TIME FOR REALPOLITIK
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Little change. Fair today,
chance of showers tomorrow.
Vol. LXXVIII, No. 140 Ann Arbor, Michigan, Sunday, March 17, 1968 Seven Cents
Sen. Robert Kennedy's de-
cision to run for president was
greeted yesterday by disdain
from President Johnson, aloof-
ness from Sen. Eugene Mc-
Carthy and chilly opposition
from most of the Democratic
An exception was New York
state chairman John Burns
who said, "I fully support him
in this effort."
A high ranking Democratic
official told The Daily yester-
day the Michigan. Democratic
delegation would be firmly in
the Kennedy camp by June,
but that no official support
would be given immediately.
Sander Levin, Michigan's
state chairman, said the chal-
lenge now is to make the cam-
paign "constructive r a t h e r
than divisive." He added the
Michigan party would support
whoever is nominated at the
August national convention.
President Johnson, before
leaving for his Texas home,
bantered to a businessmen's
group, "These are the days
when we have to take chances.
Some speculate in gold - a
primary metal - and others
just speculate in the primar-
McCarthy, also seeking the
Democratic nomination, said
he had made no deals with
Kennedy and will "run as hard
as I can" to defeat both Ken-
nedy and Johnson in the pri-
Kennedy said his entry
against Johnson was not in op-
position to the individual but
to his policies. 'My desire is
not to divide the strength of
those forces seeking a change,
but to increase it," the New
York senator said.
McCarthy's strong showing
in Tuesday's New Hampshire
primary, where he polled 42
per cent of the vote against
Johnson's 49 per cent, caused
Kennedy to reverse an earlier
decision to sit out the 1968
The senator told a news con-
ference in Washington yester-
day morning he avoided the
New Hampshire primary be-
cause if he had won it or had
done well, his position would
have been reported as a per-
sonal feud with the President.
Kennedy also he said the
course in Vietnam risks a
wider war. "I cannot stand
aside from the contest" that
will decide the nation's future,
he added. "Basically I'm in
favor - of de-escalating the
Kennedy said the most, pres-
sing domestic problem is ob-
taining jobs for "the men in
the ghetto . . . the delta, east-
ern Kentucky and the Indian
His name will be entered
in the June 2 California pri-
mary, Oregon May 28 and
Nebraska May 17. Kennedy
added that he would both
"support and expand" Mc-
Carthy's "valiant campaign"
where he could not run, indi-
cating his own candidacy
"would not be in opposition
to his, but in harmony."
Kennedy flew to New York
after his announcement in
Washington to march in the
.ity's annual St. Patrick's Day
parade. His appearance before
thousands of spectators drew
wild cheers and raucous boo-
ing. Today he is scheduled to
appear in Jersey City's parade.
Despite Kennedy's assertion
that his objective is to broaden
opposition to present Adminis-
tration and not to divide the
Democratic party, party of-
ficials had other views.
An Associated Press survey
of Democratic state chairmen
showed Johnson has the sup-
port of the most state leaders.
Many said Kennedy's candi-
dacy will have a divisive ef-
fect, splintering party
strength. The survey indicated
factions had already broken
away from regular party or-
ganizations in many states to
form Kennedy or McCarthy
The 30,000 member Califor-
nia Democratic Council moved
up its endorsement of Mc-
Carthy to Friday night after
learning of Kennedy's decision
to hold a press conference on
his candidacy the following
Kennedy's presidential cam-
paign in California was laun-
ched yesterday by Assembly
Speaker Jesse Unruh, who fore-
cast the senator "can and will"
carry the primary.
"We do not propose a cam-
paign against Senator Mc-
Carthy" for the 174 convention
delegates, U n r u h said. He
added he was supporting Ken-
nedy because of "the deterior-
ation of our position in Viet-
nam . . . and the despair that
besets our country from with-
In Texas, Gov. John Connal-
ly, a close friend of Johnson,
predicted Kennedy will give
Johnson no trouble in Texas.
But Oregon state chairman
Edward Fadely said Kennedy's
candidacy "will add to the ef-
fort to change the course of
the country - and the present
policies of America need to be
WASHINGTON (A - Preside
Johnson disclosed yesterday
"new effort" to shore up con:
dence in the dollar through hig
er taxes and lower spending whi
c e n t r a 1 bankers from sev
countries sought means to e:
wild speculation in gold.
