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April 03, 1968 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-04-03

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W itCig

&titi'& I

Cloudy and warmer;
chance of showers.

Vol, LXXVIII, No. 154

Ann Arbor, Michigan, Wednesday, April 3, 1968

Eight Pages

m:. .
















Hanoi Statement'
Blasts Peace Bid,
Air Strikes Limited to Area South
Of 20t1h Parallel in North Vietnam
By The Associated Press
The Pentagon said yesterday that U.S. bombing attacks1
are being conducted against North Vietnam from the 20th
parallel south, but said 90 per cent of the strikes have been
limited- to within 60 miles of the demilitarized zone.
This was the first official clarification of the extent of
the area which may still be bombed under President John-
son's order restricting air and naval gunfire attacks in a
bid to get North Vietnam to the peace talk table.

Nixon Wins GOP
Race With 80
Madison Voters Reject Vietnami
War Referendum by Sna l Margil
MILWAUKEE, Wis. (N - Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy, (D-
Minn.), rode the anti-Vietnam war issue to a clear-cut vic-
tory over retiring President Johnson in a prestige building
torrent of votes in yesterday's Wisconsin Presidential primary.
Holding steadily at 55 per cent of the Democratic total
as returns mounted, McCarthy won the bulk of the state's
59 vote convention delegation to retain his place as a front
runner for the nomination Johnson said he didn't want.
A heavy turnout of Republicans indicated that former
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon might top the 339,393 votes
he got in the 1960 Wisconsin primary.
Indthat year, when he won the party nomination he was
unopposed. In yesterday's countdown, he had only nominal
opposition from Gov. Ronald Reagan of California and per-
ennial candidate Harold E. Stassen.
A referendum question calling, for an immediate cease
fire and withdrawal of American troops from Vietnam
went- down to defeat in--* --
With 33 of the capital city's 41
p r e c i n c t s reported, the issues
trailed 58 per cent to 42 per cent. Fa ~ 'l
'There were 22.278 "no" votes and ~~ o n o
16.221 "yes" votes. -
With 1,844 of 3.291 precincts'
counted in the Democratic pri-
mary McCarthv had 289.658 9111 Ineb on

It means that Johnson's
q 'bombing assaults along a more
Vietnam's panhandle - a

Alexei Kosygin

order permits wide ranging
than 200 mile stretch of North
much greater area than {>
his announcement suggested.
Nor'th Vietnam's official press
was quoted yesterday as saying
President Johnson has not agreed
to halt all bombings uncondition-
ally and is trying to mislead pub-
lic opinion.
This seemed an oblique indica-
tion that Hanoi is unready to go
to the peace table now despite~
Johnson's order Sunday curtail-
igbmigith Not.Sen. Eugene McCarthy Richaj
ing bombing ins the North. --
Both the ;Soviet news agency 10 PER CENT SURCHARGE:
Tass and Peking radio quoted the
North Vietnamese army newspa-
per Quan Doi Nhan Dan as say-
ing Johnson was trying to mis-
In Vietnam yesterday, American
bombers ranged up to -225 miles4
north of the demilitarized zone. ! ! !
A communique listed the farth-
est penetration north as a strike $
by carrier-based Navy planesI
against a railroad siding 12 miles
north northeast of the city of WASHINGTON (P) - The Sen- conference with the House, which constitutional prerogative to
Thanh Hoa or about 225 miles ate broke the logjam on President originally passed it primarily as iginate revenue legislation.
north of the DMZ. Johnson's long sought 10 per cent an extension of the 7 per cent But one sponsor of those1
Tihesattack on the rail siding income tax surtax yesterday - at auto and 10 per cent telephone visions, Sen. George A. Smat
was less than a mile below the least temporarily - by passing I taxes. In seven days of debate (D-Fla. while conceding
20the paralle w h the Pentagon a bill loaded with an assortment the Senate loaded on 18 amend- House would knock them out,
defined as the northernmost limit of other tax provisions. ments on other subjects, which the Senate vote might enh
of U.S. raids under Johnson's de- Included was a $6 billion feder- caused some members to label it chances of eventual House a
escalation order. al spending cut and continuation an "Easter basket bill." on an income House action o:
Exceeds Monday of excerise tax i'ates on autos Chances for the income tax sur- income tax surcharge.
This strike exceeded the north- and telephone service which tech- tax and federal spending clamp- 57 to 31
ernmost raid of Monday when nically dropped on Monday. down are rated slim in the House, T57e vote on passage of
Navy bombers hit just below The measure now goes to a which is stubbornly jealous of its measure was 57 to 31 and
Thanh Hoa, 209 miles above the roll call on the surtax spen
DMU. war planes swarmed over , cutback was a surprising 5
North Vietnam's southern pan- Po iticia s InterpretR35L
handle yesterday in the second . eirkSenaof Llinoi
straight day of intensified attacks mre t imsic fhn rs
designed to check, the enemy flow T[e more optimistic than Smat
of men and supplies to South I1ta Turnout U Vote=information is that the Hi
Vietnam. conferees would accept both
Sen. J. W. Fulbright (D-Ark.)surtax and the spending cut
charged yesterday the bombing By DAVID SPURR enforcement, human relations- added that Rep Wilbur Mills
Daily News Analysis are controversial enough to bringadethtRpWibrMls
cutback ordered by the President In the wake of Monday's city tre votersinaenumbg Ark.) chairman of the Ways
"is of no consequence and certain- council elections, local politicians the voters out m large numbers. Means Committee, "is not in
ly not an inducement for the cui eletin o t oiins! Furthermore, there is always a sible to the fact that we've
North to come to the conferencew are speculating on the unusually lower vote total in years without to have a tax bill."
~ ~~~~~~low turnout and waiting for te! aoat aeo odise.t aeatxbl.
table." results of a recount in Ward Two. a mayoralty race or bond issues. Leaders in Congress have.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike The low election turnout, how- There just wasn't anything to Johnson's announcement tha
Mansfield, of Montana, and some get people excited commente will not seek another term
other members disagreed. ever-35 per cent compared to Republican James C. Riecker, who wlnoeeanother ter
Fulbright held that, in an- over 50 per cent in previous years lost by one vote in the Second
nouncing the change in bombing .-is not surprising. None of the Ward. Riecker reaffirmed yester-
eissues-mass transpdrtation, code day he would call for a recount
See U.S., Page 2 - --__ ____ - 1 day he ,+would cafor a .rcoun

