See editorial page
Bu1 t ilau
with snow flurries
VOL. LXXIX, No. 77 Ann Arbor, Michigan-Wednesday, November 27, 1968 Ten Cents
he great boycott: No grapes or .hanksgi
By DAVID SPURR Ann Arbor, Detroit, Grand Rap- important store in the campus way under pressure from the De- was willing to concede the moral Detroit Mayor Jerome P. Cavan- sities,
Daily News Analysis ids, Muskegon and other cities area," Mills explained, "because troit boycott group. question," he said. agh not to buy grapes for city versity
The Great Grape Boycott has around the state and the nation. we knew a lot of people shopping "We negotiated at each store," An entry in the Congressional operations was a key factor. Sup- Feldka
finally hit Ann Arbor and the state Among the activists responsi- would be sympathetic to the boy- said Mills, "making it quite clear Record by Sen. Harrison Williams ported by the United Auto Work- tableg
with full force. ble for the success of the boycott cott." that we were ready to go out and (D-NJ), states that grape pickers ers and legislators in Lansing, the Mic
Since the beginning of last is a young instructor in the Eng- "For the first couple of weeks, picket." have been denied rights of union- Detroit group finally pressured terday
week, virtually every major food lish department named Nicolaus it didn't work very well," said Kroger fell after A&P, and the izing and collective bargaining by major food chains into selling grapes
chain in southeastern Michigan Mills. Betsey Hirschfeld, a research as- rest-including the area's three the growers, their existing stock of grapes and man o
has stopped orders of California In September, Mills joined a sistant in the dental school who major independent markets-fol- Infant mortality rates among not ordering any more from Cali- tees,
grapes under the pressure of what group of area residents who sym- also participated in the picketing. lowed suit last week. the workers are reported to be 125 fornia-.suppor
is believed to the the largest na- pathized with the farm workers' "Then we started asking people Mills attributed much of the per cent higher than the national When the stock is sold out, it Stev
tional boycott in American history. plight, led by the Rev. Patrick not to enter the store at all." group's success to the fact that rate. The average life expectancy will be virtually impossible to buy rector
Behind it all is Cesar Chavez' Jackson of St. Thomas High the boycott is not a "University of a Southern California grape a California grape in southeastern Rob
United Farm Workers Union, AFL- School. Simultaneously, a similiar That worked. Over 640 people thing." picker is only 49 years, and their Michigan, and very difficult in MSU
CIO, which has struck all Cali- group with headquarters in De- turned around and walked away "We had support from the Dem- annual income is less than 3,000. other areas of the state. For ex- order
fornia grape growers in protest troit, the Michigan Boycott Office when they saw the picketers there ocratic Party and the Building At the same time that the Ann ample, A&P, Kroger, B o r m a n becaus
of the industry's refusal to co- of the UFW Organizing Commit- during the last few weeks. and Trades Council," he explained. Arbor group began to halt super- (Farmer Jack's), Great Scott, versy
operate with unionized labor. tee, had been picketing stores in "It must have caused a fan- And yesterday the Ann Arbor ' market orders for grapes, a sim- Chatham, and Food Giant have But
What began as walk-off-the- that area. tastic dent in the store's budget," Washtenaw Council of Churches iliar battle was being waged in all stopped orders in southeastern less,t
field protests against 34 grape The Ann Arbor group began by said Miss Hirschfeld. also announced support of the Detroit. Leader of the movement Michigan. Allied Supemarkets goes o
growers in Southern California's picketing the A&P on Huron St., It must have. After six weeks boycott. was Lupe Anguiano, a wdrker from (Wrigley, K-Mart, Packer), which strike
San Joaquin Valley three years asking people not to buy grapes the A&P stopped ordering grapes Mills made it clear that the Delano, Calif. where Chavez' UFW is statewide, has also stopped nized
ago has finally reached the pro- at the market. from its suppliers, and other stores only stopped stocking grapes has headquarters. orders. U.S. D
duce shelves of supermarkers in "We wanted to pick the most supermarkets around -the city gave for economic reasons. "No store The decision in September by The boycott has hit the univer-
too. Two months ago, Uni-
Housing Director John
mp stopped the serving of
grapes in residence halls.
higan State University yes-
decided to stop serving
after Don Stevens, chair-
f the MSU Board of Trus-
issued a public statement
'ting the boycott.
