Saturday, October 26, 1968
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Saturday, October 26, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY
' Can Humphrey pull a Truman?
By 1ACK BELL
WASHINGTON (A)-In spite of
many similarities between the
& presidential campaigns of 1068
and 1948, changed voting patterns
are likely to malke it difficult for
Hubert H. Humphrey to duplicate
Harry S. Truman's stunning up-
The national opinion polls show
Republican Richard M. Nixon
running substantially ahead now
as Gov. Thomas E. Dewey was be-
lieved to be in 1948.
But the counter-trend of strong
races by Democratic candidates in
individual states matches in many
instances that of 20 years ago.
Democrats hope that candidates
,for governor and Congress will
pull Vice President Humphrey to a
plurality in closely contested
.states as some of them aided
Truman in critical areas in, 1948.
Humphrey has said he must
duplicate Truman's late campaign
comeback to win. Nixon's answer
to the Republican fear that history
might repeat has been to promise
a whirlwind finish.
One factor is the possibility
some development might give
Humphrey a last-minute surge,
perhaps a Vietnam bombing halt
that could promise some real
prgress toward peace. r
Without this, Humphrey counts
heavily on some local Democratic
cani1idate to provide him with the
kind ,of, coattail help that Adlai
E. Stevenson, running for gov-
ernor, and Paul Douglas, running
for the Senate, gave Truman -in
Illinois in 1948.
"AN ARTISTIC ACHIEVEM
But'times and voting patterns votes that otherwise might have
have changed in Illinois and, per- gone to Humphrey. .
haps even more importantly else- Because he had a relatively
where. strong Southern base, Truman
The eight states Truman car- won in 1948 by carrying only five
ried in the South 20 years ago of the nine largest industrial
gave him 99 electoral votes, pro- states-California, Illinois, Ohio,
viding the margin of his 303-189 Texas, and Massachusetts.
win over Dewey. The then Dem- Without a secure Dixie base,
ocratic Gov. Strom Thurmond of with little hope for Illinois where
South Carolina collected 39 as a Nixon counts himself strongest,
Dixiecrat candidate. and facing a stiff challenge in
There are clear signs that third- Texas, Humphrey can hardly af-
party candidate George C. Wal- ford to duplicate Truman's losses
lace won't stop where Thurmond in New York, Pennsylvania, Michi-
did 20 years ago. Thurmond won; gan and New Jersey.
only Alabama, Louisiana, Missis- Despite these GOP forebodings,
sippi and South Carolina. 1968 has none of the earmarks
of the Democratic year that 1948
Wallace is strongly in the run-
ning with Nixon for the Southern proved to be.
staes hatTruan arredin- Twenty years ago the Demo-
states that Truman carried, in- crats took nine Senate seats away
cluding Arkansas, Florida, Geor- from the Republicans without
gia, Kentucky, North Carolina, losing any of 'their own, gaining
Tennessee,Texas and Virginia. operationkcontrol of that body.
Humphrey is reported to e They took over the ouse with
runing third in some of these a startling ain of 74 seats, giving
states and it would be a tremen- them 263 at the start of the 81st
dous upset for him to carry' all Congress.
of them. Truman carried eight of the
Outside the South, Wallace's nine states where a Democrat re-
vote could cut into Humphrey's placed a GOP senator, Delaware
strength, as Thurmond's support beingdthe only exception.
did not do in Truman's case. This was the year when Hum-
NEW YORK APPEAL phrey helped Truman carry Min-
The major parties discount nesota. It also was the year of the
Georg tWale' hichcat 7.1 ml n first Senate election of Lyndon
votes in the 1964 presidential con- . Johnson of Texas, Estes Ke-
test. But if Wallace got only 10 Kauverof Oklahoma an Douglas o
per cent, he could affect the out- Illinois.
