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November 08, 1967 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-11-08

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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'('P ri c14gatt 1ail
Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

Lyndon Johnson: H1

ow I W

on the War'

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tere Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

AY, NOVEMBER 8, 1967


The Fuzzy Guidelines
Of 'Basic' Classified Research

CRITICS OF classified military research
at universities should not prematurely
congratulate themselves for having forced
a major reversal in Defense Department
research policy. Although the DOD has
established a new policy of no longer
classifying contracts in the basic research
areas, the policy does not represent a
major revision or a solution to the ques-
tion of the propriety of military research
in an academic community.
In the first place, the criteria for dis-
tinguishing "basic" and "applied" re-
search projects have always been some-
what nebulous and the DOD will ulti-
mately reserve the right to decide in
certain instances. In cases where the DOD
reserves the right to enforce classification
on a project, the recipient university must
either reject the contract or comply with
the restrictions.w Currently only 138 of
420 clasified DOD contracts are termed
basic by the Pentagon.
Secondly, most of the classifications
that will be removed are in instances
where the researcher required access to
already-classified information. Classifica-
tion will continue in consulting arrange-
ments, in applied studies and in applied
research and development.
IN ADDITION, the DOD as well as other
agencies such as Housing and Urban
Development (HUD) are writing lan-
guage into many new contracts in the
behavioral and social sciences which, in
the words of one university administrator,
"is a backhanded approach to classifica-
tion." Prof. Gabriel Kolko of the Univer-

sity of Pennsylvania wrote in The Nation
recently, "The Pentagon's needs have
shifted increasingly from military hard-
ware that has so far failed to baring
victory in Vietnam to socio-economic
'software' that Washington hopes will
compensate for the ideological and hu-
man superiority of guerrilla movements."
Also, the Pentagon has taken a new tact
with the creation of Project THEMIS to
"carry out high-quality research on prob-
lems related to national defense." After
171 universities submitted proposals on
topics ranging from advanced explosives
technology to social science applications,
the Pentagon accepted 50 projects for
fiscal 1967. Although the work to be done
under THEMIS is unclassified, the DOD
reserves the right to classify any project
if it deems it "essential to national se-
Since most of the universities sought
by THEMIS as participants are ones
which have not been extensively involved
in DOD research previously, the program
represents just one more step by which
the military entrenches itself in academic
SO, DESPITE the DOD's shift on classi-
fied basic research, the impact on the
total university military research picture
will not be very large. Those who want to
see academic institutions re-assert great-
er control over their own functions must
continue to press for elimination of all
inappropriate military research on cam-

LYNDON B. JOHNSON is an expert political animal
whose ability to survive in the Democratic jungle has
become a legend in its own time. A little thing like the
war in Vietnam certainly couldn't prove the political
demise of the long, tall Texan.
Therefore, Lyndon Johnson will have to do something
between now and election day 1968 to allay the fears of
many Americans, both left, right, and middle, who believe
the U.S. is waist-deep in an Asian swamp. The polls-of
which Johnson was an avid fan before the shift in polit-
ical fortunes-indicate that unless the administration
satisfies a lot of people pretty soon, LBJ will have his
permanent home on the range in 1969.
So political analysts, pundits and prognosticators have
been putting their heads together to figure out the
answer. The most persuasive argument, voiced in a few
isolated sectors of the international and national press,
contends that Johnson will "end the war" during 1968.
IN THIS MONTH'S ISSUE of Atlas, the excellent
round-up of the world press, two foreign observers in
Washington develop this interesting speculation. Douglas
Skelton, writing for the independent British weekly
"Spectator," reports that "in private conversations, Lyn-
don Johnson has left western journalists convinced that
the South Vietnamese are not nearly so close to his heart
as his public statements suggest." Speculates Skelton:
"... Imagine the scene in the middle of next year,
or even earlier, around the time of the political
primaries. There is no more bombing of North Viet-
nam,twhich pleases a number of people; the troops
are starting, very slowly to be sure, to come home,
which pleases everyone (at the very least fewer people
are being called up); the war isn't costing so much,
which reduces the budget deficit and also pleases
everyone. With the end of the war in sight, it would
be easier to make a start on some of America's real
problems, and this could very well deliver the Negro'
vote. Johnson would once more look a hard man to

