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September 28, 1968 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-09-28

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Saturday, September 28, 1 968


Page Three

SturdayT,. September 28, I I i I~TEMCIA DIrPg he

Portugese prime minister

Senate to vote

advocates policy

LISBON, Portugal (I)-Marcello
Caetano took office as Portugal's
prime Minister yesterday and
promptly condemned blind ad-
herence to the "formulas" of dis-
-abled and deposed ruler Anto'iio
Salazar. He hinted at restoration
of some democratic liberties in the
In his maiden speech as Portu-

gal's first new head of, govern-
ment in 36 years, Caetano prom-1
ised to keep faith with the dcc-
trines of Salazar. But his tone
marked a dramatic departure from
the autocratic manner of the '9-
year-old ex-leader, now lying in
a coma, and he left the door open
to changes.
He made it clear his government

Lindsay sees schools
opening on Monday

NEW YORK ()-Mayor John
V. Lindsay said yesterday he ex-
pected the city's strikebound pub-
lie schools to reopen Monday for
their 1.1 million pupils.
But Albert -Shanker, president
of the striking 55,000-member
AFL-CIO United Federation of
Teachers, replied: "It's possible
schools could open on Monday,
but at the current pace of nego-
tiations it would be: difficult."
Nor was any optim ism envinced
by the Ocean Hill-Brownsville ex-
perimental local school board in
Brooklyn. Its ouster of 110 .white
teachers from schools attended by
Negro' and Puerto Rican pupils led,
to the teachers' strike Sept. 9, a
walkout which has wiped out 11
class days in ,the new fall term.
"It is possible for, the teachers
to be put in the schools physical-
ly," said Ocean' Hill's chairman,
the Rev. C. Herbert Oliver. "If
Correction for
Calendar Notebook
Disregard the first
phone number for
Dominoe's Pizza.
The ONLY number
to cal is 761-11 1.

the powers that be are going to
use police force to put them back,
that shows the bankruptcy of this
The UFT is a mainly white and
Jewish union, and its confron-
tation with the decentralized non-
white Ocean Hill district has
arop ed racial anomosities.
The Board of Education earlier
in the week ordered the public
schools reopened under a peace
formula it put forward. However,
little heed was paid the mandate.
Principal Carl Churkis led a
group of 45 teachers and students
in a vain attempt to breach a UFT
picket line at his school, Canarsie
High, in Brooklyn. Scuffling broke
out and there were three arrests,
two for striking teachers.
In a series of meetings with the
UFT this week, Lindsay sought
union support of the Board of
Education's peace proposal.
It called for the return of the
100 teachers to Ocean Hill-
Brownsville assignments, and sur-
veillance within the district's eight
schools by members of the super-
intendent's staff to insure against
harassment of the returning
Ocean Hill-Brownsville, which
draws its 8,000 pupils from a
Brooklyn slum, was one of three
experimental districts set up in
the city as a prelude to the even-
tual decentralization of the school
system into 30 such semiajto-
nomous districts.

should be considered a regime
apart and called on Portuguese to
unite behind it with, open minds.
He indicated he wished to en-
act some liberal reform, possibly
easing on press censorship, in the
future. He appeared also to extend
a hand to Portugal's suppressed,
non-Communist opposition to join
in' an atmosphere of "reciprocal
In a key passage, he vowed to
guarantee "continuity" with Sa-
lazar's rule but declared this im-
plied "a notion of movement, se-
quence, adaptation."
"Faithfulness to the doctrine
brilliantly taught by Dr. Salazar
should not be confused with stub-
born adherence to formulas or
solutions that he at some time,
may have adopted.
"The great danger for pupils is
always to do no more than repeat
their teacher, forgetting that a
thought must be living if it is to,
be fruitful. Life is a constant
Caetano balanced the suggestion
that changes may be store with
passages that some thought would.
satisfy Portugal's "ultra"-hard-
line supporters of Salazar's rigidly
authoritarian policies.
The 62-year-old law professor
promised not to neglect the de-
fense of, Portugal's African terri-
tories against nationalist guer-
rillas, warned against the "an-
archical impulses" of communism
and said liberty must be defended
"from its own 'excesses."f
Public order will be inexora-
bly maintaimed'."
Caetano made his remarks in a
speech to members of gove~n-
ment and the press in Lisbon's
rococo San' Bento Palace, his new
official residence, 90 minutes sifter
he took office, a speech televised
later to the nation..,
Caetano and his cabinet were
sworn in by President Americo
Thomaz, who named Caetano
prime minister Thursday night
and announced there was no hope
of Salazar ever recovering, enough
to rule again.
Salazar who became prime m.n-
ister in 1932, underwent a brain
operation Sept. 7 and later suf-
fered a massive stroke.\

