14e Sfifertn DaiI
Seventy-eight years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
under authority of Board in C6ntrol of Student Publications
The endless campaign of Sam Brown
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.
News Phone: 764-0552'
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1968
NIGHT EDITOR: RICHARD WINTER
rp.rr . iw M' .. 3 .+rw:
Poiciug the campus:
More than safety
By WALTER SHAPIRO
Associate Editorial Director
N THE NEXT four years there
will be a lot of scenes like this
A university campus with a
young, sandy-haired, speaker sit-
ting on a table-top, conjuring up
the mystique of the McCarthy
crusade and trying to mobilize at-,
tentive students to work for
"someone who is campaigning for
the things we campaigned for last
Monday night it was Sam.
Brown, student co-ordinator for
the McCarthy campaign, who
came to town to try to re-assemble
the canvassers of last April to
work for Paul O'Dwyer in New
The meeting was mostly indica-
tive of the confused and muddy
politics of the youthful McCarthy
veterans, still addicted to electoral
politics and dreams of a brighter,
All this should not reflect on
Paul O'Dwyer, whose idealistic
credentials are more impeccable
than Eugene McCarthy's ever
O'Dwyer has been consistently
outspoken against the war with
positions that seem to border on
advocating unilateral withdrawl.
while McCarthy was always vague
on what he would do if a bombing
And while there is constant spe-
culation that McCarthy may+ en-
dorse Hubert Humphrey, O'Dwyer
said recently that a necessary pre-
condition for an endorsement of
the Vice President would be "a
signed peace treaty."
JUST BY WATCHING Sam
Brown, who the McCarthy crusade
lured from Harvard Divinity
School, you can easily see the
ease with which the McCarthy
veterans gravitate toward com-
fortable, liberal politics.
He began by playing that per-
verse sort of political game best
understood as selective history.
Brown knowingly charged that
New York's Senator Jacob Javits,
O'Dwyer's entrenched opponent,
"referred to Strom Thurmond as
one of the most enlightened men
in the South."
Brown then went on the recall
that the last time Javits and
O'Dwyer clashed at the polls, a
1948 Congressional race, Javits
spent the last week of the cam-
paign "charging that Paul O'Dwy-
er was a Communist."
The whole litany of accusations
against Javits, generally well-
founded although certainly not
stirring, seemed far more appro-
priate for a koffeeklatch in Brook-
lyn than the Assembly Hall of
the Michigan Union.
The differences between the
McCarthy veterans and the old,
tired liberals seemed especially
minimal when Brown charged,
"Javits has served the ,Jewish
people less well than 20 other
Senators, even on the Middle
BUT A MINUTE later Brown
jumped back from the edge and
conjured up memories of a seem-
ingly different politics when he
enthused, "This sort of reminds
me of the early days of the Mc-
Sounding purposely reminiscent
of thousands of other speakers on
college campuses across the coun-
try last April, he urged the two,
dozen McCarthy veterans there
"to think seriously about what
you're doing in Ann Arbor in the
next month and what's happening
Although the meagre attendance
was caused primarily by a gen-
eral publicity snafu, Brown who is
now doing the Philadelphia-Ann
Arbor-East Lansing-Boston col-
lege circuit% admitted, "We get
very mediocre turnouts, but a
very good response when we ask
Brown, who has an annoying
habit of having seen just about
everyone "just the other day,"
displayed ingratiating youthful
wit when he discussed the pro-
fusion of books which seem to be
the only material legacy of the
"That's the trouple with run-
ning a campaign with intellec-
tuals, they all end up Writing
books," he said.
IT WAS AT ABOUT this point
that Eric Chester, the most ubi-
quitous of Voice's leaders, finally
injected himself into the question
and answer session, saying, "I go
to SDS meetings and they're drift-
ing, but here all of you are talking
about sums like a half million
bucks, only you're drifting even
A SPECIAL STUDENT-faculty commit-
tee on campus law enforcement has
proposed a system which would material-
ly improve police protection, but which
could prove dangerous to the University
The report of the University-Police Re-'
lations .Committee, chaired by Prof.
George West of the engineering school
does bring out many of the problems of
halting the increasing crime rate on cam-
pus. But the committee's solutions, if im-
plemented, could be as disastrous as no
solutions at all.
The West Report suggests the creation
of a campus precinct of the Ann Arbor
police If the University were allowed to
maintain the significant control of op-
erations and personnel.
