. i -.


i T T at/..V T 1.%' X AWN

,, ,.

__ -.-


An Editorial...
A RECORD NUMBER of nineteen candidates will com-
pete for seven positions in the Student Gdvernment
Council election Tuesday and Wednesday.
Despite the relatively large number of candidates,
there are few individuals among them qualified to aid
the University in fulfilling its educational responsibili-
ties and to serve SGC during the forthcoming r e-
evaluation period.
However, of those running, three have shown t em-
selves worthy of election. We recommend Phil Zook,'60,
Jo Hardee, '60, and David Kessel, Grad.
SGC has seen few workers as industrious and dedi-
cated as Zook who has played an extremely active role
in the internal functioning of the Council. As chairman
of the Student Affairs Committee, former chairman of
the Student Book Exchange and former elections direc-
tor, Zook has probably expended more energy on Coun-
cil'projects than any of the present SGC members.
MISS HARDEE, SGC's administrative vice-president,
has been a faithful and diligent worker on the
Council for the past two years. Her analytical thinking
and perception have contributed much to the Council's
understanding of the University.
In spite of his seemingly flippant attitude toward
the Council, Kessel has shown serious concern for the
affairs of SGC and contributed an original insight to,
them. He is one of the first Council members in some
time to show much imagination.
With the reappraisal of the, Council's role in mind,
we urge students to read critically the SGC section in
today's paper and to fulfill their voting responsibility
on Tuesday and Wednesday.

Says Reds
Ma y Fight
WASHINGTON (A)--The chair-
man of the Senate Foreign Rela-
tions Committee said yesterday it
is premature for anyone to assume
the Russians won't start' a war
over Berlin.
Sen. J. William Fulbright (D-
Ark.) also said the United States
should be willing to hold summit
conferences on Berlin and other
issues instead of insisting on meet-
ings at the foreign ministers' level.
In supporting the idea of meet-
ings of President Dwight D. Eisen-
hower with Soviet Premier Nikita
Khrushchev and other heads of
state, Sen. Fulbright declared:
Fulbright Claims
"We have to accept the fact that
in Russia there isn't any second
most important man. It's just the
most important man. To them, a
foreign ministers' conference is
rather a waste of time because
Khrushchev speaks for all of
Sen. Fulbright told Sen. George
Smathers (D-Fla.) in a radio-TV
program recorded for Florida sta-
tions that the Berlin crisis is "a
serious probing " by the Soviets
that may lead to "very rough tac-
tics" by then,
"I think we ought to assume that
they may go very far," Sen. Ful-
bright said, adding:
Might Use Force
"If things don't go well, it could
result in the use of force - and if
that ever happens, even on a minor
scale, it would be extremely diffi-
cult to limit it.
"I regret the assumption that
many people make that there'sgo-
ing to be no war. I think that's
premature. I say it's a very serious
Sen. Fulbright said that "in-
stead of being too sticky about
summit conferences, we should
tend to accept them - in view of
world conditions--as a more com-
mon practice, perhaps holding one
every six months."
Sen. Fulbright said the country
must support the President in his
determination not to yield one inch
on Berlin. But he said he thought
President Eisenhower spoke in the
sense "we will not give one inch
on Berlin unless there are conces-
sions on the other side that would
justify it . .."
"If a free corridor could be
established, free of any inspection
and with a complete line of access
to Berlin, coupled with some form
of international control of Berlin,
I think that might be an offer very
seriously to be considered."

Ho stilit'

Fleet Re
y Among


Action Hurts'
Unity Effort
Diplomats Appalled
At Timing of Move
In Mediterranean
PARIS (A) -- France's virtual
removal of its Mediterranean fleet
from all North Atlantic Treaty
Organization obligations yesterday
stirred a bitterback-room fight in
the Atlantic alliance.
Allied diplomats were appalled
at the'timing of the move - while
the West is facing dangerous So-
viet pressures over Germany and
d is working hard to present a uni-
fled front.
Western diplomats did their
best to put a good face on the
French decision to retain com-
mand of their Mediterranean fleet
in time of war. But the anger was

YPredict Agreement
yIke, Macmillan
WASHINGTON (P) - President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Prime
Minister Harold Macmillan of Britain seem likely to reach broad
agreement here next week on proposals for negotiating with Russia
over German problems.
That is the expectation despite some important differences be-
tween the two men. Macmillan, according to, advance information,
will urge President Eisenhower to agree to attend a summit confer-
nce with Soviet, Premier Nikita

-Daily-Allan winder
TROPICAL CENTER-Prof. T. H. Hubbell (lower left-hand corner) is the general committee chairman for the planning of the Center.j
It will be located near the Pan-American Highway about 150 miles north of the Guatemala border. The Gulf of Mexico and the Pacific
Ocean will be several hours' drive from it. Headquarters for the proposed Center will be located near Tuxtla Gutierrez in southern Mexico.
Committee Plans Tropical Studies Center

