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December 01, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-12-01

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Mc Carthy

Associated Press News Analysis
NEW YORK - Sen. Eugene
J. McCarthy's (D-Minn) decision
to challenge President Johnson in
four presidential primaries could
polarize the movements of dissi-
dent Democrats already under way
in a number of states to block the
renomination lof the President next
Like McCarthy, they oppose
Jphnson's policies in Vietnam.
The Minnesota senator said he
will be a contender in the elec-
tions in Wisconsin, California,
Oregon and Nebraska. He said
he will decide within two weeks
whether to enter the primaries in
y New Hampshire and Massachu-
There is already a group calling

itself "Concerned Wisconsin
ocrats," headed by Don Pe
chairman of the 10th Distr
He said McCarthy's ann
ment, "gives the voters o
consin and the United St
clear choice regarding the
Vietnam. Sen. McCarthy u
ticulate this issue and h
unite a country divided ove
they have yet to compreh
Political observers in Ca
said McCarthy is virtually
to have the backing of th
fornia Democratic Council
year-old organization with
timated 33,000 members
group voted recently to
Johnson in the California p
by entering a slate of "peac

n Dem- gates." It had named no specific Euge
eterson, candidate for the presidency, or of
ict. In New Hampshire, the presi- Kenne
dent's supporters are trying to "I'm
ounce- turn back what appears to be a drive f
A Wis- growing revolt against his Viet- McCarl
Mates a nam policies. A top Democrat, who can hel
war in asked not to be identified, said way, w
elp re- a recent poll indicated that John- We fe
r a ar Hson would not do well in New has the
Lend." Hapshire. elected.
New Hampshire is among the Mass
lifornia states where anti-Johnson Dem-
certain ocrats have organized to place the they w
e Cali- name of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy tion if
, a 14- (D-N.Y.) before the voters next the pri
an es- year. Shou
s. The The state's primary, first in the delegat
oppose nation, is scheduled for March 12. tional(
primary Kennedy has consistently disavow- vote fo
ce dele- ed all such movements. Rep. T1


An ti-.Johnson

ne Daniell Jr., former may-
Franklin, is leading the
dy backers.
not going to submerge the
or Kennedy on behalf of
thy," he said. "But if we
[p or encourage him in any
ve certainly want to do it.
el, however, that Kennedy
e best chance of getting
achusetts Democrats said
ould be in a difficult posi-
McCarthy decides to enter
mary there.
ld he win, Massachusetts
es to the Democratic Na-
Convention would have to
or him on the first ballot.
homas P. O'Neill (D-Mass)


expressed the belief that the Pres-I
ident would have a hard fight to D
beat McCarthy in the primary. C
"McCarthy could cause a great ti
deal of consternation" in Demo- st
cratic ranks if he goes into the
New Hampshire and Massachu- o
setts elections, O'Neill said. c
Other Democratic sources in;
Massachusetts said McCarthy has tv
a good chance of winning there D
"unless the Vietnam war is ended v
one way or another before next li
In Minnesota, McCarthy's own ti
state-and also Vice President Hu- a
bert H. Humphrey's-there is a
dissident group calling itself the c
Minnesota Conference of Con- s

Clark R. Rasmussen, Iowa's state He called for an "open, free split between anti-war and pro-
emocratic chairman, said "Mc- and unshackled 1968 national con- Johnson factions. Those opposing
arthy's candidacy would give an- vention, with serious considera- the President's Vietnam policy
war Democrats a place to go and tion given to alternative presiden- have not yet taken a. formal stand,
ill stay in the party. This could tial candidates and to alternative The chairman of the Washing-
e advantageous in holding Dem- platform proposals on all the great ton State Citizens for Kennedy
crats in the party until after the { questions of our time." group said organizations support-
onvention." Ferency's statements were widely ing McCarthy and Kennedy will
If a split should develop be- interpreted as a call for a "dump be "complementary" to each other.
ween pro-Johnson and anti-war Johnson" movement. In Indiana, Gordon St. Angelo,
emocrats, however, he could en- In Nassau County, the Demo- Democratic state chairman, said
sion "many Kennedy people cratic Committee is polling 230,000 of McCarthy's move, "It is too
ning up with McCarthy." registered Democrats to determine early to ascertain what effect this
Tuesday, Michigan's Democra- their views on the President's Viet- will have on the election in 1968.
c state chairman, Zolton Ferency, nam policies. Leaders said that if "Undoubtedly Sen. McCarthy's
nnounced his resignation and enough opposition is found, it announcement is one to rally those
might lead to a "dump Johnson" who are in opposition within the
riticized efforts to line up solid movement there. 'Democratic party to President
apport for the President's renom- New York's Liberal party, which Johnson's legislative and other
nation. backed Johnson in 1964, is badly ; programs."