Alternatively,, the report suggests the
creation of a campus police force operated
solely by the University in a manner sim-
ilar to the system used at Michigan State
(At present, local police stay off cam-
pus unless called. A small Sanford Se-
curity force patrols the University. This
force cannot make arrests and is under
orders to merely call the local police in
IN ADDITION TO providing increased
police protection, the West Commit-
tee's proposal could save money. At pres-
ent, the University spends near $1 mil-
lion annually for security and police ser-
vices. Better protection is provided at
other institutionsof comparable size for
half the cost.
While increased protection at lower
cost might be provided, there are dan-
gerous inadequacies in the proposal;
These inadequacies result from an 'un-
fortunately cursory analysis of student
police relatibns. The committee apparent-
ly did not understand that the introduc-
tion of a campus police force can cause
serious erosion of traditional freedoms of
expression. and dissent and endanger the
normal functioning of the University.
Michigan State University's 33-man
Department of Public Safety provides a
good example of the dangers inherent in
creating a campus police force.
M6U's CAMPUS police act with virtually
'omplete functional autonomy. This
autonomy has provoked widespread ani-
nyosity among students and was a major
factor in at least two serious disturbances
in the past three years.
In June 1966, MSU erupted into rioting
during the final examination period.
Many students said the campus police, by
their presence and their actions, were
largely responsible for the initial incident
and violence which followed..
Last JTune, MSU police played a signifi-
cant and dangerous role during student
demonstrations. The autonomy of the
force permitted actions which caused a
small protest to spiral into a massive,
bloody confrontation between students
and police. ,
Without consulting even with the
school's administration, the campus po-
lice were within bounds ,when they de-
cided students sittin-in at the adminis-
tration bldg. were breaking the law. The
arrests which ensued, and the manner in
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mihigan,
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, ;Michigan. 4804.
Daily except Monday during regular academic scbool
which they wer made, only further agra-
vated an already explosive situation.
In addition to these special situations,
MSU students have complained of un-
warranted police harrassment of indi-
viduals on campus late at night.
To COPE WITH t h e s e types of prob-
lems, the West Committee makes only
a student-faculty police Advisory Com-
mittee which would assist the president
in special situations. p
However, while police respolise to major
demonstrations and disruptive activity is
an important issue, it constitutes only one
part of the problem.
The day-to-day operations of the cam-
pus police could prove seriously detrimen-
tal to the University, both as a communi-
ty of citizens and as an academic center.
Surprisingly, the West Committee enun-
ciates this problem, but suggests no so-.
Besides the usual problems inherent in
presenting special authority to a/police-
man, the University community contains
unique situations which require special
For example, the West Report lists a
series of possible police actions w h i c h
should be avoided. These include:
The 1967 Cinema Guild obsenity
- "Overreaction and unnecessarily se-
vere methods," like those u s e d in the
Stony Brook narcotics arrests;
-Police entry into dormitories and
other University property without proper
l e g a l authority or justification by an
- "The entrapment bf students on Uni-
versity property for offenses ranging
,from ticket scalping to the possession of
-"The use of student informers."
CLEARLY, STRICT limitations on t h e
police must be provided. This could be
done by the creation of a Board in Con-
trol of Campus Police and a civilian Po-
lice Review Board. Both should have stu-
dent representation commensurate with
their numbers in the University commun-
The board in control w o u 1 d set the
strict guidelines which would be neces-
sary for the appropriate functioning of
police in an academic environment. The
review board would insure unbiased
ajudication of grievances which are sure
to result from the introduction of large
numbers of police to the campus.
Creation of these checks on the cam-
pus police is essential. And, since it is
unlikely that the University will be al-
lowed to exercise this control over a cam-
pus precinct of the Ann Arbor police, it
will probably be necessary to make use
of the committee's alternative sugges
tion, the creation of the school's own
With crime rates growing, the present
system, of law enforcement on campus
cannot be allowed to continue. But the'
West Committee's proposals are too dan-
gerous, because they do not provide for
significent control of the campus police
by members -of the University com-
Alternatively, a system 'which affords
maximum protection without endanger-
ing traditional freedom of expression and
action must be created.
There followed an exchange be-
tween Chester and Brown which
illustrates the underlying am-
bivalence that McCarthy veterans,
have about the Democratic Party
which they claim to have de-
Chester asked, after Brown
made just that claim, "If you have
destroyed the Democratic Party.
what are you replacing it with?"
And he added. "Isn't O'Dwyer
asking for support from the Dem-
ocratic Party machine in New
A girl responded defensively.
