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January 10, 1968 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1968-01-10

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.



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WEDNSDA, JNUAY 10 198 TE MCHIGN i~u~ 1~A I' U~?U ~U~W~ rt)~RL L a.I

1'AUE T ffRF E


Cambodia Buffer


Vanishes as

War Grows

WAR ZONE C, Vietnam (iP)-A
narrow no fire zone which
American commanders once ob-
served along the Cambodian bor-
der has vanished beneath the
pressure of Communist military
The U.S. Command has evi-
dently removed all restrictions on
operations however close to the
American soldiers now operate
daily right up to the frontier.
High altitude B52 Stratofor-
tresses are putting bomb loads of
150 tons in saturation patterns
within 300 yards of the border.

Big howitzers with ranges up
to 15 miles bristle from jungled
bases within 10 miles of the edge
of Cambodia. The sultry nights
rumble with harassing fire fall-
ing on infiltration paths east of
the line.
The U.S. Command informally
imposed the buffer zone upon its
units in 1965. It sometimes dif-
fered in application for air power
and for ground units and was
often loosely observed when local
actions raged.
However, it was usually there.
a zone which extended five miles
or so from the border.

Now, in the inching escalation
of the infiltration crisis, one more
barrier to expanded war has been
quietly swept aside.
"For all practical purposes
there isn't any buffer zone any
more," a troop commander said.
It all but vanished last October
when the Communists gave a full
scale launching to their "peri-
pheral strategy" in the battle of
Loc Ninh - with two regiments
supplied from Cambodia a bare
eight miles away.
The battles quickly spread to
Dak To in the central highlands
and U.S. commanders faced a new

dimension in the war-not a new
situation but the dangerous ex-
pansion of a threat that was al-
ways there.
Intelligence officers consider
that, in frontier territory across
from the central highlands, the
Viet Cong have perhaps 18,000
men available.
In the virtually unpopulated
area of War Zone C, which has
long been a Red jungle sanctuary
northwest of Saigon, there are
probably more Communist troops
today than there were more than
a year ago before American troops
conducted appreciable operations
in the area.

"They have to be coming from
somewhere," an intelligence offi-
cer said, gesturing toward Cam-
bodia on his grease penciled wall
S p e c i a 1 presidential envoy,
Chester Bowles, ambassador to
India, is to see Prince Norodom
Sihanouk today about Commun-
ist use of Cambodian frontier
territory in the Vietnam war.
Yesterday, Bowles had a half
hour talk with Premier Son Sann.
Bowles is in Phnom Penh in
response to a statement by the
Cambodian chief of state that he
would welcome an envoy from
President Johnson to discuss the

controversy over the sanctuary
However the prince said Sun-
day he would not allow U.S. units
to enter Cambodia and would
condemn both the United States
and the Viet Cong if they clashed
on his soil.
He said then he would "never
let any foreigner occupy the least
square meter of our territory"
without acting to drive him out.
Commanders on the spot show
little hope that the current mis-
sion to Cambodia by Bowles will
help much. Nor do the command-
ers feel that Cambodia's neutral-
ist Prince Sihanouk could stop

the infiltration even if he wanted
to. The Viet Cong have been at
it too long to forego their privi-
leges lightly, and Cambodia's
meager forces could hardly be
deployed to seal the frontier.
Apart from the possible right of
hot pursuit - which many unit
commanders don't feel they will
get-the men in the field simply
look forward to more and more
jungle battles so long as the
Communists are willing to brave
the fantastic American firepower
there. In the long run, the U.S.
commanders seem to think that
Red losses will prove prohibitive.

Surveyor Lands
Safely on Moon,
Begins Soil Tests

Brooklyn Doctor Performs
Fifth Human Heart Transfer

PASADENA, Calif. () - The
seventh and last of the amazingly
successful Surveyor spacecraft
landed gently yesterday in the
most rugged area yet visited in
the U.S. moon exploration pro-
Moments after the 5:05 p.m.
(PST) touchdown the three legged
little scout, carrying a camera and
soil sampling instruments on the
series first exclusively scientific
mission, radioed that all was well.
A id Refusal
DETROIT MP)-The action of a
militant Negro group in rejecting
a proposed $100,000 Ford Founda-
tion grant was applauded Monday
by Floyd McKissick, chairman of
the Congress of Racial Equality.
McKissick, in supporting the
federation's break away, said,
"It's a matter of principle. It's a
matter of saying I'm equal."
The grant was made through
the New D e t r o i t Committee,
charged with rebuilding after
July's riot. It was rejected last
Friday by the Federation of Self-
Determination, headed by the
Rev. Albert Cleage, a Black
Power advocate.
Cleage said his group objected
to what he called the strings at-
tached to the group. He also said
his federation was severing its
ties with the New Detroit Com-
McKissick backed Cleage in re-
jecting the proposed $100,000
grant. "This $100,000 is merely
welfare to the black community
to keep the black folks quiet for
the coming summer," he said.
0 McKissick stressed the impor-
tance of how Detroit handles its
relations with Negroes because, he
said, key decisions affecting the
economy are made in the city.
"You make Ford cars on the
outskirts of Atlanta," he said.
"But the policy for making those
Scars is here. So what happens in
Detroit right now is more impor-
tant than Newark. It's more im-
portant than Chicago, New York,
Los Angeles, San Francisco and
Meanwhile, Joseph L. Hudson,
chairman of the New Detroit
( Committee, said the grant was re-
jected because of a misunder-
Hudson also appealed to two
Negro militants who resigned
from his committee to reconsider
and said he hoped cooperation
between his committee and the
Negro group would continue as
Hudson in a news release Mon-
day said, "We are sure this deci-
sion in rejecting the grant is
prompted by a misunderstanding
of the conditions associated with
the grant."
Hudson did not elaborate, how-
ever, and was unavailable -for
further comment.

