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November 12, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-11-12

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'Economists Say
Tax Hike Needed

Reagan Declares Vietnam War
Must End in American Victory
ALBANY. Ore. (M -California wears thin. This is the way to The governor said the big
Gov. Ronald Reagan, in his most peace and it is a way in keeping threat to world peace is Commun-

ministration continues to press its
argument for higher taxes despite
indications of apparent slack and
sluggishness in some sectors of
the economy.
Government e x p e r t s blame
much of the apparent slowdown
of the automobile strike and con-
tend the effects are only tem-
The economy, they insist, is
building a head of steam and the
only realistic safety valve is
President Johnson's proposed 10
per cent surcharge on individual
and corporate income taxes.
But just when the administra-
tion needs all the strength it can
muster in Congress, some key
business data have taken on some
The government reported last,
week the highest unemployment
rate in two years-4.3 per cent of
the total labor force-arid a 2 per
cent tumble in retail sales for
October to their lowest level in
five months.
And Gardner Ackley, chairman
of the Council of Economic Ad-
visers, acknowledged that income
and production figures during
LBJ Speech
Talks at Sea
By The Associated Press
President Johnson led the na-
tion's observance of Veterans Day
yesterday with a new plea for Viet-
nam peace talks.
Appearing at early morning
ceremonies on the flight deck of
the carrier Enterprise off San
Diego, Johnson sugested a Viet-
nam parley on "a neutral ship
on a neutral sea."
Speaking to the ship's crew,
but addressing his remarks to
North Vietnam's leaders, he said,
"You have only to say the word
for our quarrel to be buried be-
neath the waves."
Recalls 1941
Declaring again that "our states-
men will press the search for
peace to the corners of our earth,"
Johnson pointed out "that the
meeting ground could even be the
sea," with, the Atlantic Charter
of 1941 as a pattern.
"Standing here," he said,
"specks between the vastness of
ocean and heaven, men might
realize the ultimate smallness of
their quarrels. They just might
come to see the waste of war
amidst this wealth of God and
"It may only be a dream. But
it could so easily be salvation.
The United States follows the
dream of peace, so we include
even the seas in our search., For
us, the wardroom could readily
be a conference room. A neutral
sea would be as good a meeting
place as any.
Two Must Meet
"So long as two came to the
meeting. So ,long as both met
halfway. So long as one did not
insist that the other walk on
water and work a miracle alone."
The President said these
thoughts came upon him aboard
the Enterprise because the ship
reminded him of the cruiser Au-
gusta, in August, 1941, and an-
other time dark with war.
Roosevelt and Churchill, he said,
met in the wardroom of the
Augusta and lit a flame of hope
in a charter which held that:
There shall be no territorial
changes not in accord with the
freely expressed wills of the people
-All nations must have the
right to dwell In safety gwithin
their own boundaries, living their

lives in freedom from fear and
"Nations can meet on the seas
to repeat the miracle now," John-
son said. "But if they meet, it
must be to build on the two cen-
tral and timeless principles."

September were relatively unex-
The full impact of the Ford
Motor Co. strike was felt during
October, for which economic re-
ports are now being compiled.
It was the Vietnam war buildup
which helped spark the economic
boom from the middle of 1965
through last year but Ackley said
this appears to be leveling off
The private economy was peg-
ged by government experts last
January as the spark for the cur-
rent phase of the expansion but
the private sector has failed to
respond 100 per cent.
One government analyst said
yesterday a strike at such a large
firm as Ford paints a wide swath
across the economy and affects a
variety of economic indicators.
Despite the increased unem-
ployment rate, the number of ions
is going up and this is what af-
fects the volume of goods and
services in the economy, the an-
alyst added.
Up to now, some government
analysts say, the tax increase
hasn't been needed from a purely
economic standpoint because Con,
gress hasn't yet increased Soc
Security benefits.
The proposed increase in Social
Security benefits will stimulate
the economy while the tax in-
crease is designed to slow it.
Both were proposed to go into
effect before now but Congress
has adopted neither and Ackle
said the two inactions "pretty
much offset each other, so far as
their impact on the economy is
Stokes' Win
CLEVELAND (/P) - Democrat
Carl B. Stokes was elected mayor
of Cleveland by a margin of 1,644
votes, the Board of Elections an-
nounced yesterday after complet-
ing its official count.
The unofficial count in Tues-
day's election had Stokes, the
first Negro ,elected mayor of a
major U.S. city, defeating Seth
C. Taft, the Republican nominee,
by 2,501 votes.
Taft was out of town and un-
available for comment on the of-
ficial tabulation or the possibility
of his seeking a recount. However,
a spokesman for Taft said no
decision on a recount would be
made until tomorrow.
"That will give us time to
evaluate the official count and
the findings of the Board of
Elections," he said.

