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March 03, 1959 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1959-03-03

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ommittee Asks Change

in Science Distributio

By SUSAN HOLTZER
Radical changes in the natural science, mathematics-philosophy,
and humanities distribution requirements may be effected by the
literary college in the near future.
Under recommendations by the Natural Science Study Committee,
, the college may require four science courses, including three laboratory
courses from prescribed areas of study. The proposal would require
one semester of either chemistry of physics, one of either astronomy
or geology, acid one of botany or zoology, plus any fourth semester of
a science course.
Along with this, the Admissions Committee would require a
mathematics proficiency examination for entering freshmen.
Separate Math, Philosophy
Further possible changes, now being considered by the Humanities
Study Committee, would dissolve the mathematics-philosophy combi-
nation, placing philosophy under an increased Humanities requirement
and either placing math with the natural sciences or letting it stand
alone as a proficiency requirement.
The report of the Natural Science Study Committee explains that
a student may be excused from a possible eight hours of the require-
ments through an examination, "the level of passing being such that
the student could (if he wished) elect the next course in sequence in
the science:"' .

Student enrollment in each of the three groups would be equally He also denied the possibility that the science courses would have
divided between the two courses in the group, "by restricting the to be made easier, declaring that the mathematics proficiency test
number of laboratory sections in each science to accommodate "will make sure students have enough of a background before they go
one-half the anticipated enrollment in the group." into this program."
Copies of the Committee report have been sent to all the natural The recommendations were proposed because, judged by the stated
science departments, which are to examine the proposals and com- aims of the natural science distribution program, that program "does
municate their reactions back to the committee. not seem to be successful in appreciably effecting an understanding
Prof. Irving M. Copi of the philosophy department, chairman of and appreciation of scientific matters."
the college's Curriculum Committee, said "one of the departments in Of particular concern to the committee was the fact that less
the first grouping of courses" (Chemistry and Physics) has already than five per cent of non-science students take chemistry or physics.

i

See text of report, Page 2
expressed its objections to the report. The department said it could
not handle the large influx of students such a change would cause, and
also expressed doubts over the force aspect.
However, Prof. Copi emphasized that these changes would not
be immediate, and that they would not be instituted until there were
the facilities to handle them. He noted also that "we already force
students to take all sorts of things, so it is not a change in that
respect."
Prof. Copi commented that "there does not seem to be a place
for any courses but those listed," but suggested that a student who is
exempt from one course may choose another.'

"Physics and chemistry are difficult," the report declared, "so the
student does not elect them." And one of the problems along this line,
is the lack of mathematics preparation among entering freshmen.
Low Level in Math
A proficiency test in mathematics, given to 1,875 entering fresh-
men in 1957, found the level "disappointingly low," the report says.
The test represented approximately 10th year high school level,
and the minimum requirement in the natural sciences was theoretically
a full 100 per cent. Only 29 of those tested reached that score; only
25 per cent reached the 85 per cent level.
The committee found "a very close correspondence" between
mathematics proficiency and both success in and selection of physics
and chemistry. It also noted that "the low proficiency . . . cannot be

ascribed to the lack of high school preparation, since . ..over 95 per
cent take two units" of high school math, the general level of the
examination.
Teaching Fellows Considered
The problem of maintaining a sufficient teaching fellow program
also came under study by the committee, which noted that because of
this, departments must attract a fairly sizeable enrollment,
"It would be professional suicide for any department to drastically
change its course in order to improve the teaching of science to the
non-scientists," the report declared, "if such a change were to reduce
the enrollment to the level where it causes deterioration of the gradu-
ate program in that field."
"Departmental competition" was considered another factor forcing
departments to keep their courses easier, lest students turn to another
department.
The Conmittee also dealt with the possibility of an interdiscipli-
nary program, but said it "feels strongly that it should first strengthen
the science education of the non-scientist." It suggested that after
most students are able to be exempt from one of the required courses,
"the program may then be made to complete the tie between natural
science and social sciences by requiring history and philosophy
courses."

