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October 17, 1967 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1967-10-17

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Admiral Wants
All Targets Open
List of Restricted Sites Shrinking;
Sorensen Calls for Halt to Bombing

By The Associated Press
SAIGON-The U.S. fleet com-
mander whose pilots have been
pounding Haiphong said yester-
day that military men want all
targets in North Vietnam "turned
loose" so that planes will have
something to hit in any kind of
Vice Adm. John J. Hyland Jr.,
commander of the 7th Fleet, told
reporters in Saigon, however, that
because of political considerations
"the military man doesn't have
his way entirely." But more tar-
gets are being taken off the Pent-
agon's restricted list in an aerial
campaign to strangle the North
Vietnamese war effort.
As for targets lifted from the
list, Hyland said that "we do the
best we can to eliminate all of
them, get the kind of damage on
them that makes them ineffec-
tive against us."
'Military View'
"And then again purely from
the military point of view," he
continued, "the military man
wants to have all those targets
turned loose so that he can get
all of them and he can have
flexibility, so that regardless of
Count Shows
U.S. Forees
Bear Burden
SAIGON (I)-Casualty statistics
trace with dramatic lines how
swiftly and over-whelmingly U.S.
forces have taken over the burden
of the war form Saigon's regular
So far this year, American bat-
tle dead are more than double
those suffered by Vietnamese
regulars, who have become in-
creasingly less active on the bat-
tlefield. The gap appears to be
Official figures for 1967 show
7,092 Americans w e r e killed
through the first week in October,
compared to 8,133 Vietnamese.
The Vietnamese- figure, however,
includes not only regulars but mil-
itia, pacification workers, police
and special forces mercenaries.
The Vietnamese military refuses
to give breakdowns of how many
of the dead were regulars. But
estimates based on known casual-
ties of the militia and some para-
military units shows a figure of
about 3,200 regulars killed.
In 1965, U.S. battle dead ac-
counted for only 16 per cent of the
allied slain. This was the year
of the U.S. buildup after govern-
ment troops had been beaten by
the Communists.
The following year Americans
accounted for 61 per cent of the
killed allied regulars, losing 4,700
in battle. The U.S. Command ex-
plained the high figure by saying
the Vietamese army required
time to be rebuilt, beefed up and
put back on the offensive again.
By this year government regu-
lars were supposed to move out
from behind the American shield
and move aggressively into the
y field.
But the proportion of Saigon
regulars killed in battle continued
to dwindle this year, leaving the
U.S. forces to suffer almost 70 per
cent of the dead.

the weather, there is perhaps al-
ways something pretty good that
you could go for.
"So you'll find the military men
recommending that the whole
darn system be cleared. When
you have a war like this one,
where there are lots and lots of
constraints imposed because of
political things,'the military man
doesn't have his way entirely."
Among the targets still on the
restricted list are the docks of
Haiphong. The policy is not to
attack the dock area for fear of
hitting Soviet or other ships.
Praise Pilots
Hyland praised Navy pilots,
saying war material was piling up
in Haiphong harbor after air at-
tacks knocked out the port's four
main bridges. He said Navy pilots
will keep after the bridges if they
are repaired in a campaign to'
stop the flow of military supplies
from that major port.
Meanwhile, former White House
adviser Theodore C. Sorensen in
an article appearing in the issue
of the Saturday Review being re-
leased today, wrote that "The
time has come for us to suspend
indefinitely and unconditionally
our bombing of North Vietnam."
Sorensen, former special coun-
sel to bothPresidents Johnson
and Kennedy, says that while
bombing of North Vietnam could
not force negotiations, "it may
well be preventing them," since in
his opinion Hanoi would not talk
while the homeland was being
Sorensen, a critic of the admin-
istration's Vietnam policy, wrote
that he was told by a Soviet dip-
lomat in Moscow that the Rus-
sians are obliged to give Com-
munist North Vietnam whatever
it wants in the way of men and
material to resist the Americans,
and that this pointed up "the
urgency of our stopping World.
War III now, before it starts."

