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September 07, 1968 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-09-07

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."-.'-,y, September 7, 1968


Page Three

cay, September 7, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

.r r.


Nixon advocates giving

Expect new Soviet-
Romanian pact talks


forces claim1

} .

HOUSTON, Tex. (M)-Richard
M. Nixon said yesterday he strong-
ly favors supplying Israel with
Phantom jet fighters if the planes
are necessary to maintain a mili-
tary superiority over her Arab
In a news conference, Nixon was
asked about a newspaper report
that he would supply Israel with
Phantom jets if he is elected pres-
Nixon replied: "I did not and
will not go into specifics of, wheth-
er they get a Phantom jet or any
other kind of jet. I don't know
a Phantom jet from this jet." The
Phantom is the firstline intercep-
tor plane of the U.S. Air Force.
"I have the general principle
that to'maintain the uneasy peace
in the Middle East it is vital that
Israel maintain a superiority
4 against its neighbors and if it
takes Phantom . jets they should
have Phantom jets. That's the'
way I would put it. This is a mat-
ter involving military judgment
but if it takes it I would be for it.."
The Republican candidate for
president made the statement
during an in-flight news 'confer-
ence as he carried his campaign
into Texas from California.
Nixon also disclosed that:
1. William W Scranton, former
governor of Pennsylvania, will
conduct a fact-finding tour in
Western Europe on his behalf
a leaving Sept. 18. 'QUE
2. He is to receive another brief-
ing from Secretary of State Dean
'Rusk Sunday on developments in
Eastern Europe, particularly in
3. The GOP candidate said.
President Johnson telephones him
regularly to keep him abreast of n4
foreign developments.
Nixon said the principal ob-
jective of his appearance in Texas WAVI
is to spell out the difference be- Presiden
tween his policies and those of emphasi
Humphrey. formats
"Not the difference between paign sc
Nixon and Johnson, but between away fr
Nixon and Humphrey," he said, set spee
For several reasons, Nixon's ad- Hump
visers say they believe he has a produce
good chance of winning Texas audience
in November. fective
V~w Oeffective
don't ca
~ VP rmor vieda
for Wallace E E
OT & GCCThel
By The Associated Press clearly
Former Kentucky Gov. A. B. leased a
Chandler has been picked as the phrey's
running mate for third party vice pre
presidential hopeful George Wal- lakeside.
lace, the Louisville Courier-Jour- bers of
nal said yesterday. On eE
The newspaper, quoting a reli- nights,
able source, said the announce- question
ment will be made Tuesday at a only one
news conference in Washington. a speech
Chandler, twice governor, a Like F
former U.S. Senator, and former ard M.
baseball commissioner, declined centrate
coment on the story. day in o
Wallace has also qualified for on the
a place on Tennessee's general shows.
election ballot. An a
Wallace's temporary running Humphr
mate, former Georgia Gov. Marvin the "equ
Griffin, is listed on the Tennessee mit , tel
ballot. But Wallace has said Grif- presiden
fin allowed the use of his name STALEY
to meet ballot requirements, giv- The .
ing the candidate more time to this is ct
choose his running mate. House
Gov. John Ball Williams said which p
he and the Mississippi delegation tion of
rejected by the Democratic con- In rest
vention would support third-party Lionel v
candidate George C. Wallace. backer o

jets to


BUCHAREST (P) - Romania
was reported yesterday to. have
bowed to Soviet demands for talks
on renewal of a bilateral "friend-
ship and assistance treaty" in an
effort to ease Kremlin pressure
in the wake of the Czechoslovak'
Informants said the regime of
President and Communist party
chief Nicolae Ceausescu, alarmed
by reports of Russian army move-
ments along the eastern borders
last week, reluctantly agreed to
reconsider Soviet terms for exten-
sion of the 20-year pact of 1948
which formally ran out last Feb-
T alk s to -be held here next
month are expected to focus on
two key issues in the Soviet draft,
the German problem and the
question of mutual consultations
on political and military decis-
Romania is the only Communist
bloc country which so far has fail-
ed to sign a new treaty with the
Soviet Union.
The Ceausescu regime consid-
ered it an obstacle in its endeavor
to gain independence from the
Negotiations ended in a dead-
lock last year when Ceausescu re-
fused to accept a formula brand-
ing West Germany an aggressor
and revanchist power.
The Romanians also opposed
the idea of obligatory consulta-
tions because they felt this would
restrict their freedom of action.
Ceausescu touched upon this is-
sue in a speech Thursday night
when he assured workers of Bu-
charest factories that his regime
w o u l d continue to "uphold the.
principle of national sovereignty
and independence" in relations
between Communist countries.
Referring to the occupation of
Czechoslovakia, Ceausescu expres-
sed concern about the "deepening
of differences and the use of cer-
tain methods."
His speech sounded less aggres-
sive t h a n earlier statements in
which he blamed Moscow for vio-
lating Communist principles and
demanded withdrawal of the oc-
cupation forces.
The deadlock meant a loss of
prestige for Kremlin leaders, who
value ceremonial renewals of such
treaties as a symbol of solidarity.
The Romanians neither wanted
nor needed a new treaty but they