De Gaulle arrives in Bonnfortalks
FRENCH PRESIDENT CHARLES DE GAULLE, inspected an honor guard yesterday upon his ar-
rival in Bonn, the -ae'ital of West Germany. He and West German Chancellor Kurt George Kie-
singer, left, are to discuss the Western alliance and the fate of Britain's entry into the Common,
Market. Only hours before de Gaulle's arrival, France rejected a West German plan to bring Great
Britain and other nations into the six-nation economic comnunity.
School desegregation-mvf,,eared
:held u b conference action,
WASHINGTON (R) - Senate- partment and the Office of Eco- one of the conferees on the bill,
House conferees have agreed to nomic Opportunity, the antipov- did not sign the conference report
an appropriations bill rider wihich erty agency. and said he would try to get the
the Johnson Administration says ;The school rider, as adopted by Senate to reject it.
will undermine its drive to dese- the House and accepted by the The school rider, he said, "vir-
gregate public schools in the conferees, states t h a t no HEW tually nullifies efforts by the fed-
South" funds in .the bill can be used to eral government to overcome rac-
The conferees met on the huge force busing of students, to close ial segregationt in our schools and
bill late Thursday night but de- a school or to force any student makes enforcement of Title VI of
clined, at the insistance of 'the to attend a particular grade or the Civil Rights Act most diffi-
House side, to release any infor- high school against the ch;oice of cult. This title bars federal funds
mation on their decisions. An of- his or her parents or parent. to programs where racial segrega-
ficial report will not be filed un- 'RACIAL IMBALANCE' tion is practiced.
til next week. The rejected Senate language FREEDOM OF CHOICE
However, various sources said was the same except that it would "Federal courts have recently
that on the school rider, the con- have added at the end these found so - called "freedom of
ferees took substantially t h e words: "in order to overcome rac- choice" plans inadequate evidence
House version which was the most ial imbalance." of real desegregation, and the
objectionable to the administra- HEW officials. said the Senate HEW department has accordingly
tion. addition would have rendered the directed recalcitrant school dis-
HEW FUNDS INCLUDE rider meaningless because it would tricts to take additional steps -to
Othe mney ifferE i then have been telling them not comply with the law.,
On the money differences in the to do something they are not do- "The House version of the
bill, the conferees were under- ing anyway - trying to overcome amendment eliminates many of
stood to have come up with a tot racial imbalance. these alternative ways to overcome
of slightly more than $18 billin But, without the Senate lang- segregation and leaves the depart-
compared with $19.2 billion vod uage, they said the rider will make ment with an inadequate means of
by the House and $19 billion by it much harder to continue what enforcing the 1964 congressional
The measure contains funds for toey describe as an increasingly mandate.'
The HeahedcoainsandsWeor successful drive to desegregate all
fare Depatment, the LaborDe- Southern schools. i s A
The agreed-upon language would!
Lose Something? , appear to give backing to so-call-"
ed freedom-of-choice plans which.Fhlg
- have not led to dbateaio n on i
many Southern schools and which
have been overturned in some PORTLAND, Ore. (P)-Hubert
S Di ly CIassified court decisions, they said. H. Humphrey, stung by Richard
Sen. Jacob K. Javits, (R-N.Y.), M. Nixon's refusar to accept his
_-- - -- -debate challenge, accused his Re-
publican opponent today of a "lack
TONIGHT at L of respect for the intelligence of
the American voter."

tas's chances of winning Senate
confirmation as chief justice ap-
peared to be 'growing slimmer yes-
terday as the Senate set a test
vote for 1 p.m. Tuesday.
Backers of Fortas suffered a
severe jolt when Senate Republi-
can Leader Everett M. Dirksen of
Illinois told reporters he was
having second thoughts about sup-
porting the nomination.
Calls for Pfesident Johnson to
withdraw the nomination came
from both sides of the political
Sen. John L. McClellan (D-
Ark), told the Senate Fortas
should ask Johnson to withdraw
his name to avoid "serious injury
to the Democratic party and its
candidates for president and vice
"Worst of all," McClellan said,
"there will be further impairment
of public confidence in the Su-
preme Court" unless Johnson
drops his effort to promote Fortas
from associate to chief justice.
"I say this in kindness and a
spirit of friendship," said Mc-
Clellan, who declared that "ob-
stinate insistence" on Senate
confirmation could only produce a
long and bitter debate.
Tuesday's showdown vote will be
on a petition to close debate and
end a filibuster by opponents who
are blocking a motion to consider
the appointment.
An Asociated Press poll Wed-
nesday gave the opponents 35
votes, or more than necessary to
prevent invoking the cloture rule
limiting debate. A two-thirds ma-
jority of senators voting is need-
ed to put the rule into effect.If
all 100 senators are present, 34
no votes are enough to defeat
Friday Dirksen joined those op-
posing cloture.
Dirksen said somewhat crypti-
cally that if he had known before
what he knows now, he would
have "left it open" as to whether
he would vote to confirm Fortas.
As for Tuesday's vote on a pe-
tition to invoke the debate-limit-
ing cloture rule, Dirksen said he
will be against it. This is a switch
from his previous position and it
brought dismay to administration
forces hoping to end the fili-
Democratic Leader Mike Mans-
field of Montana, who initiated
xon s refusal
iationwide TV'
rally, charged that "Nixon is run-
ning in this campaign as the
Shadow"-a radio character wro
could make himself invisible at
"Mr. Nixon is clever," Hum-
phrey added in the prepared re-

