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January 16, 1968 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-01-16

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~Britain To Begin



In Southeast Asia

LONDON (P) - Prime Minister
Harold Wilson's -Cabinet was re-
ported early today to have adopt-
ed plans phasing out Britain's
bases east of Suez by 1971 and
scrapping a billion dollar order
for 50 American Fill bombers.
The decisions, reached last
night and reported by qualified
sources, came in the face of pres-
sure by five allied powers, includ-
ing the United States, to recon-
sider the program of withdrawal
from Malaysia and Singapore.
But the Cabinet agreed to go
out of its way to meet demands
by Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew
for keeping a token presence in
Singapore after 1971.
Informants said certain special
4arrangemnents are likely to be
made underpinning Singapore's
High Court
NEW YORK (P)-The Supremze
Court approved yesterday the
nearly six year old proposal to
merge the Pennsylvania and New
York Central railroads in the
biggest consolidation in U.S. cor-
porate history.
In a 7-1 decision, the court in
Washington cleared the tracks for
the creation by Feb. 1 of the
world's largest privately owned
railroad system with assets of
more than $4.3 billion.
Justice Abe Fortas, speaking for
the court, said the justices could
find no basis for reversing ap-
proval of the merger by the Inter-
state Commerce Commission and
& a New York federal court.
Figures as of Sept. 30, 1967
of the Pennsylvania New York
Central Transportation sys-
Assets $4,325,248,745
N umber of einployes 95,883
Miles of road 19,286
Miles of track 40,629
Locomotives 4,202
Freight train cars 194,656
Passenger train cars 4,937
Shareowners ,121,262
The merged road, to be known
as the Pennsylvania New York
C e n t r a 1 Transportation Co.,
stretches halfway across the con-
tinent between New York and St.
Louis and Chicago with 20,000
miles of road.
Eventual savings for the rail-
Sroads have been estimated at
more than $8 0 mlnannually.
affected but the merger agree-
ment protects them against loss
.Par bsof the merger agreement
is that the Penn Central wil]
make a loan of up to $25 million
to the financially ailing New
Haven Railroad and pick up some
of the New Haven's operating

security - including the possible
loan of British officers and the
convening of a conference by the
British with Australians, New
Zealanders, Malaysians and Sing-
A second request by Lee that
Britain should refrain from pub-
licly setting a terminal date for
the withdrawal program evident-
ly was not accepted.
In a day-long session, British
ministers approved a final pack-
age of state spending cuts which
will transform Britain's once
proud world role and the face of
its welfare state.
Presents Policy Today
Wilson is due to present the
new policy to the House of Com-
mons today as his Labor Govern-
ment's cure all for the nation's
chronic economic ills.h rrm
was baic dcison t abndon
terms quitting its Southeast Asian
bae inMlyi nd Singapore
and its Persian Gulf bases in
Bahrain and Sharj ah.
This major political decision
was intended in part to win the
Ibacking of rank and file Laborites
for massive retrenchments at
Ihome, notably in the social serv-
A reaction of deep dismay arose
at once from five of Britain's key
partners in Asia - the United
States, Malaysia, Singapore, Aus-
trlaaLBJ Wites Wilson
President Johnson wrote pri-
vately to Wilson saying he had no
wish to interfere but stressing his I
view that this was an ill-timed
Imoment to announce Britain's
planned withdrawal from the
Australia, New Zealand and
Malaysia voiced their alarm in
public and private.
The fiercest reaction of all
came from Singapore's prime
minister, Cambridge educated Lee
Kuan Yew, who now is in Lon-
don lobbying intensively for mod-
ification of the British decision.