"Even if O'Dwer does ask for
their support, so what? You've got
to use the, system.".
As Chester tried to ask, "Are
you using the. system or aren't
you?", the whole meeting broke
into a kind of restrained bedlam.
with everyone talking at once.
A few minutes later, as the
meeting drew to a close, Brown
painted his vision of the future-
the millenialistic image that keeps
them all going-"We're building a
new coalition. It includes the
black community - men like
Julien, and maybe Charlie Evers-
the intellectual community and
educated white suburbanites, not
the kind that are .going for Wal-
lace. And the beginnings of this
new coalition have already begun
SO BROWN will continue, along
with thousands like him, un-
shaken in his conviction that
"electoral politics gets things
So he will head for another
campus and probably again ex-
claim at a tall guy with a Resis-
tance button, "The trouble with
you people is that you want every-
body to be perfect."
Brown is convinced, that the
cause - ending the war - is far
stronger now than it was when
the McCarthy crusade began last
October. "Maybe it's subject to
less public discussion," he admits,
"but if it came down to a vote,
there would be a larger anti-war
Right now Sam Brown has a
crusade, a cause, an election to
organize students for. "We'll start
worrying about the next four
years after November," he ex-
WHAT TO DO after November
is another question.
But it seems pretty certain that
Brown will not immediately go
back to being six hours shy of a
master's degree in ethics. Rather,
he was talking quite hypthetically
about organizing students against
the construction of anti-ballistic
missile sites as soon as the war
Whaever else may happen, it is
clear that there will be confer-
ences, conventions, plans, and
more, many more, meetings.
1970 will bring more Senatorial
'and Congressional candidates to
work for. There will be more
journies to campuses, this time
talking to students who were per-
haps too young in '68 to pile into
the busses and head for Indiana.
And' underneath all, there's al-
ways' that Democratic Party to be
saved in '72.
Letters: TheB rain Command'
To the Editor:
HE THRUST of William Berg's
letter, Oct. 8, is (1) the Uni-
versity is n o t. an authoritarian
bureaucracy which channels stu-
dents into managerial positions in
American society, and (2) if there
are students' who feel oppressed
by the University, then they ought
to either leave it or work within
the existing system to change it.
I am the author of those ex-
cerpts of the handbill quoted by
Mr. Berg; I would like to reaffirm
The University did not "invite"
me to be a student. Yet it is my
right to be one. I am trying to
change conditions here, as they af-
feet my life; the reason I do not
go elsewhere is that I find escap-
ism less constructive than an at-
tempt to change a deplorable sit-
uation. Further, t h e r e are few,
places to escape to in this society.
I came here to experience what
is called "higher education," which
to me connoted a -process of Wna-
turation, intellectual and emotion-,
al growth, development of initia-
tive, self-confidence, and creativ-
ity. What I have found is an in-
stitution which discourages the
promotion of all those qualities.
In class I am told to think inge-
pendently, but not to question the
basic assumptions of my disci-
'pline - and certainly not to take
action to change, them.
T H E UNIVERSITY CLAIMS
that it is a democratic institution
which encourages a n d requires
responsibility from its students -
yet I cannot determine the cours-
es I will take, the things I want
to learn, the environment in
which I want to learn them. Must
we have competitive exams? Is the
professor really an authority who
ought to lecture to us as if we
were e m p t y vessels to be filled
with information - chosen by the
professor? Why shouldn't I eval-
uate my educational progress, by
my own -standards, rather than
being evaluated by professors and
departments who impose "objec-
tive" standards on me? Why must
I be told when I havebecome "re-
sponsible" enough to act for my-
My conclusion is that the liberal
humanistic rhetoric of the Uni-
versity is a smoke screen. (See a
beautiful article by Louis Kampf,
"Humanities and Inhumanities,"
in The Nation, Sept. 30.) We, the
students at this University, a r e
cleverly pacified with the illusions
of power: sitting on committees,
abolishing dorm regulations. But
we are being trained at the same
time, we are being manipulated,
we are being produced. Ten years"
from now, we will be running this
society, or teaching others to run
I REFUSE TO accept that, for
two reasons. First, I refuse to be
manipulated; I demand control of
my own life, its standards, goals,
and interests. Second, I do not
want to becone a manager of/this
society, because this society op-
presses people. It oppresses Viet-
namese and others around the
world, it oppresses its own black
and poor, it oppresses its students
(in more subtle ways, because we
The University is t h e "brain
trust command post" of American
society; society and the university
are inextricably related. If y o u
think not, if you believe t , 'a t
you're really free, then consider.
