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October 18, 1967 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-10-18

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RULES & REGULATIONS:
TO EACH HER OWN
See editorial page

SitA6

Aait

CLOUDY AND COOL
Light showers, clearing
in afternoon and evening

Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

- - - - -. .-T.EN-- PA G ES:.- ---. -

VOL. LXXVIII, No. 42

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1967

SEVEN CEN TS

TEN PAGES

Secret
EDITORS NOTE: This is the second of a
four part series by a team of Daily reporters
on military research at the University.
By STEVE WILDSTROM
You walk through the door of the
non-descript, converted Army building
marked "Director's Office."
Just inside the entrance a uniformed
security officer asks you to state your
business. The party you've come to see
is paged on the intercom and when your
story checks out you sign into a register
and are issued a numbered badge reading
"Visitor-Escort Required."
While awaiting the arrival of your
escort, you glance at the posters on the
lobby wall: "Security, too, depends on
teamwork" and "Don't discuss classified
material over the telephone."
Although more reminiscent of a spy
movie than Angell Hall, this is the scene
at the University's Willow Run Labora-
tories at Ypsilanti.
Located at a former Nike missile site,
amidst cornfields and woods on the
eastern edge of Willow Run Airport, WRL
is the heart of a campus security story
that spreads onto the University campus
10 miles away.
In recent years WRL's classified work
has expanded to the Gas Dynamics and
Aeronautical Engineering Laboratories
and the IST building on North Campus.
Classified work is also done at the Cooley
Laboratories on North Campus and the
Radiation Laboratory on Catherine St.
About $9 million of WRL's $11 million
1967-68 budget is classified work sup-
ported by the Defense Department. Evald-
son said. According to director Thomas

Re search:

Uncle

Sam

Wants

U'

W. Butler. $600,000 of Cooley Labs'
$1,090,000 budget is in classified work.
The Radiation Laboratory has under
$100,000 in classified work.
The physical trappings-badges, guards,
escorts, locked safe-files tell oniy a small,
albeit dramatic, part of the military sec-
urity scene.
A cr
U .
MILITARY RESEARCH
AT MICIIIGAN
Classified work also involves closed
courses, seminars, and conferences, classi-
fied and unclassified versions of some
publications, widespread confusion and
some complaining.
Generally the University is not opposed
to doing secret work: Explains Vice-Pres-
ident for Research A. Geoffrey Norman,
"Some fields are totally classified, if you
want to play the game, you have to play
by the rules."

George Zissis, head of the WRL infra-
red physics laboratory added, "We hard-
ly ever turn down government money for
a classified project when it remotely fits
into any of the programs we're working
on."
The impact of the security measures
extends from the electrical engineering
department classroom to the highest
echelons of the administration.
For .example, last year the Army de-
cided that it wanted 10 of its officers to
"be aware of the latest talent and tech-
niques in electronic warfare," explained
electrical engineering department chair-
man Hansford W. Farris.
So for $23,000 the University set up a
special semester long course during the
fall term last year. The men took a spe-
cial classified course in jamming and
penetration aids according to Farris.
In this course they studied techniques
for jamming radar and looked at such
questions as whether they should use FM
or AM radio signals to jam. In addition
the officers also took three unclassified
engineering school classes in antennas
and radiation. systems analysis and com-
puters.
"After the course was over the officers
split up. Some went to Vietnam others
went to Berlin and elsewhere," said Far-
ris.
"We put the course on because the
Army wanted the package," he added.
"But in the future I think we'll discour-
age this kind of thing. They can do it
at their own schools more cheaply."
Radar is one of the fields in which vir-

