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March 06, 1959 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-06

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"You've Got To Pull More of the Load",

Sixty-Ninth Year
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
hen Opinions Are Free UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
Truth Will Prevail"
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Editorials printed in The ,Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This mcst be noted in all reprints.

AT LYDIA MENDELSSOHN:
Bad Play Filled
With Much Good Fun

Y, MARCH 6, 1959

NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT JUNKER

Looking Ahead: A Preventative
For Preventive War

AS AMERICAN and Russian rockets come
closer and closer to raching the moon,
the question of what will happen when the
first nation reaches it looms larger and larger.
Of course, there will be important scientific
consequences, but political questions of the
gravest import must also be raised.
In introductory astronomy classes they joke
that when freshmen first look at the lunar
landscape through a big telescope, all they can
see are Russian flags. It raises the question,
however, of whether the moon will become a
"political football." Will there be a race for lu-
nar territory as there was for African terri-
tory during the late Victorian era, and what
will be the results of the current race?
It is argued that the side- reaching the moon
will gain an upper hand in the present mili-
tary struggle. The moon would furnish an ex-
cellent vantage point for observation of the
earth, and could be used as a missile base.
IDiscounting possible military factors, the
least that would be earned would be a profound
propaganda and moral victory,'a victory so
complete as to reverse or deeply affect the

world's political balance. In either case, the
side losing might be tempted to'launch a pre-
ventive war before the other side could fully
exploit its superiority. The United States ac-
tually might endanger itself by reaching the
moon first and taking sole possession of the
satellite. The Communists have never rejected
war as an instrument of policy and they might
be tempted to use it, despite the risks, in a
desperation move.
The conquest of the moon represents poten-
tial threats to world peace. The United States
should, therefore, immediately propose that
the United Nations be given sole sovereignty
over the sphere while men are still equally
earthbound. Being as close to reaching the;
moon as the Russians, the United States would
not be arguing as a "sore loser" desiring a
free gift. United Nations rule, agreed upon
before man reached the moon would eliminate
the danger of war for possession of the terri-
tory; following the pattern of the struggles
for the new world 'and Africa. Man has a
chance to learn from past mistakes: possibly
his last opportunity.
-PHILIP SHERMAN

DEATH is generally not an
amusing subject except when
it is administered in tea by nice
old ladies. In John Patrick's "The
Hasty Heart," comedy of the fun
and games type is mixed with the
tragic story of a man who dis-
covers the joy of life a few weeks
before he is to die.
Aristotle would be distressed, but
the audience in the Lydia Men-.
delssohn Theatre last night did
not seem to be. Credit for this
pleasure in the incongrous is due
not so much to the skill of the
playwright so much as to that of
the cast.
Set in a British convalescent
hospital during World War II, the
Ann Arbor Civic Theatre produc-.
tion concerns the winning of a
private war between a Scot who is
dying and does not know it and,
his wardmates who try to' give
him friendship he refuses. Friend-
ship in a coalition of Australia,
New Zealand, England, America,
and Bazutoland wins.
WHAT THE PLAY is attempting
to prove is vague, but the cast
manages to prove that an out-
dated, somewhat inconsistent, sen-
timental play can be enjoyable
sheerly for good characterization.
Carl Gingles as the stubborn
Scot gives a fine performance com-
bining the right quantity of fierce
pride and humble eagerness for
love that is necessary to sustain
the believeability of his character.
Mary Ann Stevenson is comfort-
able as the nurse, but lacks a