Atlas supplies further evidence from the German
newspaper Die Welt in Hamburg:
"President Johnson undoubtedly wants peace. But
he wants it with the right 'timing.' To put it plainly:
A settlement .. . a year before the U.S. Presidential
election would be wasted in its effects. Americans go
to the polls in November 1968. On the other hand,
a peace that crystalized early next year would be
ideal 'timing' for the President."
Although Newsweek magazine warns that neither of
the foreign observers is "plugged in on current White
House thinking," CBS newsman Eric Sevareid, a veteran
Washington analyst, suggested similar Johnsonian tactics
several weeks ago. Though not predicting "peace," Seva-
reid said that when the timing was right, LBJ might an-
nounce that the U.S. has seen the light at the end of the
tunnel and that Johnson may declare our "limited ob-
jectives" in Vietnam practically accomplished. This could
be followed by a gradual troop pull-out and a call for re-
allocating some of the military funds to the nation's
domestic problems.
grounded in several very sound premises. First, Lyndon
Johnson desires re-election (presuming he re-acquires the
Democratic nomination). Second, Lyndon Johnson and
his party's Congressional candidates will have serious
trouble winning if the war continues at the same ex-
cruciating, senseless pace (too fast for the left, too slow
for the right). Third, Lyndon Johnson is neither vain
enough nor stupid enough not to realize that he is in
political hot water because of the war.
An additional variable is the Republican and possible
third (or fourth) party challengers. Though the leading
Republican possibilities (Nixon, Reagan, and possibly
Rockefeller) would probably take a firm war stance, the
convention is still too far off and their views too hazy
to be established. Only Reagan, who is being more and
more seriously discussed as a Presidential prospect, is fol-

lowing a line that will answer a 1968 "end the war" move
by LBJ. Reagan has been arguing during the last month
that Johnson is withholding favorable information from
the American people about the course of the war, thus
implying that if the President declares the military com-
mittment accomplished in 1968, Reagan can say "I told
you so."
Putting these ingredients together, it is apparent that
something will have to give. And the very nature of the
war in Vietnam, a guerrilla conflict that negates the
superiority of American firepower, eliminates any prospect
of Johnson "winning the war" with a further acceleration
of American ground and air forces.
The other alternative, which is rather reasonable
proposal, is to restate the "limited objectives" of our in-
volvement, which we have carefully neglected so far, and
to judge them fulfilled. For instance, most of the North
Vietnamese army regiments in the South have apparently
been driven out; elections have occurred in the South
and the Saigon regime may undertake negotiations with
the belligerent factions; and the military government,
whose collpase was so certain at the beginning of our
involvement now seems a bit more stable.
NONE OF THIS MEANS that the U.S. has succeeded
in Vietnam. Our foreign policy seems geared to a policy
of blind counter-insurgency which could entangle the U.S.
for decades. The best America could eventually gain in
Vietnam is probably a neutral government.
But the serious mis-direction of American foreign
policy will probably be of little importance in the election.
Rather, the problem will be presented as the surface issues
of Vietnam or U.S.-Soviet relations. And in the arena
of world events, the acting President has a supreme abil-
ity to regulate opinion, as this summer's summit at Glass-
boro demonstrated.
As long as Lyndon Johnson dart boards remain a
a hot-selling item in bookstores and novelty shops, the
Texas tactician will have to do something about his war.