cerned Democrats.


{ r .

House Committee
~Proposed Tax. 1n



National Guard has suspended all
recruiting of young men without
previous military service in an ef-
fort to get down to authorized
strength of 400.000 by next sum-

Cyprus Peace Pact Gives Turks
Short-Term Political Advantage

Associated Press News Analysis '
ISTANBUL--Turkey apparently
has won a smashing political vic-
tory-if perhaps a short-termed
one-over Greece in the Cyprus

could give both communities time
to reach a detente by themselves,
particularly if they know that
neither Athens nor Ankara is eager
to war on their behalf.

is discounted, however. The chief
of Turkish general staff, Gen. Ce-
mal Tural, reportedly a dove or
Cyprus, has backed Demirel at thi
peace bargaining table. go have

WASHINGTON (P) -President
Johnson's tax increase proposal
was ruled dead for 1967 yesterday,
but given a chance of enactment
next year-provided the adminis-
tration cuts spending much deep-
er than it has yet proposed.
The verdict was rendered by
Chairman Wilbur D. Mills of the
House Ways and Means Commit-
tee, which controls tax legislation.
The administration submitted a
tax-economize package proposing
spending cuts estimated at $4.1
billion. Mills told administration
spokesmen before his committee,
and newsmen afterward, that the
economizers should be able to do
$2 billion or $3 billion better than
'Enhance Acceptance'
Such action, the Arkansas Dem-
ocrat said, "would enhance the
acceptance of a tax increase by
the American people."
John'son is asking a 10 per cent
surcharge on individual and cor-
porate income taxes, with, a cor-
porate tax speedup and mainten-
ance of excise tax levels.
Together, these moves are es-
timated to produce $7.4 billion
additional revenue during the rest
of the present fiscal year. Mills
especially emphasized the $11.9
billion figure, demanding assur-
ances that the government would
not simply step up spending to
absorb it.
Further Cuts
Mills told reporters he thinks
the administration's next step
should be to appear before the
House Appropriations Committee
prepared to work out further
spending cuts.
Because the tax-economy pack-
age would involve three House
committees-Ways and Means for
the tax aspects, Appropriations
for spending and Government Op-
erations for a proposed long-
range study of government pro-
grams-it is impossible to com-
plete action on it this year, Mills
As for completing the tax por-
tion under the jurisdiction of the
Ways and Means Committee,
Mills said, "It would not be ab-
solutely impossible, but I doubt
the committee could do it."
He said it is committed to a
conference with the Senate on
Social Security legislation, ex-
pected to take at least a week.
House Reaction
Meanwhile, in the House, the
chairman of the Appropriations
Committee, Rep. George H. Ma-
hon of Texas, said "I applaud the
administration for its resolve to
make further reductions in gov-
ernment spending."
He said a resolution on expen-.
diture limitations which has been
tied up since mid-October by
Senate - House disagreements
might provide a vehicle for re-
opening the subject. The senior
Republican member of the com-
mittee, Rep. Frank Bow of Ohio,
Mills indicated he prefers the
limitation method proposed in
that resolution to the formula the
administration suggested.
He said the actual spending in
1967 "should be used as a bench-
"There will be some depart-
ments that could not be held to
this level," he told newsmen, "but
so far as possible this should be
the standard."

