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April 05, 1968 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-04-05

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See editorial page

L ilt A6



Clearing, Little chance
of rain, windy

Vol. LXXVIIf, No. 156 Ann Arbor, Michigan, Friday, April 5, 1968,

Twelve Pages











Hawaii Conference

UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. iP)- Late last night, White House
In a hastily arr'anged conference, press secretary George Christian
President Johnson talked for said "We'll get up tomorrow and
more than an hour yesterday with make a decision on departure."
Secretary-General U Thant on However, there was speculation
peace prospects in Vietnam. that in view of the situation
Johnson took time for the visit Johnson might not go to Hawaii
as he prepared for a weekend at this time.
Vietnam strategy conference in The session with Thant was held
Honolulu amid growing caution at the U.N. headquarters in New
in Washington about the prospects York after the President had at-
of preliminary peace talks. tended ceremonies at St. Patrick's
In his statement commenting Cathedral marking the installation
on the assassination of Dr. Martin of the Most Rev.i Terence J. Cooke
Luther King, the President said he as Roman Catholic archbishop ofI
would delay his trip to Honolulu New York.
until latetoday. The meeting was suggested by
antIEN JHN" b sh-.ha akS. atik' Cthdrl
0 ~ ~.
'AS k h '4
--Associated Press
u SAIGON ) - U.S. relief forces who had surrounded Khe Sanh
the Marine combat base at Khe Helicopters blazed away with
Sanh early this morning amid re- arockets and machine guns at the
ports the enemy is lifting the enemy trenches closely encircling
three-month siege as a goodwill Khe Sanh. Marines in Khe Sanh
gesture. knew that some of the enemy was
Only light artillery and mortar still out there. Eighty rounds of
fire from the North Vietnamese North Vietnamese artillery and
opposed Marines in the vanguard rocket fire slammed into the base
of -a 20,000-man relief force. before nightfall.
Flown by helicopter, these Ma- '-
rines occupied hills just outside
Khe Sanh ,I-' -h-A a kI

UN Ambassador Arthur J. Gold-
berg while he was with Johnson
at the cathedral.
A UN-White House announce-
ment said the two men discussed
peace, and that Goldberg and
Undersecretary-General R a 1 p h
Bunche had participated in the
Pressed for details, a UN spokes-
man said "The conversations were
strictly private."
En route back to Washington
Johnson told reporters:
Expressed Encouragement
"He gave me his assessment.of
the situation that developed since
Sunday night and the attitudes
among the UN missions, as well as
his own. He was encouraged by it."
Johnson said it was a good meet-
ing, very helpful and very con-
structive. He added he is going to
ask U Thant to visit him in Wash-+
ington later.{
Johnson had scheduled a meet-
ing with former President Dwight
D. Eisenhower prior to his de-,
parture for Hawaii. His plans fol-I
lowing the Dr. King murder are!
The Honolulu meeting of the
President with his top Washington]
and Saigon advisers follows John-!
son's pattern for such get-togeth-
ers every half year or so for an
across-the-board review of the
Southeast Asian conflict. Such ses-
sions have been held before inJ
Hawaii, Guam and Washington.
Heightened Potential
But this week's spectacular de-
velopments toward direct negotia-
tions with Hanoi have greatly
heightened the potential of this
weekend's parley.
White House sources indicated,
too, that the choice of a successor1
to the U.S. commander in Viet-r
nam, Gen. William C. Westmore-r
land, would be on the agenda.
The growing caution in Wash-
ington quarters about peace talksf
-in ysome cases ranging to pes-
simism-steins from more than
North Vietnam's accusation of
U.S. bombing far north of the
20th parallel limit set by Johnson1
in his Sunday negotiations offer.1
Bombing Charges
Hanoi charged yesterday thatf
American planes had bombed the
northwest corner of North Viet-
nam. U.S. officials said there was{
no truth to the charges.
Apparently, the North Vietnam-
ese do not intend to make a major 1
incident of the allegation, since1
there has been no further reactionf
from Hanoi.e
Some U.S. sources said that
while no response has been re--
ceived yet through diplomatic.
channels to Johnson's agreementr
Wednesday to establish contact
with Hanoi representatives, thef
North Vietnamese have shown no
evidence yet of backing down from
their earlier demands.

