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August 29, 1967 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-08-29

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Seventy-Sixth Year
DITED A1D'v'MANAGED BY STVDENTS OF. THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHGAN
IDER AUTIjORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

Student Power: 'Commissioned' to Death?

. -.-.

re OpintosAreFree,420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.

NEws PHONE: 764-0552

ditoriafi +rrtedin The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
orthe editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

s

SDAY. JULY'18, 1987 NIGHT EDITOR: MARK LEVIN
university:
us&dYour IM ard

T S FASHIONABLE these days to
:porti-ay 'the -major ."university as a
areaucratic7 government"- dominated;
iperspnalized tookof the Amer can
iddle-class, establishinent.
Accdrding' to Paul Goddnan "stu-
ents are the major exploited class
. in the,.United Stateg."Mario Savio
ils, us. oit he. "depersonalized unre-,
)onsive ,bureaucracy," .,where: i is
egjg ulyt etwt any-
ae but secretaries."
Others say "the multiversity Is not
z eCftcation centeirbut a bighty effi-
edt industry; it odu es.ar, m
ijes, a few token 'peaceful' ma-
lines and enormous numbers of safe,
ghly skilled and respectable auto-
atons to meet ih ihimediate needs
busines tand g7ennriit.
Although these charges all have a
sls to fact;;the school .neednf't vi -
nize you. For there are many stu-
rinodhand Poundc way' to enj oy
,warding and productive lives at the

argument voiced by the House Un-
American Activities Committee-naive
students will be duped into Commun-
ism by mere exposure to it.
But students aren't as gullible as all
that. Not only do many make the
school work for themselves, some have
even discovered ways of using the
system to subvert itself. For example,
one group of graduate students here is
actively engaged in a research project
to study the interlocking directorates
of major American corporate execu-
tives. The study will be done via com-
puter with programs written from of-
ficial records.
Similarly, students have used official
University-sanctioned student organi-
zations in their own interests. For ex-
ample, a Daily story several years ago
about a dean of women who was not-
ifying parents of students dating in-
terracially prompted the dean's resig-
nation.

By STEPHEN FIRSHEIN
"Which will we have: Conces-
sions or riots?"
So asked a Daily editorial on
the eve of last year's student
power movement, when it seemed
that the "immovable object," as
personified by Vice-President for
Student Affairs Richard Cutler's
sweeping and arbitrary decisions,
would meet head-on with the
"irresistable force," manifested by
a new-found concern among stu-
dents about their rightful place
in the Megaversity of Michigan.
As it turned out, there were no
Berkeley-type riots, but only con-
fusing mass meetings of suddenly
activated students and a massive,
orderly, lunch-in at the Adminis-
tration Bldg. Likewise, there were
-no meaningful concessions by the
administration, but only the
placebo of Presidential Commis-
sions instituted to mull over the
ambiguous and interlocking roles
of students, administrators and
faculty.
During those troubled months
of November-December 1966, ad-
ministrators were conjuring up
images of free-love in the UGLI,
degeneration of law and order on
campus, student-backlash among
the tax-paying voters and the
big-clamp-down by state officials
a la Reagan. On the other side
of the ledger, students were plain-
ly tired of the multi-farious and
almost nefarious methods by
which the administration had
abused its students: the HUAC
subpoena compliance, cops on
campus, the sit-it ban, the disre-
gard for the draft referendum,
overcrowded classrooms, etc. The

movement was born of these frus-
trations, and if it failed to ap-
preciably solve any of them, at
least it aired the problem for the
first time.
THE CRY WAS "student pow-
er" and predictably, like its spir-
itual predecessor, "Black power;"
it was hard to pin down dnd de-
fine. Critics, including many stu-
dents, scoffed at the term, noting
that five years ago, prior to the
Reed Report on student affairs.
nobody would have questioned the
basic set-up of a state university
which owed its financial lifeblood
to the grace of legislators in the
state capital.
At the same, time, the more
dissatisfied students were advo-
cating grinding the wheels of the
University to a halt until their
demands were met: remove the
police from campus, abolish the
OSA-enforced conduct codes on
student conduct, remove substan-
tial authority from Vice-President
Cutler, stop submitting class
ranks to the Selective Service,
provide guarantees that no secret
war or defense research would be
carried out by the University,
transfer ' major policy decisions
from the administration to the
faculty and students.
Somewhere between these ex-
tremes fell the vast body of tag-
along protesters, With whose
presence, an incident was magni-
fied into a movement. But be-
cause the following was so diverse
and efforts had to be directed to-
ward simply keeping the masses
together, there was never an am-
ple opportunity for a coherent
platform to be constructed and
the shaky issues of a sit-in ban