This was the fifth success in the
series, which has yielded tens of
thousands of photos of terrain
where astronauts next year may
tread. So successful were No. 7's
predecessors that it was assigned
a purely scientific mission: to take
pictures and sample soil in a
rugged highlands area.
Surveyor 7 touched down in a
crater pocked highlands area near
the south central edge of the lunar
disk and began transmitting pic-
tures within an hour to the Jet
Propulsion Laboratory. After turn-
ing its television eye downward to
inspect its tubular legs it gazed
at the horizon.
Lunar Landscape
Initial shots were too indistinct
to reveal surface features of what
aerial photos had shown to be a
boulder strewn area near the bat-
tered rim of the 15,000 foot crater
But later pictures in the first
series showed a large prominence
rising on the horizon at an un-
determined distance. The surface
was strewn with rocks and various
sizes and pocked with small and
large craters typical of the lunar
The horizon slanted at about 45
degrees. A laboratory spokesman
said this could mean either that
the spacecraft was tilted or that
the portion of the horizon shown
was the slope of a distant prom-
A, later photograph, with the
camera aimed in another direction
showed an extremely rugged land-
scape with high prominences and
boulders estimated to be as high
as a three story building.
Scientific Goal
Unlike previous Surveyors, Sur-
veyor 7 had a purely scientific
goal. This was to see if there is
any major geological difference
between the vast plains around
the moon's middle and the rugged
highlands around Tycho.
Scientists believe that tests of
the soil around such a large crater
should find material ejected from
miles deep. If this material shows
no evidence of having been melted
sometime in the past, It could
support theories that the moon
was compacted of cold dust and

Adam Clayton Powell removes his coat before making a speech at the edge of the Watts areai
Angeles yesterday. The former New York congressman, expelled from the House of Represent
last March 1, walked through Watts "to meet all my soul brothers." The speech marked the begi
of a four week nationwide speaking tour.
Federal Budget To Increase
Melitary, Domestic Spendinp

NEW YORK {A'-The world's
fifth heart transplant between
humans was performed yesterday
with the long term survival of
such operations still in doubt.
In the newest operation, a 57
year old man was given the heart
of a 29 year old brain damaged
There were no further details
-:. available immediately.
The only statement came from
a spokesman at Maimonides Hos-
pital in Brooklyn, where surgeon
Adrian Kantrowitz attempted a
transplant last Dec. 6.
The statement said: "Maimoni-
des Medical Center confirmed to-
day that a heart transplant opera-
d Press tion is in progress here. There will
be no further comment at this
in Los It was 37 days ago'that the first
atives heart transplant in world history
nning was attempted at the Groote
Shurr Hospital, Cape Town, South
Africa. There Dr. Christiaan N.
Barnard took the heart of a young
woman and placed it into the
breast of wholesale grocer Louis
Washkansky, 53. He survived 18
j That is the longest period any
human heart transplant patient
has survived so far. Washkansky
died of double pneumonia, his
body rendered prone to disease by
the drugs given him to insure his
body would not reject his new
e fiscal heart.
1966. It Only three days after the
follow- Washkansky operation, Kantro-
nated at witz tried to give the heart of a
nt fiscal congenitally doomed two day old.
baby to a 212 week old boy whose
kept as heart was damaged from birth
idential and endangering his life.
adopted The tiny heart lived 6%/ hours.
Decein- Doctors said they didn't know
lic con- why it had failed, but said they
get fig- had been having difficulty fight-
ore un- ing a system wide imbalance in
the baby's body chemistry since
arges of before birth.
Two human heart recipients are

still alive. In Cape Town, Bar-
nard's second attempt came Jan.
2, on Dr. Philip Blaiberg, a white
dentist who received the heart of
a mulatto man, Clive Haupt. Blai-
berg is recovering well in the hos-
pital, and may be sent home in
two weeks.
Then in Palo Alto, Calif., Stan-
ford University surgeon Dr. Nor-
man Shumway took the heart of
a stroke victim, a 43 year old
woman, and gave it to Mike Kas-
perak, a 54 year old steelworker.
After some difficulties Monday,
Kasperak was in critical condi-
tion with -:doctors still fighting

Marine Officers Anticipate
North Vietnam Offensive

conditions brought on by his
weakened liver.
Drs. Shumway and Barnard
studied together at the Univer-
sity of Minnesota. Barnard and
Kantrowitz are using techniques
developed by Shumway.
Shumway, who predicted the
imminency of transplant opera-
tions last October, ran into trouble
with his first attempt when Kas-
perak began to bleed internally
Monday, just two days after the
operation. The bleeding stopped,
and the heart function is good,
but the condition of the patient
has not improved greatly.