'ens is also educational di-
for the Michigan AFL-CIO.
ert Herron, manager of the
Food Store said, "I gave the
today not to buy grapes .
e there's so much contro-
even as families go grape-
the struggle in California
n. Despite the fact that the
has been officially recog-
as a labor dispute by the
epartment of Labor and the
See GREAT, Page 3
By STEVE NISSEN
Ann Arbor City Attorney Peter W. Forsythe said yester
day his office is investigating charges of illegal entry anc
* search by members of the Ann Arbor Police Department.
The investigation was prompted by the receipt of sev
eral depositions from University students and other youth
sent to the mayor and City Council by the local chapter o
the American Civil Liberties Union.
The case has attracted considerable attention followini
a statement last week by an assistai't U.S. attorney that hi
S- -had asked he FBI to investt
gate the charges against th
Since that announcement, bot
Justice Department officials an
the FBI have declined commen
isputes on the case.
The specific complaints involv
several persons whose apartmen
was allegedly broken into an
n ear' en d searched by about a dozen officer
without a search warrant.
The police allegedly kicked i
The two oldest and most con- the front door of the apartmer
troversial estate cases still open in before the occupants could ope
Washtenaw County neared closing it and forced the youths to ope
Monday. a strong box in the basement.
The 17-year-old estate of Jos- The police were apparenti
eph F. Buhr was ordered closed searching for marijuana or othe
Monday despite the lack of clear- drugs, but found none and mad
ance from the State Intangibles no arrests.
Tax Division, the Detroit Free The police allegedly searche
Press reported. Such clearance is the apartment three times in
4 required by law, three-week period, each time find
A Free Press series indicated ing no drugs and making n
that heirs of the Buhr estate and arrests. The last search came sev
the 19-year-old Charles T. Bar- eral days after the Justice De
thell estate had charged irregular- partment was contacted. he
ities in the handling of the cases. Courts traditionally have heb
Circuit Judge James R. Breakey tection a g a i n s t "unreasonab]
and prominent Ann Arbor attor- search and seizure" means tha
re ney Roscoe Bonisteel were invol- police cannot enter and searcl
ved in the handling of the estates. premises without a warrant un
Breakey, the administrator of less they have "probable cause
the Barthell estate, has petitioned to believe a felony is being cor
for a conference with the at- mitted within.
torneys of a Detroit widow whose Probable cause in such cases
ownership of part of the estate's determined by the courts.
property has stalled the resolution The depositions from two of th
of the case, residents of the apartment wer
The Buhr trust, perhaps worth disclosed to City Council durin
millions, and the more modest a closed session late Monday nigh
estate, which have been pending At the insistance of several coun
for 17 years, was "all but closed" cil members, the affidavits will b
Monday, according to the Ann made public at the next regula
Arbor News. council meeting.
In a hearing before Judge Ross In the meantime, Forsythe ha
W. Campbell, Bonisteel's final ac- assigned one of his assistants t
counting of the Buhr estate, filed the investigation and exPects t
in 1966 - 15 years after Buhr's reach a conclusion on the facts o
death - was reviewed. Campbell the case within "a week to 1
then ordered the estate closed. days:"
Campbell accepted the "first -~ -
and final accounting" over the
objections of Charles Trick, hus-
band of Margaret Buhr Trick, one
of the three beneficiaries of the r
Trick had demanded an annual each ii
accounting of the estate, but
Campbell said a single account is
Although at least one heir of the By °MARCIA ABRAMSON
* $200,000 Barthell estate has The black ghetto is an alien
charged Breakey with stalling the world for most University stu-
closing of the estate, the judge dents, a unique society with
has explained that delay has been different standards, different
caused by difficulties in disposing customs, different food, differ-
with two plots of Barthell's prop- ent language.
erty. A parcel owned jointly by . How then can the Univer-
the estate and Mrs. John Parsons sity, isolated in Ann Arbor,
of Detroit is apparently still pre- adequately prepare students
senting difficulties. ; who want to teach in the inner
to cut cost
City Council has ordered t h e
Transportation Authority to de-
sign a less costly method of run-
ning the city's bus line before Jan.