Tight security surrounded tl
white marble headquarters of tl
Federal Reserve Board for t
emergency weekend meeting
the United States and hers
European gold partners, face
with the worst monetary cri;
since the 1929 stock market cras
They expect to issue a cor
munique today at the close of t
meeting which was suggested by Some misgivings apparently
the United States - the largest have developed among the Euro-
contributor to the London gold pean gold pool members as to
pool. whether they can continue to
A recommendation to keep feed gold into private hands to
the London gold market closed maintain the $35 price.
temporarily is possible as is the There were reports during the
suggestion for a two price gold night of the week's panic buy-
system - $35 an ounce for gov- ing that It'aly might withdraw
ernments and a higher price for from the pool but this was denied
speculators. by both the U.S. Treasury and
Another possible solution would Italian officials. In Rome Sat-
be raising the price of gold. but urday the government said Italy
the United States is strongly will remain loyal to the pool.
committed against any depart- The United States supplies 59
ture from the officially fixed per cent of the gold sold on the
price of $35. London market with' the six
Spokesmen for the Treasury; other nations providing the rest.
Fleming To Keynote Discussion
On Changes in Student Society
By BRIAN FORD
President Robben W. Fleming
will be the keynote speaker in a
panel discussion on "Changes in
the Student Society" tomorrow
at 8 p.m. in Hill Aud.
Student Government Council
and the University Activities Cen-
ter's Symposium '68 are co-spon-
soring the panel composed of
Fleming, three students, a faculty
member, and a member of the
staff of 'the State Department of;
By holding this discussion, "SGC
and UAC are officially welcoming
the president to the University
and beginning to improve and ex-
tend the channels of communica-
tion between the president and
the students," says John Rosen,1
'69E, one of the four co-chairmen
of the program.
Others on the panel include
New Draft Counseling
Center Opens on -Huron
Mark Levin, '69, editor of The
Daily; Roy Ashmall, former pres-
ident of Graduate Assembly; Sam
Sherman, '68, a member of SGC;
Prof. Robert Knauss of the law
school; and Dr. Pfau of the State
Department of Higher Education.
Pfau will hopefully provide an
outside viewpoint on internal Uni-
versity problems, Rosen explains,
as well as providing answers to
questions on relations between the
state and the University, espe-
cially concerning the role of out-
Fleming has expressed a desire
to continue this kind of discussion,
perhaps even on a smaller scale,
on a regular basis if Monday
night's discussion is successful.
The President will open the
forum with a 15-minute follow-up
to his inaugural address. For the
next 45 minutes, the other panel-
ists will ask unrestricted questions
' of Fleming. After this phase, the
floor will be opened for questions
from the audience.
According to Rosen, if Fleming
lacks the information to answer
a question, he will research the
problem and publish an answer
within a few days.
Prof. James Holmes of the
speech department will serve as
moderator of the panel. He has
worked closely with Symposium
By MARY LOU SMITH -
A draft counseling center staffed
by 20 experienced draft counsel-
ors opened March 4 at 502 E.
Huron. The counselors, half of
whom are ministers, can advise
about all alternatives to military
* service, including deferments, non-
combatant alternatives, prison,
Arthur Boyd, '70, an organizer
of the center, says that "the
community's reaction so far has
been very enthusiastic." One mem-
ber of the Ann Arbor draft board
called the Council of Churches to.
say he would encourage the cen-
ter in its work, Boyd says, "be-
cause young men should have
such a source of information."
The center is open Monday
through Friday from 3-5 and 7-9
p.m., and Saturday mornings 10-
12. There is no charge for serv-
10 Fellows Win
The University presented 10
$350 Distinguished Teaching Fel-
low Awards to outstanding grad-
uate student-teachers this week.
This year's winners are Lois A.
Addison of the philosophy de-
partment; Janice Brink and
Linda S. Fidell, psychology; James
J. Helm, classical studies; Robert
E. McGill, speech; Shije Orhan,
psychology; Robert A. Rockaway,
history; James J. Solberg, indus-
trial engineering; Richard J.
Staples, mechanical engineering,
and Justin Vitiello, Roman lan-
A student-faculty committee se-
lected the award winners.
ices. Extensive literature on draft
alternatives is available free or
at cost, including samples of Se-
lective Service appeal and con-
scientious objection forms, ex-
cerpts from the laws, and interpre-
tations of court cases.
The center is sponsored by the
Ann Arbor-Washtenaw Council of
Churches, Student Government
Council, Guild House, the Inter-
faith Council for Peace, the As-
sociation of Religious Counselors,
and the American Friends Serv-
ice Committee, Michigan office.
Boyd claims that the center
doesn t "advise anyone to make a
a1rticulaVr mnve Wen simply make
and state departments empha-
sized there would be no pro-
nouncements from the conference
until after it ends sometime Sun-
Talks Under Way.
Just after yesterday's meeting
began, Johnson said talks ar e
under way with congressional
leaders to cut the budget and
break the deadlock over the ad-
ministration's request for a 10
per cent tax surcharge.
European financial experts con-
tend action of this type is needed
to restore confidence in the dollar
and end the gold rush.