Can you envision the University
ever stopping all war research, re-
gardless of how many referenda
or committees recommend it? Can
you envisionyour professor ac
quiescing when you say, "I don't
want to take your exam, which
forces me to compete with my fel-
low students and to mnemorize
what I don't want to learn. I don't
want your grade, either. And I
,wan.to lecture tomorrow, if the
class decides t h a t we ought to
have lectures at all." Cain you en-
vision the University granting ;tu-
dents real power? I can't, for such
power would indeed threaten this
University's functions as a pro-
ductive arm of the larger society.
Just as this society will not un-
dergo fundamental change with-
out; being forced to, so with the
University. That will entail de-
struction - of assumptions, pol-
icies, practices - and jthe con-
comitant institution of an educa-
tion (and society) of "organic"
meaning, relevance, true human-
ism. Things won't change by them-
selves, we have to make t h e m
change. And we're doing it both
for ourselves and for the Vietna-
-rSteve Daniels, grad
To the Editor:
A FRIEND, Joel Cordish, lies in
critical condition in the Uni-
versity Hospital, shot by an un-
known assailant with an unknown
cause. So suddenly my eyes are
open wide and I find myself ask-
ing WHY? I ask why Joel who is
a fantastic guy should be shot. I
ask why violence is increasing on
this campus to such an extent that
your life is in constant danger? I
ask why the hell the University
isn't doing something to alleviate
this serious problem? I ask why
there are so many suicides every
year? I ask why a girl is in con-
stant danger of being raped? I
ask why the Daily never prints the
accounts of violence on the cam-
pus or are they niot permitted to?
Now I'm sick of asking why and
I want answers. I want people to
wake up and see how our freedom
of education? is conflicting "with
our freedom to live.
Joel may die and he may be my
friend, but are you going to wait
till your friend is killed before you
begin to ask WHY?
-Hugh Riddleberger, '70
To the Editor:,
1 WANT TO thank The Daily fc.r
instilling within every Univer-
sity adpministrator a true sense of
fear. This fear becomhes apparent
as s o o n as anyone attempts to
learn even the most harmless fact.
Being a journalism major,
though not even associated with
The Daily, isn't an easy task in
this community. Every adminis-
trator on this'campus (and prob-
ably in many other areas) equates
any writeras a Daily investigator,
who's sole mission is to cause same,
Yesterday was the crowning
event,twhich completely erased my
patience with University adminis-
With many unfavorable exper-
iences behind me, I rec ntly asked
a' cute, sociable secretary for some
background information concern-
ing a story I was about to write.
Well, no sooner had I opened my
mouth before the secretary cas~
ually retorted (as if she'd done it
before): "You aren't with T h e,
Daily are you?"
After I assured her I, meant no
harm she agreed to call me ,later
with the facts I had requested.
The next day I talked with the:
secretary again and was totally
amazed to learn that the secre-
tary's supervisor had refused to
release the information in ques-
What "secrets" had Isschemed
to uncover? I simply was curious
to know how many- passengers the
University bus system transports
in pne year. This was the statistic
which was surpressed from me,
and this is the type of nonsense
which disturbs me.
I've always felt that people are
open, unless they have something
to hide. Or unless they live in a
world of childish fear. I believe
the University administrators fall
into the latter category, and that
is the m o s t easily resolved (I
-Ronald Alarabate, '70
A C ounty, a Republic, Re volution:
A few black words for the Greeks
Martha arrived at the University,
bright-eyed, excited and more naive than
most. She saw the big, spacious, homey
houses on tree-shaded Washtenaw, heard
about sisterhood and the social life of
sororities and decided to rush. She con-
sidered herself "fun-loving and gregari-
ous" and thought she would prefer the
sorority life to an "isolated" apartment
or "cold" dorm.
So, along with 1,200 others, she signed
up for Rush. She went through the coun-
seling sessions for her group, filling out
IBM cards and anxiously trying to act
nonchalant about the whole thing.
She noticed that she was the only
black girl in her group, and this bothered
her a little.
gulped down punch and cookies (sur-
reptitiously, she hoped) talked about
where she was from, what she thought
she'd major in, the horrors of papers al-
most due.(She walked aimaze of carpeted
halls and poster-plastered rooms as she
was shown around houses during the
myriad of visitations, mixers and par-
Finally, she was invited to "Final
Deserts"-the nostalgic ceremonies and
songs designed to sway the rushee in
'favor of a final choice.