increa se

F-u re


li , l%% lU 1u Gu ,vV
votes, or 55 per cent of the party
total; Johnson had 195,280, for
37, per cent.
In the Republican balloting,
with 1,831 precincts counted,
Nixon had 267,590 or 80 per cent;
California Gov. Ronald Reagan
35.894 or 11 per cent; Stassen
19,348, or 6 per cent.
The mounting total for Nixon

Vote Upholds
Fair Housing
BIRMINGHAM, Mich. (A)-With
riot-scarred Detroit next door, the
white, well-to-do residents of this
city of 27,000 have made theirs
t the second U.S. community to al-
low an open housing ordinance
to survive a referendum.-
The margin was a slim one, 383
votes, after several weeks of in-
tensive campaigning by backers
of the measure, plus a -personal
boost by Gov. George Romney,
* who lives in the affluent iteigh-
boring suburb of Bloomfield Hills.
The vote in Birmingham, which
has only one Negro family, was
4,205-3,822, a turnout of more
than half of the city's 13,000 reg-!
istered voters in an April election
that usually attracts only about
1,300 votes.
One City
Backers of open housing in
Michigan say only one other city
has allowed an open housing or-
dinance to stand through a public
vote, and that also was in Michi-
gan-a month ago at Flint.
-By contrast, though, Flint's
200,000 population is about 25 per
cent Negro and its open housing
ordinance was approved by fewer
than 50 votes after Mayor Flower
McCree, a Negro, battled vigorous-
ly for it.
"This is terrific," said Mrs. Julie
Candler, one of the Birmingham
residents who helped organize a
drive for support of the open
housing ordinance.
Most Affluent
"This suburb is one of the most
affluent and best-educated in the
nation and we believe it could well
be a weathervane that tells the
United States Congress and our
State Legislature, both of which
are considering open housing

or- surtax which he recommended indicated that few Republicans
last August. took advantage of the opportunity
Pro- Sen. Russell B. Long, (D-La.) offered Wisconsin voters to choose
,hers, chairman of the Senate Finance either ballot and cross over the
the Committee who opposed the pack- line.
said age amendment, told newsmen he McCarthy forecast at a news
ance believes it would have been de- conference that he would wind up
ction feated before Johnson made his with 55 per cent of the vote. He
)n an bombshell announcement. He add- said he considered it "a most sig-
ed that he knew of several voters nificant victory."
which changed because of John- The Minnesota Senator said he,
the son's noncandidacy declaration. was sorry that Johnson "did not
the In debate on the package, Sen. stay in down the home stretch."
ding illia oxmir e, - . He said he thinks he would have
3 to William Pro xmire,Senate H se benefitted from a GOP crossover
coarnocomiteSenpteHoseif the President, whose name re-
Ev- mEconomictCommittee, protestedmhedPonhe ballot, had not said
was that the income tax increase he would not be a candidate.
"as" n he wou11d not+be ,.o..-in.