The Faculty and Administration
Take a Big Step Forward

INDEPENDENT of each other the faculty
and the administration took two im-
portant steps toward freeing up the
clogged campus communication channels
last week. The Senate Advisory Commit-
tee on University Affairs (SACUA) set up
a variety of formal and informal mech-
anisms for allowing at least partial press
coverage of their meetings while the ad-
ministration has begun making quicker
disclosure of the Minutes of Regents
Traditionally the faculty has proved
reticent about press coverage of their
meetings. The University Senate, the Fac-
ulty Assembly, and SACUA have simply
allowed their chairman to brief reporters
on activities following the meetings. This
has inevitably meant incomplete coverage
of crucial faculty affairs. And the admin-
istration has held up disclosure of the
monthly Regents minutes for four to five
But now SACUA has decided to set up
press conferences, background and off-
the-record briefings. Reporters will have
a regular mechanism for interviewing
SACUA members and gaining relevant
background information. Most important.
SACUA has also agreed to set up special
open meetings with agendas drawn up
jointly with the press.
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Fall and winter subscription rate: $4.50 per term by
carrier ($5 by mail); $8.00 for regular academic school
year ($9 by mail).
Daily except Monday during regular academic school
Daily except Sunday and Monday during regular
summer session.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan,
420 Maynard St , Ann Arbor. Michigan, 48104.
Editorial Staff
MEREDITH EIKER. Managing Editor
City Editor Editorial Director
.SUSAN ELAN Associate Managing Editor
STEPHEN FIRSHEIN ..... Associate Managing Editor
LAURENCE MEDOW ..... Associate Managing Editor
JOHN LOTTIER .... Associate Editorial Director.
RONALD KLEMPNER Associate Editorial Director
SUSAN SCHNEPP ........... .....Personnel Directoi
NEIL SHISTER .. ........... . Magazine Editor
CAROLE KAPLAb, ........ Associate Magazine Editor
LISSA MATROSS ...................... Arts Editor
ANDY SACKS ... Photo Editor
RO13ERT SHEFFIELD . ... ........... ..Lab Chief
NIGHT EDITORS: w. Rexford Benoit, Neal Bruss,
Wallace Immen, Lucy Kennedy, David Knoke, Mark
Levin, Patricia O'Donohue, Daniel Okrent, Steve
DAY ,EDITORS: Marcy Abramson, Rob Beattie, Jill
Crabtree, Aviva Kempner, Carolyn Miegel, Walter
Shapiro, Lee Weitzenkorn.
(..ri J Hek Richard Herst-in. Helen Johnson.

And the administration has begun to
release Regents minutes within two
months after the regular meetings-a
definite step forward.
BOTH THESE decisions will mean better
coverage of campus affairs. In SACUA's
case the press will now be able to give
more detailed information on their ac-
tivities. This necessarily assumes a wider
airing of the viewpoint of this crucial
faculty executive group. And it will also
help reporters in their effort to provide
the most accurate possible coverage. In
short it is a mechanism for letting the
entire University community learn more
about what the faculty is thinking, saying
and doing.
Similarly prompter disclosure of the
Regents minutes will mean the public can
have more immediate knowledge on the
activities of the University's governing
body, as many activities of the Regents
are disclosed only in the minutes.
The Daily has long believed that steps
such as these will make the University
function more effectively. If the campus
community is fully aware of faculty and
administration activities it will be better
able to make sound decisions on a multi-
tude of significant issues. As the recent
controversy over the University's Thai-
land project illustrates, it is best to reg-
ularly publicize all important decisions.
Waiting until caught or exposed before
admitting all is to risk the most violent
and disruptive sort of confrontation.
HOPEFULLY THE laudable decisions by
SACUA and the administration on
freer information represent only a begin-
ning. The Faculty Assembly and the Uni-
versity Senate would do well to establish
a policy similar to SACUA's. Both would
find news coverage of their activities con-
siderably enhanced.
If all three groups had press confer-
ences, background and off-the-record
briefings and some open sessions the
whole campus would benefit. It is hoped
that ultimately these groups will find
the policy so successful that they will
decide to open up all their meetings to
the press.
And hopefully the Regents will decide
that their activities also merit fuller cov-
erage. One idea would be to publish their
minutes within a month after their meet-
ing. More important they should consider
opening up morning Regents meetings
as well as afternoon sessions. Such a

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Letters: For a Strategic Diversion of the Janitors

