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March 19, 1968 - Image 3

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-03-19

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Tuesday, March 19, 1968


Page Three

Tuesday, March 19, 1968 THE MICHIGAN DAiLY

House Members
Ask War Review




In Austerity

WASHINGTON (A)-One third
of the House membership-98 Re-
publicans and 41 Democrats-
urged approval Monday of a long
dormant proposal calling for con-
gressional review-of U.S. policy in
Southeast Asia.
At a news conference, two of
the sponsors gave somewhat dif-
ferent views of what it would ac-
Rep, Morris K. Udall (D-Ariz),
said action by Congress would
RF K Speaks
At Kansas U
MANHATTAN, Kan. (R) - Sen.
Robert F. Kennedy told wildly
cheering/ audiences that almost
mobbed him on two state univer-
sity campuses Monday that Presi-
dent Johnson's Vietnamese war
policy is a failure.
And he concluded his first cam-
paign speech for the Democratic
nomination for President by
shouting from the Kansas State
University fieldhouse stage:
"If you will give me your hand
I will work for you and we will
have a new America.
The students swarmed from
their seats in a near mob scene,
tore at his clothing, and shouted
"Bobby" as he left the jam-
packed 14,500 seat fieldhouse.
They almost pulled him from an
open car as he drove away.
The scene was repeated about
two hours later when he appeared
briefly in the fieldhouse at the
University of Kansas in Lawrence
and spoke to more than 17,000
persons, mostly students.
In his speech at Kansas State,
where he made a formal address
on a lecture series, Kennedy said
the Johnson administration has
no answer to the Vietnamese
problem except for "the ever ex-
panding use of miiltary force and
the lives of our brave soldiers in a
conflict where military force has
failed to solve anything in the

either strengthen the administra-
tion position or give Johnson an
opportunity to "get off the hook.",
"Just think how much stronger
the President would be if after the
debate the Congress backed him
and he had a mandate from the
members of the House and Sen-
ate," Udall said.
"If, on the other hand, the Sen-
ate and House opposed his policy,
this would be the President's best
way out. He could say the Con-
gress, representing the people,
wants a change, so we'll make a
change. This would be the best
possible result for the President."
But Rep. Paul Findleyh(R-Ill),
said, "The strength of this chal-
lenge reflects the breadth and
depth of concern on the part of
the American people with present
policies. This action says clearly
that more of the same policies,
backed by still more American
troops, will not do."
Although noneof the House
leadership of either party is among
the sponsors, backers of the meas-
ure believe such a large group
backing the measure this year will
force the committee to bring the
resolution up for debate.
Reps. Findley and F. Bradford
Morse (R-Mass), introduced the
measure last year. It was intro-
duced this time by Reps. John E.
Moss (D-Calif), James Harvey
(R-Mich), Frank Thompson Jr.
(D-NY), and John R. Dellenback

-Associatea Press
"SITTERS" COUNTED some of the foreign go Id stacked in the Federal Reserve Bank in New
York yesterday.
Gold Agreement Drops Prices;
Pact Regarded as Permanent

By TIie Associated Press
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn. -- Presi-
dent Johnson appealed to Amer-
icans yesterday to unite in a pro-
gram of national austerity until
peace in Vietnam is achieved.'
The President also urged "a
total national effort" in supporting
government leaders toward a vic-
tory in Vietnam. -
He promised intensified efforts
to defend the dollar -by curbing
non-essential travel outside the
hemisphere and to curtail business
spending and investment in West-
ern Europe.
On Sunday, he said, emergency
gold crisis talks in Washington
produced a decision that "we are
no longer going to be in the posi-
tion of encouraging the gold gai-
bler or the gold speculator."
Johnson also confirmed earlier
reports that he was working with
Congress to seek agreement on
major budget cuts as a way to
boost support for higher income
He said these cuts would affect
non-defense and non-war items
"all across the board." They would,
he conceded, "postpone many
needed actions that all of us would
like to see taken in another time."
In what probably was his strong-
est figthing speech since the 1964
campaign, Johnson repeatedly
voiced the argument that the Com-
munists are trying to win a vic-
tory inside the United States that
they cannot win from American
troops on the battlefield. He said

prices slumped Monday in the
wake of a seven nation agreement
halting government sales to spec-
ulators. But President Johnson
warned that the long range solu-
tion to the monetary crisis de-
mands "a program of national
The price of gold in Paris
dropped to $40.10 an ounce from
last Friday's $44.36 peak as the

crisis eased throughout the world.
Trading was reported quiet also
in Zurich and Frankfurt where
gold sold for $38 to $41 an ounce.