*

PUTTING SCIENCE
IN ITS PLACE
See Page 4

Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial. Freedom

~aiI&

COLD, CLOUDY

VOL. LXIX, No. 107 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, MARCH 3,1959 FIVE CENTS

SIX PAGES

Russians Still Prefer
Meeting at Summit
Kremlin Okays April for Beginning
Of Meetings at Geneva or Vienna
MOSCOW VP) - Soviet Russia agreed yesterday to a Foreign
Ministers' conference on West Berlin and a German peace treaty,
though stressing that it would still prefer summit talks.
A friendly windup to Prime Minister Harold Macmillan's mis-
sion to Moscow attended the dispatch of Soviet notes to the Western
Big Three and West Germany on these chief problems of the cold
war.
t The Kremlin assented to Western proposals for a conference in
Vienna or Geneva and suggested it start in April with a time limit of

Toward

aunc les

Newest

Rocket

Proposed

Solar

Orbi

<

I West Greets
Proposition
With Caution
WASHINGTON W - Top offi-
cials cautiously welcomed yester-
day Russia's acceptance of West-
ern proposals for a Big Four
foreign ministers conference on
Berlin and Germany.
But they showed no enthusiasm:
for Russia's insistence on a later
summit conference -unless sub-
stantial progress is made by the
foreign ministers in settling Ger-
man problems.
The state department withheld
all comment on Russia's new note.
Authoritative officials, however,
viewed it as moving the Kremlin
only a few inches toward the West-
ern position, because of the condi-
tions Moscow attached.
Nevertheless, those officials
greeted with relief Moscow's ap-
parent willingness' to talk before
the May 27 deadline the Kremlin
r has set for ending four - power
German rule.
The Soviet note marked a slight
backing down by Soviet Premier
Nikita Khrushchev, who only a
week ago denounced a foreign
ministers meeting on Germany
as a waste of time.
In a speech in Moscow last
Tuesday, Khrushchev urged a
summit parley because he said a
foreign ministers session "would
lose a great deal of valuable time"
and would hardly be of much use.
This apparent new Soviet con-
cession, however, was coupled with
a demand that Czechoslovakia and
Poland be given equal voices with
the Big Four nations in determin-
ing Germany's future.
The Western Big Three have
vigorously opposed giving these
two Soviet allies any such prom-
inent voice on German issues. The
West may maintain this opposition
despite Russia's attitude.
U.S. Laekhing
Missile Defense
WASHINGTON (R) - Secretary
of Defense Neil M. McElroy said
yesterday it will be some years be-
fore the United States has a der
fense against missiles-and even
then there is no guarantee it can
stop more than a modest number
launched in mass attack.
McElroy, in testimony before the
House Space Committee, said
America's best missile defense for'
some time to come will be United

two or three months for comple-
tion of its work.
This might run the talks into
midsummer.
Deadline Scrapped-
Western diplomats said the
proposal for two or three months
of negotiation starting in April
showed the Soviet Union has long
since scrapped May 27 as an ab-
solute deadline for settlement of
the West Berlin question.
They pointed out that since
Premier Nikita Khrushchev set
the original date, Soviet officials
both here and abroad -- including
Deputy Premier Anastas I. Mi-
koyan in the United St4es-have
reiterated that no deadline exists
and that the proposal contains
no ultimatum.
The suggestion for such a long
period of negotiation was de-
scribed by one Western diplomat
as, "the one encouraging section
of the note."
'Best Chance'
The notes proposed that the
.government chiefs get together
on the ground that a summit
meeting has "the greatest chance
of achieving positive results."
But if the West is not yet ready
for that, the notes said, foreign
ministers of the Big Four powers,
plus Communist Poland and.
Czechoslovakia, could be called at
the same time and place. Diplo-
mats expected there would be no
Western objection to inclusion of
Poland and Czechoslovakia, al-
lies of the Russians in the War-
saw Pact.

City Councl
Considets
Art Advisor
A proposed Art Commission was
considered by the Ann Arbor City
Council at its meeting last night.
The commission, if. established,
would concern itself with the ap-
pearance of the city. It would ad-
vise various units of the city
government about the installation,
removal, relocation and alteration
of works of, art, buildings and
other structures on city property.
The Council voted to table the I
proposal until March 16, asking
City Attorney Jacob F. Fahrner,
Jr., to rephrase some parts of the
proposed ordinance so as to clearly
avoid hampering officials in the
performance of certain adminis-
trative tasks.
One of these might be the mov-
ing of a parking lot caretaker's
shed from the front of the lot to
the back.
Under the proposal, structures or
works of art could not be moved,
acquired, altered or installed un-
less the commission had made a
recommendation about the action.
The membership of the com-
mission as proposed would be two
registered architects, one land-
scape architect, one painter or
designer, one sculptor or ceramist
and two other qualified persons.
The mayor, city administrator.
and city planning director would
be members ex-officio.
The commission was proposed
by a group of fifteen citizens con-
cerned about the city's appearance.