tually all frontier work has military ap-
plications and radar research at the Uni-
versity, therefore, is almost entirely clas-
sified. Other fields in which University
researchers work, such as infrared remote
sensing and holography, the science of
lenseless, three-dimensional photography,
are also heavily classified.
Because most frontier research in radar
is classifed the engineering school's 10
day summer conference on "Principles of
Synthetic Aperture Radar" was secret.
About 95 participants paid $300 to learn
how radar can be used to resolve objects
at great distances from the earth. The
project was sponsored by the Air Force.
Similarly the national "Radar Sym-
posium" which the University has con-
ducted for the past 13 years is classified.
This year about 500 representatives of
government, industrial and educational
institutions attended the three day clas-
sified meeting devoted entirely to ad-
vanced radar techniques. It wad held in
Seattle in June.
Security also presents, some difficulties
with students. Although students can and
do work on classified projects, all these
and dissertations must be public, that is,
unclassified. According to Cooley's Butler,
this may :esult in a student preparing two
versions of his dissertation research re-
port, a public one for his degree and a
classified one for his government sponsor.
Nelson W. Navarre, assistant director
of Cooley says a majority of the doctoral
students working on their dissertations
See CLASSIFICATION, Page 7

-Daily-Robert Sheffield
LOCKED SAFE-FILES in the basement of the Cooley Electronics Laboratory
on North Campus. Security rules require that the files must be closed and the
locking bars put in place at the end of the day.

I

Ferency

Blasts

Anti-War Protesters

LBJ

Intolerance

Try

To Halt Induction,

State Democratic Chairman Says
Johnson Could Hurt Party Ticket
LANSING (R) - An unpopular Lyndon Johnson heading the
Democratic ticket next year could mean trouble for the whole ticket,
State Party Chairman Zolton Ferency said yesterday.
In a statement released by the Democratic State Central Com-
mittee, Ferency expressed unhappiness with what he described as
attempts by national party leaders to prevent counter-insurgency in
party ranks.
"It has now become obvious that the White House is in no mood
to tolerate differences or dissent from administration policy," he
said. "And there will be no friendly gestures in the direction of the
uneasy and unhappy liberals, in-
tellectuals and 'peace' Demo-
crats."
"Apparently, t h o s e currently
holding national Democratic party
.--.--..reins have already decided that
they will name the ticket and
write the platform, and every-
bodyshad better become be-
lievers."
Power Structure
Y; Ferency warned that if the
"Washington Democratic power
structure continues down the
'shape-up-or-ship-out' path it has
chosen, the 1968 Democratic na-
tional convention will either be a
donnybrook or a dud."
"Which it will be," he said, "de-
pends on the reaction of the dis-
stsidan d dissentngDeo

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Battle Oakland Poice
By RON LANDSMAN the Oakland Induction Center. ing behind the injunction" to keep
A crowd of some 3500 college "The committee feels that the students from using their facil-
students from the San Francisco injunction will set a precedent bar- ities as they want to.
Bay area was bi oken up by police ring all future political activity The demonstration at the induc-
yesterday morning when they at- ' on campus," Lipson explained. tion center is the second in two
tempted to disrupt operations at I The university recognized the days, both being organized in the
he Oakland Armed Services In- injunction, which was served at name of the "Stop-the-Draft-
duction Center. The policemen t.he request of the Alameda County Week." Some 50 were arrested on
shoved back the students using Supervisors, and closed university Monday, including folk singer Joan
iight sticks and "normal crowd facilities to the student-organized Baez and all were given ten day
control procedures," while nine rally. Miss Lipson charged that the sentences yesterday in municipal
>uses carrying draftees to the cen- university administration is "hid- court.
ter were unloaded.
Meanwhile, in Detroit, sixteen
w'ar protesters were threatened Lici
yesterday with possible inductionE U Se ate Resds
and criminal prosecution for turn-
.ng in their draft cards in a noisy - ue-
demonstration at a downtown 1/fl ZIi
The 16 youths, backed by other S/
anti-war sympathizers, picketing By STEVE NISSEN proval of the anti-war movement,
outside had jammed 'the reception The Student Senate of Eastern the bill merely enables students
room of the Wayne County Selec- Michigan University last night to attend a "politically signifi-
Monday. rescinded an appropriation of cant gathering" despite a cost
The Berkeley confrontation, $250 in student funds to subsi- which might be prohibitive to
part of "Stop-the-Draft Week" ac- dize bus transportation to the many.
tivities held across the country, Fall Mobilization in Washington The bill's sponsors claim stu-
followed an all-night rally held on Saturday. The senate had come dents support the measure, citing
the Berkeley campus. The rally under heavy pressure from stu- a recent poll of 400 students
was held in defiance of a court dent body elements and adminis-' taken at the McKinney Union by
_ ... . _ ._ - ators.t..,.. Fo1...:.ow aing te-oIg i nn svrn a fn mirm e ii e 1h~a x L

