Sixty-Eight Years of Editorial Freedom
IN UKE A LAMB
See Pace 4
VOL. LXIX, No. 106
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, MARCH 1, 1959
EAST GERMANY: -
MOSCOW (W)-Premier Nikita Khrushchev is making a surprise
trip to East Germany, possibly foreshadowing the next Soviet move in
the Berlin crisis.
The official Tass news agency yesterday said tersely that Khrush-
chev will visit the International Trade Fair at Leipzig. It did not say
when, nor would the foreign ministry give a date. The fair opens today.
The press chief of the Soviet embassy in East Berlin, V. M. Beburov,
said Khrushchev is expected to
By KENNETH McELDOWNEY
The capacity of the nation's un-
employment system was not fully
used to support the economy dur-
ing the last recession, a report
released yesterday by three Uni-
yersity professors claims.
Over $7 billion dollars in un-
employment reserve funds were
not used, the report says. The
professors say if $1.5 to $2. bil-
lion of this money had been avail-
able the hardships of many of
the Jobless could have been pre-
These funds could have been
used, if state and federal unem-
ployment laws would have allowed
it. To 'make use of these funds
they recommend that the unem-
ployment coverage be extended to
include both employees in small
firms and some groups of farm
The professors on the commit-
tee are Dean Fedele F. Fauri, of
the social work school, Prof. Wil-
liam Haber of the economics de-
partment and Prof. Wilbur J. Co-
hen of the public welfare admin-
Also recommended is that the
maximum duration of the bene-
fits be increased to at least 30
weeks. The payments should also
be increased to cover 50 per cent
Sof the salary,, they say. This fig-
uire would be reached in i period
of six years.
In order to equalize 4the exces-
sive costs of- unemployment in-
surance, in some areas due to
national economic conditions,
they also suggest that an equali-
zation fund be set up.
The committee recommended
that the present federal tempor-
ary unemployment compensation
law be extended past its present
expiration date of March 31.
In breaking down the unem-
ployed'by occupations the survey
found that one in tenmof the cleri-
cal and sales personnel were out
of work, compared with two out
of ten for those in the service oc-
cupations and three out of ten
craftsmen. The proportion rose
to four out of ten for those un-
skilled laborers. .
And the survey discovered that
the public felt the government
had done a good job, by a ratio
of two to one.
arrive in Leipzig Wednesday.
After Closing Meeting
This will be after a closing meet-
ing with visiting British Prime
Minister Harold A. Macmillan in
the Kremlin tomorrow. Macmillan
will leave for home Tuesday.
There was speculation that
Khrushchev might use the visit
to discuss a separate peace treaty
with East Germany, following the
failure to make any progress on
the German question in talks with
Separate Treaty Possible
The government newspaper Iz-
vestia quoted Deputy Premier
Anastas I. Mikoyan as saying a
separate peace treaty for East Ger-
many may be in the wind. .
"If the Western powers do not
agree to conclude a peace treaty
with Germany," Mikoyan said,
"then this will compel the Soviet
Union ... to sign a peace treaty
with the German Democratic
(East German) Republic."
(East German Communist party
boss Walter Ulbricht in a West
German newspaper interview
backed the Soviet suggestion that
East and West Germany form a
loose federation. He said West
German "militarism" must end
before Germany can be reunited.)
BERLIN ()-An angry and anx-
ious West waited yesterday for the
next Soviet move in the Berlin
It may come this week when
Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev
flies to East Germany, ostensibly
to attend the fair at Leipzig.
May Seek Way Out
Some Western quarters expressed
hope that Khrushchev in talks
with Communist East German
leaders may seek a face-saving
way to avoid the threat of a clash
with the West over Berlin.
But other sources felt Khrush-
chev will do or say nothing to re-
duce therising tension. They think
the 'Russians feel cocky enough to
stand by their demands that the
British, French and Americans pull
their garrisons from West Berlin
by May 27.
Point to Speech
Those who take the darker view
can point to Khrushchev's speech
last week that startled and an-
gered the West. It came at the
height of Prime Minister Harold
A. Macmillan's visit to the Soviet
Khrushchev renewed his warn-
ings against any Western attempt
to use force to stay in Berlin. Then
he said a foreign ministers' con-
ference on Germany, as proposed
in notes by the West, would be
useless. British diplomats believe
Khruschchev made his rambunc-
tious speech in an attempt to make
Macmillan give ground.
But Macmillan was not there
to gain or give ground.