Civil Rights
Trial Nears
Jury Stage
Defense Lawyers Try
To Show Character,
Alibis of Defendants
MERIDIAN, Miss. OP)-A dozen
lawyers yesterday kept a stream
of witnesses coming as the defense
neared the end of its case in the
trial of 18 white men charged
with conspiracy in the 1964
deaths of three civil rights
The defense called more than
60 witnesses as it sought through
a brief set of questions to estab-
lish the character and alibis of
the defendants, whom the gov-
ernment claims participated in a
Ku Klux Klan plot to murder the
workers in 1964.
Lawyers for both sides in the
federal case indicated the all-
white jury of seven women and
five men could begin deliberations
by Wednesday.
The government, which rested
its case Friday, contends that the
White Knights of the Ku Klux
Klan shot and buried Michael
Schwerner, 24, Andrew Goodman,
20, two white New Yorkers, and
James Chaney, 21, a Negro from
Meridian, on June 21, 1964.
The defense lawyers asked vir-
tually the same set of questions,
keeping many of the witnesses on
the stand less than 10 minutes.
"Do you know his reputation
for peace or violence?"
"Yes," would be the answer.
"What is it? Good or bad?"
J. W. Stewart, a Meridian police
officer, was asked the same ques-
tions about one of the Justice De-
partment's key witnesses, Sgt.
Wallace Miller of the Meridian
Police Department.
Last week, Miller testified that
the workers' deaths had been plot-
ted and carried out by the Ku
Klux Klan with the imperial
wizard's approval.
"Bad," Stewart replied to a
question about Miller's reputation.
"I wouldn't believe him under

$2.85-billion reduction in PresidentI
Johnson's budget, but Republicans
stepped up their campaign for
deeper and quicker cuts.
The showdown comes tomorrow
when the House takes up an emer-
gency measure to finance for a
month government agencies whose
regular appropriations still are
pending. The budget cut legis-
lation is attached to this measure,
which must be passed by House
and Senate by next Monday if the
present emergency funding is not
to expire.
Payrolls, Research Hit
The reductions ordered by the
committee hit hardest executive
agency payrolls and research.
Some 110,000 government posi-
tions might be abolished but the
committee said this could be done
largely by leaving vacancies un-
filled rather than by firing em-
The $2.85 billion estimate of
cuts embraces some $1.35 billionj
II-- - __

of House and Senate passage of Committee sources estimated
the committee mesaure would be that the committee reduction in
to nail down the full $2.85-billion obligation authority translates into
reduction, regardless of future ac- a spending cut of about $1.4 bil-
tion on individual bills. lion this bookkeeping year-the
The senior Republican member one that ends June 30.
of the committee, Rep. Frank T. The committee bill would decree
Bow of Ohio, offered an amend- a five per cent reduction in ex-
ment to order a $5-billion spend- ecutive agency payroll funds, ex-
ing cut this year. He lost on a empting jobs directly connected
mostly party-line vote and the with the Vietnam war and with
Democratic version was adopted protection of life and property.
the same way. Savings were put at $900 million.
Republicans promptly said they Absorb Raise
will offer the Bow amendment in In addition, agencies would be
the House Wednesday. Rep. Mel- required to absorb the $625-million
vin R. Laird of Wisconsin, chair- cost of a general pay raise now be-
man of the House Republican fore Congress, without extra ap-
Conference, said he expects Re- propriations.
publicans to vote solidly for it The total of $1.5 billion in re-
and hopes "discerning Democrats" search funds, scattered through
will join them. many departmental appropriations,
Republicans argue the $2.85 bil- would be subjected to a 10 per
lion proposed reduction is not only cent cut-again with an excep-
too little, but also too late. It is a tion for Vietnam and vital mili-
reduction in authority to enter into tary undertakings. Savings were
government obligations, many of estimated at $1.32 billion.

$2.85 BILLION:

House Committee Cuts Budget;
Republicans Seek Bigger Slash
WASHINGTON {R - The House in reductions already voted by the which carry on into the next and
Appropriations Committee yester- House in appropriation bills, but later years. The Republicans want
day approved legislation for a still subject to change. The effect spending cut this year.

-Associated Press


United States District Attorney Cecil R. Poole gathers up over
180 draft cards and letters of protest turned in to him at the
Federal Building in San Francisco yesterday.
Court To Rule on Aid
oTo Parochial Schools


preme Court agreed yesterday to
hear a major challenge, to grow-
ing government aid to parochial
The issue directly up for deci-
sion is whether individual tax-
payers can sue the government to
try to block federal aid to church-
run schools. A lower court ruled
that seven taxpayers had no
standing to sue because they
could not show they directly suf-
fered damages.
However, the high tribunal's
taking the case means the jus-
tices almost necessarily will wres-

tle with the broader claim that
such assistant unconstitutionally
breaches the First Amendment
wall separating church and state.
In 1923 the court barred such
taxpayer suits. If the current
court reverses this stand, the way
may be cleared for massive at-
tacks on government spending
programs-even in fields far be-
yond education.
The justices' agreement to hear
the challenge to aid to church
schools under President Johnson's
major education program domi-
nated the court's second business
session of the term.

preseitfs the
Thurs., Oct. 19, 8:30


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