To the Editor:
IT IS fascinating to learn from
Saturday's Daily that Library
Director Wagman is concerned
that some floors of the UGLI be
closed at midnight to make "it
possible for the janitorial staff to
clean the areas not in use."
Those of us in buildings where
daily cleaning is merely a wist-
ful dream can take some vicar-
ious pleasure from knowing that
there evidently remain a few
buildings on campus not yet con-
demned to pigpen status, and
where concern can still be when,
rather than whether, cleaning
shall occur.
I WOULD be delighted to see
the UGLI open 24 hours a day

if it would mean diverison of jan-
itorial staff to other places. (My
office has not been swept or dust-
mopped for over two weeks, nor
wet-mopped since the beginning
of the semester.)
-Edward G. Voss,
Assoc. Professor & Curator
University Herbarium
To the Editor:
TT IS DIFFICULT to determine
just what motivated The Daily's
series of articles about Antioch
College (Oct. 31-Nov. 2). Clearly,
the motive was not to present a
reasoned picture of a fascinating
and problematic experiment in
education. The reporting provides
no insights into the organiza-

"One Side, Lady We're Looking For
A Conspiracy"
I I~ -
- _
to~ 'C

tional and political workings of
the college. No ideas are offered
on the emotional experience, on
the anguish of choice and plan-
ning that students and educators
undergo in such a radical envi-
The articles amount to little
more than yellow journalism.
"Yellow," too, in the sense that
the writer lacks the courage to
make a probing examination of
his subject, and tries to cover the.
shallowness of his knowledge with
a cavalier narrative. It is not
simply that he warps his presen-
tation by a highly biased selec-
tion of adjectives, incidents, and
"examples." In some places he is
just dead wrong.
ANTIOCH IS not a casual psy-
chedelic camp where classes hap-
pen like accidents. It is a locus of
intense academic effort, populat-
ed by people with serious-some-
times over-serious-commitments
to all sorts of real, this-worldly
Yellow Springs is not a homo-
geneous hippy community. True,
it is unique in that its residents
show a very high educational
level, a diversity of geographical
origins and political leanings, and
a considerable amount of mobil-
ity. But there too one finds some
of the usual town-gown antagon-
ism-the result of a lack of com-
munication and understanding.
There, too, one finds at least
five sets of traffic lights, a host
of stop signs, and the rumbling
of the daily train-minor facts
which the writer did not bother
to check out.
IT IS SAD that -The Daily
wasted its typespace. It is sad

It is sad that when Heck visited
Antioch he saw and met only a
small part of the Antioch com-
munity: the 5 per cent who man-
age to be so visible. He missed
the students away on co-op jobs
all over the world, he missed the
large group of~ upperclassmen who
live off-campus, leading quite dif-
ferent lives. He missed the people
working in the surrounding coun-
ties where Antioch is actively in-
volved in OEO programs and ex-
tension projects.
All Heck got was a "trip." May-
be that was all he was looking for.
-Fred Arnstein, Antioch '66
-Kerry Drach, Antioch '67
-Carole Forsythe, Antioch '67
-Jan Franklin, Antioch '67
-Brenda Manning, Antioch '67
-Bob Green, Antioch '67
Dump LBJ
To the Editor:
THE TWO MOST recent Gallup
polls indicate the road the
Democratic Party must take in

1968 to avoid a disaster matching
that of the Republicans in 1964.
Gallup found that a Rockefeller-
Reagan ticket would defeat John-
son-Humphrey 55 per cent to 41
per cent. At the same time, Gallup
announced that among all voters,
Democrats, Republicans and In-
dependents, the preference for the
1968 Democratic nomination is
Senator Robert Kennedy by a
margin of 51 to 39 per cent.
Senator Kennedy offers real
alternatives - peace in Vietnam,
no tax increase, massive attacks
on poverty and urban problems
and a restoration of the vitality
his brother brought to the presi-
It is not necessary to go all the
way to national and international
disaster with LBJ. The American
people must act now to make
Robert F. Kennedy the President
in 1968.
-George Pawlowski
Chairman, Illini for Kennedy


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