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October 13, 1968 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-10-13

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Sunday, October 13, 1968

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Page Three

Su d y c o e 3 19 8T E M1I A A L

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Business Staff
s proud'to announce
the appointment of our new
Junior Managers

Rhodesian talks
at crucial point
GIBRALTAR (A) - Prime Ministers Harold Wilson of
Britain and Ian Smith of rebel Rhodesia reached the make-
or-break stage yesterday in their continuing debate on the
future of the African nation under white minority rule.
Smith issued a statement saying "today is the crucial
day" that "will determine whether or not an agreement is
possible."
In milder terms, British sources indicated the talks, now
in their third day, were unlikely to continue past today
unless substantial progress is
- =- n made.

Panama military
installs junta,
ousts assembly
PANAMA UP - A two-man military junta was installed
yesterday by the national guard, which ousted President
Arnulfo Arias, suspended constitutional guarantees, and dis-
solved the National Assembly.
After the swift coup Friday night, Arias took refuge in the
U.S.-controlled Panama Canal Zone with his cabinet and
other followers.
In office only 11 days, Arias, 67; was in contact with U.S.
Ambassador Charles W. Adair Jr. and the Canal Zone gover-
nor, W. P. Leber Jr. Both rushed back to Panama from Wash-
ington where .they had been attending a meeting of the Canal

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Dana Kroguski
.. .. Lucy Papp
Nancy Asin
Barbara Schulz
Bruce Hayden
Susan Lerner
.. George Bristol
. Steven Elman

The British described the talks
as "still tough going." The Rho-
desians said the word tough was b..
an understatement, m h.
It was understood the key to the-
fate of the talks rests with small
wtorking groups of officials from 4" "!"}:v:. :: .}:u4"}:t}{}}: :' 3 hvn: : ::Y"v i.
both sides seeking common ground EBa s yrh sh
on detailed points to put before
the two leaders. hss.k..::nitn"
The vital point, from which all Associated Press
yother difficulties flowed, was still
understood to be the British de-
*mand for unimpeded progress to-
ward majoity rule for Rhodesia's Enriqueta Basilio carries the olympic torch up the 90 steps to the,
four million black Africans, now olympic flame cauldron during the opening ceremonies for the
governed by 220,000 whites. Olympic Games in Mexico City yesterday.
Sm ith has stuck to his insisten e:a th s c n o h p en i h s 3 9M EB RA S N T
lifetime or the next 100 years. _fr 9E
If the talks remain stalemated.
by Sunday attention will have to
focus on some face-saving form-r oU ac s u r m
ula. The most likely was believed Hou e 1tsqu r m
to be an interuption of the talks
to let the leaders home for fur-
.ther consultations. U a l o a j u n

II

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)

Ian Smithr

There will be an important meeting of all Juniors
at 6t30 P.M. Sunday at the Daily.

Read and Use
Daily Classifieds

4W
4l

presents
THE
SAN FRANCISCO MIME, TROUPE.
Oct. 18, 19, 20 sales begin
8:00 P.M Wednesday 12 noon
free food; choirs provided tickets (yes) $2.500

The talks could conceivably con-
tinue through visits by envoys as
they have intermittently since
Smith unilaterLlly declared Rho-
desia independent from Britain
in November 1965. Britain regard-
ed the move as illegal and ap-
plauded political and economic
sanctions against the Smith re-
gime.
Although t h.e British govern-
ment regarded Rhodesia's action
as an act of rebellion and had re-
ceived authorization from the
United Nations to use force if nec-
essary to prevent Rhodesian inde-
pendence, Smith has been able to
maintain his regime and its au-I
thority for nearly three years.
Spokesmen on both sides con-
tinued to describe the talks as
tough going. But after a late night
session yesterday, the term "con-
structive discussions" was used for
the first time.
Smith and Wilson will resume
their talks after a shipboard
;church service aboard the British
frigate Fearless, where the ses-
sions have been taking place.

WASHINGTON (P - T h e1
House, stymied for lack of a quor-4
um, met for an hour yesterdaya
without even taking up the one
remaining task facing Congress-J
final adjournment. l
Both the House and Senate will
meet again Monday but there is
little likelihood they will be able:
Heath re'jects
racepoleicyr

to bring the 90th Congress to its
official close at that time, either.
Rep. James G. O'Hara, (D-
Mich.), is blocking House approv-
al of an adjournment resolution
by insisting that a quorum be
present to act on it. That is 217
members, but with election day
nearing, House members have
been departing in droves and only
aboutd35 attended Saturday's ses-
sion while 399 were absent.
O'Hara is holding up adjourn-
ment in retaliation against the
Senate Republicans' action in kill-
ing a bill that would permit free
broadcast debates between presi-
dential candidates. The Senate
Republicans boycotted a session
at which it was to be considered