and a draft referendum became
paramount.
These issues were uppermost in
everybody's mind because the ban
had been recently proclaimed; and
the draft referendum had been
but a week before the beginnings
of the movement.
So these were what the move-
ment hinged on, and in retro-
spect, these were probably the
least important issues for a con-
frontation. Admittedly they were
symbolic of a larger malaise, but
student leaders never had an op-
portunity to elucidate the vital
part of the iceberg under the sur-
face, because the movement soon
fell apart with the birth of the
Hatcher commissions.
SIX l1 ONTIS later, draft rank-
ing is a dead issue, because every-
body will be deferred under the
new guidelines accepted by Wash-
ington: and the sit-in ban was
merely suspended with no attend-
ant improvement in the relation-
ship between students and admin-
istrators - the distrust still re-
mains.
But it became obvious to even
the most obtuse administrator
that the ban was unwise at best;
only a few activists would ever
use the prerogative, and they
could be dealt with at each in-
stance instead of by a rstrictive
provision which angered the mel-
low middle; people who would not
ordinarily even think of sitting
in, yet who want the opportunity
to remain. Similar to the right to
march in a picket line in ordi-
nary civic affairs-not many peo-
ple do it, but the right must be
preserved.

When the Presidential Commis-
sions were first established, few
looked ahead to the impending
appointment of a new University
presideht to succeed the retiring
Hatcher. In this light, an addi-
tional question rears its head: Not
only what will the commission de-
cide, but also to whom will the
findings be released? Aside from
the ingrained skepticism of a
student body which has seen
numerous reports ignored by the
administratioi, is the matter of
reception by the administration
(i.e. under which president will
the report have the best chances
for implementation?)
Opinion seems to be about
evenly split on,this matter. One
group feels that the burden will
be on,.Hatcher to make good on
the findings of his duly author-
ized commissions in, the twilight
tours of his tenure. It is further
argued that Fleming will not feel
bound by a report with which. he
had nothing to, do and will there-
fore set up his own study group
to weigh the pros and coris on the
student role in the University.
CONVERSELY, T H E R E are.
those whop have given up on
Hatcher, and look to Fleming as
the better hope. They note. his,
generally favorable record in
dealings with the student body at
the University of Wisconsin, and
his professed belief in the right
to dissent. He 'would be more
amenable, they ra'rgue, to any ,'eal
reform in the student-adminis-
tration duopoly.
Finally, there exists ia, segment
of ultra-skeptics, who regard

neither Hatcher nor Fleming as
a vital determinate, but who look
over their heads to a. gen'erally
unenlightened assembly of oldish
businessmen with considerable fi-
nancial interests around the state
-namely the Board of Regents,
With the present political 'bl'eak-
down of the board'- overwhelm-
ingly Republican and donservative
--there isn't going to be any re-
form it is contended - whatever
the wishes of novice' 'leming or
Hatcher.
And they are prQbably right'.
for to a great extent, tlhe students
and the Regents workat cross-
purposes: the students w a n t
greater emphasis obi classroom
teaching, but Regents are inter-
ested in securing ioney grants
from the federal government and
private foundations; the students
want to exert pressure on .the
. high-priced, low quality" city
businesses: the Regents are busi-
nessmen themselves whio'deaf with
the city and don't want; toantag-
onize its civic leaders; the, stu-
dents desire to control their own
conduct; the Regents are afraid
of adverse reaction amoig the
state's voters when the next'lec-
tion for Regents. comes along.
This is the crux of the matter,:
and the conclusion.is a.little
discouraging. At the present -time,
the Regents and the .administra-
tion run the show, and the Estu-
dents are at their mercy, at -least
until the release of e student
decision-making 'rpz ±next se-
mester. With this state df 'lff irs,
though, it would not be surpris-
ing if there were a enewa o rothe
now historical student,, power
movement.

