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October 03, 1967 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1967-10-03

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Seveny-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS

THE VIEW FROM HERE
The Deafening Silence of Serious Debate
BY ROBERT KLIVANS
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Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MicYL.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

NIGHT EDITOR: WALLACE IMMEN

TUESDAY. OCTOBER 3, 1967

Romney Goes Slumming
As Things Start Humming

OV. GEORGE ROMNEY ended his 19-
day tour of racially-troubled cities
Saturday with the prediction that "unless
we reverse course and build a new Amer-
ica, the old America will be destroyed."
Destruction, he warned, could come
"through open rebellion with bullets,
cannon and all the violent means imag-
inable."
Romney's journey began, ominously
enough, with his unforgettable "brain-
washing" statement. He was also criticiz-
ed for leaving Michigan to study racial
problems in the wake of a riot that de-
stroyed an estimated $500 million of prop-
erty in Detroit. And he is currently hav-
ing difficulty buying television time to
bring his insights from the trip to the
people.
Nevertheless, Romney's political stat-
ure may have, benefitted from his trip.
Doubtless he picked up considerable in-
sights on how other communities are
meeting the problem of increased Negro
impatience. And Romney received moral
support from fellow Republicans who
bolted tacit silence on Vietnam to blast
the President's foreign policy.
ALL IN ALL, Romney will be fortunate
if he broke even on his pilgrimage.
Where three weeks ago he had been run-
ning neck-and-neck with Johnson in the
polls, his "brainwashing" statement has
caused his popularity to plunge below
that of Rockefeller and Reagan as po-
tential GOP presidential candidates.

On the plus side of the balance sheet,
Romney has begun to forge an image of'
a progressive Republican who is con-
cerned enough about domestic crises to
make an effort to understand their caus-
es and implement possible cures.
It is his minimal comprehension and
contact with foreign affairs that is Rom-
ney's albatross. Insteal of discrediting
the administration's credibility on Viet-
nam, Romney opened a credibility gap of
his own. Because he delayed expressing
opinions on the war and because he has
vacillated from hawk to dove along the
aviary spectrum, Romney has been made
to appear foolish.
BUT, PROBABLY overlooked by those
who laugh or mourn Romney's sup-
posed early political demise, are the def-
inite trails he has blazed leading to the
1968 elections. Romney is the first serious
Republican contender to openly chal-
lenge the basis for the Vietnam war.
He has carefully laid grounds for mak-
ing domestic concerns a primary election
issue. By making his move early-albeit
on untested ground-Romney has made{
it easier for other GOP contenders like
Rockefeller to move in his direction and
offer a viable political alternative for
those voters who are fed up with John-
sonian consensus politics.
For these reasons, it is evident that
Romney has considerably matured po-
litically.
-DAVID KNOKE

PRESIDENT HARLAN HATCHER gave his annual
State of the University address last week, and in
traditional style, it had all the impact of a wet sponge.
It was an opportunity for Hatcher to say so much about
so many things, but instead he confined himself to the
question of autonomy from the legislature and left un-
touched vast issues which have rarely been discussed,
But the speech came as no disappointment-as hardly
anything does in the closing months of the Hatcher ad-
ministration-for discussing issues of substance is anl
unpracticed pastime at this University. Who can re-
member the last time President Hatcher-or any Uni-
versity official-has made a pronouncement on the
course, purpose, or direction of the University?
IT MAKES ONE WONDER-and worry-about the
men who are holding the reigns here. Are they so pre-
occupied with administrative technicalities and alumni
relations that they have had no time to formulate ideas
about the course of the University? And if they have
ideas to contribute, why the deafening silence of debate?
If President Hatcher's intellectually-shallow address
is one example of a directionless leadership, others are
not hard to find. The course of so many projects on
this campus leads one to believe that priorities for the
University have been established on a strange founda-
tion. For example, the $55 M program, that gloriously
successful (and much-needed) fund-raising effort, in-
jected a great deal of money into the University's blood-
stream. And though it was difficult to avoid, the money
will mainly be used for personal monuments to the
donors (e.g. the $10 million Highway Safety Research
Institute) rather than carte blanche funds for needy