Treasury officials said they will
use gold statistics supplied by
central banks to the International
Monetary Fund as a checkpoint
but one source said officials know
enough about gold movements to

--Associated Press
President Johnson in Minneapolis

U.S. To Equip New Troops
In South Vietnamese Army

SAIGON 0P) The South Viet-
namese government will increase
its armed forces by 125,000 men
this year and the United States
has agreed to equip them, inform-
ed sources said Monday.
The increase would bring the
number of military and semi-
military forces in South Vietnam
to almost 900,000 by the end of


the year. Thus South Vietnam
would have the largest number of
men under arms in Asia after
Red China, although its regulars
would still lag behind the 540,000
man armed forces of South Korea.
Included in the program is a
lowering of the draft age to 18,
recall of some veterans and re-
servists and a halt in discharges.
South Vietnam now has 340,000
men in its regular army, navy and
air- force. Another 342,000 are in
the regional and popular forces.
The U.S. Special Forces pays
and equips another 20,000 civilian
irregulars. In addition, the govern-
ment has 70,000 national police-
men, who often perform military
Sources familiar with South
Vietnam's manpower problems say
the Vietnamese already are scrap-
ing the bottom of the man power
barrel to increase the size of the
armed forces by 656,000 by mid-


The London market, the world's realize when someone is trying to
largest and the focal point of the make a quick profit, yg
wild speculative buying of the kCknres.
last two weeks, was closed and Congress
will remain so until April 1. Meanwhile in Congress, Sen.
wi i s u John J. Williams, (R-Del.), said
U.S. officials emphasized the the weekend agreement merely
new gold agreement does nothing bought time "to put our house in
to lessen the need for this coun- order."
try to end its balance of payments He said the gold agreement.
deficit, raise taxes and cut fed- must be supplemented by spend-
eral spending.s hing cuts and a tax increase, but
But they insisted the gold Sen. Russell B. Long, (D-La.), said
agreement can be permanent if the agreement is "totally irrele-
these steps are taken and other vent to a tax bill."
nations cooperate as hopes, jSen. Wallace F. Bennett of
The New York stock market re- Utah, senior Republican on the
acted to the agreement by jump- Senate Banking Committee, said a
ing more than 13 points early in tax increase is now inevitable but
the day but at the close the Dow it can only be achieved if the ad-
Jones industrials average was up ministration cuts nonessential
a modest 2.54 points. spending proportionately.
No formula for spending cuts Chairman Wilbur D. Mills, (D-
has yet been drafted, it was Ark.), of the House Ways and
learned, but it's likely to be sim- Means Committee, said "I am
ilar to one approved by Congress pleased by that word austerity"
last year calling for a percentage in comment on Johnson's Minne-
cut on programs for which spend- apolis speech. Mills's committee
ing can be controlled. has kept the President's tax in-
Another tactic reportedly t- crease proposal bottled up pend-
der discussion is to tell each gov- ing further spending cuts.
ernment agency to cut spending
by a s ecife. mi numb ,f d Allarz

this must not be permitted.
As he spoke, some 200 pickets
- many of them college age
youths, picketed outside the hotel.
One carried a sign reading, "LBJ,
stop killing American boys."
Often leaving his prepared text
far behind, the President used
firey and emotional language and
arm waving gestures as he made
an unannounced appearance at

Civil Rights Guidelines Issued;
Court Rules on Discrimination

government issued yesterday a new
set of nondiscrimination guidelines
for school systems, applying the
racial rules for the first time to
the entire nation rather than to
the South alone.
Meanwhile, the Supreme Court
made it easier for Negroes to force
service at restaurants and other
facilities covered by the 1964 civil
rights law. The assist is a finan-
cial one.

Hill Aud.-4:-5 P.M.

py uebl~luSuor o aonars.
Treasury Officials
Meanwhile, Treasury officials
foresee no problem in enforcing
one provision of the agreement
designed to bar governments from
making a sneak profit by selling
their gold at the higher market;
price and then replenishing their
stock from the U.S. treasury at
$35 an ounce.
In abolishing the London gold
pool, the seven nations which met
in Washington this past weekend
agreed they will not sell gold to'
any government "to replace goldI
sold in private markets."'

the convention of the National
Farmers Union in this city which
is one of the political strongholds
of Minnesotian McCarthy.
Johnson, perspiring freely as he
warmed to his defense of admin-
istration policy, called on all
Americans to join in united sup-
port of "our leaders, our govern-
ment, our men and our allies until
aggression is stopped."