By SUSAN HOLTZER
A recommendation to divide
social science distribution require-
ments into categories dealing with
larger-scale and smaller-scale so-
cial organizations is among
changes in the requirements cur-
rently before the faculty of the
The changes in the require-
ments, which would go into effect
Sept. 1, 1960, were proposed by the
Social Science Study Committee
through the literary college cur-
Other proposals set forth by the
committee would extend distribu-
tion courses into the junior and
senior years; remove the present
requirement of a two - semester
sequence in onesocial science; re-
duce the number of acceptable
courses, with the possibility of in-
stituting special new courses; and
encourage the development of in-
terdepartmental course offerings
to satisfy the requirements.
To Discuss Tomorrow
The committee report, originally
scheduled for a vote at tomorrow's
meeting of the college faculty,
will merely be up for discussion at
that date, according to Prof. Irv-
ing M. Copi of the philosophy de-
partment, curriculum committee
chairman. He said a vote will
probably be taken at the April
In recommending the new group-
ing of courses, the Committee
pointed out the need for "some
diversification within the social
science .area," declaring that "the
most important division" is be-
tween studies of small and large
Elect in Both Groups
A study of 827 junior and senior
non - social science' concentrates,
the report continues, reveals that
"with few exceptions, these stu-
dents were found to have elected
courses, in_ both groups." The
change, therefore, would merely
formalize an already-established
principle, the report declared.
The Committee held to the prin-
ciple . that distribution.., courses
should be aimed at the non-con-
centrate, "to serve as part of his
liberal education, not primarily as
an introduction to concentration."
Because of this, the report said,
such a course "should have a broad
coverage of topics, should provide
experience in the methods of the
area, and ,should convey to the
See NEW, Page 2
Plight of State
WASHINGTON (IP) - Gov. G.
Mennen Williams of Michigan yes-
terday blamed the Republican-
controlled State Legislature and
what he called Republican pro-
crastination for Michigan's finan-
He said however that in spite of
a Republican Legislature and what
he termed the Republican reces-
sion, there will be a solution to
Michigan's financial troubles be-
fore the Legislature goes home.
Sen. Estes Kefauver (D-Tenn.)
asked Gov. Williams what Con-
gress should do to get people back
Gov. Williams suggested "im-
provement of statistical analysis so
we know what's going on before
it's too late."I
_. - ..
By BARTON HUTHWAITE
An overwhelming majority of
Americans would rather see their
tax dollar go for medical research
than used to land the first man
on the moon, a recent nation-wide
Most Americans, a Survey Re-
search Center report released yes-
terday said, still support medical
studies in spite of a firm belief
that the United States is running
neck-and-neck with Russia in the
race for world scientific suprema-
More than one-half of the post-
Sputnik survey sample stated a
preference for medical science
when asked which of four projects
listed they would choose if money
were available for only one.
Few 'Ask for Moon'
Only three per cent picked
"putting the first man on the
moon," seven per cent chose basic
research in the sciences as chem-
istry and physics and 32 per cent
named studies in juvenle delin-
quency as their major preference
for their money.
Fifty-four per cent chose new
medical research as the most im-
portant area that this country
should be concerned with today.
Jack M. McLeod and James W.
Swinehart, assistant study direc-
tors, said the popularity of medi-
cal research can be traced to such
factors as 1) medicine is highly
relevant to the lives of most
people; 2) medical practice is
more tangible; and 3) the results
could bring benefits with little
chance of negative side effects.
See No Russian Edge
The Rockefeller Foundation-
sponsored survey also indicated a
majority of Americans gave no
STAMFORD, Conn. () - Max-
well Anderson, 70 years old, one of
America's most respected play-
wrights, died last night.
He suffered a stroke at his home
here Thursday. The Pulitzer Prize-
winning author died at Stamford
Hospital, where he had been parti-
ally paralyzed since the stroke.
Working on Musicail
When he was stricken, Anderson
was working on "a labor of love"-
a new musical play to be called
"Madonna and Child."
Anderson won the Pulitzer Prize
in 1933 for his play, "Both Your
Houses," and was given a number
of other awards for various of his
more than 30 plays.
Among those works were "What
Price Glory?" (written with Lau-
rence Stallings), "Winterset,"
"High Tor," "knickerbocker Holi-
day," Key Largo," and "Barefoot
Wrote Song Lyrics
Younger persons, though, per-
haps know Anderson best of all for
the lyrics of "September Song,"
which he wrote for "Knickerbocker
Anderson quit newspaper work
in 1924 to devote all of his time to
In addition to his plays, he had
written many movie and television
scripts, a book of verse-"You Who
Have Dreams"-and two volumes
on the, theater, "Off Broadway"
and "The Essence of Tragedy."
clear-cut edge to either America
or Russia in the science race.