mer. a Guard bureau spokesman crisis that for a few hours nearly While the over-all mood in Tur- other senior officers.
said yesterday. plunged the eastern Mediterrean key is one of relief, sectors of the Demirel had strong support dur-
All states were notified of the into war. army and Turkey's right-wing ex- ing the crisis from major opposi-
action earlier this week. It was But the peace agreement reach- tremist movement are disappointed tion politicans headed by Ismet
ed between Athens and Ankara, there was no "final solution" to the Inonu, 84-year-old leader of the
effective immediately. eRepublican People's party.
As of the end of October, the details of which have not been Cyprus question.
Army Guard had 417,300 on its made public, apparently did little A number of junior officers in EveTuy gw's do st,
rolls, toward getting the feuding Turk- the Turkish army-honed to a fine cautiously noting Moscow's desire
Many units have long waiting ish and Greek communities to live edge in expectation of an invasion their usual anti-Demirel com-
lists of young men who want to peacefully together on the island. of Cyprus as war fever mounted- tens
sign up with a Guard unit so they The pact reportedly does give have been heard openly criticizing There is a strong suspicion, too,
can avoid two years of active duty wider scope to the United Nations Prime Minister Suleyman Demi- j that the average Turk-partic-
in the draft. peacekeeping force on Cyprus. This rel's government. Talk of a coup ularly the peasant who only earns
The Guard ^action still leaves $200 a year-couldn't care less
open the recruiting of men who about Cyprus' woes
have important skills, such as tat e ouse r ne em ves Credit to Vance
medical technicians, gained in High marks have been given in
previous military service. Their 1 " Ankara to Cyprus R. Vance,. Presi-
number is very small, the Guard on O pen H ousing dent Johnson's peace emissary,
bureau spokesman said. whose round the clock negotiations
Also unaffected is a special pi- in Athens and Ankara helped avert
lot program in New Jersey seeking LANSING (M)-The House Civil Unchanged are fines of up to a bloody showdown.
to carry out the recommendation Rights Committee has removed $2,000 which could be levied ina ywas the prospect of war be-
to encourage enlistment of Ne- from the proposed open housing court against real estate brokers, tween the two allies, which would
groes in the Guard. The New Jer- law a $500 limit on the financial homebuilders or financial institu- be, a devastating blow to the
sey drive has picked up some 300 penalties for violation of the pro- tions found guilty of violating the North Atlantic Treaty Organiza
Negro candidates out of a goal posed law. housing act. I tion (NATO) a 11,1 a n c e, that
of 865 for both the Army Guard "I can tell you right now this is Members of the full House prompted NATO to send Secre-
and Air National Guard in New I going to create a real hassle on could put the $500 ceiling back j tary-General Manlio Brosio to
Jersey. the floor of the House," said Com- I in the bill after the chamber re- ' mediate.
On Nov.-6, Secretary of De- mittee Chairman Melvin Destig- I convenes Dec. 12. Brosio was joined by White
fense Robert S. McNamara an- ter (R-Hudsonville). The committee finished work House envoy CyrusR. Vance and
nounced that he was authorizing In its present form, the con- on the bill Wednesday and plans U.N. Undersecretary Jose Rolz-
both the Army Guard and the troversial measure would permit to send it to the floor Dec. 11. Bennett. The three hammered
- - - I

-Associated Press
CHAIRMAN WILBUR MILLS of the House Ways and Means Committee today ruled out any action
on the administration's tax increase proposal. Mills, talking to reporters after a committee meet-
ing, suggested the administration try for an extra two to three billion dollars in spending cuts in
addition to $4.1 already proposed.
Reasoning Behind McNamara
Departure Remains Unknowu~n