subtle warmth and tenderness es-
sential to the part.
"Yank" (John Kokales) is total-
ly at ease on stage and appears to
realize that humor rests not in
volume but in timing and nuance.
"Obese" and lovable Tommy (John
Mathews) provides the most con-
sistently amusing characterization.
LESS POLISHED, but equally
competent characters were por-
trayed by Ron Sossi (Digger), Bob
Green (the Colonel), and William
Taylor (Kiwi), Charles Sleet with
his one word line expresses beauti-
fully the notion that a single ges-
ture is often worth a thousand
words.
Theunfortunate performance of
the evening was that 'of Herbert
Schefline as the Orderly. His over-
use of gestures and his lack of
subtlety jarred the audience into
a first act notable for general poor
timing by all cast members.
Julian Stienon has designed a
remarkably realistic set, but one
which generally limits movement
to walks across the front of the
stage. There are moments when
the audience feels it is watching a
tennis match rather than a play.
"The Hasty Heart" is truly en-
joyable so long as it manages to
separate its themes of humor and
tenderness from the harsher real-
ity of premature death. In the last
scene these themes merge to the
embarassment of the audience
which has difficulty deciding
whether to laugh, weep, or just
remain bewildered.
-Jo Hardee

I1

Crumbling Concrete

[HE AGE-OLD cry for a demilitarized zone
in central Europe, has been heard once
gain during the Macmillan-Khrushchev talks.
ver the years such a plan has occasionally
rved to deter nations that were tempted to
istigate ,a war.
But this was all in the time of conventional
eapons. No longer are nations limited to the
se of men on foot or small plane-carried
:mbs in their attempts to destroy one an-
ther. This is a period in which guided missiles
rmed with atomic warheads can span any
lanned restricted zone in a few seconds.
Even with only conventional weapons the
ggressor would still retain the advantage if
art of Europe should become de-militarized.
Vith the high speed transportation now avail-
ble to the armed forces of countries such
s Russia, troops could storm across any re-
tricted zone and most of Western Europe be-
ore the West, grown complacent through de-
endence on the zone, could muster up its
eager forces.

For the moment, considering that the de-
militarized zone would have a constructive
effect, one more problem, stands out blocking
its adoption. The basic conflicts between the
West and Russia would make adoption of
any plan requiring nations to give up their
means of protection next to impossible. End-
less arguing over where the lines should be
drawn would only increase the high level of
tension that exists today.
A demilitarized zone, in fact, does not really
offer any sort of a solution to the problem of
Berlin as it exists today. The whole thing
sounds as if it might have been a last-minute
attempt to get something concrete out of the
Macmillan-Khrushchev talks, after the two
men discovered they could not agree on any-
thing of positive value. Even if weapons are
outlawed from parts of Europe, the underlying
problems of Berlin and the unification of Ger-
many would remain.
-KENNETH McELDOWNEY

SGC IN REVIEW:
To Debate Rush Under Big-Top'

To The Editor

TODAY AND TOMORROW:
The Pe of o Softness
'r By WALTER LIPPMANN

By JEAN HARTWIG
Daily Staff Writer
STUDENT Government Council'
members were an especially
congenial group at Wednesday's
meeting. ,
Mellowed by a satiating dinner
at President Hatcher's house, the
group managed to stumble through
a messy tangle of parliamentary
procedure snags with a minimum
of verbal in-fighting. Even David
Kessel, hiding behind a 15-inch
cigarette holder, was carried away
by the convivality and reduced to
convulsions of laughter by his own.
joke.
* * *
ONE OF THE most intriguing
points of business concerns the
formidable 70 pages Rushing
Study Report. The Council ex-
amined the data presented in the
volume this week, and a motion
to abolish spring rush in favor of
fall may be forthcoming during
next week's gathering.
Because spring rush is already
"on the books," any further pro-
posal must advocate a specific
change in the rushing time, re-
turning it to the traditional fall
period. Council President Maynard'
Goldman said a motion simply to
abolish spring rush without a
stipulation for a change in time
will not be recognized.
This is obviously to protect the
sororities from a possible motion
leaving them completely without
any rushing period. Such a move
could abolish rush altogether, leav-
ing everyone in the lurch.
Although the debate on the de-
tailed report promises to be long
and loud, with Council members,
committee members and constitu-
ents each adding their comments,
the whole procedure ought to 'be
quite jolly.
As several Council members
pointed out, it has the potential of
developing into something uncom-

