HURT THE MARCH
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chance of rain
Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVHI, No. 46 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 22, 1967 SEVEN CENTS
" Mobilization: Crowds,
By WALLACE IMMEN, AVIVA KEMPNER
and GEORGE MILLER
Special To The DailY
WASHINGTON - "Confrontation with the war-
makers'? It's more like a confrontation with confusion,"
grumbled an Ann Arbor busdriver as he impatiently
fretted out the long afternoon.
"The day was one, long disgusting wait," echoed a mil-
itant student from New York. "If there was a national
organization, they did a poor job."
So ran the comments during the early stages of yester-
day's massive anti-war mobilization in this city. The mo-
bilization began sluggishly and didn't gain momentum
until the marchers approached the Pentagon almost five
Twelve chartered busses from the University brought
over 500 persons on the 12-hour trip. Two were reserved
for those who wanted to receive instructions on civil dis-
obedience at the Pentagon.
After some 500 busses pulled in, the demonstrators
milled around the Reflecting Pool at the base of the Mem-
orial. Posters had been erected with sings such as "Vet-
erans," "Women Strike for Peace,' "Civil Disobedience"
and "Black Contingent."
Some carried home-scrawled signs like "Drop Acid,
Not Bombs," "Hell NQ, We Won't Go" and "Vultures, Not
Hawks." Other protestors found seats on tree branches.
Military police stood on every corner and the roofs
of major federal buildings. "The whole city is really up-
tight," said one student. "We didn't come here to blow up
the Pentagon. We just wanted to see what it-looks like."
The Red Cross had set up a booth near the Memorial,
"in case someone gets hurt," one nurse explained. Law
students hired by the National Mobilization Committee
walked around with "legal aid" signs pinned to sweaters.
Black nationalists promenaded in African costumes
and one carried a sign "No Viet Cong Ever Called Me
The speakers began on time but were interrupted by
two counter-protesters who rushed the podium. Jets
flying overhead from nearby National Airport constantly
drowned out the amplified speeches. One cub plane trailed
a banner reading, "The fallen angel loves you." A young
child of one of the Women Strike for Peace members
whined, "Mommy, just think, I can lie down in my bed
and sleep when we get home." But he had to doze on the
ground for another two hours during the program.
Persons near the Memorial steps were entertained by
guitarist Bill Frederick, folk singer Phil Ochs, and Peter,
Paul and Mary. Frederick sang about the time protestors
asked about the best way to get out of Vietnam. They
allegedly replied, "y Boat." Ochs proposed to declare
the war already finished, since talking about the "absurd
war is to no avail."
See DISTRICT, Page 3
Badly outnumbered by protesters, a veteran hands out pro-war
leaflets to anyone who will take them on the banks of the Re-
Heading toward Virginia, part of a large crowd marches across
the Potomac River. The Lincoln Memorial, where speakers
attacked the Johnson administration before 100,000 persons, is
in the background.
TO SECURITY COUNCIL:
Ship Sinking by Egypt
Brings Israel Complaint
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) -
Israel protested to the Security
Council last night that the sink-
ing of the Israeli destroyer Elath
by the Egyptian navy yesterday
was "a flagrant act of belliger-
ence on the high seas"' and "a
matter of the utmost gravity."
Israeli Ambassdor Gideon Ra-
fael asked Japanese Ambassador
Senjin Tsuruoka, council presi-
dent for October, to circulate the
protest to the UN membership as
a council document but did not
ask for a council meeting.
A UN spokesman said earlier ; ter nightfall, about two hours af-
that UN military observers in the
Mideast "have intervened to pre-
vent further incidents."
The Elath with 250 men aboard
was sunk by the Soviet-armed
Egyptian navy 14 miles north-of
Port Said. Egypt, Israel an-
nounced. Heavy loss of life was
Egypt claimed another Israeli
naval unit - unidentified - was
"severely damaged" by Egyptian
craft as it tried to enter Egyptian
waters northeast of Port Said af-
ter the attack on the Elath.