programs like the Residential College. The $55 M pro-
gram is reflective of an administration which ranks
new theaters and sports buildings before slumping teach-
ears' salaries and crowded classrooms.
THE CONCERN FOR openly facing the challenge of
the modern university has not been displayed here. The
discussion has not been initiated from above, where it
most logically could start, and from below all that can
be heard are the grumblingsof oppressed student
leaders.
The vacuous pronouncements that were met in the
past by disappointment are now merely glossed over
while interested students and faculty wait for the lame
duck administration to end and the new, though per-
haps no different, reign of Robben Fleming to begin.
But it is proper to start asking now the questions
that have not been discussed at all before: Where is this
University heading? What committment does the Uni-
versity have to society and how is this best fulfilled?
Where have we moved in the past decade or two and
why have we not headed somewhere else?
THE FRUSTRATION AND WORRY is not that
answers have yet to be found-for these are complex
and confusing issues--but rather that the basic ques-
tions are not even being asked, and thus are not openly
and frankly discussed. Perhaps this is all, a product
of the "administrator syndrome"-a phenomenon which
places technicians, not educators, at the highest eche-
lons of our colleges and universities.
This may not be the exclusive rule, but the appoint-
ment last week of Charles Hitch, an ex-Pentagon budget

analyst, as President of the University of California em-
phasizes its application. Hitch may prove to be a mar-
velous eductor and creative thinker (which the sprawling
Cal complex needs), but if he proves to be one it will
only be in spite of-not because of-his qualifications
for the California presidency.
IF THE UNIVERSITY IS NOT what its severest
critics make it out to be, it certainly is not the intellec-
tual hotbed which is probing for new paths in higher
education. And this is the case because the leaders either
don't wish to debate or simply don't recognize the prob-
lem.
Moreover, the crisis in this University is not peculiar
to Ann Arbor. Institutions of higher education are in
the grips of a rapidly flowing society, and, to extend the
metaphor, we have seemingly lost our rudder. The prob-
lem, as Clark Kerr once phrased it, is not that univer-
sities are directionless. "They have been moving in clear
directions and with considerable speed," he said. "These
directions, however, have not been set as much by the
university's vision of its destiny as by the external
environment, including the federal government, the
foundations, the surrounding and sometimes engulfing
industry."
IT IS THE ANNUAL State of the University speech,
and the ringing emptiness it projects, which reminds
one again that this University has no vision of its own
destiny. What should be worrying the conscience of the
campus is not the inability of President Hatcher and his
administration to find the answers, but more simply
their refusal to ask the questions.

Howard: Preparing for the Long, Rlot Full'

q

N Comment Department:
Sex and the Single FBI Man

A FEDERAL JUDGE suggested yester-
day that young men who have become
accustomed to premarital petting while
in the military service may have a legal
right to continue the practice for a short
period after leaving the service.
Furthermore, this right might apply
even if the young man. becomes an em-
ploye of the Federal Bureau of Investi-
gation, the judge said.
Judge Harold Levanthal, sitting as the
Court of Appeals for the District of Co-
lumbia, made the comments while con-
sidering whether the FBI director, J. Ed-
gar Hoover, had acted legally in discharg-
ing a bachelor clerk who kept a girl in
his apartment overnight.
The former clerk, Thomas H. Carter,
26, has sworn that nothing but "necking
and spooning" went on. But a lower court
dismissed his suit on the ground that the
circumstances were sufficiently "indis-
creet" to justify the discharge.
HOOVER SAID in dismissing the $4930-
a-year clerk, who lasted only one
month after returning to-the FBI from
four years in the Air Force that his ac-
tion constituted "conduct unbecoming an
employe of this bureau."
Judge Levanthal said that under the
Uniform Military Training Act a return-
ing serviceman must be given a chance
to adjust to the changed conditions of
his civilian job.
He cited several post-World War II
court decisions in which baseball clubs
were required to keep returning service-
men until they had an opportunity to get
back in playing condition.
Using the same reasoning, he said, the
FBI might have to give returning service-
men a chance to adjujst to the FBI's
strict standard of male-female relations.
"Many people in the military service
think that premarital petting in private
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Fall and winter subscription rate: $4.50 per term by
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Second class po'stage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan,
420 Maynard St. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.
Editorial Staff
ROGER RAPOPORT, Editor

