THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,196'r
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,1987 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
e i --
The vast school systems of New
York City and Detroit moved
closer to masive strikes today and
empty classrooms in cities across
the nation marked the failure of
school boards and teachers to
agree on issues of salary and ed-
New York City's United Fed-
eration of Teachers rejected what'
was described as a final proposal
from a mediation panel Tuesday
only hours after Mayor John V.
Lindsay strongly recommended ac-
ceptance. The teachers threaten
mass resignations on Monday, the
first day of school, a move that
would affect 1.1 million pupils.
* Federation President A 1 b e et
Shanker said rejection Tuesday by
the union's negotiating committee
"The schools will not be open
on Monday," Shanker said. "If the
superintendent of schools says
they,will be open, that's nonsense.
There will be no teachers. There
will be no school."
Alfred A. Giardino, president of
the school board, declined to com-
Lindsay had earlier strongly rec-
ommended that both the board
and the union accept the plan
drawn up by a three-man panel of
Under the panel's plan the
starting salary of beginning teach-
ers would be raised $1,200 over
two-years--$800 effective Sept. 1,
1967, and $400 more next Sept. 1.
All other teachers would.receive
a $1,050 pay boost with $400 ef-
fective last Sept. 1 and $650 next
The mayor said the panel's pro-
posed $6,600 starting salary for be-
ginning teachers next Sept. 1
would put New York ahead of all
other cities and said the plan was
"their final recommendation" and
"my final recommendation."
Shanker told a news conference
that he had private information
that the panel had actually pro-
posed "a more generous plan," but
had bowed to pressure from the
The union has demanded a
starting salary of $7,500 rising to.
a maximum of $15,000 and threat-
ened a mass resignation of teach-
ers if there is no contract next
Monday when schools are sched-
uled to open for the city's 1.1. mil-
lion pupils and 55,000 teachers.
The union adopted the resig-
nation tactic because of a new
state law which penalizes public
employe unions which strike.
Detroit's 300,000 pupils, sched-
uled to go back to school today,
stayed home as the opening was
put off to today so negotiations
could continue between the Board
of Education and the Federatione
of Teachers. Lt. Gov. William Mil-t
liken said, "There is no sign of a
Michigan law also prohibitst
strikes by public employes, but itt
has not yet been tested and it
carries no strong penalties. e
Elsewhere, pupils were enjoying
the fruits of the labor disputes-
extended summer vacations.
At East. St. Louis, Ill., somee
24,000 pupils have been at homee
since opening day last Wednesday.t
More than 600 of the system's 850
teachers have stayed away from1
the schools in the salary dispute.x
The latest negotiation session end-1
ed Tuesday night in apparent
In Fort Lauderdale, Fla., teach-
ers rejected yesterday a plea by
the Broward County School Board
to return to work. Resignations by
2,300 of the county's 4,000 teach-
ers forced the board to close
schools to 90,000 pupils until Sept.
Already c r o w d e d parochial
schools in Fort Lauderdale report-
ed calls from parents hoping to
enroll their children. They were
Teachers groups throughout
Florida have threatened mass
resignations unless the state ap-
propriates more money for sala-
ries and education. Gov. Claude R.
Kirk, Jr., has announced a 15-
month study of Florida's educa-
Schools in McCracken County,
Ky., were closed yesterday to some
6,000 pupils as the system's 250
teachers walked out in a bid for
In Connecticut, the State Board
of Education ordered teachers in
Groton to report to classrooms to-
day. The board acted to head off
a school shutdown.
Groton's 275 teachers failed to
report to preclass orientation
meetings yesterday and said they
would not teach until a contract
was signed with the school board.
Classes for the 9,400 pupils were
scheduled to begin today.
The state board ordered the
Groton Board of Education into
immediate negotiations with the
teachers' bargaining representa-
Newport, R.I., public schools
opened as usual after a boycott
threatened by the Newport Teach-
ers Association was averted when
the School Committee approved
In Worcester, Mass., some 1,000
teachers in the Educational Asso-
ciation chose to press for media-
tion of their dispute.
Ey e t EGOVERNMENT SYSTEM:
In August Johnson Appoints Negro
Recent Political Calm
SAIGON (A)-Roman Catholics
won heavily in the Senate elec-
tions in this predominantly Bud-
dhist nation, leading political an-
alysts to speculate yesterday that
the political future may be
Nearly complete returns from
Sunday's election showed three,
predominantly Catholic 10-man
slates won seats in the 60-man.
Senate, making Catholics the
largest bloc in the new body.
Analysts see storm signals in
the fact that there has always
been bad blood between the
Catholics and Buddhists. Rivalry
reached its peak when Buddhists
took; the lead in the overthrow
and killing of President Ngo Dinh
Diam, a Catholic, in 1963.
The well-organized Catholics, a
strong anti-Communist element
in South Vietnam politics, num-
ber about two million of South
Vietnam's 17 million people.
Most of the nation's people are
Buddhists or born to Buddhist
families, but the church faithful
are divided by factions.