must reassess their position now,
even if it means the calculated
risk of giving the Kremlin an in-
strument to reassert a degree of
control over this independent-
minded nation.
The Russians are expected to
propose tough terminology in de-
fining a common attitude toward
West Germany, presumably along
the lines of their 1965 treaty with
Poland, which refers to "W e s t
German forces of militarism and
revan hism."





Associated Press
... and eating bagels and lox
IH emphasizes
ew speech S"tyl

ERLY, Minn. (,P) - Vicei
nt Hubert H. Humphrey is
izing question-and-answer
on his first week's cam-
chedule in an effort to get
rom the old emphasis on
ihrey feels such sessions
greater rapport with an
e and are especially ef-
on television.
lhes, he thinks, can be very
e within the room-pro-
verybody can hear-but
arry too well over the
new emphasis was shown
yesterday when . aides re-
idditional details of Hum-
campaign plans while the
sident rested here at his
home and met with mem-
his staff.
ach of the first three
Humphrey has scheduled
-and-answer sessions and
of these is combined with
Republican nominee Rich-
Nixon, he is trying to con-
major speeches at mid-
order to get good exposure
evening television news
ide said yesterday that
ey favors suspension of
al time" provision to per-
evised debates between
tial candidates this year.
Senate-passed bill to do
urrently stalemated in the
Commerce Committee,
lans to resume considera-
it next week.
ponse to a request by Rep.
Van Deerlin (D-Calif), a
f the measure, for a pub-

lie statement supporting it, as-
sistant press secretary Jack Lim-
pert read reporters excerpts of a
letter written by Humphrey last
In the letter Humphrey noted
he favored the 1960 action that
led to the Kennedy-Nixon debates
and that "I would favor the pas-
sage of such legislation this year."
Limpert said he knew of no plans
for Humphrey to issue any ad-
ditional statement this year.

Czech talks
imply further
PRAGUE (P)- Vasily Kusnet-
sov, Soviet first deputy foreign
minister, flew to Prague yester-
day and conferred with P r e s i -
dent Ludvik Svoboda during the
An announcement said their
talk was "frank and comradely"
which, in Communist diplomatic
terminology, means they dis-
Kusnetsov's trip was seen as
foreshadowing possible new Soviet
moves against the Czechoslovak
liberal Communist leadership
which has remained in office des-
pite occupation of the country
since Aug. 21 by the Soviets and
their hard-line allies.
The Communist-led National
Front replaced its president, Dr.
Frantisek Kriegel, a surgeon, de-
nounced in the Soviet press as "an
organizer of rightwing forces"
Leaders of the National Front,
comprising all mass organizations
and political parties, selected Ev-
zen Erban as the new president.
He is considered a liberal sup-
porter of party chief Alexander
Kriegel thus joins on the side-
lines such other leading expo-
.nents of Czechoslovakia's liberali-
zation drive as Cestnir Cisar,
former party secretary, and Dep-
uty Premier Ota Sik, all targets
of Soviet, criticism.
The interior ministry ordered
disbanded the preparatory com-
mittees of K-231 and KAN.
K-231 was an organization of
those rehabilitated after being
sentenced under Act 231 in Stal-
mist days for high treason and
KAN was a nonpartisan politi-
cal club.
A ministry statement said K-
231 was unnecessary because the
rehabilitation of persons prose-
cuted was provided under new
It said KAN's program was to
have the character of a political
organization and therefore could
not be permitted.,
The various measures are beig
taken in the hope that the situa
tion can be returned to what the
Russians consider normal.
Until then, the Soviet, Polish,
East German ; Hurgarian and
Bulgarian troops remain in
The abolition of political
groups outside the N a t i o n a 1
Front was one of the points be-
lieved to be contained in an
agreement signed, by Czechoslo-
vak leaders during their negotia-
tions in Moscow after Soviet bloc
troops occupied this country Aug.
Much speculation surrounded a
reported trip to Moscow by Soviet
Ambassador S. C. Cervonenko.
Some sourcees thought he went
to attend a session of the Soviet
Communist party Central Com-
mittee party Central Committee
mittee which is believed to be
meeting to deal with the situation
in Czechoslovakia.
OTher Czechoslovak sourcessaid
they thought, Cervonenko h a s
been recalled because the Prague
leadership regards him as com-