come in a close race. Truman carried five of the seven
The Wallace vote could also states where Democrats replaced
make the difference in other key Republicans as governors. He also
states. The Republican assumption cairried the two, Utah and Wash-
is that he will take blue-collar _id where Republican guber-
natorial candidates ousted Dem-
IU "-ii a Shows at OPPOSITION
1-3-5-7-9 P.M. If the Democratic candidates of
S -5=290 20 years ago were not all happy
tiOl - 5-690 about being on the ticket with
HEST RATING ! Truman, -there was not such a
broad and deep-seated party dvi-
AENT!"-N.Y. Daily News sion over major policies as now
If the vice president catches any
h senatorial coattails, he will have
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is immaculate in pres-
entation. It is impor-
tant because it is
IH A I I "T - Time Gigantic Pol
The 1st E
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USIA . TICKETS ON SALE atOlyr
IlTWOland the J. L. Hu
DAYS Mail Orders accepted
ONLY__ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
to depend in many instances on
candidates who disagree with him
on the Vietnam war and other
Johnson administration policies
These, include Sen. Joseph S.
Clark of Pennsylvania, former
Rep. John J. Gilligan of Ohio,
Sen. George S. McGovern of South
Dakota, ,Sen. J. W. Fulbright of
Arkansas and Sen. Wayne Morse
In contrast to Truman's day,
California has adivided and dis-
organized Democratic party which
Humphrey is trying desperately to
patch together. The vice presi-
dent's strategists hope that Alan
Cranston, the Democratic sena-
torial nominee, will help pull some
votes Humphrey's way. Cranston
is leading by a wide margin in
most polls, but Humphrey is trail-
Humphrey's task Is further com-
plicated by the absence of some
built-in Truman assets. Truman
had been president nearly four
years and the country knew a
great deal about him and how he
would act-even if it didn't al-
ways like what he did.
Humphrey has been out of the
main political spotlight for four
years. He must generally defend
the record of another man, without
having had much influence on
how that record was made. He
cannot point, as Truman did, to
any international accomplishment,
such as the European recovery
Unlike Truman's time, there is
no Republican Congress to whip-
saw. Unlike the 1948 pesident he
has no personal control from the
White House of government ma-
chinery and no personally domi-
nated party organization built up
over four years.
Truman had his domestic trou-
bles, but they do not compare
with the dissension over the Viet-
nam war which, has proven a
troublesome problem for Hum-
phey and violence in the streets
which has become an issue with
POLICE MOVE IN to break up protesters at Durham, N.C., rally'
for third-party Presidential candidate George Wallace.
1421 Hill St,
EDITOR'S NOTE: Third party ef-
forts to wvin tihe nation's highest
electoral office have failed badly
in the past. George C. Wallace's try
at the White House on the Ameri-
can Independent Party ticket may
make history in the size of its
popular and electoralvote. Here is
a resume of some Third Party ef-
' forts in previous years.
By The Associated Press
Third parties in American poli-
tics have been like homely girls at
a high school dance: they mostly
fare badly but show up again and
again and again.
But George C. Wallace's run for
the White House on the American
Independent Party ticket may
write a new and historical chapter
in political handbooks. It may turn
out to be the most successful third,
party effort ever.
Only four times since Abraham
Lincoln was sworn in as president
in 1860 have the third party candi-
dates managed to carry any of the
states in the electoral college or
win as much as 10 per cent of the
Only once since the Civil War
-and then under the unusual con-
ditions of the Republican split
in 1912-has the third party can-
didate placed second.
That election saw two Repub-
lican presidents, incumbent Wil-
liam H. Taft and his predecessor,
Theodore Roosevelt, battling each
other, Taft on the Republican tick-
et and Roosevelt as a Progressive
-or Bull Mgoose.
The split in the GOP easily gave
the election to Democrat Woodrow,
Wilson and the party's failure to
heal the wound by 1916 may have
contributed to Wilson's re-elec-
Taft finished third in 1912 with
only eight electoral votes, while
the man who captured the imagin-'
ation of the nation as the leader'
of the Rough Riders won 88 elec-
toral votes, the most a third party
candidate has ever received.