WASHINGTON (P) - President
Johnson was described yesterday
as feeling the time has become
"propitious," or favorable, for
Secretary of Defense Robert S.
McNamara's departure from the
Why he reached this decision
at this particular time, remains
the unanswered question.
Official statements were issued
by both men but they shed little
light on why the 51-year-old
Pentagon chief should be relieved
now when he made clear he would
stay longer.
Sources, reminded that McNa-
mara's move to the World Bank
could have been delayed until as
late as Dec. 31, 1968, said merely
that the President had come to
feel the proper moment had
arrived for letting him go-as
McNamara was interested in do-
That the President authorized
the placing of McNamara's name
before World Bank directors
without informing him at the
time was confirmed by George
Christian, White House press sec-
retary. Christian said George D.
Woods, the outgoing bank presi-
dent, informed McNamara of the
latter's nomination, but he did
not know whether this was before
or after it was actually submitted.
McNamara and Johnson had
discussed the matter in mid-Oc-
tober, however, even to the point
of mulling over possible successors
to the Pentagon job.
Nevertheless, after word of Mc-
Namara's nomination leaked out
Monday Sen. Edward M. Ken-
nedy (D-Mass.) questioned pub-
licly whether McNamara was be-
ing eased out of the administra-

McNamara associates outside
the Pentagon portray him as sur-
prised he was being mustered out
so quickly. But a McNamara co-
worker detected no surprise in
McNamara's reactions the past
few days-in fact, found him more
casual and relaxed.
McNamara friends in the Cap-
itol put forth the thesis that
Johnson was easing McNamara
off into a public service post
where he would be forced into
silence about Vietnam war policy.
Pentagon associates of the de-
fense chief reject this idea.
True, McNamara might be a
political target in the presidential
campaign, but this could also
work to the President's advantage.
"Share the heat - that's the
standard thing in this govern-

ment," one official said. "A Presi-
dent needs lots of targets around
him to absorb the lightning."
Asked whether McNamara was
leaving by his own choice, Phil
G. Goulding, Pentagon press offi-
cer, said in somewhat of an un-
derstatement: "The inference I
get is he intends to assume the
duties of a new job." And, after
a pause: "Of course, he's leaving
on his own volition."
Goulding said the biggest part
of McNamara's budget work could
be out of the way by about
White House sources did not
discount the possibility, however,
that the President might move
much more quickly in proposing
a successor to Congress-perhaps
by mid-December.

Army Reserve an additional 3 per
cent above the planned levels of
400,000 for the Guard and 260,000I
for the Reserve.
He said these additional troops
were needed to man about 125
new units of company and de-
tachment size which presumably
will be geared for riot control!
The McNamara announcementj
on Nov. 6 implied that the addi-
tional 3 per cent he was author-
izing was necessary to meet
strength goals.
However, this week's action cut-
ting off recruiting in the Army
National Guard suggests over-
strength rather than under-
strength problems.
The Pentagon was unable im-
mediately to provide an explana-

a person who suffered economic
damages because of discrimina-
tion in a real estate deal to collect
any amount set by Circuit Court.
Individual Discrimination
The provision allowing damages
is intended chiefly as a penalty
against private individuals who
discriminate in sale or rental of
However Assistant Atty. Gen.
Carl Levin, general counsel for
the State Civil Rights Commis-
sion, predicted Wednesday private
howeowners would seldom or
never face financial penalties.
"At the moment, I can't thinks
of any instance where it could
apply," Levin said.
The original bill proposed last
month by Gov. George Romney
limited recoverable damages to

Removal of the $500 ceiling oi
damages was part of a compro-
mise which also saw reinsertion of
a provision making the state legal-
ly, liable for damages suffered by
a person named in a State Civil
R i g h t s Commission complaint
which is dismissed.
That issue also is controversial.
Some House members have said
they would oppose making the
state liable for mistakes made by
the civil rights commission. I
Levin noted the $500 ceiling was
put into the original housing bill,
which would have allowed the
commission to set the amount of
damages. He said that because the
figure now would be determined
in court, the limit was no longer

out the 'peace agreement.
Explosive Situation
According to available sources,
Turkey for one thing feared an
invasion might antagonize the
United States and disrupt increas-
ingly friendly ties with the Soviet
Reports had been flying about
Ankara that the military estab-
lishment was eager for a battle
with Greece.
One Ankara diplomat comment-
ed: "Turkey solved the problem
without war and, looking at it
from this point of view, it must
be considered a victory for
Turkey wants to see the island
partitioned into Greek and Turk-
ish Cypriot communities. Greece
,opposes partition.


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-Life Magazine
-Bosley Crowther,
New York Times



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