Youth and the War: Looking Beyond the Classroom

nultiversity. /The stggiqYwho.will -'SIMILARLY THE paper recently un-
ecognize and' tap th'e xttardilar'Y covered and printed a confidential
oureos, of' majoruiiflversity -an.. Defense Department equal - employ-
°uriyh,"ath stederitshaV learned ment study charging that the school
iw to exploit-the,, esool and--carve was "basically for rich white students."
kit meaning is curicular and extra-, - Students have also learned how to
urricular Byes for themselves combat aggressively other respects of
the University establishment. One is
kDMITTEDLY there is some validity a steadfast school refusal to build a
to the view of the multiversity as bookstore that would compete with the
government dominated dictatorship "list price" commercial bookstores in
uled from the administration build- Ann.Arbor. As a result a professor of
ng. It is not hard to see how one can nuclear -engineering and a group of
row to believe he is trapped into a hardworking students opened up Stu-
ystem where education is the opiate dent Book Service which sells texts at
f the student, who is only being a 10 per cent discount. Similarly stu-
roomed for a slot at Dow Chemical dent 'demands for an 8-month rental
vhere he will build a better napalm. agreement, without a premium pay-
Still the multiversity can work for ment have finally been honored at one
.he student willing to bend his IBW major apartment house.
ard. For a university bureaucracy y'
upriingy vlneabl to ntepr~in~" Sme "student efforts are paying off
uprisingly vulnerable to enterprisirgin the academic area. After repeated
tudents. In fact, any student willing student urging the school has.begun
o extend himself can walk alloverr gs
he clumsy university establishmentbuilding' the 1,200-man Residential
y College. Students. have helped to de-
zany bright and confident s d0hts' velop the curriculum for the Oxford-
nake bigness work in their on 'in- style unit which will emphasize semi-
rests acadeiars and regularculty ctac n
Getting around the aaeired ."as .a prototype for. all ,future under-,
ape is not that difficult. Abou'theg td,
only prerequisites needed. are a~bi~t graduate education, the venture; Is lur-'
etrerminatin and illinness tre an ing some teachers formerly preoccu-
letermination and willingnesstotan- pied with graduate instruction into do-
le, with the multiversity establish- ing more undergraduate teaching. The
rent. Instead of listening to' acadeic -l ni d p -,
ounselors, many students have learn- gchoo h lso and a passal
grading 'system and is ,liberalizing
d how to scout around and find the course and distribution requirements
est courses on their own. After all, torelfeve some of the Academic heat.
Le numerical' prospects for stimulat-
«g instruction are reasonable when a There, are those who argue that
tudent can choose among 3,000 teach- given the conflicting ,interests of stu-
rs offering thousands of courses. dents,faculty, administrators and Re-
Then one accidentally falls into the gents; the big university can never
gong course the solution. is to trans- really work, Even if some students can
er out into a better course. flurish in the environment the major
Faculty attention is often a function school itself is doomed.
f student initiative. Even in those
readful 600-student introductory lec- PINY STUDENTS Who accept this
ires; instructors are surprisingly argument have, ironically, fallen
vailable for conference. They are us- nto their own trap. They have dropped
ally willIng to talk as long as yu'their activist efforts to rock the sys-
illing to listen. .tera,.And become totally alienated.
Singe "school is hopeless,"-they turn to
HERE ARE other solutions to the ock "'roll bands, drugs, film-mak-
academic deficiencies at the multi- ing bartending, postal work or other
ersity. Many students take independ- :pursuits. Instead of trying to change
rat-study courses, which amount to the multiversity system, they end up
and pro- Joining the passive ranks and giving
itorials, where the student tandulieritprgeo-mr romt
sssor work out the curriculum jointly. he multiversity 'ogre" more roomto
here are also independent reading perpetuate itself.
nurses. But it's too early to be so pessimistic.
'Sti the critics argue that it makes or ere is plentyof room in the ma-
i di erencee.ow good the glasses are jor university for the student willing to'
,they're s11 plugged into the system "grapple with it.'And -the hope is that
,udents re mere programs to be the innovations rebellious students are
ioved into 'the computer. fxow prompting will lead to humaniz-
Ting litik'n is leattinghowever, I te big university into a place
beause It assumes students are naive, where any student would feel welcome.

By DAVID KNOKE
About a year and a half ago,
the Selective Service System, with
the remarkable inefficiency that is
the province of all unwieldy bur-
eaucracies, overlooked some quar-
ter-million youths in the draft
pool whose status was tied up in
the red tape of reprocessing. At
the same time, draft calls for
Vietnam began to double and
triple to meet the giant build-up
of manpower to wage what was
openly coming to be called by
proponents and foes alike the
"dirtly little war."
At the timetDirector of Selec-
tive Service Lt. Gen. Lewis B.
Hershey began to drop largely un-
veiled hints that college students
were to be taken, starting with
those ranking lowest in their
classes. Dormitory and coffee, shop
talk across the nation grew rife,
with the low-down on IV-F de-
ferments, emigration routes to
Canada or ways to enlist as a
quartermaster in Greenland.
Fortunately for the worried male