Over one-fourth of Americansa
believed Russian science was
"greatly superior" to that of the
United States during a similar
1957 survey. The number who
rated the Soviet Union on top in
the science race dropped sharply
to eight per cent in the present
Persons with a college educa-
tion were more likely to rate Rus-
sian science as "ahead in some
areas, but not in others" than
were those with only a grade-
Majority Heard of Moons
The report continued that over
90 per cent of the United States'
adult population had heard of
satellites by mid-1958 as com-
pared to less than 50 per cent a
But less than one-third of those
who were aware of artificial
moons thought the satellites had
ap immediate scientific purpose.
Competition with Russia and
potential use in future space trav-
el were given as other purposes
for the earth moons. About one-
fourth of thosemwho had heard of
the satellites were unable to think
of a real purpose, the report said.
Education Good Indicator
Education, income and the
number of news media used by the
person were found to be good pre-
dictors of satellite awareness and
The report concluded that i
public is "less concerned w
what science is than with what
"Shortly after Sputnik I, b
fore our Explorers and Vangui
were launched, the public a
peared genuinely concerned,"
report said. The successful Am
ican launchings seemed to ha
dissipated much of this conce
just a few months later, it co
The State Legislature was
strongly urged yesterday to heed
the "critical" budget requests of
the engineering school.
The request came in a three-
page report released by the Engi-
neering Council, the engineering
governing student body.
Calling the engineering school
"oversaturated" -with students,
the report primarilycalled atten-
tion to the lack of adequate class-
room and laboratory space.
Legislature Will Receive
Council members - at - large
Richard Martens, '59E,* and Ar-
min Jocz, '59E, who compiled the
report, said it would be filed with
the Legislature in the "near fu-
Prof. Glenn V. Edmonson, as-
sociate dean of the engineering
school, backed up the student re-
port saying "very serious prob-
lems" exist due to an "increased.
number of students and the great-
er demand on educational pro-
The report' called the Legisla-
ture's attention to "over-worked"
faculty members, "obsolete lab-
oratory equipment" and a lack
of "maximum development of
courses due to space and faculty."
Has Space Shortage
The engineering school has a.
space "deficiency of over 278,000
square feet," the report said.
Quoting a Michigan Council of
College Presidents study, the stu-
dent report said the engineering
school had reached its maximum,
for space facilities in 1955.
The report also said the faculty
"must be increased from the cur-
rent 290 members to 560 in 1970"
to meet this "critical .situation."
"In order to get additional top
faculty members, "the engineer-
ing school must be able to offer
them competitive wages and
working conditions," the report
RUSH OVER-Scenes such as the one above will not occur for.
another semester at least, for rushing is ended and for many
pledging- will be begun today, at noon. Panhellenic will notify
all rushees whether or not they have received a bid. Ple'dging
ceremonies will take place at 4 p.m.
Today Determines Fate
For Sorority Rushees,
All good, bad and mediocre things come to an end.. . yes, Virginia,
At noon today rushees will receive notification as to whether they
have received an invitation to pledge. Those receiving an invitation
will pick it up at 4 p.m. at the League.
Until this time, back in the residence halls, prospective pledgees
are prospective pledgees. Nerves, depression and silence are typical
Poinjs to True Path
For Coast Rocket
VANDENBERG AIR FORCE
BASE, Calif. (P) - A Discoverer
satellite was hurled toward a polar
Eight hours after the launching
from this West Coast missile bases
the Air Force was optimistic but
could not 0 rn that the sategUt#
'lhad gone= ntoorbull
The ballistics missile division at
Inglewood, Calif., 170 miles south
of the launching site, said that
preliminary data radioed 'back by
the satelliteindicated the launch-
ing was successful and that the
second stage had ignited-on Achedw
Signals Not Received
Satellite radio signals Wid not
been received by either the Hawai-
ian or Alaskan tracking stations, a
spokesman said, but this did not'
necessarily mean the satellite was
not in orbit.
Rear Adm. John C. Clark, deputy
director of the advanced research
project agency, said:
"All information to date indi-
cates that the satellite should be
in orbit, but we cannot confirm
this at this hour." V.
Opens New Series
The firing of the satellite opened
a series of research shots designed
to show man how he can venture
'safely into space.
The 1,300-pound cylinder, 19
feet long and 5 feet wide, was
blasted skyward by a Thor inter-
mediate range ballistic missile.