Together, Roosevelt and Taft
captured more than 50 per cent of
the popular vote, 7 million com-
pared with Wilson's ,6 million.
The second best performance
turned in by a third-party candi-
date since the Civil War was in
1948, a year that saw the birth of
two new political parties: th'e
Dixiecrats or State's Rights party
and Henry Wallace's Progressive
Strom Thurmond, then governor
of South Carolina, won 39 elec-
toral votes from five southern
states opposed to Harry Truman's
stand on civil rights. Thurmond's
party never seriously took its cam-
paign above the Mason-Dixon
Henry Wallace's party soon had
the left wing label around its neck
and polled only about,2 per cent
of the votes cast.
In 1924, W isca o n s i n's cru-
sailing Robert M. LaFollette cap-
tured 13 electoral votes as a Prog-
ressive and in 1892 James B. Wea-
ver, running on the populist ticket
took 22 electoral votes.
Often the combined vote of all
minor parties has fallen beneath
5 per cent. In 1936, for example,
candidates from five minor parties
-the Union, the Socialist, the
Communist, the Prohibition, the
Socialist Labor-received only 2.6
per cent of the popular vote. In
1940, four minor party candidates
received a scant .5 per cent, and
in 1944, three candidates received
.7 per cent.
Only about half a dozen minor
parties emerged before the Civil
War, but afterward they sprang
up in great numbers, with color-
ful names such as the Mugwumps
and the Greenbacks.
Some emerged out of special in-
terests, such as the farm parties;
some splintered away from the two
giants over one issue or another.
Before the Civil War, minor par-
ties polled at least 10 per cent of
the popular vote in three elections:
the Free Soil party won 10 per
cent in 1848; the American, 'or
"Know-Nothing," party took 22
per cent in 1856, and in 1860, the
Constitutional Union Party took
10 per cent and the Breckenridge
Democrats 18 per cent.
Wby The Associated Press and College Press Service
A "SECURITY GAP" between the U.S. and the Soviet
Union does not exist, Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford
Clifford denied charges f r o m Republican presidential
candidate Richard Nixon that the administration has allowed
a "gravely serious security gap" to come between the U.S. and
the Soviet Union.
Although Clifford declared the U.S. still holds subtan-
tial military supeiority over the Soviets, the figures he quoted
revealed the strategic lead has dwindled during the past year.
Clifford said, "I was comforted when I came into the de-
partment by our ... superiority over the Soviets. I have
continued in that direction."
The figures he listed stated that the U.S. leads the Soviet
Union by 1,054 to "approximately 900" intercontinental bal-
listic missiles, by 650 to 150 in long-range strategic bombers,
and 4,206 to 1,200 in deliverable nuclear weapons.
All of these figures reflect recent Soviet gains.
SOUTH VIETNAMESE PRESIDENT Nguyen Van
Thieu has refused to yield his opposition to a possible
separate role for the Viet Cong's National Liberation
Front in peace talks.
Thieu's persistence on this point was seen as an obstruc-
tion to progress in the Paris peace negotiations.
South Vietnamese informants said U.S. Ambassador Ells-
worth Bunker, after several meetings with Thieu over the
past two weeks, has accepted the position as final. He has
told officials in Washington further efforts to persuade the
president to change his mind are futile, sources revealed.
Last Tuesday, Thieu repeated his stand that he could ac-
cept the Front at the peace table only as a part of the North
Thieu's meetings with Bunker reportedly were concerned
more with a bombing halt than the Viet Cong's role in peace
negotiations. Informants said that Thieu and Bunker were in
agreement that a bombing suspension should be followed by
reciprocal North Vietnamese de-escalation.
THE JUSTICE DEPARTMENT announced yesterday
the indictment of 15 U.S. and foreign companies and
eight top executives on charges of monopoly and con-
The indictment, based on the companies' sale and dis-
tribution of quinine and quinine products, was returned by a
grand jury in the U.S. District Court for the 7th district of
The American firms involved are Rexall Drug and Chem-
ical Co., Mead and Johnson and Co., and R. W. Greef and Co.