-Associated Press
Actors of the Bread and Puppet Theatre, some wearing death masks, perform in Union Square in
New York City yesterday during a rally by two veterans groups opposed to the Vietnam war. In
this scene a U.S. plane drops bombs over women and children. The rally drew a crowd of about 500,
including a few hecklers. The rally began about an hour after a Veterans Day ceremony in the
square by Veterans of Foreign Wars. Numerous observances of the day were held throughout the
High Court Decision Pending
n Reapportionment Question

thorough statement yet on Ameri-
can policy in Southeast Asia, de-
clared that "the war in Vietnam
must be fought through to vic-
In a tough attack on the policies
of President Johnson and the late
President John F. Kennedy, Rea-
gan declared:
"The one thing that is sure in
this situation is that we Americans
must finally make up our minds
as a people whether we want to
carry the war through to a con-
clusion, or give up."
His comments were in a speech
prepared for delivery last night to
a Veterans Day dinner.
National Interest
The governor made clear his
belief that giving up would be
unthinkable, telling the audience:
"Isn't it time that we admitted
we are in Vietnam because our
national interest demands that we
take a stand there now so we
won't have to take a stand later
on our own beaches?"
He added, "Isn't it time that
we either win this war or tell the
American people why we can't?
Isn't it time to recognize the
great immorality of sending our
neighbors' sons to die with the
hope we can do so without anger-
ing the enemy too much?
"Isn't this a throwback to those
jungle tribes sacrificing a few of
their select young on a heathen
altar to keep the volcano from
Reagan then called for "vic-
tory" in the war and said this
means to him: "First, an end to
North Vietnamese aggression, and
second, an honorable and safe
peace for our South Vietnam
neighbors. We have been patient
long enough and our patience

an end to the bombing of North
Vietnam, Reagan replied, "stop
the bombing, and we will or,
encourage the enemy to do his
Grasp of Reality
Reagan said he doesn't question
the sincerity of most Vietnh;
war critics, but wonders about
their grasp of reality.
"The U.S. has work to do and a
place to fill in the Pacific, and ...
we must not stop fighting until
the security of our allies has benn
assured in freedom and independ-
ence," Reagan stated. "This war
has to be fought ..

some in high places are reluctant
to voice it."
Reagan said the eternal dream
of world peace "is a good dream
. . . but we do repudiate an at-
tempt to achieve that dream by
methods disproven by all of our
past experience. .."
He said that the case for free-
dom can't be rested with the
United Nations as it is presently
constituted. Not until reconstruc-
tion of this organization puts
realistic power in the hands of
those nations which must, through
size and strength, be ultimately
responsible for world order. .."

with our basic principles." ist dreams of world domination
To war critics who advocate which "we all know . . . even if

Japanese Prime Minister
To Ask Return of Okinawa

preme Court focuses its attention
this week on an oil-rich county in
the prairies of western Texas with
the very structure of the nation's
local governments hanging in the
in the balance. -
There's plenty of sky but not
many people outside Midland City.
According to the 1960 census,
66,225 people lived in the city
and only 1,492 elsewhere in Mid-
land County.
* And yet, the city elects only one
of the four voting commissioners
on the county governing body,
called the Commissioners' Court.
For this reason, Midland - and
its mayor, Hank Avery - may
make history.
Back in June 1964 the Supreme
Court ignited a revolution in state
government. Seats in both houses
of a two-house legislature, it held,
must be apportioned' substantially
on a population basis.
What about grass-root govern-
ment, the city and county coun-
cils, school 'districts and town-
ship boards that derive their
powers from state legislatures?
Must they be based, too, on one-
man, one-vote?
The court pondered the ques-
tions last term in cases from Ala-
bama, Michigan, New York and