U.S. officials have insisted on
the 10 per cent' surcharge but up
to now have contended the bud-
get could be cut no further with-
out harming essential programs.
Johnson's comments yesterday
at a business gathering indicated'
the administration has changed
its mind in view of the gold crisis.
"We must tighten our belts and
adopt an austere program," John-
son said. ": . . Hard choices will
have tobe made. Some desirable
programs of lesser priority and
urgency are going to have to be
The administration now re-
portedly hopes for approval of the
surcharge matched by about $9
billion %'in appropriation cuts
from the budget Johson submit-
ted in January for the fiscal year
beginning July 1.
!This could reduce spending in
the $186.1 billion budget by about
$3 billion to $4 billion. An ap-
propriation represents authority
to commit money. The actual
spending comes later.
Whether Congress will buy this
program is open to question but
it does represent at least a par-
tial concession by the administra-
tion to Congressional demands
for more spending cuts.
The central bankers represent
the United States, the United
Kingdom, Belgium, the Nether-
lands, Italy, West Germany and
Switzerland. These countries meet
the demand for gold on the Lon-
don market from their official
reserves in an attempt to hold
the price at $35 an ounce.
France, originally a contri-
butor, pulled out after building
up a massive reserve of gold
whose value would be greatly en-
hanced if the world price were
to be raised.
By RON LANDSMAN
The University announced with-
drawals of various forms of sup-
port from the staff association
of library employes Friday be-
cause it was "acting too much
like a union."
The support included use of
company time for performing as-
sociation functions and use of
University supplies to put out a
The announcement was made by
Frederick Wagman, director of
libraries, at a staff meeting he
called Friday morning. Russell
Reister, personnel officer, also
spoke at the meeting.
Reister at first refused to com-
ment on the decision, but after
prompting from James Brinker-
hoff, business operations director,
he issued the following state-
"The continuation of the as-
sociation (of library staff em-
ployes) in the form heretofore
organized could be considered in
conflict with the provisions of the
Hutchinson Act as amended, by
Public Act 379."
Reister explained that the state
labor laws prohibit company
unions.bThe staff ass ociation
could be considered a company
union, he said, if it began per-
forming the functions that unions
traditionally perform, such as
grievance bargaining and organ-
A company union is one organ-
ized or controlled by the em-
Some library employes see the
move as a result "Wagman's fear
of the association," although Re-
siter insists it was due to fear of
violation of PA 379.
The association, 'founded in
1954, contained hourly as well as
supervisory employes. Originally
formed as a social-recreational
group, in the last few years it
had begun to perform much like
a labor union. Grievance com-
gittees had been formed, for ex-
ample, although they were largely
Mock Delegates Hear Speech
P 4J4S7t1ia kk±' J VvC. Vt %. a...:js Ij
the information available so he The panel is part of the Sym-
can make his own decision.' posium '68 series "New Moods of
Counselors are ministers and Dsen.
laymen from local churches, with The four chairmen of the pro-
wide backgrounds both in draft gram are Jennifer Rhea, '69;
counseling and in personal exper- Nancy Kellso, '69; George Ladner,
ience with military service and '70: and Rosen.
deferments. While all are well- Symposium '68 is a University:
informed about all draft alterna- Activities Center committee which
tives, several are highly qualified is presenting a series of lectures,
in particular areas such as con- the general theme of which isI
scientious objection or legal as- "New Moods of Dissent." The
pects. Fleming panel is the only one co-
Campus Republicans 'Buoyant"
s Convention Gets Under Way
By MICHAEL THORYN address with a resounding "Let's manager for Rockefeller, is blunt.
"The great state of Texas, home get this job done this year!" Riegle "We will win," he said.
of our f u t u r e ex-president received a standing ovation from A source close to Ronald Rea-
casts .. ." the convention. gan's campaign admitted he was
The mood was buoyant as ap- . Balloting to determine the nom- playing a role. "I'm for Kennedy,"
proximately 1100 students filled inee will take place today begin- e sai.
Yost Fieldhouse for the first day ning at 1:00 p.m. "The idea is for ; Romney supporters do not ex-j
kRepub- each student to simulate what the pect victory before the 200thI
of Michigan's first Mock Reu e
lican Convention. real delegate in his position would ballot.
do," Katz said. Demonstrations with confetti
The old home of Michigan bas- "The key is the degree of reality and noisemakers are planned fol-
ketball and track teams had her the delegates attach to their lowing nominating speeches. It is
dirtloor coered withchiurshervotes," said Bob Edgeworth, grad; rumored that junior high students
walls cluttered with pictures of campaign manager for Richard from Ann Arbor will demonstrate
candidates, and state delegation Nixon. Edgeworth expects Nixon for Harold Stassen.
signs everywhere, to win on the third ballot. Three amendments to the plat-j
Behind the speakers platform, Four members of the New Jersey form, including one promising U.S.
built especially for the occasion, j delegation are considering placing withdrawal from Vietnam if the
was hung a rented American flag Ho Chi Minh's name in nomina- South Vietnamese don't show more
28 feet long and 1712 feet high, tion. willingness to fight, were defeated
held up by four strong pieces of Bob Gorsline, '69, campaign in roll call votes.