SAIGON OP)--Despite massive
A m e r i c a n bombardments and!
ground operations, U.S. Marine of-
ficers figure North Vietnam is
presently capable of launching an-
other major offensive against
South Vietnam's northern frontier.
A new Red drive is considered
tkely in the 1st Corps area this
spring with dissipation of the
northeast monsoon storm clouds
now blanketing the frontier.
Sizable Units
Sizable units of the enemy op-
erating in the five northern pro-
vinces and other across the DMZ
are considered in Da Nang, the
Marine headquarters, to pose the
new threat.
Marine intelligence sources es-
timate Communist troop strength
in all the 1st Corps area at 50,000

men-33,000 main force and 17,000
American and other allied ele-
ments total more than 100,000.
"Here in the 1st Corps we are
fighting two wars, the convention-
al DMZ war and the rice paddy
war," a Leatherneck officer said
at Da Nang yesterday.
Additional Troops
With 25,000 North Vietnamese
and Viet Cong troops reported in
the two northernmost provinces,
Quang Tri and Thua Thien, it
apears likely the Marines will
move soon to reinforce those pro-
vinces with additional maneuver
battalions. These are highly mo-
bile units.
Additional maneuver battalions
would not necessarily mean fresh
troops from the United States.

WASHINGTON (/P) - Increased;
domestic spending already written
into law, and higher military
costs, reportedly will boost total
federal outlays in the next fiscall
year to $190 billion or beyond.
An informed source reporting
this yesterday noted that the1
figure isn't exactly comparablet
with past budgets since the ad-i
ministration will use this year for1
the first time a unified budget1
format which lumps all spending
together, including that of the
huge government operate l trust
funds such as Social Security.
But one official said spending
in the administrative budget - if
that were still in use-would range
between $145 billion and $150 bil-
lion in the estimates now sched-
uled to be sent to Congress
Jan. 29.
This is substantially above the
$136 billion to $137 billion in ad-
ministrative budget spending ex-
pected in the current fiscal year
ending June 30 but one source
17 7

said the increase stems from high-
er defense costs and the increased
cost of existing federal programs
such as welfare, medicaid and
pay r a i s e s for government
While spending in the new
budget will be higher than in the-
current year, the source said it
will definitely remain below $200
billion under the new unified
budget format.
Under the administrative budget
which has been in use for years,
spending rose above $100 billion

for the first time in th
year that ended June 30,
went to $126.7 billion the
ing year and is now estim
$136.2 billion in the currer
The unified budget con
proposed by a special pres
commission last fall and;
by the administration in
ber is designed to end pub
fusion over different bud
ures, make the budget m
derstandable, and end chi
budget gimmickry.

Petitioning for
Joint Judiciary Council
Six Seats Available
Pick up petitions at SGC offices in the SAB
Petitions Due 5 P.M., Tues., Jan. 16



I. I


" ,-* K .r. , fir. 1.!-. ,.' /',.



w orm tw esnounuup

By The Associated Press
called yesterday for 39,000 men
to be drafted in March, the high-
est military manpower request in
17 months.
The March request, placed with
the Selective Service System, is
the highest since October, 1966
when the Pentagon sought 49,200
' * * *
STOCKHOLM - Sweden for-
mally granted asylum yesterday
to four American Navy men who
deserted from the U.S. aircraft
carrier Intrepid in Japan Oct. 23
to protest the Vietnam war.
The sailors were invited to ap-
ply for alien passports, which

would enable them to travel free-
ly anywhere within the country.
The U.S. State Department de-
clined comment on the decision.
* * *
ALBANY, N.Y.-Gov. Nelson A.
Rockefeller reaffirmed his support
for Michigan Gov. George Rom-
ney for the Republican presiden-
tial nomination yesterday but said
he would back Richard M. Nixon
if Nixon should be named the
GOP standard bearer against
President Johnson.
Under questioning, Rockefeller
said that "only as a last resort"
would he agree to be the favorite
son candidate for New York's 92
member delegation to the Repub-
lican national convention.


Once in Chelin, the mythical village of East European
Jews, a man was appointed to sit at the village gate and
wait for the coming of the Messiah. He complained lo the
village elders that his pay was too low. "You are right"'
(hey said to him, "the pay is low. But considers the work
is steady."


Mass Meeting Roundup

Tomorrow Night
Thursday, January 11

7:30 P.M.





Need interested workers for ALL committees


NOW $6.00


* I
I 1
, I
I. U
t I
Frontier Beef Buffet
Deliciously Sweet Roasted Chicken ... 99c
now thru January only
Carry Out Service Available

An International Peace Army
For Vietnam

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