Power Fight
Two University officials agreed
this week that professors at Michi-
gan State University should be
given the increased authority they
are requesting.
The MSU faculty, through the
American Federation of Teachers,
is planning to ask for faculty vote
on all curriculum changes, and the
creation of faculty policy com-
mittees within the departments, to
recommend salary scales, tenure,
promotions and appointments.
The proposals are to be pre-
sented to the steering committbe
of the academic council in April.
Needs More Say
Prof. Irving Copi of the philoso-
phy department, chairman of the
literary college's Curriculum Com-
mittee, said "the fac-ilty ought to
have more say." He said the Uni-
versity faculty has "adequate con-
trol over curriculum," but said he
felt they do not have enough to
say about the handling of money.
"This, of course," he noted, "is
mainly because of the way the
thing operates. Appropriations are
handled by the Legislature, the
money from student fees is han-
dled by the Administration, and
the money for research is handled
very much by outside contribu-
James H. Robertson, assistant
dean of the literary college, de-
fined the main problem in terms
of centralization of power.
i Discusses Centralization
"When power is centralized," he
explained, "you can do things
quickly, and so you give the ap-
pearance of being responsive to
See SUPPORT, Page 8
Foreign Aid
Needs Support
To Be Passed
as E. Morgan (D-Pa.) said yester-
day that President Dwight D. Ei-
senhower's foreign economic aid
program will need a lot of help

Khrushchev in midsummer even
if a preliminary foreign ministers'
meeting fails to break the East-
West deadlock on German issues.
Despite reservations, President
Eisenhower may give at least ten-
tative assent, since he is under-
stood to regard a summit confer-
ence as probably inevitable.
The President, in some degree
at least, will set the stage for his
participation in the talks with
Macmillan through a radio-TV
report tomorrow at 9:30 p.m.

A University committee is cur-
rently drawing up tentative plans
to establish a University Center
for Tronical Studies in the jungles
of southern Mexico.
Mexico has already agreed to set
aside 500 acres of land for the
project-if the University can raise
the $500,000 to $750,000 needed to
establish the Tropical Center.
Securing the operating expenses
of the Tropical Center will be "our
biggest problem," Prof. T. H. Hub-
bell, director of the zoology mu-
seum and chairman of the general
committee, said yesterday.
Foundations Interested
Some foundations have ex-
pressed interest in the project, he
continued. "We hope to file formal
financial applications with them
some time in June or July," he
An informed source told The
Daily recently that the State
Department, the Pan-American
Union and the National Science
Foundation have been informally
approached on the Tropical Cen-
Four sub-committees are pres-
ently ironing out details on the
various aspects the Tropical Center
would cover before funds are form-
ally requested, Prof. Hubbell added.
UMRI Assists
The University Research Insti-
tute (UMRI) is assisting the
seven-man general committee in

formulating a detailed proposal, he
The Tropical Center's head-
quarters would be located near
the town of Tuxtla Gutierrez in
southern Mexico.
"We decided on that location,
because of the diversity of ter-
rain," Prof. Stanley A. Cain of the
conservation department, financ-
ing chairman, said recently. Cli-
mates range from dry lowlands to
Awarded to 24
TI' Students
Twenty-four University students
have received Woodrow Wilson
Fellowships, it was announced to-
The grants for graduate study
are awarded to 1,200 students each
year, from a field of 7,000 candi-

plateaus and mountains, with arid
land changing to tropical rain
Office To Cooperate
Dr. Leon Brindis, governor of
Chiapas, ; the Mexican state in
which the center would be located,
assured the committee last summer
his office would cooperate in every
way, including the assignment of
land for buildings and study re-
The Tropical Center would ex-
clude agricultural work and medi-
cal studyin favor of planned sys-
tematic studies of the tropical
region-physical and biotic condi-
tions, resources and aspects of
human life and culture. Parallel
University and University of Mex-
ico teaching programs-may also be
included. A linguistics course
might also be considered for the
List Fields
"The Tropical Center would
delve into fields of natural re-
sources, biology, anthropology, lin-
guistics and perhaps more," Prof.
Cain said recently.
"It also would be open to investi-
gators from everywhere," he added.
The recently appointed Mexican
undersecretary of agriculture for
game and forest conservation, En-
rique Beltran, has provided a great
deal of assistance in setting up
plans for the Center, Prof. Hubbell
said yesterday.
Prof. Hubbell said the. Center
would serve as a school for the

SGC-A ffiliated Relations
Discussed by Candidates
(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the third in a series of articles on Student
Government Council candidates.)
Since 12 of the 19 candidates running for Student Government
Council are affiliated, the question of SGC's relation with fraternity
and sorority issues is especially crucial during the current campaign.
Casey King, '62, told Tau Delta Phi fraternity SGC should not
interfere in areas involving the existence and function of other stu-
dent organizations.
Speaking at Helen Newberry, Morton Meltzer, '61, considered
the recent spring versus fall rush controversy. "If Panhellenic wishes