A counselee requiring speciali -
zed information will be referred
to a counselor specializing inthe
field. All information is confi-
dential and counselees retain
their own records. The Center
has direct connections with or-
ganizations such as the Central
Committee for Conscientious Ob-
jectors in Philadelphia, and with
experts in Chicago and New York.
Other nearby draft counseling
centers are operating in Detroit,
Macomb County, Kalamazoo, and
Pontiac. An East Lansing Centerc
will open in two weeks.
sponsored by SGC.
Western .To Hike
KALAMAZOO (AP) - Western
Michigan University will raise
tuition for out-of-state students
and increase room and board fees
on June 25.
The university's board of trus-
tees approved the increase on Fri-
day. Tuition will go up from $900
per year to $1000. Dorm fees will
rise from $820 to $919 per stu-
dent per year.
SStriking out against tradition,
convention chairman Dick Katz,
'68 called the convention to order
only 15 minutes late. There was
Freshman representative Don'
Riegle (R-Mich) flew in from
Washington to give the keynote
Selected as one of the two "best
Congressmen for the year" in 1967
by The Nation magazine, Riegle's
most intense area of work in Con-
gress has been in reappraisal of
U.S. policy in Vietnam.
The young congressman gave a
hard-hitting mid-campaign speech
that criticized our "false prosper-,
ity" and the current administra-
BOOKLET FOR FRESHMEN
Course Evaluations Due in June
Thornton Describes Litton Role
In Planning Greek Economy
By MARCIA ABRAMSON
The Course Evaluation Booklet Commit-
tee's first published work since organizing in
September will be a freshman booklet cov-
ering 45 introductory courses. The booklet
should be ready for the first orientation
groups in June, says Frank Viviano, '70,
newly appointed co-chairman of the com-
The first full-scale course evaluation will
be complete in about ten months and will
include about 80 per cent of all classes of-
'fered in the literary college-some 450
"The original committee was organized
simply to get things going. I think they've
done a good job of preparing the way-
planning, organizing, corresponding with
other schools," Viviano says.
mivianna nd hs e n~hnairman Joel Stocer.
students in introductory classes to rate their
courses on a five point scale. The 40 ques-
tions included rating enthusiasm and speak-
ing ability of teaching fellows and lecturers,
fairness of grading, amount and relevance
of course work and general value of the
Spitz says mos't of the evaluations were
favorable. "Students thought very few cour-
ses were poor," he says.
Participants also made suggestions for
improvement of the survey, explains Viviano.
For example, the original questionnaire pro-
vided an excellent-to-poor rating scale. The
next set of surveys will use a one-to-ten
point rating scale suggested by participants.
Questions on the quality and relevance .of
texts have also been added.
Evaluations will also include a profile of
the students takine a class--their Larnde
set up by Student Government Council, is
permanent. "There will be a booklet every
fall, and a supplement for winter," he says.
Freshman will be asked to evaluate the
The first evaluation will include intro-
ductory courses in anthropology, Asian stu-
dies, botany, chemistry, geography, geology,
great books, history, history of art, mathe-
matics, music literature, philosophy, physics,
political science, psychology, sociology,
speech and zoology.
"We evaluated one section each of English
231, 232, 235 and 269 just to give an idea
of what they are like," Viviano explaines.
"Over 30 sections alone of Math 115 were
The teaching fellows who were evaluated
were chosen because they have taught their
course three o moretimes. Vivianoas.
A leading businessman de-
scribed how his company has
acted to develop the economy of
Greece and called on the Ameri-
can business community to take
on similar activity elsewhere in
the world, in a speech at Rackham
"Creating and accomplishing
economic development is a func-
"In Greece our objective is not
to single out one economic activ-
ity but to apply the systems ap-
proach to building a future for
that historic nation," he said.
The company first examined
the country "in its entirety-as an
operating system," said Thornton.
,Then the economy was studied
as a series of subsystems and,
crops in European markets was
"As this program begins to
build the economy of Greece,
factories and other components
of the economy will be similarlyI
Riegle joked about the social
commentary he found written on
an electric hand-dryer. "Push this
button," it said, "and receive a
.,I----A -A -4- 1-- )f
plannea ana orougnt into oemng" message from LBJ."
Thorton said. "This is a 12-year "The administration has not'
program, and assuming political made a decision between two hard
stability in Greece, we believe it aderna sion tn nd thw war"