The Egyptians said explosions
'were seen and on radar the sec-
ond Israeli unit appeared to be
sinking while Egyptian units re-
turned safely to base.
There was no Israeli confirma-
tion of a clash after dark.
Figured in Victories
The 1,710-ton destroyer, a vet-
eran of three wars under the
white ensign of Britain's Royal
Navy and the Israeli Star of Da-
vid, had figured in Israeli vic-
tories over Egypt in the wars of
1956 and 1967.
An air raid siren sounded at
Port Said within an hour after
the attack, but there were no re-
ports of Israeli planes in action.
Reports circulating in Cairo
said clashes broke out in the!
Mass Arrests Begin;
T ear Gas Employed
To Disperse Crowd
By DANIEL OKRENT and GAIL SMILEY
Special To The Daily
ARLINGTON, Va. - The Defense Department deployed
over 2500 federal troops last night to repulse an anti-war
demonstration from the doors of the Pentagon.
At least 200 persons, had been arrested before midnight,
when U.S. marshals began clearing the mall area in front of
the main entrance by arresting some 500 hangers-on of a
Some 1500 "civil disobedients" stormed the Pentagon
entrance last night at about 6:00 p.m. In clashes the demon-
strators lurched at lines of marshalls and military police, and
threw vegetables and bottles at the troops.
(Sources informed The Daily that the traoops' guns con-
tained no bullets and at least one MP had put down his gun
to join the protestors.)
'About two dozen persons were re-$ r
By JIM HECK have supported Chancellor Wil-
special To The Daily liam Sewell's action of calling in!
MADISON, Wis.-Two to three police to control the sit-in Wed-!
thousand students and faculty nesday. The Dain County Board'
yesterday marched from the Uni- has also followed the Wisconsin
versity of Wisconsin campus to the State Legislature in passing a'
state capitol and the police station resolution supporting Sewell.
to present grievances against pO- The Wisconsin state senate
lice "brutality" during Wednes- Thursday appointed seven person's'
day's student-police uproar over to a committee to investigate into
Dow Chemical- Corp. interviews, the circumstances that led to
Spokesmen for the crowd de- bringing the police on campus and
manded that the Madison police the outbreak of violence.
stay off the campus in the future. The senate's investigation panel
Police looked on quietly from well be headed by the lieut. gov-
the sidewalk as the individuals, ernor and will try to make its first
dressed pi'edominantly in suits and report in a week.
ties or dresses, marched solemnly
and quietly down the main tho-
roughfare, State Street, to the
capitol, two and a half miles from
An official statement from stu-
dent leaders called the procession
':a funeral march for freedom and
human rights" at the university.
At the end of the march, stu-
dents broke into separate religious
preference groups to pay homage
See Related Story, Page 10
MILITARY POLICE RESTRAIN a pole-wielding protester on the Pentagon grounds during yester-
day's anti-war demonstration. Nearly 200 people were jailed and 30 hospitalized when huge crowds
attempted to storm the Defense Department headquarters and disrupt Saturday operations.
Commissioners Cram 50.Cases
Into 2 ours Following Arresis
e.injured in the initial
Among those arrested was.David
Shapiro, '67, currently a graduate
student at Princeton. He was ap-!
prehended when he attempted to
climb a wall to get inside the
building. There is no informa-
tion concerning arrests of other
Ann Arbor persons.
From inside the Pentagon, spokes-
mentold The Daily that anaerial
photo taken at 5:00 p.m.' showed
Held In N.Y.,
Manhattan Vigil Backs
War; Europe Capitals
Port Said area between Egyptians
and Israelis along the Suez Canal
cease-fire line, but there was no;
confirmation of these.
First word of the sinking came
in four words by radio from the
Elath to the Israeli army: "Hit
me. Abandoning ship."
The last massage set off a wide-
spread air-sea rescue operation.