See related story, Page 2

dates. The candidates are nomi-
nated and screened by faculty
committees in each of 700 under-
graduate colleges.
Given by the Woodrow Wilson
National Fellowship Foundation,
the grants consist of tuition, fees
and a $1,500-a-year living allow-

training of graduate students and
advanced undergraduates. "We
hope the University and other
foundations would be able to pro-
vide fellowships for deserving stu-
dents, he added."
The idea for the Tropical Center
first came in the spring of 1956.
An official compmittee was set up
in 1957 to consider the possibilities
of such a center more closely.
Since then committee members
have taken trips into the rugged
area to find a suitable location for
the project.
After canvassing Mexico and
many authorities in the United
States, the Isthmus of Tehuante-
pec area in Chiapas was chosen
as the best location.
'U' To Host
A three-day national training
institute for the 1961 White House
Conference on Aging will be held
at the University starting June 24.
This institute stems from an act
of the last session of Congress
calling for a White House confer-
ence on the problems of the United
States old-age population, An-
thony M. Lenzer, executive secre-
tary of the State Legislature's
Legislative Advisory Council on
Problems of the Aging, said yes-
The conference here is geared to
train state and local people for
running special meetings on old-
age problems throughout the
United States. Also, these people
will be told how to bring the prob-
lems before the public and thus
create wide-spread interest in
them, he skid.
After public interest has been
stimulated-and the White House
Conference put on, it is hoped that
national legislation will be passed
to help aging citizens, Lenzer
Each state has been asked to
hold state and local conferences
before the national conference in
order to discuss all aspects of this
complex field. People trained at
the institute here will be in charge
of these meetings. Then each state
will pick a delegation for the
White House conference.
In Michigan, a bill is in the
Legislature to create a Commis-
sion on Aging, Lenzer said.
Series Tickets

Colleagues Irate
Even the French appeared
taken aback by the irate reaction
from their colleagues in the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization.
Officially they would only con-
firm that the move was taken be-
cause of what France considers its
special responsibilities in the
Mediterranean. This means the
guarding of links with Algeria,
where a four-year-old Nationalist
rebellion endangers vast French
Allied officials, however, view
the order as one more step by
President Charles de Gaulle to
get a bigger voice in the Atlantic
Diplomats Furious
United States diplomats were
described as furious over the
French action and the timing.
A British source observed that
"the most worrisome thing about
it is the timing, during the Berlin
"There seems little hope the
French can be dissuaded," the
source said. "However, if the reac-
tion is bitter enough it might
stop anyone from a similar move
in the future."
Military Worries
The big worry to the military
men appeared to be that if France
can high-handedly w i t h d r a w
forces pledged to NATO other
countries might some day follow
In that case the heart of the
alliance would be wrecked.
The French claim they were
within their rights and that
Washington and London were in-
formed beforehand. They also
point out that both the British,
and United States fleets have a
special relationship to NATO, al-
lowing them to be freely used else-
where, such as in Formosa Strait.
Western diplomat9 have told the
French this is, of course,- true.
However, they accuse the French
of bad faith. Had France asked
for ,a change of NATO assign-
ments in the Mediterranean, mili-
tary spokesmen say, French in-
terests would certainly have been
World News
By The Associated Press ,
BLANTYRE, Nyasaland -Eight
hundred troops and police last
night pushed into Nyasaland's
rebel-rocked southern province in
a drive to bring the remote tribal
areas back under government con
It was the biggest single opera-
tion since violence erupted over
African demands for freedom.
CAIRO - A United Arab Re-
public military spokesman said
three Iraqi jet planes carried out
a machine-gun-rocket attack yes-
terday about six miles inside Syrian

to get rid of it, they should be able
to do it.
Houses More Relaxed

"Houses can relax more about
filling their quotas if they have
two rushes during the year in-
stead of one," he said. At the same
open house, Babs Miller, '60, ad-
vocated first semester rush, ex-
plaining that the weather favors
rush in the fall.
"I don't feel that the extra se-
mester helps the sororities or the
prospective rushees, due to rigid
contact rules," she explained.
"I feel that the houses want
fall rush, but what about the
rushees? I propose open rush the
first semester and deferred pledg-
ing, which might be done the sec-
ond semester," Bob Garb, '62, said.
Would Support Greeks
At the Delta Tau Delta frater-
nity, Harry Cummins, '61, said he
would "generally support the
Greeks on matters brought before
He also favors fall rush.
In favor of fall rush, King said
he would bring it up before the

Some Leaders Favor Disengagement,
R 7"' -. .4, - C 'P . yr r . r

klirp I

Associated Press News Analyst
WASHINGTON (-) - A great
many powerful people in the capi-
tals of the Western world are be-
ginning to rally 'round the banner
of disengagement.
They want to see a thinning out
of Soviet and Allied forces in cen-
tral Europe. Eventually they would
like to see these forces separated
by some kind of buffer territory.
To Urge Review
A review of United States and
British policy on disengagement is
one of the projects Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan of Britain in-
tends to urge upon President
Dwight D. Eisenhower when the
two meet here next Friday. Mac-
millan is likely to find himself
pressing an unpopular subject up-
on Arn unw~illing 'nartr}

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