fortably close to a three-ring cir-
cus. In one ring, glaring women
will deliver their three-minute
platforms, with affirmative and
negative factions giving an hour
of alternate performances.
Attention will then focus on
another circle where Council mem-
bers will go through their forma-
tions, with one of the troupe
speaking for the motion and his
fellow-performers haggling over
its pros and cons, finally settling
the controversy with a vote.
In the center of the ring, ring-
master Goldman will hold the
chair and the whip, attempting to
keep the performers on their re-
spective "stools." A cheering crowd
attracted by the meaty issue will
surround the entire proceedings,
adding 'their bit to the 'festive
occasion.
* * *
The procedure itself, established
by the Council's executive com-
mittee, is probably the most effi-
cient under the circumstances. All
factions will get an equal chance
to express their opinions and
everyone will be able to observe
the proceedings.
But the choice of arena seems
an extreme measure. Any such
gathering, whether it be a rushing
or a study meeting forum seems
to lose its "around the table" feel-
ing in the echoing ballroom's emp-
tiness.
Come Again?
From a recent British admiralty
instruction: "It is necessary that
these warheads be stored with the
top at the bottom and the bottom
at the top. In order that there be
no doubt which is the bottom for
storage purposes, it will, be seen
that the bottom of each head has
been labelled 'Top ' "
-National Review

Somehow, the whole concept is
just not conducive to serious de-
liberation and rings of a political
rally or a freshman mixer. Al-
though, as Goldman explained, a
show is a show whether it is in
the Lydia Mendelssohn or on
Broadway, it slpuld also be
pointed out actors can communi-
cate quite a bit more softly and
freely in the former.
Naturally, the present Council
chamber would not be nearly ade-
quate for a meeting of such wide
interest, but it seems that more
"personal" quarters could have
been found. that would not invite
such a party atmosphere.
A precedent may come from the
policy, however. There would be
just enough time at the intermis-
sion for a brisk fox-trot or two.
** *
ONE OF THE most academically
worthwhile activities of its career
was also implemented by SGC this
week.
With a total allocation of $600
of its precious funds, the Council
will bring six or seven experts in
various fields to the campus to
spend a day visiting classes, talk-
ing in residence at meals and in
general, making theniselves avail-
able to students.
Although some objections arose
over the merits of such a program
in addition to the University's al-
ready existing lecture program, the
SGC plan is intended to reach the
"man on the street" student.
Since the visitors will speak to
undergraduate classes and in a
more relaxed atmosphere than the
special graduate seminars and lec-
tures presented by the University
series, the program should prove
to be of much value and well worth,
the sum.
* * *
A SPECIAL "welcome back, you
made it" is also in order for the
revamped J-Hop-one of the last
Mohicans of University tradition.

Counseling
To the Editor:
REJECTION of student respon-
sibility by the student himself
is the most disturbing aspect of
the Literary College Steering Com-
mittee's refusal to cooperate in the
coming student-faculty-adminis-
tration conference on counseling.
The committee obviously has
grounds for maintaining that their
body has spent enough time in the
area of counseling. But they are in
far shakier territory when they
assume the defeatist attitude that
no student or student group can
accomplish anything in this area.
The recent report of the Univer-
sity Counseling Committee makes
it clear that in the future, the
student shall have to take the
initiative on matters concerning
counseling and its problems.
It is true that much should be
improved on the counselor's side;
the counselor must be better in-
formed, better trained, and, less
prcused for time. However, all this
will be to no avail if students do
not take advantage of such im-
proved counseling facilities.
Thus, a conference on counseling
must encourage the student to

fulfill his responsibility in thii
area. This responsibility is a dual
one. First, the student is, person-
ally responsible as he maps out his
academic career: he must make
the decisions; the counselor can
only guide.
Second, the student must take
the initiative in improving the
counseling system. Through the
Counseling Report, the University
officials are now aware of student
discontent in this area. In such a
conference, they would have a
chance to hear student suggestions
for specific improvements in the
counseling setup. Furthermore, the
student would also learn adminis-
trative and faculty viewpoints con-
cerning counseling.
Hence, the conference would be-
come a meeting place in which
information could be disseminated
and ideas exchanged by three
groups -faculty, administration,
and students - desiring improve-
ment in the counseling area.
If this would be a "pooling of
ignorance" as one Steering Com-
mittee member so blandly put it,
one might as well forget the edu.
cational process.
-Roger Seasonwein