-Associated Press
OAKLAND POLICEMEN (dark uniforms) are backed up by Highway Patrolmen as they clear demon-
strators from in front of the Armed Forces Induction Center in this California city. Of the 3,509
demonstrators at least 12 were hospitalized and more than 25 arrested during the disturbance.

CONFUSION PREVAILS:
Houses Watch, Wait, Activate

ZOLTON FERENCY

Voice Slatesi
Petition On
Research
By AVIVA KEMPNER
Voice Political Party-Students
for a Democratic Society voted
last night to circulate a campus
petition on the issue of war re-
search at the University.
The petition will express op-I
position to secret research and
urge all the members of the aca-
demic community not to engage
in any military studies. The peti-
tion will be circulated beginning
later this week after Voice's war
research committee composes the
final draft.
Voice has been reviewm.ng the,
presence of military research at
the University continuously dur-
.ing the last year, and has discus-
sed nossible tactics at several of

crats to this early pressure from " ver 'resh ien H oursIssueiinjunction prohibiting the gather-
the Johnson administration." Poing.
And, if no organized Democratic Police and university officials
opposition materializes soon, he By MARCY ABRAMSON of freshman women in the Resi- sley's Hamilton and Sanford decided not to challenge the stu-
added, "everybody might just as and JENNIFER STILLER dential College to end their hours. { Houses voted nearly unanimously dents on campus over the injunct-
wedty efrod the conven- While Alice Lloyd House Judi- Freshmen in two dorms, Jor- for a reslution stating that they 'ion, but when the protest moved to
tion unless they are for one more- ciary yesterday told freshmen dan and Stockwell, as well as would have "no hours, contingent the induction center the Oakland
chorus of 'Happy Birthday women that only the University Little House in Markley, are on parental permission." Police Department, the Califor-
LBJ H, can regulate hours, Blagdon House waiting to see what the Board In many houses freshmen ai e jnia State Highway Patrol, and the
Democrats are deeply concern- in Markley 'Was drawing up par- of Governors will decide before only talking about hours. Some Alameda County Patrol combined
edabout e continueeclno ental permission slips for Blag- taking any action. But others, don't realize that anything is to disperse the protesters.
the President in the popularity don freshmen, who have already following the lead set Monday by happening. Fisher House, in aLorie LSop thmember oftek
abolished curfew. freshmen in Blagdon, are voting, Markley will hold a meeting to-
ones Feersencynowhowd.ocommittee, charged that the Po-
"Popularity polls and opinion No one seems to know how to circulating petitions, and other- aay to explain to freshmen the ciee car g sed ta h t -
surveys create a bandwagon ef- handle the resolutions by Student wise campaigning for the aboli- power they now have, according sticks in dealing with the crowd
fect that's hard to reverse," he lnentCouncil, Joint Judi- tion of hours in their houses.urt- Anne Pegley, judiciary chair- "icks ideaing w int e
sad.!vetrnhtfrsmeni "r ima.They tried beating us into leav-
I. sembly which have given freshmen ! ing," she said.
IfsistanutoothechiefBofthe Oak
.anid an n exuyar 's pr women the right to determine However, an administrative as-
addtcandidate, and if next year's pres- T oheirl Uwnohaurs sistant to the chief of the Oak-
idential campaign descends to the their own hours. e 0end Police Department denied
level of an electronic beauty con- SGC resolved that 51 per cent i landPlc Deatnt eid
testthe wholecDroc rauticket of the freshmen women in a house that' any gas was used in dealing
test,could petition to eliminate theirDemorat A with the demonstration. The "nor-
could be in trouble for all the could Jidecided to refuse to Rhto Dl mal crowd control procedures" as
wrong reasons," he added. hor.JCd;ee
Erlysommimentd uphold any late minutes given byh xplained, iclude nghtsticks'
Early Commitments house judiciaries which will not By SUE ELAN of conflict where it belongs-be- "wedge" and "diagonal" forma-
Ferency s a i d the national acept freshman petitions. IHA de- Associate Managing Editor tween the whole student body, tions, and helmetsfor the officers.
"powers - that - be" are seeking termined that each house is to Joint Judiciary Council voted which authorized the rules, and The nightsticks, he added "were
early and solid commitments make its own personal conduct last night to notify residents of the administration, not between used to good end."
makeitshwn prsonlccoductlascnigt tonotiyereidensio
from the various state delegations regulations. the University housing system the student and an individual st actions pointing out that 'this
to Johnson "and all of his works And John Feldkamp, director of that they may take the initiative member, Steinberger added. ~as oiig out hat
and deeds." University Housing, told IHA JJC, in other action, acquitted was no regular non-viblent crowd
andnveiy ousng 0 in bringing their cases before the .JCin - -___ ___ __-__ where the protestors are carried