is not offensive," said Levanthal, a for-
mer Coast Guard lieutenant commander.
"Maybe even officers would do it," he
added.
Assistant U.S. Attorney Thomas Lum-
bard argued that Carter's offense had
been carelessness and poor judgment in
creating an impression of misconduct.
His conduct came to light when an an-
onymous person wrote the FBI about the
overnight visit, saying, "it annoys me
terrible."
LUMBARD ARGUED that the incident
had compromised the reputations ofp
the bureau and the girl.
"A vast number of people still feel that
this kind of conduct is wrong-people
in Oklahoma and Kentucky where this
young man came from-even if perhaps
not in the sophisticated East," Lumbard
said.
Richard M. Millman, who represented
Carter, argued that Carter's actions "were
not only normal but healthy, leading to-
ward a marital relationship."
Carter, who is still a bachelor, now
works for a bank here. Millman said he
seeks back pay and reinstatement so that
he can resign with a clear record.
Legal observers said the case could
be legally significant as a test of the con-
stitutional rights of employes of sensi-
tive federal agencies that are not covered
by the Civil Service laws. Carter's lawyers
have charged that the FBI's actions vio-
lated his right of personal privacy and his
right to due process as a federal employe.
-From the San Francisco Chronicle
Sept. 21, 1967
First Come
First Serve
GEN. MARK O. HATFIELD (R-Oregon)
says he would support Gen. James
Gavin for President. Gavin, however, says
he is for Hatfield; Hatfield says if Gavin
won't run, he's for GOP Gov. Nelson
Rockefeller of New York. Rocky, on the
other hand, has been backing Gov. George
Romney of Michigan for the nomination.
Romney hasn't declared himself in the
race, while Gov. Ronald Reagan of Cali-
fornia has been drawing big crowds yet
won't admit he's running for anything.
Sen. Robert F. Kennedy (D-NY) says
he has taken polls of Democrats which
show he is a leading contender for the

By RICHARD ANTHONY
Collegiate Press Service
G EORGIA AVENUE is the main
routefrom official Washing-
ton to Howard University.
It is a broad, straight road,
well-paved and well-maintained,
but it is bordered by the dingy,
interminable rows of two-bit
bus inaess establishments that
readily identify the area as a
black ghetto-pool halls, barber
shops with their striped barber
poles askew, second-hand cloth-
ing stores, bars with their neon
window signs flickering half-
lighted, a food market overf low-
ing the ground floor of a turn-
of-the-century brick warehouse.
The sights to be seen along
Georgia Avenue help to explain
why Howard may be in for a
"long, hot fall." The message of
the ghetto, forcibly brought home
to the country at large this sum-
mer, is also getting through to
Howard. Unfortunately, Howard
is ill-prepared to receive it,
Among Negro colleges, Howard
has always held a special place.
Although suffering from the pa-
ternalism and conservatism that
is characteristic of Negro colleges
generally, Howard has had a
good reputation academically and
has been known as well as the
place where Negro leaders-"the
black bourgoisie"-get their start.
IN THE BROADEST sense, it
is the question of what kind of
leaders Howard should be pro-
ducing that lies behind the pres-
ent unrest at the school.
Lynda Blumenthal, a white in-
structor at the school for the past
ftwo years, says Howard has tra-
ditionally tried to implant white
values in its students.
She explains that Howard has
tended to reinforce the "negative
identification" by students to-
ward their being black. "Now the
students are learning to be proud
of being black," she says. "They
have confidence in themselves.
That's why they're more critical
of paternalism at Howard."
THE ISSUES OF student pow-
er and black power are not really
separate issues, according to Miss
Blumenthal. Talks with student
leadersnconfirm this judgment.
Ewart Brown, president of the
Student Assembly, and the lead-
er of the group of more than 150
students and faculty who walked
out during Howard President