HE PRESIDENT'S budget is now a football
in a political scrimmage. Both parties are
pretending that they are struggling to balance
the budget. In fact neither the Administration
nor the Congress shows any sign of being
willing to vote the taxes which are absolutely
essential if the budget is to be balanced.
As of now, both parties regard as untouchable
the income tax rates which were fixed in 1954,
the date of the Eisenhower reduction of taxes.
The President's budget plan, if we accept some
rather fancy calculations, can be brought into
balance - but only if Congress will raise postal
rates and increase the gasoline taxes. As Con-
gress is certain to reject the new taxes, the of-
ficial theory of the Democrats seems to be that
they can balance the budget by cutting down
on what the President has asked for in foreign
aid.
BOTH PARTIES have now worked themselves
into a jam which, considering the state of
the world, is not an inspiring thing to look at.
The Republicans have gotten themselves into a
position where they must "save" on spending
for native American needs-such as education
and public facilities, almost certainly also the
national defense" But the Republicans, as the
great savers, are implored by the President to
spend abroad on foreign aid the sums they
would like to spend here at home.
The Democrats on the other hand have
worked themselves into the embarrassing posi-
tion where they, the party of Wilson, Roose-
velt, Truman and Stevenson, are threatening to
save on foreign aid in order to spend more at

ists. Could such a topsy-turvy situation have de-
veloped if politicians iin both parties had not
forgotten the realities of our national needs
while they play politics with the budget and
with taxes?
W HAT HAS HAPPENED to all these earnest
and patriotic men? They have become en-
tangled in a dogma which few of the members
of Congress and none of the leaders in Wash-
ington have the courage to challenge. What is
the dogma? Is it that the budget should be
balanced? No. The budget should if possible be
balanced, and if that is impossible, there should
nevertheless be a serious attempt made to bal-
ance it.
The dogma which confuses the whole situa-
tion and the position of both parties is that the
budget must be balanced without raising the
income tax rates. The crux of the matter is the
acceptance by both sets of political leaders of
the dogma that the income tax rates of 1954
are sacrosanct.
Once that dogma is accepted, the budget can-
not be balanced except by two equally unac-
ceptable methods. One is to balance it by taxes
on consumption. This is something that Con-
gress will not now do. The other method is to
balance the budget at the expense of our na-
tional defense and of our foreign policy, and of
our internal public needs and development. This
is something that the country cannot afford to-
do.
Here, having accepted the dogma about the
1954 income tax rates, we have locked ourselves
in a room from which there is no decent exit.

SDAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Dailyaassumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, 'before 2 p.m. the dlay preced-
ing publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
FRIDAY, MARCH 6, 1959'
VOL. LXIX, NO. 110
General Notices
Summer Housing applications for

graduate and undergraduate women's
housing will be accepted from women
now registered on campus beginning at
noon, Mon~, March 9, at the Office, of
the Dean of Women on the first floor
of the Student Activities Bldg. Appli.
cations will be accepted for residencs
halls and supplementary housing.
Summary action taken by Student
Government Council at its meeting
March 4, 1959.
Approved minutes previous.meeting.
Appointed Scott Chrysler to work
with the National and International
Committee to evaluate the relationship
(Continued on Page 8)