Last night a substitute measure
was introduced which would au-
thorize the Student Senate to act
as an. agent for the distribution
of the $250. However, the funds
would have to come from dona-
tions by campus and community
groups, rather than the senate.
The 'motion was passed after
three hours of heated d'ebate.
EMU Vice-President for 'Busi-
ness and Finance Lewis Proffit
explained last night that "public
funds at our university will not
be used for political purposes."
He said that he would not have
approved the $250 check if the
senate had refused to reconsider
its setion.
Circumvents Veto
According to senate public re-
la ions director Dick Skutt the
new bill effectively circumvents
Proffit's veto on student govern-
ment budget appropriations be-
cause the funds come from out-
side sources.
The $250 appropriation reduces
student transportation costs for
the trip from about $23 to $5 for
the first 36 students who signed
up on a "first come, first served
basis."

passage of the bill last week by say a majority of those polled sup-
a 13-12 vote. . . ported the appropriation.

Student's Tell
Antioch 'End
War Work"
By JIM HECK
-Special To The Daily
YELLOW SPRINGS, Ohio - In
a mass meeting held last night,
students at Antioch College is-
sued an ultimatum to the ad-
ministration to stop immediately
all war research currently being
carried on at the college.
Student Leader Eric Stand
told over half of Antioch's 900
campus student body at a meeting
yesterday, "If they don't stop re-
search by, next Wednesday, stu-
dents will enter the buildings to
stop it."
Antioch has been carrying on
war research with the Air Force
since the end of World War II.
Most of the approximately $500,-
000 in research has centered on
projects dealing with the eom-
parisons between ariel and human

Dem
heard
ticket{
started

ocrats who want to be
on either the national
or platform had better get
d before the end of the year,

Monday that residence hall staff
will merely "counsel" offenders,
even though they are breaking of-
ficial University rules. According

student judiciaries.
Students reprimanded by dor-
mitory staff members for conduct

six students charged with a group of Te eeuigrcsad
violation of Inter-House Assem- off. "They were using rocks and
Sviitation f uInes.-hesdecision sticks, and had blocked all the
bly visitation rules. The dstreets and sidewalks," he said.
rested on the grounds that at the "California law recuired us to dis-

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