Nobel Lanreate Shot
ByMemuphis Sniper
MEMPHIS, Tenn. O) - Nobel Peace Prize winet
Martin Luther King, Jr., father of non-violence in the
American civil rights movement, was killed by an assas-
sin's bullet last night.
King was hit in the neck by a bullet as he stood on
the balcony of a motel here. He died less than an hour
later in St. Joseph Hospital.
Gov. Buford Ellington immediately ordered 4,000
National Guard troops back into the city. A curfew,
which was clamped on Memphis after a King-led march
turned into a riot a week ago, was reimposed. Police said
incidents of violence, in-

I The Late Rev. MartinI Luther King
lVon-violentce B rough
World Fame to, King

eluding several fire bomb-
ings were reported follow-
ing King's death.
President Johnson addressed
the nation, "we have been sad-
dened" by the slaying of Dr. King.
"I ask every citizen to reject the
blind violence that has struck Dr.
King who lived by non-violence."
In a brief message via televi-
sion and radio, Johnson disclosed
that he is postponing a ;trip to
Hawaii for a Vietnam strategy
conference. He had been sched-
uled to leave around midnight.
He said he will leave today.
The 1964 Nobel prize winner
was standing on the balcony of
his motel here, where he had
come to lead protests in behalf
of the city's 1,300 striking gar-
bage workers, most of them Ne-
groes, when he was shot.
Two unidentified men were ar-
rested several blocks from the
motel, but were later released.
Police also said they found aj

The bullet that felled the Rev.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., inE
Memphis last night ended a ca-
reer which carried the Georgia
minister from leadership of anI
Alabama bus boycott to world
fame as Nobel Peace Prize-win-
ning civil rights leader.
In many of his campaigns, heI
was the target of bricks and,I
sometimes, bullets and bombs.
But Dr. King always continued,
Speaking in an Albany, Ga.
church in 1962 after shots were
fired in nearby houses, he said:
"It may get me crucified. I may
even die. But I want it said even
if I die in the struggle that 'Hej
died to make me free.'"
Commenting on the death of
black nationalist Malcolm X in
1965 he said, "I have learned to
face threats on my life philo-
sophically and have prepared my-
self for anything that might
Dr. King, who said that he took;
mnuch of his doctrine from In-
tian leader Mahatma Gandhi, was
a proponent of non-violence.
"Non-violent protest is the most
effective weapon of an oppressed
people," he said. He called his!
method of attacking American
segregation by civil disobedience
"passive resistance."
Through the worst parts of his
civil rights struggle, King stuck
by his non-violent doctrine.
At the Birmingham funeral ofj
four Negro girls killed in a church
bombing which authorities feared
would touch off mass inter-racial
violence, King said, "In spite . of
the darkness of this hour, we must
not despair, we must not become
bitter - we must not lose faithI
in our white brothers."
Many times in his career Dr.E
King met with violence. In ther
first bus protest in Montgomery,
a bomb was thrown on his porch,


assailed by both whites and Ne-
'After he received the Nobel
Peace Prize in 1964, reaction
ranged from wide praise to open
censure by many Southern news-
King, who was the youngest
man ever to win a Nobel Prize,
was honored then for "consistent-
ly asserting the principle of non-
He achieved the crowning glory
of his career in the summer of
1963 in the momentous march on
At that time, Rev. King ad-1
dressed 250,000 people from the
steps of the Lincoln Memorial:I
"I have a dream, that one day
this nation will rise up and live
out the true meaning of its creed:
'We hold these truths to be self-
evident, that all men are created
equal.' "
Dr. King, who turned 39 in
January, began his career as a
spokesman for black rights from
the pulpit of the Dexter Avenue
Baptist Church in Montgomery,1
Ala., in 1955. Behind King's lead-

ership, Montgomery Negroes boy- .30-.06 rifle on Main Street about
cotted segregated city buses for one block from the motel, but it
381 days, provoking church-bomb- was not confirmed whether ;this
ings, street attacks by white thugs was the weapon that killed the
and, often, mob violence. A court 39-year-old King.
ruling finally desegregated the An aide who was standing near-
city's buses. s. by said the shot hit King in the
After his success in Montgom- neck and lower right part of his
ery, King decided to broaden the face. /
civil rights drive and returned to "Martin Luther King is dead,"
his native Atlanta in 1960. He said Asst. Police Chief' Henry Lux,
founded the organization which the first word of the death.
was to sponsor most of his later Asst. Hospital Administrator
campaigns, the Southern Chris- a ss Hopia edmitrat
tian Leadership Conference. Dr. Paul Hess confirmed later that
King was the first president of King died at 7 p.m. of a bullet
that group. wound i the neck.
He first earned national rec- The Rev. Jesse Jackson said he
ognition for his civil rights work and; others in the King party were
when he was jailed in Atlanta in getting ready to go to dinner
October, 1960, for driving with-| when the shooting occifrred.
out a license. That, his sixth im- "King was on the second floor
prisonment, prompted a telephone! balcony of the motel," Jackson
call to Mrs. King from then-Sen.| said. "He had just bent over. If
John F. Kennedy, during his he had been standing up, he
campaign for the Presidency. Dr. wouldn't have been hit in the,
King was released after a bond face."
inquiry initiated by the Senator's King had just told Branch:
brother, Robert F. Kennedy.. "My man, be'sure to sing 'Blessed
In 1961, Dr. King joined a Lord' tonight and sing it well."
See DR. KING, Page 2 See REV. MARTIN, Page 8