LABOR LEGISLATION:
Act Prohibits Six 'Unfair' Practices in Unions

Surely, there is something inherent
in a situation where the Republican.
globalists and the Democrats are the9

ly absurd WHAT IS in prospect now, unless there is a
s are the T revival of national leadership at both ends
isolation- of Pennsylvania Avenue is, first, a budget which
does not balance because Congress and the
President between them will not produce the
taxes necessary to balance it; second, a budget
k d which does not support our national interests
at home and abroad, and will, therefore, have to
be supplemented in the near future by extra-
ordinary appropriations.
While this is going on we shall have to pay
9Editor the price of having neglected our national needs
because we were too soft and too timid to tax
ourselves enough,
e0 irectonr(c) 1959 New York Herald Tribune Inc.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Today's article
Us the third in a series of four deal-
ing with labor legislation. Yesterday's
story discussed the effects of the
Taft-Hartley Act on employers, and
tomorrow's will be concerned with
the probable shape of such legislation
during the current Congressional ses-
sion.)
By RALPH LANGER
Daily Staff Writer
AFTER 11 YEARS of sunny gov-
ernmental skies, clouds gath-
ered and unions in 1947, found
themselves the target of many of
the Taft-Hartley Act's restrictive
clauses.
Aimed at re-balancing the one-
sidedness of the Wagner Act,
which restricted employers and
left workers free to strike and
picket, the 1947 law placed six
main prohibitions on unions. Most
of the previous restrictive clauses
on employers were also retained,
but the unions howled anyway.'
Unions were now forbidden to
force or restrain employees in
matters connected with joining or
refusing to join collective bargain-
ing organizations, although this

operation. The prohibition has had
little enforcement backing it, how-
ever, and closed-shop industries
have, for the most part, either
downright ignored it or found ways
to circumvent it.
Union were also forbidden to
strike or encourage any strike de-
signed to requireran employer or
self-employed person to join an
organization, or to force an em-
ployer to stop dealing with any
other person or business concern.
The latter was designed to prevent
the "secondary boycott," in which
strikers picket or strike against
one company in hopes of bringing
pressure on another firm.
Controversy has raged over this
provision and over just where the
distinction between primary and
secondary actions is to be drawn.
The Act also regarded it an un-
fair practice for strikers to force
an employer to recognize or bar-
gain with a union other than the
certified bargaining agent. This
clause was aimed at protecting
employers from strikes by a union

Senimore Says . **

job. The Taft-Hartley Act resulted
in the development of a definite
procedure to settle these jurisdic-
tional disputes.
Excessive initiative fees and
"featherbedding" or forcing em-

ployers to pay for service unper-
formed or not to be performed
were also declared unfair.
One of the most highly criticized
sections of the Act has been that
concerning the loyalty affidavit.

Under this provision, a labor or-
ganization was not a recognized
bargaining agent unless each offi-
cer of the local and of the national
organization certifies that he is
not a member of the Communist
Party or affiliated with or a be-
liever or contributor to it.
SOME LARGE unions only ini-
tially refused to comply with this
regulation. Others, however, lost
membership by their non-com-
pliance. The United Electrical,
Radio and Machine Workers of
America, the International Union
of Mine, Mill and Smelter Workers
and others were severely crippled
by membership losses to AFL-CIO
unions.
Two organizations, the Metal
Workers of America, and the
United Office and Professional
Workers of America allegedly re-
moved officers with Communist
connections and placed puppets in
their place. This move effectively
circumvented the provision and
regained MLRB recognition.
The Taft-Hartley Act also made

4

Editorial Staff
RICHARD TAUB, Editor
HAEL KRAFT JO
orial Director
DAVID TARR
Associate Editor

IHN
City

ALE CANTOR ............Personn
ZAM * T 4TV .2Y A t .. . a, lA1ifnri.

AN WILLO7UBX .... Associate Edtoria irector
jAN JONESs..........................Sports Editor
EATA JORGENSON.........Associate City Editor
IZABETH ERSKINE ... Associate Personnel Director
COLEMANL.............Associate Sports Editor
AVID. ARNOLD .........Chief Photographer

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This will be the last Lipp-
mann column until he returns in about a month
from a visit to London, Paris and the other Western
capitals.)

I."

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