Thien Takes
Warns U.S. To Av oid
Unilateral Peace Bids
Without Full Consent
- SAIGON AP)-President Nguyen x=
Van Thie indir ectly told the Unit-
ed States y ester day to avoid peace
efforts in which it did not have
the full consent of the South Viet-
namese government.
A wide ranging speech by Thiew
*amounted to a major hardening of
South Vietnam's position on nego-
~ tiations and a halt in the bombing
of North Vietnam in the face of
pressure for an easing of the air
raids to test Hanoi's intentions.
- Hardens Attitudes
S "The Republic of Vietnam most
Znaturally should have the central
* .role in any developments relating
to the events in Vietnam," Thieu HELMETED STUDENTS FROM I
~ ~ said. "To overlook or to dlisregar d demonstrated yesterday against
this normal setup is to give leew av Sasebo, Japan, later this week,
~~ to the Communist tend entious pro-
Spaganda, and damage the success
of the common cause. y 0 1
Associated Press "I regret to say that in the past
AMPAIGN our allies sometimes have not
ney attacked the Johnson Ad- themselvet e cenalster of ~pace .17 10
~tnam war yesterday as he spoke efforts on Vietnam, for instance
) the. statey ttemptin te ganote sigverneUntd toelolve o TOKYO IP'-Police battled rad-
of te sateatteptig t gan oter ovenmets t hep slveical Zengakuren students in Down-
[dential primary. the Vietnamese problem, while town Tokyo yesterday, demonstra-
____ _-..-- such a move should be made by the tingaantteshdldvst
,AIN- prncipal paty with th supr this w'eek of the U.S. nuclear pow-
of all allied and friendly cou-n- ered aircraft carrier Enterprise.
tries." The police arrested 131 demon-
Scorns UNstrators armed with sticks and
u ~n s C a T However, he scorned the Unitedrok-
Nations for not taking a major The 75,000 ton Enterprise will
part in the search for a peace set- stop at the southern Japanese port
tiement and suggested that See- of Sasebo Thursday on her way to
T~ lestBT etary General U Thant visit Vietnam duty. ,
South Vietnam. ". . . He owes it 'Massive Demonstrations'
The last sentence *in my letter 1to himself, and to the United Na- The Zengakuren's radical wing
states I am writing to inform you tions, to have more complete and has announced plans to storm the
that I cannot in conscience con- firsthand informiation on this sub- U.S. naval base at Sasebo; So-
tinue to carry this card, for it Is ject," Thieu said. cialists. Communists and the Ko-
symbolic and representative of U.S. officials in Saigon had only mei Buddhist party plan massive
the immoral war policies of our a "no comment" on Thieu's speech, demonstrations.
government. The speech coincided with the Japan, the only country subjected
"Realizing the possible conse- disclosure that a group of 20 Viet- to atomic attack, is a hotbed of
quences for not having the draft namese, many of them former opposittion to nuclear weapons.
card on my person, I must in con- gover'nment officials, is circulating The anti-Enterprise force are ty-
science send this card back to a peace proposal which goes di- ing the protest to opposing the
you and hope that you honor my rectly against the policies of the Vietnam war and scrapping the
'decision." South Vietnamese government. U.S. Japan security treaty that

-Associated Press
HOSEI University in Tokyo clashed with riot police, left, as they
the port call by the U.S. nuclear-powered carrier Enterprise at
ee Arrest Stuents
Visit of 'Enterprise'

Michigan governor George Rom
ministration's handling of the Vie
at Keene State College in New Ha
remainder of his five-day tour (
votes for the nation's first pres
Rush Heti
man Catholic priest who mailed
his draft card to Secretary of
State Dean Rusk to protest the
war in Vietnam had It returned
with a note saying the State De-
partment welcomed the priest's
comments but regretted his op-
position to ~U.S. policies.
Writes to Clark
The priest, Rev. John P. Huhn,
29, promptly put his card in the
mail again - this time to Attor-

The moderate Democratic So-
cialist party, meanwhile, conduct-
ed a peaceful 3,500 man rally and
march in Sasebo yesterday in op-
position to the Enterprise visit.
Merchants who support the visit
held a counterparade.
The Socialist, Communist and
Kbmei Buddhist parties said they
would muster 50,000 demonstrators
in Sasebo, but added they were
determined to keep the Zenga-
kuren students from joining the
three party demonstration.
SMore than 5,000 police are being

mobilized by Prime Minister Eisa-
ku Sato's government to control
the demonstrators.-
Sohyo, the general council of
trade unions, said it will distribute
handbills in English to Enterprise
crewmen urging them "to follow
the example of four American sea-
men wlo defected from the In-
trepid" in November to protest the
Vietnam war. The four have been
granted asylum in Sweden.
The Enterprise will be the first
nuclear powered surface vessel to
visit Japan.

Ex-Congresswomnau Leads

ney Generai Rtamsey Lark. _________________---_______-_____---____ -
"Secretary of State Rusk has Df oieOdr
asked me to reply to your letter DT1T efyret PoiceTky Orderrd
of Dec. 12," wrote Dewitt L. Stora IV 0 iN 'whenS harest n kya ourred.
of the State Department's Public rifiO ~ Jwen thlie Zrersngan stdentscde
Service Office In a letter Father fie polic trdes hagains ao mash
Huhn received Saturday. by600 stues esw adeor bao
"We regret," the letter said, By The Associated Press Nasser's regime, it was announced 600 smi ets wy. qikl e-
"that you disagree with our poll- STANFORD - Mike Kasperak's yesterday. Thwe sytudents were quicklymoer-d
cies in Vietnam.'' condition is improving while still * poer byo1.Dzs police whannubrd
Stora concluded his letter. "I critical, doctors say at Stanford SAN'A, Yemen-Fightin~g erupt- ten3to1 Dzenslof oie nde
am returning the draft card University Medical Center. stus f a' sedya d en gtsunn wer rbloodied in rt-e
which you enclosed in your let- An Capetown. heart-transplant Republican military authorities fight, but newarpotds-
ter." patient Dr. Blaiberg walked out of claimed a victory over the Royal- olc hurtrri h eg-
Writes Again his room yesterday. 'ists with 170 killed and 45 cap- Polen ledrri the kyenga
After reading the letter from * *tured. Huren headurers n oko'sc d
the State Department, Father BONN. Germany-Lt. Gen. Ger- *H osei Un iversit and consed
Huhn penned the following to At- hard Wessel has been named chief BEIRUT, Lebanon - Demon- boe.firnbr an stns
torney General Clark: of West Germany's Intelligence strating leftist students disrupted 'Police Oppression'
"On Dec. 12, I sent a letter to service, the government announced Ia scheduled speech by South Viet- Katsuyuki Akiyama, leader of
Secretary of State 'Dean Rusk in- y e s t e r d a y. The appointment nam's visiting foreign minister, the most militant Zengakuren,
dicating my opposition to the brought a blast from East German Tran Van Do, last 'night. called the arrests, "police oppres-
Vietnam war. I stated my opposi- Communists who described Wessel * sion" and declared the action
tion to the government's present as one of Hitler's "up to the last~ HAVANA-Prime Minister Fidel would not weaken the Zengakuren
immoral policies and indicated I jditch officers." Castro denounced Monday reports struggle against the Enterprise
would assist others who, in con- * -* *. from Bolivia indicating he was visit. The Zengakuren has vowed
science, cannot serve in the jCAIRO-A special tribunal Will Iwilling to meet President Rene to use force in the demonstration.
armed service, open next Monday for trial of 55 Barrientos. Castro said, "I don't About 70 students were reported
"Today I received a letter from .persons on charges of plotting to meet with servants of the CIA or to have eluded police and boarded
the State Department reiterating overthrow President Gamal Abdel with puppets." trains for Sasebo.
the government's present policy.