If such a plan cannot be devel-
oped, council will recommend "im-
mediate termination of the con-
tract with Ann Arbor City Tran-
Council expects to receive a
study of the bus line's problems
in time for the Dec. 4 meeting of
the Transportation Authority. On
the basis of the study, the author-
ity is to develop a plan for a self-
supporting school bus system and
city bus line with a maximum
subsidy of $2500 per month.
Both William Drake of the
Transportation Authority and
City Administrator Guy Larcom
Jr. told council at a special work
session Monday that the $2500
figure was ridiculously low. Lar-
com predicted the necessary sub-
sidy would be closer to $5000 per
Currently combined expenses of
the school and city services are
running close to $14,000 monthly.
When the city decided to subsidize'
the bus line last summer, annual
cost was projected at $2500 per
Ronald E. St. John, president of
the St. John Transportation Co. From
which is supplying buses and driv- E
ers for Ann Arbor City Transit, Eldridge
blamed the expenses on unexpect- to be ret
ed unionizing by his employes, morning, 1
and an unwieldy school schedule his wherea
which involves extra hours of pay Mrs.El
for the drivers. d h h
The Transportation Authority, saiderh
created by council, consists of city turn "by;
and University personnel familiar Cleaver wa
with the field of mass transporta- conference
tion. Their job is to advise the not know
council and help administer the Her stat
transportation system. after Just
No date announced
for next conference
WASHINGTON (R) - Saigon last night agreed to send a
delegation to the Paris peace talks and will be the main
spokesman on matters involving South Vietnamese internal
affairs. The United States reserved the dominant role in
decisions affecting U.S. military forces and troop withdrawals.
The agreement was announced simultaneously in Wash-
ington and Saigon.
There was no indication how soon Saigon will begin talks
with the United States, North Vietnam and the National
Saigon had balked at the inclusion of NLF representatives
in the negotiations.
However, yesterday's agreement was apparently made
Eldridge Cleaver: Back in jail?
eaver ordered to prison
wire Service Reports in Washington turned aside with- 1958 after conviction on assault
Cleaver was scheduled out comment Cleaver's claim his i charges.
turned to prison this parole was revoked because of his Cleaver appealed Monday to
but as of late last night political beliefs. Justice William O. Douglas, who
abouts were not known. The California Adult Authority has jurisdiction over California
revoked Cleaver's parole last April courts. Douglas turned the case
sridge Cleaver yesterday following an Oakland incident over to Marshall to act in his
usband should resist re- with police in which a 17-year-old place. Douglas' office said he had
any means necessary." Negro youth was killed. Cleaver to leave Washington this morning
as not at his wife's news and two policemen were wounded to fulfill a speaking commitment
e and she said she did in the shooting. at Wisconsin State University.
where he was. Cleaver had been on parole from Cleaver's lawyers said in their
ement came a few hours a 13-year sentence, of which he application to Douglas for a stay
possible by U.S. assurance thatO
the NLF and Hanoi would be
considered as one unit.
As. made public here, the Sai-
gon announcement by Foreign
Minister Tran Canh Thanh said
South Vietnam was prepared to
join the talks to show its good will
and "to test the good faith of
President Johnson welcomed the
announcement, but cautioned that
hard bargaining and fighting still
The U.S. statement which ac-
companied Saigon's pledge to end
its boycott of the Paris negotia-
tions laid down a series of U.S.
government assurances which had
been negotiated by Ambassador
Ellsworth Bunker, the American
representative at Paris.