Inc., a New York City importer. Harry Y. de Schepper, presi-
dent of R. W. Greef, was the only executive of the U.S. firms
named in the indictment.
All are charged on three counts under the Sherman Anti-
NEW YORK CITY'S LABOR PROBLEM worsened
yesterday as a state Supreme Court order failed to halt a
work slowdown by 32,000 policemen and firemen.
Wage negotiations broke down between New York Mayor
John Lindsay and the Patrolmen's Benevolent Association
as some 3,000 police and firemen called in sick.
On a request from Lindsay, State Education Commission-
er James Allen stepped back into the teachers strike and ar-
rangeda meeting with Albert Shanker, strike leader. Their
meeting will concern the crisis between the predominantly
Negro and Puerto Rican Ocean Hill school district and the
55,000 member teachers union.
Lindsay said the Ocean Hill conflict had become a "fear-
ful battleground between the, races."
Allen earlier ,failed in an attempt to end the teachers'
strike. Since then, he has been under pressure to have the
state take over the paralyzed 1.1 million-pupil school system'
FRENCH PRESIDENT CHARLES De GAULLE met
with wildly cheering crowds of Turks yesterday as he ar-
rived in Ankara for a five-day visit to the ancient country.
De Gaulle, the first French head of state ever to visit
Turkey, is believed to be anxious to ease East-West tensions
by improving relations with this key member of the North
Atlantic Treaty Organization
Turkish President Cevdet Funay told De Gaulle his coun-
try has "always joined in completely with the western na-
tion's efforts toward East-West detente."
In a mild reference to the recent S o v i e t invasion of
Czechoslovakia, he commented,"it is still too early to be com-
PRESIDEN' JOHNSON yesterday signed legislation
imposing tough penalties for the use and possession of
The penalties, for other hallucinogenic drugs as well as
LSD, range as high as one year in prison and a $1,000 fine, or
up to three years in prison and a $10,000 fine for repeated of-
The new law also would punish as felonies the manufac-
ture, sale, or distribution of hallucinogenic drugs.
singing a variety of blues and
folk music, playing guitar and
realit! Drawn life-
sized and sharp by Mr.
-A. H. Weller, N.Y. Times
-William Wolf, Cue,
on piano and
es free food
his wife, his women
and his wor/d,
~' ARAMIOUNT ,ICUro"
at Olympia Stadium
$ Y 1. A
FRANCE IN MOTION
UNDRGROU N D
Thurs., Fri., Sat., Sun.--11:00 P.M.
-separate odmission required
at the Vth Forums
5th Ave at Liberty, 761 -9700
not recommended for anyone over 30 years of age
OCTOBER 27 2:00 P.M.
Tickets on Sale-$1.00
Diag (11-2) and Union
Desk (All Day)
Tickets available at Door
Invitations to reception
available at Union
EXPANDED CINEMA is a revolution. A new way of seeing. A new way pf thinking. A new
way of being. The image is the idea is the word is the 'act. Expanded awareness. A taste of
the essences. Expanded Cinema says it. It says: Revolution.
SATURDAY and SUNDAY
'LA LI BERTE,,
Directed by Rene Clair, 1931
Clair, the first director to really master the medium of sound,
greatly influenced the American directors who were trying to
make film nmore than "canned theater." "A Nous La Liberte"
was the obvious and direct source of Chaplin's "Modern Times."
MAIN STREET-a'moment of sexual desire stretched in time so as to make fun of itself-psy-
REPORT-by Bruce Conner-an, underground film-maker's examination of President 'Kennedy's
BRATS-Laurel and Hardy play themselves and their sons. Very funny.
PIECE MENDALA-END WAR-one love making act which is seen simultaneously from both sides
..-E V -- -