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February 24, 1959 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-02-24

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JARY 24, 1959

THE Ml gzGAN DAILY

'ARY 24, 1959 TINE MICHIGAN DAILY

- 7--'- -

Suino

Praises Exchange Program

By NORMA SUE WOLFE
"Possibly the main advantage of
any type of exchange between the
United States and the Soviet Union
is having as many Americans as
possible watching the Soviet people
in action-just to see what kind of
people they might have to deal
with," Mark Suino, Grad., said.
Suino was graduated from the
University in 1956, learned Russian
in the Army doing "intelligence
work of a sort" and was "inter-
ested enough to continue." A
teaching fellow in the Slavic lan-
guages and literature department,
he is presently working for his
doctorate. -
"I think at 'least 10 times as
many American students as are
studying Russian now should be
taking the language," Suino said.
English Popular
"The Soviet students with whom
I came in contact this past sum-
mer quoted a figure of 10,000,000
Soviets taking English," he con-
tinued, "either in regular educa-
tional institutions, night schools
or through correspondence.",
Because of his interest in ex-
change programs and knowledge
of the Russian language, Suino
served as interpreter during the
summer, for a group of '10 Soviet
citizens who participated in the
United States-Soviet Union Sum-
mer Exchange Project.
This program was conducted un-
der an agreement between the
Council on Student Travel in. New
York and the Soviet Committee
of Youth Organizations. It was
the first, large-scale reciprocal ex-
change of such groups between the
two countries.
Tour America
The 20 Soviet students who par-
ticipated spent four days in New
York City together. Then one unit
visited New England, the Midwest
and part of the South.
Suino's group toured Chicago,
stayed with farmers in Des Moines
and surrounding areas in Iowa,
and visited Palo Alto, Calif.,
Boulder, Colo., and Washington.
"Their announced purpose was
to find whatever they could about
life of young people in the United
States, young meaning between 18
and 35 years old," Suino said.
Meet Groups
Primarily interested in educa-
tion, the group visited colleges.
They also met *ith church groups,
Future Farmers and 4-H mem-
bers, but were disappointed not to
find groups of "young workers."
Suino described the group as be-
ing very well informed and just
filling in details on the United
States.
"They expressed no amazement

LIFETIME BENEFITS-A representative of a Chieago insurance'
company explains the benefits of an insurance policy to several

He leaned back in his chair and
added that ,the Americans waited
until the Soviets left and, decided
that their own ideas needed to be
more :carefully analyzed.
In the airplane leaving Denver,
there was a bomb scare. Consider-
ing' the group had heard of a
similar incident, Suino said, the
Soviets behaved well .when the
plane was forced to land and pas-
sengers and luggage searched.
See Baseball
-At a baseball game in Chicago,
a member of the group caught on
to the rules just when Suino's voice
gave out in the fifth inning, and
explained it to the rest of the
group.
"They seemed to be very upset
about the dirty, noisy subways in
New York," Suino said. "In Mos-
cow, subways they are used to
statues, soft music and cleanli-
ness."
In Iowa, the Russians taught
a farm family a card game in
which the losers have to pay the
forfeit of crawling under the card
table and crowing like a rooster.
"It was very interesting when
a 240-pound Soviet student and a
200-pound American farmer tried
to get under at the same time,"
Suino said.
Russians Honiesick
At the end of the tour, he com-
mented that all the students were
"pretty homesick" but some con-
fessed they wouldn't mind return-
ing to the United States for an-
other visit.
The plan which offer's American
graduate students a chance to
study in Soviet universities offers
similar advantages. In this system
of living with Soviet students,
American exchangees can see how
they act everyday at home rather
than when they are just on dis-
play, Suino concluded.

of the Soviet exchange students
the summer.
at much of anything here except
the lack of knowledge and under-
standing of Soviet affairs, such as
Communism, and the universal ig-
norancerofdSoviet literature," Su-
ino reported,
Party Members in Group
In his group were at least four
Communist party members and a
few Komsomolltes, including a
correspondent for the Komsomol
edition.of Pravda, and the head
of the Committee on Youth Or-
ganization.-
"Oneof my group members was
a pianist and a graduate student
at the Moscow Conservatory. He
got quite well acquainted with Van
Cliburn during competition there,"
Suino recalled.
While in Chicago, it was ar-
ranged for the Soviet pianist to

who visited this country during
visit Van Cliburn's rehearsal and
later the two did a short arrange-
ment on two pianos for a tel'evi-
sion show.
"We had trouble pushing away
women who flocked around him
and had to explain that he was
married to a ballerina,",he said.
Hold Discussions
On anothey part of the tour, the
Soviets were guests of a group of
Americansyoung people. During
discussions between the two
groups, the Soviets complained
that the Americans spent too much
time discussing the freedom of an
individual in abstract terms.
Americans, in turn,'were shaken
by the fact that each Russian
knew exactly what he was going to
do and where he was going, Suino
reported.

SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH:
Announce New Grant for Research

Important research directed to-
ward finding drugs to prevent or
treat virus diseases will continue
at the University's School of Pub-
lic Health under a grant of $144,-
010 from the March of Dimes.
The program will be- under the
direction of Prof. Thomas Fran-
cis, Jr., chairman of the epidemi-
ology department in the public
health school, who directed the
national evaluation of the Salk
polio vaccine field trials a few
years ago.

The investigations will center
on three fields: the search for
anti-virus drugs, a study of what
happens when a virus attacks a
living cell and followup studies
dealing with how long and effec-
tively the Salk vaccine provides
immunity against paralytic polio.
Viruses do their damage to the
living organism by invading liv-
ing body cells and destroying

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them or interfering with their life
processes.
So-called "miracle" drugs and
antibiotics like penicillin that
work against bacteria have little
or no effect on viruses. A further
complication to the problem is
that drugs now known to kill
viruses have a toxic effect on
people as well.
Thus the problem in anti-virus
drug research is to somehow find
chemical compound which, with-
out themselves doing any harm to
the cells of the body, will inter-
fere with and prevent the pro-
cesses by which viruses damage
cells, and perhaps kill the viruses
themselves.
Study Chemicals
The research group has already
studied many potentially promis-
ing chemicals against polio virus,
including even an extract from
orchids.
Some of these compounds have
been effective in preventing para-
lytic polio in mice, but not pro-
tective in monkeys. Others, how-
ever, were found to be effective
in preventing paralysis in mon-
keys. This research is expected to
be continued.
Meanwhile, it is suggested that
basic research being. undertaken
on the chemical changes that take
place in a cell when it is invaded
by polio virus may contribute the
key to finding effective drugs
against polio and other virus dis-
eases as well.
Seek Answers
The investigators will continue
to seek answers to the question of
how long does immunity to para-
lytic polio which is induced by
innoculation with the Salk vac-
cine last.
Another question to be an-
swered is whether the.Salk vac-
cine will work as effectively when
added to the standard diptheria-
whooping cough-tetanus vaccine
which is regularly given to chil-
dren. If the vaccine is found to be
effective in this combination, it is
probable that polio, immunization
will be added to that now received
almost as a matter of course by
all children with their regular in-
oculations during childhood.
Announcement of, the award
was made jointly by University
President Harlan Hatcher, and
Basil O'Connor, president of the
National Foundation, originally
the National Foundation for In-
fantile Paralysis.
Associated with Prof. Francis on
these studies are Prof. Gordon C.
Brown, Prof. Wilbur W. Acker-
mann, Prof. Kenneth W. Cochran
and Dr. Phillip Loh, all of the epi-
demiology department.

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