The Catholics, who represent
both native Southerners and
Northern refugees,. cannot be ex-
pected to be a monolithic bloc in
the Senate, but will be more uni-
fied than other blocs.
Thieu May Benefit
How this will affect the presi-
dent and vice president-elect,
Chief of State Nguyen Van Thieu
and Premier Nguyen Cao Ky, is
unclear. But it is thought that
Thieu would benefit more than Ky
if their political rivalry comes out
into the open.
Thieu, a Southerner, converted
to Roman Catholicism before he
married. Ky, a Northerner, is nor-
mally a Buddhist but says: "My
parents were Buddhists. I am too
young to make a decision."
How the Buddhists will react to
a Senate dominated by Catholics
is not known but some friction is
Buddhists Denounce Thieu
Angered by Thieu's signing of
a charter which recognizes an-
other Buddhist sect as the official
Buddhist church of the nation,
9 South Vietnam's militant Bud-
dhists recently denounced Thieu
as a traitor. They said he was
determined to destroy Buddhism.
Despite the strength of 'peace
dove' presidential c a n d i d at e
Truong Dinh Dzu, who ran behind
Thieu and Hy in Sunday's elec-
tions, most members of the new
Senate, especially the Catholics,
are strongly anti-Communist and
are not prone to negotiations with
the Viet Cong and Hanoi without
strong prior guarantees.
At New High
WASHINGTON (R) - A record
August high for the nation's em-
ployment total with a slight drop
in unemployment was cited by the
Labor Department yesterday as
supporting President Johnson's
plan for an income, tax increase.
It is consistent with Johnson's
estimates on which he has based
his request, Commissioner Arthur
M. Ross of the Bureau of Labor
3.8 Per Cent Decrease
The nation's employment figure'
for August was 76.1 million after
July's previous high figure for
any month of 76.2 million. The
unemployment rate edged down to
3.8 per cent of the civilian labor
force, which is one-tenth of one
per cent below July. A total of
2,942,000 were jobless.
Ross said those figures are evi-
dence of "a moderate and orderly
resumption of economic expan-
"After the soft period in the
economy the first half of the
year,' the economic expansion has
begun to resume in an orderly
way," he said.
Citing the July and August fig-
ures, Ross said they showed em-
ployment increases in most seg-
ments of the economy and that
skilled manpower shortages that
caused production bottlenecks in
late 1965 and 1966 can probably
"It was necessary to cool off
the economy in 1966," Ross said,
"because of theinflationary pres-
sures. The expansion was too
The moderate growth rate of
recent months was necessary,j
Ross said, to avoid excessive price
increases and oversized wage in-
creases that boost employment
rapidly and cause worker short-
"We want to continue" the
present economic growth, but not
t at such a rapid pace, he added.
WASHINGTON (')-Walter E.
Washington, a Negro, 51-year-old
housing expert, was picked by
President Johnson yesterday as
the national capital's first one-
man head of government since
"We have found a man who
will be a strong and authentic
voice for the people" of the Dis-
trict of Columbia, Johnson pro-
As commissioner, Washington
will take over the executive duties
from a three-member commission
which has administered the gov-
ernment of this city of 800,000-
more than 60 per cent Negro.
As Washington's chief assistant,
Johnson named Tomas Fletcher,
43, who is white and an expert in
city management. A former city
manager of San Diego, Calif., he
is now in the Department of Hous-
ing and Urban Development.
Both nominations are subject
to Senate confirmation. Washing-
ton's pay will be $28,500 a year,
Speculation o v e r Johnson's
choice of a city commissioner had
centered on Washington ever since
De Gaulle: Poland
Can Push Bomb Halt
CARS JOIN PROTEST
Milwaukee civil rights demonstrators, marching on sidewalks, were joined by a caravan of cars as
they continued their marathon march for open housing Tuesday night. The marchers passed the
100 mile mark Tuesday night and plan to keep it up today.
U.S.Fi'eld Observers Report
WARSAW (A)-President Char-
les de Gaulle, tumultuously wel-
comed on a six-day visit to-Com-
munist Poland, declared last night
the French and Poles may help
together to put an end "to the
bombing, the fighting and the
presence of foreign forces in Viet-
'The 76-year-old De Gaulle, a
persistent critic.ofU.S. policy in
old French Indochina, spoke at
a state reception after crowds to-
taling nearly half a million ac-
claimed him on his arrival and in
a 45-minute motorcade from the
airport to Warsaw.
Carry Out Geneva Accords
De Gaulle said France and Po-
land could help in carrying out
the Geneva agreement on Viet-
nam "so as to revive this region
which is so horribly crushed."
Poland, India and Canada are
members of the International.
Control Commission set up after
the 1954 Geneva accords divided
Vietnam into North and South
WASHINGTON (IP)-A score of
official U.S. observers told Presi-
dent Johnson yesterday that the
Vietnamese presidential elections
last Sunday appeared to be con-
ducted freely and without signs of
The President listened for more
than an hour to the individual re-
ports of the bipartisan panel he
When one observer reported that
he was somewhat embarassed
that the United States had sent
observers to stand over the Viet-
namese people like school teachers
to witness their voting processes,
Johnson broke in to say:
"We are going to ask the Viet-
namese to send observers to our
election next year."