THREE SEEK REELECTION:

Nineteen Submit Petitions for SGC

n

A final total of 19 petitions have
been submitted for Student Gov-
ernment Council positions, Rich-
ard Erbe, '61, Elections Director,'
announced yesterday.
Among those seeking the seven
open positions on the Council are
'to Exam-i-ine
work Statute'
KANSAS CITY, Kan. (P) - The'
first court .test of Kansas' right-
to-work law was initiated yester-
day when several employes of a
mamufacturing firm here obtained
an order restraining the company
and Teamsters Local 498 from dis-
charging them or seeking their dis-
charge,
At issue in the case is the so-
called agency shop, a labor con-
tract provision that non-union em-
ployes pay a sum of money equal
to the union's regular' monthly
dues.
Seven of some 65 Cardinal Man-
ufacturing Co. employes who did'
not join the union recently were
notified by the union that it would
request they be fired if they did
not pay the service fee by Sunday.
In granting the restraining or-
der, Judge 0. Q. Claflin III of the
Wyandotte County District Court
said "immediate and irreparable
injury" would be suffered by the
plaintiffs otherwise.
Judge Claflin set for Saturday a
hearing on a petition for a tem-
porary injunction.

incumbents Jo Hardee, '60, David
Kessel, Grad., and Roger Season-
wein, '61. Three others, Mort Wise,
'59, Fred Merrill, '59, and Scott'
Chrysler, '59BAd., will not seek
another term.
Petitions were received from
Conrad Batchelder, '60E, Bruce
Bowers, '60, Harry Cummins, '61,
James Damm, '61E, John Feld-
kamp, '61, Michael Fishman, '59,:
Robert Garb, '62, and Kenneth
Hudson, Spec.
The list also includes Konrad;
King, '62E, Morton Meltzer, '61,
Barbara Miller, '60, David Part-
ridge, '60BAd., John Quinn, '62,
Howard Stein, '61, David Went-
worth, '62, and Phillip Zook, '60.
Publications Board
Petitioners for positions on the
Board in Control of Student Pub-
lications are Robert Goyer, '61,
Alan Jones, '59, Lawrence- Snider,
'60; and Allan Stillwagon, '59.
Nominations submitted by action
of the Managers' Council for the
Board in Control of Intercollegiate
Athletics include John Tidwell,
'61, and Thomas Jobson, '61Ed.
Alvin Beam, '60, Murray Feiwell,
'60, and Joel Levine, '60, have turn-
ed in petitions for president of the
literary college senior class. Carol
Holland, '60, Noel Lippman, '60,
and Harvey Lapides are running
for vice-president. Marianna Frew,
'60, and Carol Shapiro, '60, have
petitioned for secretary and Rich-'
ard Friedman, '60, and Sarah-Row-
ley, '60, for treasurer.
Petitioners for senior officers
of the business administration
school are Alan Greenberg,

'60BAd., and Robert Baer, '60BAd.,
for president; Lawrence Sherman,r
'6OBAd., and Donald Kohnstamm,
'60BAd., for vice-president; David'
Katz, '6OBAd., for secretary; and
Lawrence Silver, '60BAd., for
treasurer.
Education Schpol
Education school officer candi-
dates include Suzanne Freed-
stromm, '60Ed., for secretary and
Joanne Greenwald, '60Ed., for
treasurer. Barry Peebles, '60E, has
filed a petition for engineering
school president and Fred Horn-
bacher, '60, for vice-president.
Positions as Union student direc-
tors have been petitioned for by,
Donald Medalie, '60L, Bruce Mc-
Ritchie, '59, John Galarneault,
'61, Robert Olson, '62M, Sanford
Holo, '60, Clifford Hart, '60L, and
Harold Lubin, '60.
SGC Planning
Open Forum
Student Government Council is
tentatively planning an open forum
where everyone can question theI
candidates, SGC Elections Director
Richard Erbe, '61, said Sunday.
Speaking on WCBN's weekly
program, "Student Government
Council in Action," he explained
that the event is "still embryonic,"
but may be held in the near future.
He also called the list of those
petitioning for seats on the Coun-
cil "a pretty favorable turnout at
this stage of the game."