Discoverer I is the first satellite
launched from this new West
Coast missile base170 miles north
of Los Angeles. It also is the first
aimed at a north-south orbit
around the poles. Previous United,
States satellites, fired from Cape
Canaveral, Fla., have orbited close
to the equator.
Fired at 1:49 p.m.
The 78-foot-high missile-combi-
nation-the satellite, actually, is
the entire second stage rocket
mounted on the Thor's nose-was
fired at 1:49 p.m. (PST).
It rose slowly from itspad In
sand dunes 200 yards from the
edge of the Pacific.
But it gathered speed quickly
from the 150,000-pound thrust of
the Thor engine.
Newsmen 10,000 feet away saw
It. soar like a white spear with its
tail afire straight upward; trailing'
a tremendous yellow plume of fire,
followed by white smoke.
Then it nosed over toward the
south, still rising, becoming finally
only ,a pinpoint of yellow light in
the blue sky.
A move to interest University
students in a youth march on
discrimination is getting underway
By The Associated Press
ATHENS - Parliament yester-
day endorsed the London agree-,
ment to make Cyprus an inde-
After a stormy, week-long de-
bate on the accord the house gave
Premier Constantine Karamanlis
his requested vote of confidence,
The combined opposition, in-
cluding the Moderate Liberals and
the Leftist Democratic Union,
charged the government had mis-
handled the issue by agreeing to
the island's independence instead
of its eventual union with Greece.
But Karamanlis' dominant Na-
tional Radical Union, which holds
173 of the 300 seats in the Cham-
ber of Deputies, was able to out-
CAIRO - A spokesman for the
Algerian rebel government said
yesterday he knew nothing about
reported military and financial
aid from Red China for the rebel
But highly placed sources in the
rebel government said an agree-
CONFERENCE MEET WARMUP:
Wolverines Run over Track Opponents
traits as the tension, and movie
Excitement for Members
Friday night was one of excite-
ment for sorority members. After
final desserts, there were hash
sessions, speeches for every rushee
and then each active drew up her
own preference list. These listst
were tabulated by rush chairmen
and their committees in an all-
Early in the morning the alpha-
betical first preference list was
posted. Near midnight last night,
the sororities were told by Panhel
who their pledges would be.
Capacity Up 50
Atlast 630 women can pledge,
reports Elizabeth A. Leslie, assist-
I ant dean of women reports. The
sorority system will be able to
absorb 50 to 60 more women this
year due to the est'ablishment of
a Phi Sigma Sigma chapter here
last spring and a request from five
sororities to raise their quotas by
Mrs. Leslie explained that sorori-
ties were allowed to raise their
quota by five, two and one-half
The five sororities received per-
mission from Panhel to use the
option this year, she said,' because
of their houses' "large-capacities."
The car of Marvin H. Goodrow,
staged a giant victory rally last
night to proclaim that theirs is a
"can-do" party operating against
a "can't do, stand-p'at, hold-still"
Those definitions were supplied
by Senate leader Lyndon B. John-
Teaming up with another Texan,
Speaker of the House Sam Ray-
burn, Sen. Johrison slashed at the
Eisenhower Administration's do-
mestic policies and defended the
Democratic record on national
finances. But on the crisis in Ber-
lin, Sen. Johnson said, this is a
nation united behind President
Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Honors New Democrats
From all over the country, up-
wards of 2,000 Democrats de--
scended on Washington with $100.
apiece to pay for a filet mignon
dinner and help cut down the
party debt. The blue-ribbon affair
honored new Democrats in House,
Senate and governors' mansions
who won in November.
Sen. Johnson, a contender for
the Democratic presidential nomi-
nationnext year, said in a pre-
pared speech that he wanted to
talk about "today and tomorrow
By JIM BENAGH
Michigan's track team, with its eyes focused on next week's Con-'
ference championships, almost doubled the score on four hapless
opponents last night as it put together a 90% total at Yost Field'
The Wolverines swept 10 of 12 firsts while watching its nearest
opponent, Purdue, fall 60 points back with 3Q1%2 markers. East York
(Ont.) Track Club was third with 14; Wayne State had four; and
Toronto scored two."
Cephas Wins Two;
The Michigan onslaught, paced by Dick Cephas' double win, led'
Coach Don Canham to say: "This is the best developing team I ever'
"If Illinois defeats us next week (at Madison, Wis.) it's going to
take a real great performance," he added.
Canham had the following facts to back him up:
1) Cephas, following the record-performances by three other
sophomores last week, entered his name in the varsity archives by
tying a mark of :07.4 held by four others in the 65-yd. low hurdles.
aM -, I ~