The next day was "Pledge Sunday"-
the culmination of rushing. The girls who
had participated in the three-week fest-
ival now waited anxiously for the square
white envelope to fill their mailbox. This
would he their nersonal invitation to moin
been fun, the houses beautiful, but most
of all, the girls had really been friendly.
They had acted as though they had
wanted her in their sorority.
Martha refused to question their sin-
Then she remembered the requirement
that all pledges must have a recommen-
dation from an alumna of the sorority.
She decided this must be the answer.
Perhaps the alumnae simply didn't want
black girls in their sororities. Perhaps that
wa why there were no integrated soror-
itiel on campus. Perhaps, the alumnae
were to blame.
Martha couldn't help wondering why
the girls with whom she had become
friends would stand for this. Why did
(EDITOR'S NOTE The following
are excerpts taken from a mimeo-
graphed ' communication to the
County Board of Supervisors from
board chairman Robert Harrison.
The statement was circulated at
the board's meeting yesterday, but
is dated Sept. 30, 1968. The position'
paper is titled, "For information
only -, not for board action.")
The position taken by the Coun-
ty during the recent 'demonstra-
tiohs is based on the premise that
this outbreak was instigated and
organized by members of several
nation-wide groups intent on de-
stroying the Government as we
T h ere is a reason to believe
there are at least three organiza-
tions collaborating in this endeav-
or - they are:
- The National Welfare Rights
- The Students for a Demo
craic Society (SDS);
- The New Politics Party.
It is believed that the students
and welfare recipients are by and
large unwitting vehicles for the
activities of these oryanizations.
While the stated objectives of the
organizations are different from
one another, the results will be the
same - Political destruction of
The NWRO sought to disrupt
and disorganize government op-
erations to gain its short-range
.......: .......... .-.... x...... :,. a L ..... .. ..r :::::: : v:":M:: ;v. ,. .. :"..I .v :i.}7i}:'r ...
"The position taken by the County during the recent demonstrations,
is based on the premise that this outbreak was instigated and organized
by members of several nation-wide groups intent on destroying Govern-
ment as we know it . ,. . While the stated objectives of the organizations '
are different . . the results are the same: Political destruction of the
-Report by Robert Harrison, chairman ,
Co..nty Board of Supervisors
.... R W .. .. . . J. . . . .. . . ....L . ... J......... .S ..............,.....'.^.......r..'..^.:............: ::....:L .. . -c....3
An early recognition of the ele-
ments at work and a realization.
that this problem was beyond fin-
al solution at the locA level re-
sulted in, the notification of the
Office of the Governor on t h e
third day i 11:30 p.m. Sept. 5.
The Governor's office was inform-
ed that-the County was not going
to accept responsibility for what
was feared may occur here be-'
required to break the deadlock.
The State was asked to furnish
such people - they refused..
'Saturday morning Rep. Marvin
Esch (R-Ann Arbor) was contact-
ed and apprised of the situation:
He was requested to assist in get-
ting the State interested enough
to participate. It was agreed he
would call Monday morning, ad-
vising as to what course he would
land), Roy Smith (R-Ypsilanti).
Tom Sharp (R-Ann Arbor), and
Ray Smit (R-Ann Arbor). Their
announced participation enabled
the empaneling of a Fact Finding
Committee of persons acceptable
to the Welfare Board and welfare
recipients consisting of F. Fauri,
Dean, of the Social Work School
of the University, N. K. Prakken,
cause of the failure of the State-
Federal ADC program. The State
Office was informed of the intent
of Washtenaw County to enforce
the law firmly and with only such.
force as necessary .
The State Office seemed aloof
to our problem stating that it was
up to us to handle local problems.
We indicated that we believed we
_- A ^- a-k- 4 ,- - , - , 1,r'
recommend and the result of his
conversation with the Governor's
During the weekend meetings
continued . . . The SDS and oth-
er student groups were also busy
planning further action.
Monday morning came - Rep.
Esch, called. After much discus-
sion it was agreed that a further
Michigan Bell Telephone, and
John Burton, Mayor Ypsilanti.
Why did the Board of Super-
visors and others feel it was nec-
essary to settle?
1) HUMAN: There was an un-
met need - the ADC program is
2) ECONOMIC - To avoid a
planned confrontation w i t h the
-14 n-_. - - in i :--r.- f YY-iAT .17 ..