Fortas debate


cloture of

TN HT $1.50 at the door
and 800 ($1.00 after second set

the cloture petition, said the loss
of Dirkensen's support "sure as
hell will" make it more difficult
to break 'the filibuster, now in its
third day,
A two-thirds majority of the
senators voting is required to put
the debate-limiting rule into ef-
fect, and opponents of the For-
tas nomination claim more than
half of the 100 members will vote
against it.
When Mansfield was asked if a
second attemept will be made to
impose cloture if the first one
fails, he said he will not decide
that until he sees how Tuesday's
vote goes.
Then he added: "I do not in-
tend to keep the Senate in *essmio
all year,"
AMC sets
new auto
price hik
DETROIT (T) - American Mo-
tors, smallest of the major U.S.
auto companies, joined the auto
price increase parade yesterday as
it posted higher price tags on its
1969 cars which go on sale Tue-
AMC's price hike was, the smallest
of the industry as it figured out at
$43 per car, on sticker prices.
These are the prices which are
posted on cars in dealer show-
rooms and include the federal ex-
cise tax and dealer handling and
preparation charges.
General Motor sticker price in-
creases on its '69's averaged out
at $52 a car, while Ford upped
its sticker prices an average of
$50 per car. Chrysler, after an-
nouncing an earlier $89 average
boost, cut that figure back to a
sticker price hike of $55 on Thurs-
day because of competitive fac-
American Motors, as the other
three auto companies did earlier,
cut down on its warranty protec-
tion to new car buyers. It also did
what none of the other auto com-
panies did-made the federally
required head rests a standard
item, included in the basip price
of the new AMC car.
The head rest, must be installed
on all new cars sold after next
Jan. 1 in compliance with federal
safety laws.
Indications were that the auto
companies-with the exception of
AMC-would raise prices again on
that date to adjust for the head
rests as standard equipment.
AMC's pricing picture was com-
plicated by the fact that in its
two top lines, more powerful en-
gines were added and automatic
transmissions were made standard
on some sporty models. This made
direct comparison with 1968 model
prices more difficult.
AMC followed the industry pat-
tern of cutting back in the '69
model run on its warranty cover-
aget-the guarantee a new car
buyer has that his car's compo-
nents are in A-1 shape.
AMC's new warranty items were
announced only hours after the
Federal Trade Commission in
Washington estimated car makers
might be saving themselves as
much as. $300 million a year by
the warranty cutbacks.
Sen. Warren G. Magnuson (D-
Wash), chairman of the Senate
Commerce Committee earlier,
made public a letter from FTC
Chairman Rand Dixon giving the
Magnuson in a statement called
the FTC letter "deeply disturb-
He noted that the commision's
estimate was that the manufac-
turers would save $40 per car

through the warranty reductions.
The senator said that large auto
industry profits in recent years
made it clear the "manufacturers
could have afforded to hold she
price line" on their models.



r A 1421 HillS
8:30 P.M.

returning by popular demand for their last Ann Ar
performance before leaving for their tour of theE
Coast-singing contemporary, traditional, and OR
I NAL folk music accompanied- by guitar.

have th
and sai
not go to
't. bank ac
The vi
rbor of Nixon
East ing on a
show, lo
debate w
you expe
oi~1n ers of ot
you goinj
ings and
Soviet U
of the w
And H

Enjoy Yourself


irey, argued he didn't. marks. "He has told us he wants
e money to buy enough to join me in free and frank de-
n advertising to get his bates on television, but where is
across without the debate he? Where is the Shadow?"
d the presidency should Humphrey said he looks forward
the man with the biggest to joining Nixon "in hot debate,"
count. and he added: "I don't think the
ce president, getting word Amgerican people will buy Brand
's rejection while appear- X.. .
San Francisco television The language in the Portland
ooked directly into the rally speech was some of the
and said, as if speaking sharpest Humphrey has used so
to his opponent: far as he escalated his campaign
n, if you are unwilling to and his demand that Nixon meet
with me, Mr. Nixon, how do him on a debate platform.
ct to stand up to the lead- Humphrey has been banking on
her countries . . . how are a series of debates-like those that
g to meet at summit meet- helped the late John F. Kennedy
talk to the leaders of the defeat Nixon in 1960.
'nion and other countries So far Republican Nixon has
orld?" not taken up Humphrey's chal-
Humphrey, at a Portland lenge. The situation is complicated
by the law's equal time require-
ments for all major candidates-
meaning that George Wallace
would have to be included unless
Congress changes the law quickly.
Nixon has refused to include
Walace in any debate. News dis-
patches reported today that he re-
jected a Humphrey proposal for
cross country debates that could
have evoided the equal time re-
quirement by making the debates
a news event.

the Daily Staff Today!


I. .


A Contemporary Approach to



Directed by Ellis Rabb
Music by Conrad Susa

Saturday and Sunday
Directed by Sidney Lumet, 1960

"As Now as a Nehru Jacket!"
... Los Angeles Times





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