James Nabrit's opening address
last week, wants Howard to
create a black leadership that
does not accept white values.
Black leadership must be de-
veloped in the black universities,"
Brown said. "We need leaders who
can infiltrate the system and not
be Uncle Toms."
Brown and other student lead-
ers are devoting most of their ef-
forts now to winning student con-
trol over "non-academic affairs,"
particularly o v e r disciplinary
matters.
They aretconfident. "The stu-
dent body this year has the de-
termination to do things," says
Tom Myles, head of the Student
Rights Organization. "We're more
unified than ever."
Myles expects strong support
from the freshmen. "This year's
freshmen are more aware, more
militant," he explains. "They're
the 'Birmingham babies;' they've
grown up with the movement.'
ACCORDING TO Brown, How-
ard President James Nabrit has
indicated that concessions will be
made to the students. Greater
student control over disciplinary
matters is probably in the offer-
ing.
But the concessions may not be
enough to keep Howard from
having a long, hot fall. The leg-
acy of bitterness from last spring's
conflicts between students and the
administration will make a peace-
ful resolution of present conflicts
hard to come by.
THROUGHOUT last year, pro-
tests over matters affecting stu-
dent rights escalated on the cam-
pus. Matters first came to a head,
however, when draft director
Gen. Lewis Hershey arrived on
campus to give a speech. A group
protesting the sending of Negroes
to Vietnam greeted him with
signs and chants. He left without
delivering his talk.
Though the group protesting
Hershey's visit was small, its num-
bers grew when the university
scheduled hearings for four stu-
dents charged with leading the
Hershey, demonstration.
A group of students broketup
the hearing. They charged that
the administration had named
one of the four students, Robin
Gregory, because she had become
a symbol of black power on cam-
pus.

1~
9'

Urban Ghettoes: The Other Side of the Curricular Coin

MISS GREGORY, who was
elected homecoming queen last
fall, was at the time part of a
women's group associated with the
Black Power Committee and the
Student Non-Violent Co-ordinat-
ing Committee (SNCC).
Finally, in May, a one-day boy-
cott was organized by a coalition
of student groups to dramatize
six student demands. One of these
was the demand that no one be
disciplined for political activities
on campus.
As a result of the boycott Pres-
ident Nabrit agreed to meet with
the leaders of the coalition. They
say he committed himself at the
time to foregoing any disciplinary
measures against political acti-
vists. Nabrit and an assistant
dean who attended the meeting,
Carl Anderson, deny it.
IN ANY CASE, this past sum-
mer 14 students were expelled and
five faculty members notified that
they would not be rehired. The
univeristy took the action in mid-
June, without prior notice and
without hearings.
The faculty members and four
of the students took the case to
court. In the course of proceed-
ings it was revealed that Dean

Anderson had prepared memor-
anda for the dean of students
listing students who were most
actively involved in protests.
One of the lists, dated April 20,
listed one group of students un-
der the heading "Black Power"
faction and another under Stu-
dent Rights Organization.
It also contained the suggestion
that SNCC and the Communist
Party were behind the "demon-
strations and other disruptive
activities."
On appeal, the court ruled that
the students be reinstated pend-
ing a hearing (two of the four
have returned to Howard). It rec-
ommended hearings for the fac-
ulty members, but did not order
them. The faculty case is still in
litigation.
Two of the faculty members are
teaching at other colleges this
fall. Two are awaiting the results
of the litigation. Nathan Hare, a
boxer who had 22 amateur and
two professional victories before
he gave up the sport in 1963, is
in training for another fight.
HARE, WHO took his Ph.D. in
sociology at the University of
Chicago. is a short, compact man,
with a voice that is unexpectedly
high-pitched and nasal. When he

speaks of his long-standing feud
with the Howard administration,
his gaze is intense and his tone
bitter.
"I want to return to Howard,"
he says. "The students need a
boost. They have been intimi-
dated."
Hare's ACLU lawyer asked him
to forego applying any extra-legal
pressure to the university while
the faculty case is in court, but
Hare demurred.
"I could tear the place down,"
he says. "I have contacts there,
and I have support from the com-
munity."
IF THE HOWARD administra-
tion does not meet student de-
niands respecting student govern-
ment in the near future, the mod-
erate student leaders may wind
up in open alliance with Hare. A
long, hot fall at Howard would
then be assured.
"Students here are oppressed,"
says student leader Myles, "and
oppression breeds violence. When
the normal processes of adjust-
ing grievances break down, it
opens the door for violence."
That is the familiar lesson
from the ghetto. It may be a les-
son that Howard officialdom is
about to learn the hard way.

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