who couldn't see beyond th
'nearest foxhole, the~'SSS found the
quarter million "lost" draftables,
the call-ups leveled off and, this
past spring. Congress extended
the draft law four years and did
some, tinkering with its rules that
takes the pressure off the college
student.
The draft, however, is not only
the way in which the war in Viet-
nam - still "dirty" but no longer'
"littlle" - has become as fixed
a part of the collegians' life as
bluebooks and TG's.
One of the provisions in the re-
vised draft law assures that any
student in "good standing" with
his school would not be subject to
the draft until he haa either been
in school five years or turned 24.
Along with the abolition of class
rank, this reform promises to ease
the pressure. to attend an easy
school or take Mickey Mouse
courses'.
However, the student is faced
with the inevitable fact that,
should he drop out for a year or
attain his first degree (unless

medical or dental school lies a-
head) , the draft and undoubtedly
the war will still be patiently
waiting him. The problem of' what
to do may be postponed, but not=
avoided,
FOR SOME STUDENTS, the
solution is to' enter one 'of the
several ROTC 'programs offered-
in most large campuses and enlist
upon graduation as a second liu-
tenant. Although the pay , and
prestige is attractive, the alterna-
tive has its drawback in the fact
that junior grade officers rank a-
mong the highest battlefield casu-
alties in Vietnam.
Other students have begun in-
vestigating their nervous ticks or'
painful joints to see if the ail-
ments qualify among some 200 ills
acceptable tor, medical unaccept
ability. Pulling homosexua.l- or
dope-addict bit may sound in the.
bull-session like a surefire dodge-
but it can also irrevocably settle-
one's future. Ditto going to Can-
ada as a "landed emigrant."
Protesting and working against

the war have become. respectable
with the fighting in Vietnam. Al-
though the Army seldom takes'
hard-core leftists, merepeaition.:
signers and placard'"wavers are
likely to find their action not
making one dent in' the President's
war policies. And 'while i'egister-
ing as' a 'conscientious objector' is
the perogative of' anyone, convin-
cing the local draft board of one's'
sincerity is another' matter.
Isolated for four years or more
in the figurative ivory tower of
campus life, the student may not,
come intos direct realization of
the many other ways that the war'
has become one of the crucial de-.
cision-makers in his lif&' The very
qualit of the educationhe ,re.
ceives is to a great extent influen-
ced by the drop in Federal re-
search funds which have become
diverted away. from, ,the campus
and into the war machine.
The classic example is the $375
miilion atoinic accelerator at Wes-.
ton, .111., which was "'to take. six
years 'to build and to boost the,
level of': excellence in physical

sciences for the Midwest;-"the time
when Congress can vote the nec-
Cessary funds is unfbriseeable.
BEYOND THE CAMPUS, but
still related to students' aspii'a-
tions, is the gradual attrition of
many of the great programs that
were to remake ,America into the
Great Society, but for the funds
that cannot be spared. Cojigress
also has not' seen fit 'to make the
Peace Coirps, VIS'T4A, Job' Coips
and' other service organizations a
alternatives to, military servce. '
Indeed, students are inclined to
somewhat romantically consider
themselves, as Paul Goodman put
it, "one of thesnation's discrimin-
ated, minorities."' Nevertheless, the
fact remains that -the collegesstu-
dent, during his collegiate days,
still has many of the advantages
and bears little of 'the burden of
facing directly to the issues the
War has created --at least far
less of a 'burden' than that foisted
on his "hon-college' attending
peers

The Advent of the Domesticated Hippy

By CHARLOTTE A. WOLTER
Associate Editorial Director, 1966-67
NOW THAT TIME magazine
has dicussed hippies aa
length, you may all throw this
article (or the whole paper if you.
like) into the wastebasket.
But wait!
There is one great pressing un-
decided problem of the twentieth
century which Time has neg-
lected: who are the real hippies?
Now, you may not really give a
damn, but this could be impor-
tant, especially if you want to be-
come one yourself some day.
ABOVE ALL you should remem-
ber that, with all due respects to
President Hatcher and any un-
fortunate successor to his posi-
tion, hippies really run the Uni-
versity. Didn't know that, huh?
Oh yes, it's -true. It's been this
way for about six months, now,
ever since the president of the
student body began making un-
derground movies. That wouldn't
have been so hard to take had
not the UAC (Uniyersity Activities
Center), the hoppla capitol of the
campus, began to show them,
along with sponsoring happenings,
love-ins, psychedelic dances and
the like.
But you may tire quickly of
these "weekend hippies" (there's
one type for you already) and
want to get, down to the nitty
gritty, hard-core types. In that
case, you will have no trouble
finding your true hippy savior
among the multitudes of types
and degrees of hippy.
WHICH BRINGS us to the first
type: the love ones. These are the
people who do everything in the
name of love of their fellow man,
which is not such a bad idea
really. In fact, this reliance on
love does work. Consider the be-
havior of the cops at the Mon-
terey Pop Music Festival. They
were literally loved to death-