The first batch of injured from!
the Elath arrived at Beersheba
military hospital at 1 a.m. tpday'
in an army helicopter. Most had
By RON LANDSMAN All 32 girls arrested were prosecution was ready before be- 30-35,000 people on the mall areas. See Anti-U.S. Marches
Special To The Daily charged with "unseemly and dis- gining proceedings, and that the Tear Gas
OCCOQUAN, Va. - Normally orderly conduct" for refusing to lawyers were stalling during the At least one round of tear gas By The Associated Press
slow legal processes were speeded obey an officer's order to back I hearings. was fired during a wild melee in An estimated 10,000 perons
last night for about 50 of the 120 up. The majority of them includ- A few of the defendants, how- one of the Pentagon driveways, participated yesterday in the first
people taken to Occoquan Prison ing a University coed pleaded ever, charged that the police were A defense department spokesman day of a weekend vigil in New
Farm after being arrested yester- nolo contendere (not contending |making it extremely difficult to said "the other side"--not the York's Battery Park in support of
day at the Pentagon. the charges) because they had to I carry on proceedings. One Ithaca, soldiers-had used the gas. American servicemen in Vietnam.
Three U.S. Commissioners heard return to their universities by 'N.Y. student who had brought Several tear gas grenades were Organizers said the crowd, con-
allofthe U.0. cassberhee d tomorrow. They were then given $100 to pay for fines for four girls shot into the crowd on a bridge stantly turning over, did not ex-
and 11:00 p.m last night. : $25 fines and 5 or 30 day sen- said he found it impossible to do and the wind carried the gas ac- ceed 2,000 at any given time. Var-
and ___: _ p _m__anght . tences which some commission- so because he was constantly har- cross the whole north area of ious civic and social groups were
ers suspended. To obtain release, assed by police. the Pentagon. The majority of the taking turns at maintaining the
all defendants had to sign state- A defense attorney complained, MPs on the north side wore gas vigil.
ments which said in pat they "Most of these people- have to get masks the whole day. Demonstra- Former Vice President Richard
would "not return to the Penta- back to school. If' we had time we tors and pressmen clutched towels, M. Nixon and former Republican
gon, or . .. Washingto'h for the could probably show that most of handkerchiefs, anything across presidential nominee Barry Gold-
purpose of participating in fur- them couldn't have obeyed orders their faces to screen-out the gas. water sent messages of support
ther disturbances." even if they wanted to." He went MPs Prepare to Charles W. Wiley, director of
Among those arrested and not on to explain that press of the Bayonettes fixed, the MPs had the National Committee on Re-
given hearings were writer Nor- crowd made it impossible for some lined up shoulder to shoulder in a sponsible Patriotism which is
man Mailer, linguist N o a m protestors to move back. semi-circle at the main entrance sponsoring the vigil.
Chomsky, poet Robert Lowell, and Defense counsel asked that the at 1:00 p.m. before the demon- Wiley said it was just coinci-
m a r c h co - ordinators Dagmar fines be suspended for defendants strators arrived. They remained dental that the demonstrations
Wilson and David Dellinger. They who had not previously been ar- in that position facing the demon- occurred on the same weekend as
will remain here overnight in rested. stratrs throughout e a big antiwar rally in Washing-
dormitories and will be granted Barney refused outright. "That Thrnation.
The attempted storming, which Tn. mite se Iitr
hearings this morning at 10:00 pats on the shoulder and gives followed a march from an earlier The committee asked motor-
a.m. them a medal," he said. "I don't anti-war rally by over 100,000 ists to drive with their lights on
Jack H. Barney, one of the go for coddling." persons at the Lincoln Memorial, n the day time, asked people to
commissioners hearing cases said, When Temple challenged the first erupted into violence at ap- keep lights burning at nght n
"Once I start, I like to move right constitutionality of "no further proximately 4:05 p.m. when 1,500 their houses, and urged them to
on." He was objecting to the disturbance" restrictions on the demonstrators in the vanguard display flags this weekend.
length of time Ralph Temple. defendants Barney said, "I will pressed into army lines at the In other parts of the vorld,
through prayer to the 65 persons
injured in Wednesday's bloody
Students continued to wear black
armbands signifying continued'
boycott of university activities and
a strike of all classes. Teaching as-