Secretary of State Dean Rusk,
World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY - Pope Paul VI
suffered a sudden return of fever
last night, complained of damp-
ness in his summer home at Cas-
tel Gandolfo, and returned to the
Vatican at his request, his doc-
The Pope, who will be 70 on
Sept. 26, came down;Monday with
a cold, stomach cramps and fev-
er and his activities for the week
were cancelled. His fever disap-
peared Tuesday afternoon and the
Vatican reported earlier yester-
day that he had recovered from
* *, *
NEW DELHI -- Hundreds of
peasants were rescued by troops
when villages were inundated by
floodwaters from the Ganges and
Jumna Rivers in Uttar Pradesh,
officials said yesterday.
The dead total 88 and many
more are feared drowned in oth-
er parts of India as torrential
summer monsoon rains caused riv-
ers to burst their banks in many
Four million acres of crops in
the Allahabad area were flooded.
The monsoon is the heaviest in
years and has threatened govern-
ment buildings in New Delhi.
* *, .
WASHINGTON - The Defense
Department has approved $322,-
874,000 in contracts for research
and development of the Nike X
antimissile, North Carolina mem-
bers of Congress announced yes-
Immediate contracts include
$218 million involving work for
six firms and $3 million for fa-
cilities to support the continued
research, development, engineer-
ing and testing of the Nike X.
Secretary of Defense Robert Mc-
Namara, presidential adviser Wall
W. Rostow and Eugene Locke, the
deputy U.S. Ambassador to Viet-
nam, joined the President in hear-
ing the individual accounts of the
Gov. William Guy of North Da-
kota, Democrat and chairman o
the National Governors Confer.
ence, told the President he
thought "too much attention ha
been focused on the possibility o
irregularities and not enough at
tention has been focused on the
significance of the election."
Most of the observers said tha
if there had been irregularities th
winning ticket of Chief of Stat
Nguyen Van Thieu and Premie
Nguyen Cao Ky would have re
ceived more than one-third of th
Roman Catholic Archbishol
Robert E. Lucey of San Antonio
Tex. told Johnson Americans ough
to be better informed in order t<
stop what he called "a wave of in
accurate statements." The arch.
bishop opposed negotiations witt
Rabbi P. Rudin of Great Neck
Long Island, N.Y., president of th
Synagogue Council of America
said that sometimes American
take their voting rights for grant
ed, but there was no casualness it
Vietnam about voting, "It wa
something great in their lives.
and the JUG BAND
FRI., SAT., SUN., Sept. 8,9, and 10
Doors open 7:30 P.M.' Seating 8:30 P.M.
$2.00 with goodies gratis
following the ousting of the
Apparently, De Gaulle had Po-
land's ICC role in mind in his
suggestion of possible collabora-
tion in bringing the war to an
At the reception given by Polish'
President Edward Ochab, De
Gaulle repeated his support of the
Oder-Neisse frontier between Po-
land and Germany, saying the
present borders of Poland, dating
from the defeat of th?. Nazis In
World War IL" are and must stay
where they now are.",
Officials, the public and the
Communist pr e s s treated De
Gaulle's viist as an historic re-
union with France, for centuries
Poland's comrade in arms.
TONIGHT & TOMORROW
Welles' 1942 Academy
".... a remarkably
advanced film.. .
which explores 'the
story' in reverse.
7:00 & 9:05-
A & D School
STILL ONLY 50c
the President announced the re-
organization plan and efforts in
Congress to veto the plan failed.
Washington, a native of Daw-
son, Ga., has headed the New
York City Housing Authority for
the past year. Prior to the New
York City appointment, he had
been chief of the National Capital
Housing Authority here since 1961.
He remained prominent in af-
fairs of this city and maintained
his residence here despite his move
to the New York post. His wife
has been director of the Job Corps
Johnson said he plans to send
both nominations to the Senate
for confirmation as soon as it re-
convenes next Monday.
Washington told newsmen he
believes the new city reorganiza-
tion contains elements of "begin-
ning the process for home rule"-
that is, election of a mayor rather
than presidential appointment.
Asked what city problems will
get high priority, Washington
said crime, employment and wel-
fare are "all problems we would
want to study and analyze care-
fully and then develop priorities."
But he added he doesn't want any
"long drawn-out studies."
Washington's term of appoint-
ment is for four years. The nine
council members who will have
three-year staggered terms are
expected to be named by Johnson
in time to be considered by the
Senate along with Washington
and Fletcher. No more than six
of them may be of the same
BILLY WI LDER'S
We regret the demise of our standard
pricing policy. This year admissions will
vary with price of entertainment.
Angell Nall 50c
1421 Hill St.
Sept. 7, 8, and 9
SFRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 8th,
NOON LUNCHEON, 25c
GEORGE ABBOTT WHITE
IiI - . -1 A
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KING GEORGE and HIS
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