Virginia. But it never gave a def-
initive answer. About all it did
was to seemingly exempt from the
one-man, one-vote doctrine -local
bodies that exercise administra-
tive - rather than legislative -
The suit begun in December
1962 by Avery, onetme indepen-
dent oil operator and architect,
may bring the constitutional an-
swer. If he wins - and the Justice
D anrtmant i nn his side - manv

the commissioners perform both
legislative and administrative fun-
ctions; they can levy taxes, own
and operate hospitals and air-
ports and adopt budgets for all
county expenditures.
T h e Commissioners Court's
argument will be that its legis-
lative functions are negligible,
that it essentially is a judicial and
administrativd body.

WASHINGTON (P) - Japan'si
prime minister comes to Wash-
ington this week seeking early re-
turn of the Bonin Islands and .
Okinawa to Tokyo's control. His
prospects are bright on the Bon-I
ins, dim on Okinawa. .i
Prime Minister Eisaku Sato is
to confer with President Johnson
Best information available from1
U.S. official sources is that he will1
be offered some agreement for
restoration of Japanese sover-
eignty over the Bonins, including
the famed World War II battle-1
ground of Iwo Jima.
But there appears little chance
that the United States will re-'
linquish any time soon of its con-1
trol of Okinawa, now the major1
American miiltary base in the
western Pacific.
Sato and his adviseis are flying
to Seattle today and on to Wash-l
ington late tomorrow for talks1
Tuesday and Wednesday.
At a meeting Jan. 12-13, 1965,
Johnson and Sato reached an1
agreement that recognized the
importance to Far Eastern secur-
ity of the U.S. military installa-
tions on Okinawa and the Bonin
Sato said then that Japan
wants administrative control over

its prewar possessions restored as
soon as possible.
Johnson replied that he looks
forward to the day when security
in the Far East would permit the
return of administrative rights to
Since then Sato has been under
increasing political pressure from
business, labor, the press and the
political opposition in both Japan
and Okinawa.
His expressed view now is that
"indefinite continuation of the
p r e s e n t unnatural situation"
would not only be hard for the
Japanese people but a possible
stumbling block between Japan
and the United States in guaran-
teeing the security of Japan and
the Far East.
Japanese diplomats have said
that Sato hopes to gain on his
present visit more than a U.S.
promise for the return of the
U.S. military authorities fear
that if full Japanese sovereignty
were returned to Okinawa it
would bring the most important
U.S. military base in the western
Pacific under the terms of the
U.S.-Japan Security Treaty which
can be terminted after 1970 upon
one year's notice.


epar mren is n s ylu - U
local governments will have toChrysler Auto Production
"Discrimination," said the Jus-
tice Department in a brief, 'is "
neither greater nor lesser, whethr Halted by Local Grievances
malapportionment exists at the

stae o,,,t te ocai evi-
And, the department said, "so
long as the Midland County Com-
missioners Court performs import-.
ant governmental functions which
significantly affect the city resi-
dents - and has a general taxing
authority over them - the equal-
population principle applies and:
requires that districting for seats
on that body be based on popu-
Much of the argument before
the high court this week could
turn on that point: The kind of
powers the Commissioners Court
really has.
According to the Avery camp,