[ A-
wy The Associated Press
Rioting broke out in the na-
tion's cities last night following
the death of Rev. Martin Luther
King, Jr.
Minor violence broke out in
several of the nation's cities. The
National Guard was alerted in
North Carolina and 4000 guards-
men were mobilized in Nashville.
Some 7000 New York policemen
were ordered not to go off duty
at midnight, but to remain on
the city's streets.
The National Guardsmen were
alerted in Greensboro, North
Carolina upon the request of
Mayor Carson Bain.
In Jackson, Miss., young Ne-
groes smashed car windows and
,-burned a newsman's automobile
in the Jackson State 'College
Evers Cominents
Charles Evers, state field sec-
retary of the National Associa-
tion for the Advancement of
Colored People, who received
threatening phone calls - tried
to calm a group of Negroes at a
rally in Jackson at the Negro
Masonic Temple. 'However, Evers
later was quoted as saying vio-
lence "must come."
In Washington, D.C., crowds of
Negroes gathered in a predomin-
antly Negro shopping area where
looting broke out. Late last night,
however, officials reported all in-
cidents "under control."
Hartford Incidents
fI Episodes of window breaking,
ooting and other minor kiolencg
were reported in the north end
of Hartford. Conn. Police said
five or six blocks of North Main
Street had been closed to traffic.
New York's Mayor John V.
Lindsay and top police officials
set up a command post on Har-
lem's 125th Street where the first
disturbances broke out . shortly
after the Memphis killing,
Insults, Missiles
Lindsay ran into an unruly
group of youths at Lenox Avenue
who shouted insults at him and
hurled missiles although it was
not clear that they were aimed
at him.
City Commissioner of Human
Rights William H. Booth and
Manhattan Borough President
Percy Sutton, both Negroes,
hustled the mayor into a car and
drove him to Gracie Mansion
where he planned to keep in close
touch with police.
Brooklyn Looting
Looting then began 'in Brook-

Nation Mourns


F A " GC A AIc- 'ci

Soviet sources in London said
the light resistance since the al-
lied drive began Monday was be-
cause the North Vietnamese were
lifting their siege of the battered
base in the northwest corner of
Virtna m and had bp nI t with-

Open .Housing Statute!



udraw.LANSING ('--The State Senate' banning discrimination in most
drawThey said Hanoi had decided on approved yesterday a controversial real estate transactions.
ThysidraHanoi ad ecidd gon open housing bill 22-14 after turn- It was opposed by nine Repub-
a withdrawal as a sign of good ing down two substitutes for the licans and five Democrats.
agrees at preliminary talks to halt administration-backed measure. The bill now goes to the House,
all bombing of North Vietnam The senators also defeated where Speaker Robert Waldron
preparatory to peace talks. There amendments to provide for a pub-' (R-Grosse Pointe) has predicted
was no confirmation of this from Ti referendum on the issue and it will pass.

NEW YORK W)-From Presi- when she received word he had !"We must-we must-maintain
dent Johnson to a lady weeping been wounded, and advocate and promote, the
in Detroit, the nation reacted to Hosea Williams, one of Dr. philosophy of nonviolence," he
the assassination of Dr. Martin Martin Luther King's top aides said.
Luther King Jr. last night with who was standing beneath the Williams, considered one of the
anguish, shock and pleas that his balcony on which King was shot most militant of King's aides, told
death would not trigger the vio- to death called immediately for the Constitution, "We-those of
lence he deplored. continued nonviolence. us with him during his last mo-
"We have been saddened," 'Pre- "Let's not burn America down," ments on this earth-are concern-
sident Johnson told the nation on he said, ed that this country might go into
radio and television. "I ask every Williams, an executive in the a turmoil that would cause great
citizen to reject the blind violence Southern Christian Leadership bloodshed."
that has struck Dr. King, who Conference, telephoned his plea to He said that King had spent
lived by nonviolence." The Atlanta Constitution from part of his last discussion in the
Mrs. Martin Luther King Jr. Memphis, where King died. motel room with his lieutenants
_ +hn A4-1n,'.Al (a( ' .i-.,',.4 .;reiterating the validity of non-

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