Sends Pioneer Forth

To Count Radiation
Scientists Plan Satellite To Circle
Sun Half-Million Miles from Earth
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. {M - A roaring Juno II rocket
was launched early today carrying Pioneer IV, a potential sun
planet.
The smooth performance ot-the 76-foot launching rocket
meant that a 13-pound gold-plated probe is free and is soap
ing through space alone.
The mission of Army scientists was to hurl Pioneer IV
past the moon 221,000 miles away in 34 hours and finally into
a solar orbit a half million
miles from earth.
Measures Radiation
Pioneer IV is a conical shaped
orb loaded with instrumentation
to measure two doughnut-shaped
radiation fields that pose a threat
to manned space travel.
The first four and one-fourth By CHARLAINE ACKERMAN
minutes were critical for the bul- Prof. Robert Crane of the his-
let shaped Juno II, a modified tory department and Prof. Henry
Jupiter intermediate range ballis- L. Bretton of the political science
tic missile topped by three stages department last night debated the
of spinning sergeant rockets. The effectiveness of neutralization in
whole assembly as it left the reducing international tension in
Earth was 76 feet long and Central Europe and the Middle
weighed about 60 . tons with its East,
fuel. "Any future war between the
The new probe housed four major powers will result not from
types of equipment, including a calculated decisions made by these
two Geiger-Mueller tubes, no powers but most likely from un-
larger than a cigarette, were foreseen events or miscalcula-
aboard to gather further data on tions," Prof. Crane said in defense
the great radiation belt. 'of neutralization. He told the
The glowing white missile be- gathering at the First Internal-
gan a steady climb, gushing out tional Student Association debate
a bright tail of white flameg of the semester, "It seens. sensible,
. Scanning Device therefore, to reduce the possibility
An ingenious pistol-shaped de- of miscalculations and tension-
vice rides aboard the Pioneer IV producing -situations by neutraliz-
space-probe to test whether pic- ing the areas of conflict."
tures of the moon might eventual- Criticizing the resolution, Prof.
ly be made in space with the help Bretton asserted, "Neutralization
of the moon's own reflected light. requires both a superior arranging
This tricky gadget is a photo- force as well as subjects in whose
electric sensor designed to scan interest it is to be neutralized, and
the moon when it gets close I find evidences of neither.'
enough and pick up light reflect- Discourage Probing
ed from it. The device is mounted Prof. Crane set forth, in support
on the bottom of the probe, of the topic, the theory that neu-
If it works the way scientists tralizing unstable areas would
hope, the gadget would in turn both discourage probing and fre-
activate a triggering device of a quently cause misinterpreting of
type that could be used in future enemy and native, power as well as
space experiments to activate pic- inviting provocation and retalia-
ture-taking mechanisms, such as tion.
a TV-type camera. "The importance of the inhabi-
Visible for Three Minutes tapts in. the conflict areas must
The missile was in sight among also be considered," -he continued.
the stars for more than three "The presence of neutral states
minutesbefore it suddenly puffed whose peoples have agreed to be
out. neutralized, may well exert a pow-
If all went well, the probe would erful deterrent against aggressive,
pass within 10.000 miles of the friction-producing activity.
moon in 33 hours, 45 minutes be- "The elimination of the treat-
fore being lured later into a wide ment of natives as pawns in the
orbit around the sun, struggle for power will also lessen
local conflict. A neutral area,"
Prof. Crane further asserted, "is
S ee g P1denied as an arena for probing
StillSe inf and retaliatory action, andmi-
gates the possibilities of an explo-
Y17 QP" PPTefnR

TIDWELL GETS REVENGE WITH 33 POINTS:
Michigan Cagers Come from Behind To Trip Illini, 10195

By FRED KATZ1
The basketball player Illinois would have loved to have on its'
team showed why last night as he sparked Michigan to a sensational'
come-from-behind 101-95 victory over the Illini.
John Tidwell, a native of Herrin, Ill., poured in 33 points, 20 in
the second half, to allow the Wolverines to overcome a nearly disastrous
17-point deficit in the closing minutes.
Tidwell's great performance was pleasing not only from the stand-
point of beating his homestaters. It also compensated for a mere two
points he scored in Michigan's first meeting with these same Illini.
Second Win Over Illini
Michigan won that one too, 87-85, thus making last night's game
the first time Coach Bill Perigo has beaten Illinois twice in one season.
The Wolverines' victory enabled them to leap from sixth to second
place in the Big Ten. There's only one hitch: Michigan has plenty of
company at that position (five other teams have identical 7-6 records).
All Conference members end the season Saturday. Michigan hosts
Minnesota. A win will assure the Maize and Blue of a share of the
runnerup position; a loss could plunge them into the second division
for keeps.
Records Smashed
Records almost automatically fall by the wayside when free-
wheeling Illinois comes to town. Last night was no exception. The
trn..tam tnta lf 196 nnints broke by five the old Yost Field House

I

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