Zone's board of directors:
The coup caused dismay n -
Washington and the United States
suspended diplomatic relations.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
issued a statement saying "we
are deeply distressed" by the over-
throw of Arias.
Washington sources acknowl-
edge that the United States could
swing a lot of leverage in Pan-
ama, awhere the expenditures re-
lated to the Canal Zone have a
large impact on the small coun-
try's economy. But they are wary
of any move that might be inter-,
Spretedas interfering in thatsna-
tion's internal affairs and thus
could backfire.
And there is doubt that the new
military leadership in Panama,
who portray Arias' as a leftist foe
who was heading for dictatorship,
could be easily persuaded to hand
the reins back to the deposed pres-
ident.
The coup appeared to have
dealt one more blow to the pro-
posed treaties that have been
drafted for an eventual return of
the Canal Zone to Panama. The
isthmian strip has been held by
the United States for most of this
century under a controversial 1903
treaty.
U.S. critics of the proposed new
treaty arrangement contend that
political instability in Panama
raises the danger that a Com-
munist group might some day1
seize power by a coup and pint the
control of the canal in hostile
hands.
National guard leaders of the
coup accused Arias of planning to
establish a dictatorship and to
convert the national guard, Pan-
ama's army, into "a political in-
strument of persecution."
The juntais headed by Col.'Jose
M. Pinilla, summarily retired byj
Arias Thursday as deputy chief of
the guard. His colleague is Col.'
Bolivar Urrutia, named by Arias
the same day ,to take over the7
command of the guard.
The junta was reported trying
to form a cabinet with repre-
sentatives of as many political
parties as possible, excluding Arias'
Panamenista Party.
It was obviously fear of what
Arias might try to do to reorgan-
ize the 5,000-man national guardt
that led to the coup. Arias twice
before was ousted from the presi-
dency by the national guard, in
1941 and in 1949, and he had not
forgotten.
There had been talk of a coup,
ever since May.

Sen. Dirksen

BLACKPOOL, England ({) -preventing the Senate from get-
Conservative leader Edward Heath ting a quorum.

U

firmly asserted his authority over
Britain's opposition party yester-
day and rejected "doctrines of ex-
tremism."
Heath rejected most decisively
right wing leader Enoch Powell's
call for "assisted repatriation" of
colored immigrants which he made
in the convention hall last Thurs-
day.
Heath said, "It there are any
who believe that immigrants to
this country could be forcibly de-
ported because they are colored
people, then that I must repud-
iate, absolutely and completely."
He appealed to the British peo-
ple to follow the Tory lead in mak-
ing their nation once again great,
after what he called four years of
a "discredited socialist govern-
ment."

O'Hara says he won't relent and
permit final adjournment until
the Senate revives the debate bill.
There is nothing to indicate any
such change in the Senate posi-
tion.
The debate bill figured in the
brief session held in the House
Saturday. Rep. R a y J. Madden,
(D-Ind.), said if the Republican
presidential nominee, Richard M.
Nixon, doesn't want to debate, he
might let Sen. Strom Thurmond,
(R-S.C.) stand in for him.
"From their voting records,
speeches and other utterances,"
Madden said, "'There isn't 14 cents
worth of difference between Mr.
Nixon's a n d Mr. Thurmond's
views."

Dirksen asks
delay o
nuclear pc
WASHINGTON (M) - A report
by Secretary of Defense Clark M.
Clifford on the West G e r m a n
government's position may be the
key to Senate action of the nuc-
lear nonproliferation treaty, Sen.
Everett M. Dirksen, (R-Ill.), said
yesterday.
Dirksen, counselled delay in act-
ing on the treaty. He told Presi-
dent Johnson he ought to avoid
"scarring" the agreement by try-
ing to force it before the Senate
in the current session of Con-
gress.
Johnson's statement Friday that
he would seriously consider call-
ing the Senate back into session
to act on the treaty found b o t h
Dirksen and Senate Democratic
Leader Mike Mansfield of Mon-
tana apprehensive about ratifica-
tion this year.
Mansfield said the urgency ex-
pressed by the President was bas-
ed on belief that other free na-
tions are waiting on the United
States to act. These include most
of the nations that have the tech-
nical ability to develop nuclear
weapons.
Dirksen said in a separate in-
terview it is his understanding one
of the main objectives of Clifford's
visit to Bonn has been to get West
German backing for the treaty.
Italy already has served notice
through its. foreign minister, Gir
useppe Medici, that his country
will not sign unless the Soviet Un-
ion withdraws its troops from
Czechoslovakia.
ENDS WEDNESDAY
CLuis '3unu elk
CIasterpiece
fof Eri C!

--SEA / :::}}:4
Live, love laugh scratch, die.. ... y.
cit
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OCTOBER 15-27
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