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October 17, 1968 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-10-17

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Thursday, October 17, 1968

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Seven

Tu rsdayOctoer,, 196H IH1A AL Pg ee

CONDEMNS PRACTICES:
. Director of anti-HUAC group
cites 'miscarriage of justice'

Agitation threatens
Brazilian president,

By SCOTT MIXER
0 Frank Wilkinson, executive di-
rector of the National Committee
to Abolish HUAC, accused the
committee of "stunning miscar-
riages of, justice" .last Monday
night in a speech at the Union.
Speaking to a small group of
students and faculty, Wilkinson
# cited unethical and unconstitu-
tional practices followed by the
committee in its search to expose
America's "subversives."
Wilkinson spoke of the recent
HUAC 'investigation of activists
at Portland State College, using
it as an example of HUAC's "fla-
0 grant" injustices.E
As a result of that investigation,
Wilkinson said, the president of
the student government, the edi-
tor: of the school newspaper, and
another student received notices
from. HUAC informing them that
,they were:
-accused of being members of
the. Communist party;
--were not allowed to know who
their accusers were;
-must provide their own trans-
portation to Washington and their
own legal counseling for their de-
fence, and;
--would be subject to appro-
priate action" against them if they
did not respond. E.
Wilkinson said the students con-
sidered the letters a joke. How-
ever, he claimed, less than two
weeks -later, HUAC released bul-
letins to virtually every publication
in Oregon stating that the stu-
dents, were in fact, Communists.
Wilkinson described the revival

by HUAC of the Internal Security
Act, (McCarran Act), especially
alarming testimony to the distort-
ed power of the committee. He
explained that the act, passed in
1950, was virtually invalidated by
nine separate Supreme Court rul-
ings declaring its major sections
unconstitutional.-'
However, Wilkinson said,, the
Peace Corps
hosts meeting
A conference or Returned Peace
Corps Volunteers will be held Fri-
day, Saturday, and Sunday, spon-
sored by the Michigan Peace
Corps Council, the State Human
Resources Council, and the "U"
International Center. It will be
the first such state-wide confer-
ence in the country.
Panels and discussions about the
role of the returned volunteer in
Michigan will focus on oppor-
tunities in social service, teaching,
business and industry, higher edu-
cation, community and campus
action.
Dr. Bent Ashabranner, Deputy
Director of the Peace Corps, as
well as representatives from Mich-
igan social, service, education,
business and, industry will be pres-
ent to address the RPCVs.
The conference is open to the
general public. For information
and registration materials, contact
Henry Malin, 764-9310 or 662-
1231.

new HUAC-sponsored Internal Se-
curity Act of 1968, signed into law
by President Johnson this year,
knocks out all nine of the Court
decisions in an omnibus package.
The bill reactivates the following
previously declared unconstitu-
tional provisions, among otlers:
-The Subversive Activities
Control Board (SACB) shall keep
and ,maintain records which shall
be open to public inspection and
shall submit to the Congress each
year the names and addresses of
all organizations and individuals
whom the SACB shall judge to be
Communist oriented or infiltrat-
ed. Wilkinson claimed this creates,
in effect, a public national black-
list.
-The Board may compel testi-
mony under penalty of jail sen-
tence and grant complete immun-
ity to paid informers when evi-
dence presented in testimony is
necessary, Wilkinson claimed that
this clearly violates the F i f t h
Amendment.
-Two or more individuals,
members of a Communist action
organization, may be made joint
respondents in one petition. This
essentially lays the groundwork
for mass trials of all "subversives",
Wilkinson said.
-The employment of any de-
clared "subversive" is prohibited
at all government defense facili-
ties, including vital harbors and
waterfronts. This declaration was
previously ruled in violation of the
First Amendment by the Supreme
Court, Wilkinson said, in Decem-
ber of last year. i

By K. L. HUFF
RIO DE JANEIRO, Brazil (A)-
President Arthur da Costa e Silva,
who deliberately chartered a
middle-of-the-road course two
years ago, now finds himself
threatened by agitation from both
the right and the left.
To appease the right, Costa e
Silva has taken steps to purge an
opposition federal deputy who of-
fended the military, and may thus
be setting the stage for a show-
down with hisalready emasculated
Congress.
Left-leaning activists have been
a threat to stability in Brazil, and
prompted the 1964 military-led
revolution which toppled Joao,
Goulart from the presidency.
After three years of relative
calm, new conflict appeared last
year, beginning with student-po-
lice clashes in most major cities.
The students at first said they
sought only educational reforms.
but their agitation has taken on
an increasingly anti-government
tone.
New troubles are now appearing
in the increasingly restless labor
unions.
Priests are also becoming in-
volved in developments which
bring them in direct conflict with
the government by supporting
cries for social reform.
On the right the most serious
focus of concern has been in the
air force, where a group of para-
rescue troops allegedly was being
trained to assassinate opposition
student and political leaders.
The air force has denied the
allegations, saying misconceptions

grew up because pararescue troops
were involved in a military occu-
patioin of downtown Rio during
student-police clashes earlier this
year.
On the Church .level, a right-!
wing lay group is active.
It has circulated a petition
warning of so-called leftist infil-
tration among Brazilian Roman
Catholic priests. The petition is to
be sent to Pope Paul VI.
Another step Costa e Silva has
taken to harden his stand may
lead to serious conflict with Con-!
gress.
He has endorsed army, air force
and navy demands that opposition
Federal Deputy Marcio Moreira
Alves have his political rights can-
celled for 10 years under a 'pro-
vision of the Brazilian constitu-
tion because he urged the public
to boycott the Independence Day
military parades Sept. 7.

smm1...
DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
The Daily Offical Bulletin is an
official publication of the Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editor-
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITER form to
Room 3528 L. S. & A. Bldg., be-
fore 2 p.m. of the day preceding
publication and by 2 p.m. Friday
for Saturday and Sunday. General
Notices may be published a maxi-
mum of two times on request; Day
Calendar itemsappear once only.
Student organization notices are
not accepted for publication. For
more information call 764-9270.
THURSDAY. OCTOBER 17
Day Calendar.
Bureau of Industrial Relations Sem-
inar: New Frontiers in Management,
North Campus Commons, 8:00 a.m. -
5:00 p.m., 7:00 p.m. - 9:00 p.m,
Center for Programmed Learning for
Business Seminar: "Managing The Pro-
grammed Learning Effort": Michigan
Union, 8:30 a.m.
Advanced Fire School: Civil Defense
Center, 9:00 a.m.
(Continued on Page 10)

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