TOKYO (P)-Peking Radio said regions, Si
yesterday 'forces loyal to Chair- Tibet.
man Mao Tse-tung have seized Despite r
seething u
the last holdouts among his polit- inces, thef
ical foes in the provinces. to reflectt
The announcement indicated a Communist
claim that opponents of Mao's his suppo
two-year-old revolution were close they will h
to final defeat. vast count
The broadcast reported a major The Chi
victory in the seizure by Maoist cast saidt
supporters of what it pictures as all-roundy
the last two holdout "autonomous" proletarian


reports of fighting and
nrest in many prov-
announcement seemed
the confidence of the
party chairman and
rters that eventually
have control over the
nese language broad-
the statement of "an
victory for the great
cultural revolution"


was made in a joint editorial by
the official People's Daily and the
Liberation Army Daily. Such joint
statements are reserved for im-
portant announcements.
The editorial said Maoists had
set up revoldiionary committees
Thursday in Sinkiang-Highur, site
of valuable uranium deposits and
nuclear arms testing grounds, and
in Tibet, the Himalayan land over-
run by Red China's armies in
These joint committees have
been set up one by one to rule in
the 23 provinces and four auto-
nomous regions. They consist of
the army men, Communist party
workers, and representatives of
the revolutionary masses, includ-
ing the young Red Guards who
spearheaded Mao's cultural revo-
lution, or purge, when he launched
it in 1966.
The joint editorial said the es-
tablishment of the committees in
the two autonomous regions
meant "complete bankruptcy of
China's Khrushchev and his
agents, who had, attempted to
change China's color from prole-
tarian dictatorship to bourgeois
"China's Khrushchev" 'is the
Maoist name for President Liu
Shao-chi, considered the main foe
of Mao's cultural revolution. While
Liu is under virtual house arrest
in Peking, This backers in the party
have been waging a vigorous fight
against Mao.
China wa t c h e r s in Tokyo
thought Mao might call the Peo-
ple's Congress into session to oust
Liu from the government, but
they said it was too early to pre-
dict a date. The Congress alone
has the, power to elect and fire
presidents. It has not met since
Saying all China had now been
painted Red accept for Formosa,
the editorial lashed out at the
United States; President Chiang
Kai-shek, whose Chinese Nation-
alists occupy Formosa; and the
'Soviet Union.
It said Mao's supporters "have
exposed agents of U.S.-Chiang
cliques and Soviet revisionists and
crushed their counter-revolution=
ary attempts to restore capitalism
in China."
While Mao's control over some
provinces is reported shaky, most
of the leadership of the army has
sided with 'his group iin Peking,
enabling the Maoists to keep the
lid on much of the trouble.
An example of the kind of un-
rest that Maoists must deal with
came in Chinese language broad-
casts from the eastern provinces
of Chekiang and Kiangsu and the
central province of Honan heard
yesterday in Hong Kong.
The broadcast called Mao's foes
"traitors, spies, capitalist roaders,
and counter-revolutionaries."

-Associated Press
V.C increase attacks
on' Saigon suburb~s.,

Johnson criticizes delay
over Fortas, appointment

SAIGON OP) - Pushing women
and children in front of them as
shields, Viet Cong troops stormed
out of the darkness into a com-
pany of U.S. paratroops early yes-
terday, killing 33 Americans and
wounding 41.
It was not known if, any of the
women -and children, used as
enemy shields, had been wounded
or killed.

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Johnson charged yesterday into
the fray over his nomination of
Abe Fortas to be chief justice of
the" United States, declaring no
"little group" of senators should
be allowed to thwart the majority
will through filibuster and par-
liamentary tricks.
Johnson called the two Senate
leaders - Mike Mansfield (D-
Mont.) and Everett M. Dirksen
(R-Ill)--to the White House for
a wide-ranging domestic and for-
eign affairs parley, and afterwards
used some strong words at an im-
promptu news conference.
The President said 60 to -70 of
the 100 Senate members favor
Fortas for the nation's top judi-
cial post.
He added: "We should not allow
a little group-a sectional group,
primarily, who disapprove of some
opinions the Supreme Court just-
ices have rendered-to be able, by
parliamentary tricks, to filibuster
and prevent the majority from
expressing its viewpoint."
The nomination, sent to the
Senate June 26, has yet to emerge
from the Senate Judiciary Com-
mittee headed by James O. East-
land (D-Miss), an announced op-

ponent of the nomination.
When Congress reconvened this
week after its recess for the na-
tional political conventions, the
committee failedto 'muster a
quorum so it didn't even get into
discussion on whether to send the
nomination to the Senate floor.
Since a two-thirds majority is
needed to cut off any Senate floor
debate-even if the nomination
gets that far-Fortas backers fear-
ed a filibuster. Time is running
against them in the late-in-the-
year session.
Another meeting of the commit-
tee has been called for Tuesday.
Johnson said he has indica-
tions new support for Fortas de-
veloped during the congressional
recess and neither Mansfield nor
Dirksen knew of any new oppon-
And never in U.S. history has
a Supreme Court nomination been
blocked by a Senate filibuster, he
Johnson, a former Senate ma-
jority leader and therefore an ex-
the Judiciary Committee would
perienced nose-counter figured
the Judiciary Committee would
stand more than two to one for
sending the nomination to the
full Senate if the members "were
permitted to vote."