WASHINGTON (if) - Vowing
to unleash a nationwide torrent of
"woman power" at the polls, some
3,000 women descended on Wash-
ington yesterday to tell Congress
they want the Vietnam war
"We ought to know down in our
hearts that you can't change an
ideology by shooting young men,"
said the demonstration's 87 year
old leader, former Rep. Jeannette
Rankin of Montana.
"If we are' going to do any-
thing that Is permanent,'" she
said, "we have to get rid of this
military system."
First Congresswoman
The first woman ever elected
to Congress, Miss Rankin served
two terms a quarter of a century
Organizers of the demonstra-
tion, a coalition of antiwar wo-
men's groups, named it the Jean-
nette Rankin Brigade In Miss
Rankin's honor.

Mrs. Martin Luther King, one
of the sponsors, told the women
they must think and act for
"Too long have we waited' In
the beauty and comfort. of our
homes and said 'Let the men do
it,' " she said. "Well, we let the
men do it and they made a nasty
mess of It."
Barred by Law
Although the demonstrators
wanted to march from Union Sta-
tion right to the steps of the
Capitol to present their antiwar
petition, they were stymied, by a
law barring demonstrations on
the capitol grounds.
While the bulk of demonstra-
tors stood silently in Union
Square, Miss Rankin and a small
delegation went to the Capitol to
deliver copies of the petition to
House Speaker John MeCormack
of Massachusetts and Senate
Democratic leader Mike Mansfield
of Montana.


I '1




R omny Speaks on Vietnam



KEENE, N.H. (JP)- Michigan's
George Romney said last night if
he becomes President he will seek
guarantees of neutrality and thus
peace for South Vietnam and for
its troubled neighbors.
He said foreign military bases
should be withdrawn from the
Accuses LBJ of Neglect
#Romney accused President John-
son of permitting past opportuni-
ties for peace talks to lapse, "by
design or mishandling."
"We have looked to much as' if
we were depnanding unconditional
surrender," Romney said in a long
and detailed speech on the Viet-
*nam war.
Campaigning for Republican
votes in New Hampshire's presi-

governor said the United States
has placed too much emphasis on
conventional military force and
not enough on the political aspects
of the' struggle-or on efforts to
end the fighting.
'Missed Peace Opportunity'
"We have appeared to shift our
terms in talks which could lead
to a settlement," Romney said,
"and we have missed, whether by
design or mishandling, possible op-
portunities to get negotiations
Romney spent the day cam-
paigning through slush and sleet.
He shook hands at two factories
in Alaconia, rode a snowmobile
and took a spill, and dropped in at
a Franklin bowling alley.,
The Vietnam speech, prepared
for an audience at Keene State

College, was Romney's first major
policy statement on the war since;
he became a candidate for the;
GOP presidential nomination and
visited the war zone in that role.
In it, Romney shifted his em-
phasis away from the "military
force as necessary" which he en-
dorsed in his last fpll scale speech
on the issue, in Hartford, Conn.,
on April 7.
Shifts Emphasis
The governor said "general over-
emphasis on conventional military
force tends to place too much at-
tention on the bombing of the
North and inevitably distracts at-
tention to the South where the
job must be done.
He said much of the job must
be done politically and by the
South Vietnamese themselves.,

SUN DAY MOR N., JA N. 19, 20, 21





JAN. 17 T H RU JA N. 22

BACIA GORDON's work is constantly exhibited in art galleries and on
numerous campuses throughout the country. Her interest is human beings
and human enterprises and her work reflects her visits to ISRAEL, MOROC-
CO, ALGIERS, MEXICO and other lands. She is herself warmly human,
communicative and delightful
ALFRED WERNER, well known art critic has said,
"Bacia Gordon blends the reporter's task of objectively
recording appearances with the poet's privilege of imprinting
subjective reaction upon exterior quality."

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