world News Roundup

By The Associated Press
LONDON -Britain's ex-foreign
secretary, George Brown, who re-
signed in the midst of the world
monetary crisis, told Parliament
Monday he quit because democra-
tic rule inside the British govern-
ment was in jeopardy.
In an evident reference to Prime
Minister Harold Wilson's hand-
ling of the gold crisis, Brown told
the House of Commons: "Power
can very easily pass not merely


<0 "1

;Wr v- 000


from Cabinet to one or two min-
isters, but effectively to sources
quite outside the political control
Brown's resignation could shake
the governing Labor party to its
foundations by setting off a power
struggle for the post of deputy
leader of the party. Brown still
holds the position, and he is ex-
pected to make up his mind on
whether to keep it after several
days of weighing party feelings.
* * *
partment spokesman said Mon-
day arrangements are being made
to return to Hanoi three of 17
North Vietnam sailors who have
been held as prisoners of war since
August 1965.
No reason was given for return
of the three at this time, or for
holding the others longer. The
men are expected to be returned
through the InternationalrControl
Commission - the same route by
which Hanoi released three Amer-
ican prisoners last month.

Henceforth the Negroes will be
be albe to go to court to end dis-
crimination knowing that if they
win the balking proprietors will
have to pay lawyers fees for the
The guidelines announced by the
Department of Health, Education
and Welfare set deadlines for end-
ing segregation in certain South-
ern districts. And they form a
base for the government's first big
move into the North to check for
Northern systems won't be re-
quired to balance the number of
Negroes and whites in their
But the guidelines state that
neither the new policies nor the
1964 Civil Rights Act "bars a
school system from reducing or
eliminating racial imbalance in its
Under the Civil Rights Act,
federal officials have required mix-
ing of Negroes and whites in the
South, where the races had been
kept apart by law or policy. But
that cannot be done in the North,
where school segregation generally
has resulted from private housing
The 8-0 court decision was based
on a 1964 law. Congress, the court
said, wanted to encourage individ-
uals injured by racial discrimin-
ation to seek judicial relief.
In a different area-criminal
law-thee justices laid down a
new rule. It is: When a defendant
testifies in a pretrial move to sup-
press evidence as illegally seized
the testimony may not be used
against him at trial over his ob-
Otherwise, Justice John M. Har-
lan explained in a 6-2 decision, a
defendant might face the choice
of giving up his right to challenge
evidence or incriminating himself
by lodging the challenge.
The civil rights decision grew
out of claims by a group of Ne-
groes that they were refused ser-
vice at five drive-in restaurants
and a sandwhich shop operated in
South Carolina by Piggie Park
Last April the U.S. Circuit Court
in Richmond, Va., established the
Negroes' right to be served. But
it ruled the Negroes could be
awarded lawyers' fees only to the

extent that the operators de.enses
were made "for purposes of delay
and not in good faith."
The Supreme Court -found this
interpretation of the 1964 law
too limited.
If they "were routinely forced to
bear their own attorneys' fees,"
the decision continued, "few ag-
grieved parties would be in a po-
-sition to advance the public in-
terest by invoking the injunctive
powers of the federal courts."
The Justice Department and
ivil rights organizations sometimes
supply lawyers for these cases but
the appeal said: "Neither the De-
partment of Justice nor the civil
rights organizations have the
money or the personnel that would
be necessary to bring suits in
hundreds of rural communities in
the South."
Brandt Urges
Border Change
NUERNBERG, Germany, VM --
Foreign Minister Willy Brandt de-
clared in this old Nazi stronghold
Monday it is time for Germans to
face realities of Adolf Hitler's lost
war and drop territorial claims
against Poland.
Brandt also asked for under-
standing of America's difficult po-
sition in Vietnam and spoke out
against terror and intolerance,
whether from the German Red
radicals of the left or the Nazi-
like radicals of the right.
West Germany, in its own in-
terest, should support efforts to
halt the spread of atomic wea-
pons, the foreign minister told
cheering delegates at the national
convention of his Social Demo-
cratic party.
Self determination rights of Ger-
mans expelled from lands now un-
der Polish rule "justify no claims
that cannot be realized," he con-
tined. "It is a reality that 40 per
cent of the human beings who now
live in those lands were born there
and it would be unthinkable to
suggest another expulsion.
"A bigger reality is that the
German people desire and need
reconciliation with Poland espec-

Wednesday and Thursday

4:10 P.M.

Student Laboratory Theatre
presents scenes from
By Pierre Marivaux
By Henry Fielding
20th & 21st March 1968 Arena Theatre, Frieze Bldg.



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THE D*~~EQ4&j P?


Inter-House Assembly
presents its
8:30-12:30, March 22, 1968






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