World News Roundup

DETROIT (AP) -Production of
1968 Chrysler Corp. cars remaineds
at a virtual standstill yesterday
as negotiators strove to settle f
local grievances that kindled
United Auto Workers strikes at{
several plants.
Company and UAW officials:
expressed hope near-normal pro-z
duction could be resumed, per-
haps as early as tomorrow.
But hopes for resumption of
production at three of Chrysler's
Detroit area car assembly plantsl
and one truck plant were dashed
when some 600 truck drivers re-
jected a settlement recommended
by their local union leaders.
The walkout by the drivers cut
off the delivery of parts to the
Detroit plants. The drivers are
members of UAW Local 212, the
interplant transportation u n it.
They staged their strike to pro-
test working conditions. -
The national Chrysler Council
of the union met yesterday to
discuss a new three-year national
contract agreed upon several
hours before a strike deadline set
for midnight Wednesday.
The 200-member council, rep-
resenting some 95,000 Chrysler
hourly production and mainte-
nance workers, was expected to
approve the proposed agreement,
paving the way for ratification

votes across the country Tuesday
and Wednesday
The UAW's international ex-
ecutive board recommended rati-
fication of the new agreement at
a meeting Friday night.
Still to be worked out, however,
was a national agreement cover-
ing Chrysler's 8,000 UAW salaried
Douglas Fraser, director of the
union's Chrysler Department, said
significant progress had been
made in the past few days on
local issues.
Parts shortages, walkouts and
layoffs idled some 50,000 of
Chrysler's 103,000 UAW-repre-
sented workers; and the auto-
maker reportedly produced fewer
than 1,000 cars Friday. Its normal
output would have been 7,000
- -

FILMS: 4:15 P.M. TUES-FRI. (Nov. 14-17)
PLACEMENT TEST: 9:00, 12:00, 3:00 & 7:00
NOV. 13-17-3524 SAB
Phone 763-3189

By The Associated Press
PASADENA-Surveyor 6 lower-
ed a soil-testing device to the
moon's surface yesterday between
picture-taking sessions and scien-
tists later said the analyzer was
"working perfectly."
The 650 - pound, three - legged
spacecraft has televised more
than 2,300 photographs of a pos-
sible astronaut-landing site since
soft-landing in a rugged area near
the center of the lunar disk
The soil sampler, similar to one
carried to the moon by Surveyor
5 in September, analyzes elements┬░
in the lunar crust by measuring
radiation from them.
ADEN - Arab nationalists re-
newed their fight against British
armed forces yesterday after lying
low for three days.
Rifle, machine-gun and mortar
fire broke an unofficial truce in-
stituted Wednesday when Saif
Dhali, leader of the National Lib-
eration Front, appealed for Brit-
ish recognition of the front as the

potential de facto government of
South Arabia.
The Arabs apparently were an-
noyed that, though Britain plans
to pull out of the restive pro-
tectorate later this month, ther e
had been no reply from Foreign
Secretary George Brown.
HONG KONG - Two top Red
Chinese army marshals are laad-
ing rebels opposed to Chairman
Mao Tse-tung in a drive for con-
trol of the capitals of Yunnan
a n d Szechwan in southwest
China, according to Red Guard
PART II (1946)

publications reaching Hong Kong
One Red Guard newspaper said
rebel machine gunners shot down
a plane dropping leaflets urging
the anti-Maoists to surrender.
The publications identified the
leaders of a force of peasants as
Marshal Liu Io-cheng and Mar-
shal Ho Lung. Liu once was re-
garded as Red China's most im-
portant military strategist. Both
Liu and Ho have been condemned
in Red Guard newspapers and
wall posters.

PART 11:
Father Neuberger and the
St. Boniface Parish, Milwaukee, Wisc.
Sunday, Nov. 12 . . . 7:30 P.M.
No Admission Charge
Coffee & Conversation Following
Social Action Committee




-Slides and discussion with Larry Rodick,
PCV in Dominican Republic sand British Honduras

_ - -- - - -

SUPPER (50c) 6 P.M.


Presbyterian Campus Center, 1432 Washtenaw
(Supper reservations: 662-3580 or 665-6575)

802 Monroe
Monday, Nov. 13th-Noon Luncheon 25c
Director, Detroit Branch of Synanon;

A party presented by the
lU U '- --- -'- . II




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