course, but the idea is that every-
one shares.
BUT AFTER Hashbury -what?
By now you are probably more:
than a 'little tired of the. com-
mercia-lism, the pot, -the under-
ground movies and the psyche-
delic dances and wish for' a little'
peace and quiet. You have rdb-
ably also flunked out of the-Uni-
'Versity, but don't. let jt worry
you. The solution is as near as
the Michigan countryside.
You can buy yourself a farm
with a large group of other hip-
pies and go away to live without
the trammels of civilization on a
hippy farm. There you can spend
the rest of your life truck farm-
ing to make money and, get food.
You might even= get married or
some other arrangement and
have lots, of hippy children to
show about lovingly. Hippies do
love chlidren.
Actually, after. Hashbury and
, the rest of the show, this may be
the most appealing part of being
a hippy. At any rate you will have
lots of free time because truck
farmers do pretty well, so; you can
read the, I 'Ching which you
haven't touched in some time.
EVENTUALLY civilization may
call you back as an advertising
executive because you -.were so
good at making up p'sychedelic
posters at one time, apd they
have become the new wave in ad-
vertising. Or you might .become a
magnate in the musicaindustry
because you were lucky enough to
pick out the band whih really
made it big. Well, best of luck to
you, and I'll see your kids back
at the farm in about twenty years.
But you protestf No, that's not
the way it's supposed to happen.
The hippies are supposerl to go on
being the true hippies, the only
real thing, the only truly gentle
people in this country, Perhaps.
But you will remember ,that we
-- - +n f4- .ck rn + ..rn

Psychedelic music drugs the crowd into ecs tasy at the traditional Sunday Love-in.

dy apd willing to be duped into the
terialistic American way by the
versity establishment. It's the same

-ROGIER RAPOPORT
'Editor

however, is also fraught with
danger. Pot is illegal, you see, and
they put you in jail for smoking
it. Nevertheless, smoking pot is
rather important if you want to
be a hippy.
And, if you really want to get
the love thing, according to Leary
and other swamis, you have to
take LSD. LSD we are told is a
serious thing, and it probably is
if you are inclined to 'be neurotic
(aren't we all). But LSD, they
say, releases your brain so that
you can really communicate with
each other and love each other.
Well, you've read Time and you
know the arguments so decide for
yourself.
"But, officer, I really didn't
know it was ..

psychedelic stuff, the rest of pop
music is pretty good and works
just as well'. The whole idea of
listening to' music is that you
communicate with the artist while
he performs: You may even dance
in the aisles; as a matter of fact.
it's almost required. You may not.
particularly wish to communicate
with Mick Jagger right now, but
give the guy a chance.
ANOTHER EASY way to be-
come a hippy is to become a poor,
oriental philosopher. Essentially
what this means is that you go
on a "macrobiotic diet" consisting
mostly of brown rice and boiled
cabbage leaves, with some saki
when you poor philosophers can
afford it. Then, having been put
in a contemplative mood by the
brown rice. you begin to read the

right? This entrance into hippi-
don has its merits, mostly the en-
joyment of long hours.of contem-
plation and listening to Buddhist
music. You can starve to death
too, but, then, nothing is perfect.
BY THIS TIME you are almost
fully initiated into the ways of
the hippy, but one more test must
be passed. You must make the
great pilgrimage to Hashbury in
San Francisco to 'live on the
street without money or food or
clean clothes to really understand
what it is like to be a hippy.
You will, of course imagine that
all of California is a warm happy
paradise, forgetting that the San
Francisco summers are cold and
wet. So before you die of pneu-
monia, you will pick up some free
nAnthp.- frm the n rs, stretma

,: t Ertl

wlily is rtirember.of'the "Associated Press and'
ate Pr'ess Service..
ription"rate $4.* enriester by carrier ($5 by-
8 for two semesters by carrier ($9 by mail).
hedt"A' 420 fMfyard St Ann Arbor. Mich.

Editorial Staff
ROGER RAPOPORT, Editor
MEREDITH EIKER, Managing Editor

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