The assurances included:
-a pledge that the United
States will not recognize any form
of government not. freely chosen
through democratic and legal pro-
cess by the South Vietnam people.
It said. that the imposition of any
coalition regime would conflict
with this principle.
-a pledge that in the talks
with the North Vietnamese, the
presence of the NLF would not be
-a pledge to operate in the
closest cooperation with South
Vietnam in the new round of
meetings and to consult with al-
lied nations contributing military
The United States has not and
will not agree to any four-sided
conference, the statement said. It
specified that the meeting will
have only two sides. But it added
that there would be separate U.S.
and South Vietnamese delega-
tions on the allied side.
The U.S. statement reaffirmed
that there cannot be productive
More than 200 vouchers for
$30 increases in Michigan
Higher Education Assistance
Authority (MHEAA) scholar-
ships for the fall term are still
unclaimed. Scholarship award-
ees should pick up the vouchers
in the Fellowship Office, 2226
CA anr te..hplrsc wm ih m-
S. F. State
LOS ANGELES to)-Citing "in-
ability to reconcile conflicts" and
inherited financial shortages, Dr.
Robert R. Smith resigned yester-
day as president of strife-torn San
Francisco State College.
State college trustees, who for
two days had been considering
campus problems and Smith's
future, accepted the resignation
unanimously and named Dr. S.. I.
Hayakawa, internationally known
semanticist, to the post. He has
been a faculty member since 1955.
The resignation was the second
of a president in one year at the
college, which has a troubled his-
tory. Dr. John Summerskill quit
last spring after controversy'over
his handling of demonstrations.
Smith cited "inability to recon-
cile effectively the conflicts be-
tween the trustees and chancellor,
the faculty groups on campus,
the militant student groups, and
political forces of the state."
He also mentioned "desperate
limitations in financial resources
cast against the commitments
made in the colleges prior to my
assumption of the role of presi-
dent." One such problem has been
financing programs to aid minor-
ity group students, a central issue
in the current campus crisis.
San Francisco State has been
disrupted for three weeks while
Smith tried to deal with sporadic
violence, a student strike and var-
Much of the activity stems
from demands of black students
for special courses, and protests
over the suspension of a Black
Panther leader, George Murray, as
a part time English teacher, after
he reportedly advocated that stu-
dents carry guns.
After being closed for a week
the school reopened, but teaching
ice Thurgood Marshall had served eight years, imposed in
STUDENTS ASK UNIFIED PROGRAM
1g teachers for inner city
dent, discontent with existing
urban education programs.
Student, faculty and commu-
nity representatives are includ-
ed in the group.
The commission will develop
an urban education program
for presentation to the educa-
tion school's graduate and un-
The University currently of-
fers no unified program, only
various unrelated courses. This
was one of the major criticisms
of the students at Monday's
and an upperclass year spent
entirely in Detroit."
Berends added that commis-
sion members also seem to
favor development of both four-
year undergraduate and grad-
However, both students and
the commission realize the ur-
gent need for teachers and
hope to set up a temporary pro-
gram as soon as possible, Ber-
The students were asked to
formulate the position paper
Extension is located near WSU,
and the group is seriously con-
sidering using these facilities.
Berends said administrators in
the extension service seem re-
ceptive to the idea.
One member of the group
asked if the University might
be able to assist the students
with housing in Detroit or
transportation to the city.
Otis Nelson, co-chairman of
the commission, cited the prob-
lem of militancy in the ghetto.
that the black militant's parole
was revoked without a hearing and
without observance of his right to
They added it was revoked
"without cause and because of his
political beliefs, opinions and ex-
pressions as a member of the
Black Panther Party of Self-De-
Their plea was to keep Cleaver
free until they file a petition for
review of the case with the court
and the court acts on it.
The justices took a recess Mon-
day morning and will not be in
public session again until Dec. 9.
A week later they will begin an-
other recess, one that will last
Action on an appeal by Cleaver,
then, is highly unlikely before
d6l d6l Q d6l
The best solution may be a
total immersion in the black
world, concluded a group of