xr( Ml. Nixon

By 'The Associated Press
Students at a college in Virginia
took over the school's administra-
tion building yesterday in an at-
tempt to air their grievances,
while concessions were granted to
protesting college students in
In Richmond, Va., Virginia Un-
ion University students occupied
the school's administration build-
ing yesterday and took over the
college telephone switchboard 3%
hours before Black Power advo-
cate Stokely Carmichael visited
the campus.
About 500 students marched on
the administration building, Pick-
ford Hall, after a meeting of the
student body at which the col-
lege's 1,300 students were urged
to escalate the protest that began
with a class boycott Monday.
In Cheyney, Pa. The adminis-
tration of Cheyney State College
agreed yesterday to grant stu-
dents' demands which arose dur-
ing two days of disturbances at
the school two weeks ago.
The concessions include student
control of all student committees
and representation on all college
committees; student representa-
tion on the judicial review board
and equal voting rights with fac-
ulty and administration in stu-
4 dent cases; student control of the
campus newspaper and a student
committee to evaluate faculty and

e could well lead to a recession.
vie" He called it "the most significant
and far reaching economic leglis-
the lation of 1968."

. He
at he

Two Provisions
There are two other pi'ovisions
restricting spending but they are
not considered as effective as the
mandatory ceiling. One woulds
slash appropriations by $10 bil-
lion for fiscal 1969. The other
would require a cut in the federal
payroll by 315,000 by filling onlyI
one of each two vacancies.


60 per cent of precincts
ohnson 203.617 37 pc
McCarthy 308,431 56 pc
ixon 285,692 80 pc
leagan 38,275 11 pc
tassen 20,853 6 pc



after the city Board of Canvassers
sults official.
Five Days
Riecker said he has five days
from today to file his request for
a recount, which will probably
take place next Monday.
While the overall electorate iny
poor turnout, students and faculty
appear to have voted in large By STUART GANNES
numbers for certain DemocraticB
candidates. Several University students
Democrat Ernest Quenon, who and Ann Arbor residents plan
defeated Riecker, said, "Certain- to turn in their draft cards to-
ly the students are the ones that day in a protest designed to
carried me." Quenon won heavily indicate non-cooperation with
in the two student-dominated pre- the Selective Service System.
cincts of his ward and lost in the The demonstration, coordi-
other two. nated by The Ann Arbor Re-
Once Before sistance. will be part of today's
The Second Ward has only sent National Day of Resistance
a Democrat to city council once which will consist of protests
before, in 1958. Quenon believes at many college campuses and
he gained votes from moderate cities.
and liberal Republicans who sup- A rally is scheduled for the
ported his views on code enforce- Diag at noon at which Prof.



Turn In Cards

of Resistance

how many persons plan to turn
in cards.
It is planned to pass the
draft cards from hand to hand
before turning them in to Se-
lective Service officials. Organ-
izers of the demonstration say
that anyone who passes the
cards will be registering a sym-
bolic protest against the draft
and the Vietnam war.
Turning in draft cards or
helping or encouraging others
to do so might be considered
a violation of the Selective Serv-
ice Act. Pediatrician Dr. Benja-
min Spock, Yale University

and, as a minister, -I have to
stand with them.
"The best traditions of the
country and the church are
agreed in teaching that one
should not violate one's con-
science," he added. Tipton said
he had been told at least seven
men plan to turn in draft cards.
Individual resisters gave dif-
ferent reasons for their oppo-
sition to the draft and for turn-
ing in draft cards. Darryl Dmy-
triw, '69, said "The Selective
Service System contradicts prin-
ciples of human dignity and
personal liberty. My . action is

culture. I cannot cooperate with
the Selective Service System
without seeing myself as a par-
ticipant in mass murder," he
"It is necessary to confront
the middle class whites in
terms of their assumptions
about the war and the poor of
the ghettos," explained -Dick
Swanson, '68. "You have to use
some psychology other than
burning draft cards in confront-
ing middle class Americans so
you won't close their minds."
The extent of today's Na-
tional Day of Resistance is not


- 4~&x x

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