A sweep of the
covered no civiliani
reports said.

battlefield un-
casualties, first

called on the South Vietnameser
to establish at least one three-
man suicide squad in each village,
presumably fqr its third general{
offensive of the year.
The directive, captured Aug. 11+
by U.S. infantrymen in coastal
Quang Ngai Province, says the
suicide squads would be used to
infiltrate towns and assassinateI
"tyrants and ringleaders."+
U.S. B-52 bombers kept up their,
campaign to break up Viet Cong
and North Vietnamese forces thaj
might be assembling for a third
offensive against Saigon.+
They flew 10 missions late
Thursday - and Friday, attacking
targets outside the capital and
near Duc Lap on the edge of the
Central Highlands about 130
miles northeast of Saigon.




The battle was one of t h r e e
fought northwest and southwest
of Saigon.
The Viet Cong has stepped up
bombing and shootings in the
capital in recent weeks.
Some observers consider it, an.
attempt to terrorize the popula-
tion as a prelude to a full-scale
third assault against Saigon fore-
cast for months.
Inside the capital the Viet Cong
set off about 75 pounds of TNT
in a South Vietnamese govern-
ment information center in Chol-
on, the Chinese section of t h e
Casualty reports, still incom-
plete, said eight persons were
killed and 10 to 15 wounded by
.the blast.
A house next to the information
center collapsed and many civil-
ians were buried under the rubble
of the two buildings.
About an hour after the explo-
sion, a 'South Vietnamese ward
chief was shot and critically
wounded in the Saigon dock area
by a young woman, believed to
be a Viet Cong assassin. The as-
sailant got away.
While the terror intensified in-
side the capital, American and
South Vietnamese troops battled
enemy soldiers along key infil-
tration routes to the city.
About 10 miles north of the
paratroop battle, South Vietnam-
ese forces reported killing 39 in
a sweep of the Poi Loi woods,
along an enemy stronghold and
target of reported allied sweeps
and bombing raids.
Six Viet Cong suspects were
captured. South Vietnamese losses
were put at 10 killed and 10
Captured documents made pub-
lic by the U.S. Mission in Saigon
disclosed that the Viet Cong has,


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Associated Press News Analysis
There is good chance that Red
China's turbulent, two-year-old
Great Proletarian Cultural Rev-
olution will not end with a bang,
but rather will fade away, with
the military emerging as the key
factor in the political future of
that vast country.
The result can be the develop-
ment of a regime gradually be-
coming more moderate, so far as
its internal policies are concerned.
The cultural revolution is not
yet over, nor is there any sure,
sign of the public degradation of
Liu Shao-chi, who, as China's
president, occupied the role, of
party chairman Mao Tse-tung's
chief foe.
President Liu indeed may be
finished already, but behind all
the bombastic language of the
denunciations of Mao's enemies,
something in the :nature of a
compromise apears to be emerging,
pushing aside the extremists of
both left and right.
There is every indication that
the PLA-People's Liberation
Army is playing a strong role in
There likely would be a price
for whatever internal stability

Mao wins through cooperation of
those comma#ding the PLA.
The price may include sacrifice
of some of his stormiest support-
ers, including his wife, Chiang
Ching, the former Shanghai ac-
tress who rose meteorically to
prominence on the wave of cul-
tural revolution.
PLA influence. has become, re-
cently, more and more evident.
Press announcements and of-
ficial broadcasts call the PLA "the
pillar of the proletarian dictator-
ship and defender of the cultural
Lin Piao, as defense minister,
has charge of the PLA. The wily
marshal, in the course of the cul-
tural revolution, has maneuvered
men like Liu Shao-chi and other
old party stalwarts out of the
picture and won for himself glori-
fication second only to that ac-
corded Chairman Mao.
If the dust clears and the out-
line of compromise emerges, it
may show Liu Shao-chi and his
allies finally discredited, middle-
of-the-road elements invited back
into the fold, apd Liu in the posi-
tion of actual ruler of China, with
aging Mao in the role of dedeified
figurehead whose benediction will
support the real power.

8:30 P.M.


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