IU' IN IDA:
LOSS OF FREEDOM
See editorial page
C, 4c -
Clearing and colder
Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVIII, No. 122 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 21, 1968 SEVEN CENTS
State 4 id to Private Education Bill Stirs D
By JIM NEUBACHER
The perennial issue of church-
state relations is coming to a
head again in the state Legislature
as Rep. Thomas Brown (R-Lans-
ing) and Rep. Robert Traxler (D-
Bay City) prepare to introduce a
bill this week that would provide
state aid to students in non-pub-
lic elementary and secondary
The bill is expected to call for
grants of $100 each for children
in non-public secondary schools
and $50 each for children in non-
public elementary schools. The
grants would take the form of di-
rect subsidy to parents.
For children in inner-city non-
public schools, the bill would pro-
vide larger grants of $150 and $75
House and Senate leaders al-
ready have received thousands of
letters in recent weeks from
parents urging them to support the
Opponents of state aid to pri-
vate education are also hard at
work. The most notable of these is
Citizens to Aid Public Education
(CAPE), a state-wide g r o u p
headed by Mrs. Harriet Phillips of
Detroit. CAPE believes legislation
of this sort is "definitely uncon-
An auxiliary services bill and a
bill providing tuition grants to stu-
dents in private colleges and uni-
versities have been passed. The
latter, Senate Bill 780, may be
contested in court by CAPE.'
"Our plans are not definite,"
Mrs. Phillips said. "We are cer-
tain that bill 780 is unconstitu-
tional, but we want to make sure
that, if we have to go to court, the
ruling handed down will be broad
enough to set an unquestionable
precedent in this area."
The question of resources plays
a major role in CAPE's delibera-
tions whether or not to take on a
court fight against SB 780.
"We are not strong enough or
big enough to do the job of fight-
ing every piece of legislation that
arises," Mrs. Phillips said. "To
carry on a campaign like that
takes tremendous amounts of
talent, devotion and money. We
have the devotion and we certainly
have some extremely talented
people, but we don't have the
Her group was formed two years
ago and got underway in the fall
"We have people from the Mich-
igan Education Association, Par-
ent - Teacher Associations and
other groups across the state who
have always been interested in en-
suring the future of public educa-
tion," Mrs. Phillips said.
On the other side of the issue
stands Citizens for Educational
Freedom (CEF), headed by Dr.
John Vandenburg, dean of Calvin
College in Grand Rapids. CEF
played a major part in organizing
both the 48 legislators who will
co-sign Traxler's proposed meas-
ure and the mass mailing cam-
paign that produced an estimated
60,000 pieces of mail in the last
two and one-half weeks.
CEF has over 15.000 members.
"mostly parents of non-public
school children," Vandenburg said.
"We'ra non-sectarian and non-
partisan," he explained, "and
we're especially very non-profit-
Organized in Missouri in 1959,
CEF did not become active in
Michigan until 1962. CEF stands
ready to take on CAPE in a court
fight on the question of state aid
to private schools.
If CAPE does decide to carry
the battle to the courts, the Amer-
ican Civil Liberties Union plans
to join them as a Friend of the
Court. Ernest Mazey, director of
ACLU's Michigan branch, believes
that SB780 is "patently unconsti-
Mazey sees the proposed legis-
lation as "a case of the legisla-
ture trying to do indirectly what
it can't do directly, support church
institutions. By giving the money
to the parents of the children, the
legislators are attempting to get
around the basic factor of the
situation - that this sort of aid
His opinion is supported by Dr.
Melvin Nord, an attorney and
CAPE member who has analyzed
SB780 carefully. There isn't the
slightest doubt in my mind that
it is unconstitutional," he said.
However, CEF discounts the ar-
gument of unconstitutionality.
often to the frustration of groups
"It is -our purpose to promote
freedom of choice in education by
giving the people an alternative
to public school," Vandenburg
said. "We agree with the right of
the state to set standards of com-
pulsory education. But it is not
right to require that these stand-
ards be met only in state schools."
CAPE bases its constitutional
arguments on the First Amend-
ment to the federal constitution,
made applicable to the states by
the 14th Amendment. The First
Amendment prohibits the states
from passing any law "respecting
an establishment of religion."
However, CEF claims that laws
discriminating against parochial
schools violate the "free exercise"
clause of the same amendment.
"Education is education." Van-
denburg said. "but an individual's
decision to add religious educa-
tion to his formal academic edu-
cation at his own will should not
be discouraged if his academic
education meets the standards of
Another major argument of the
bill's supporters is economic.
See DISPUTE, Page 8
Begins Ruling RC
Faculty, Students, Administrators j
To Experiment in Governing College
By BRIAN FORD
An experiment in student involvement began yesterday
as the new Residential College Representative Assembly held
its first meeting.
The 17-member assembly, which will govern the college,
consists of eight students, four faculty members, four admin-
istrators and two resident fellows.
"This is not just another committee formation, but a
new opportunity for relationships, a pattern for decision-
making in the future," said Dean James H. Robertson of the
The representative government was set up through the
new residential college constitution passed earlier this term
- ------ ------------- --and approved by administra-1
tors. Elections were held last
Kina's Aide week.
Grads To Present
Plans for Strike
Group Asks Support for Teach-In;
GA To Receive Proposals Tonight
By LEE HORNSTEIN
Gradute Assembly will vote tonight on a proposal to
support a teach-in and strike to protest the present draft
policy and the war in Vietnam.
An ad hoc committee of graduate students met yesterday
night to examine alternative policies of resisting the draft.
They will bring their proposal before GA tonight.
GA members at the meeting included Edward Bloomberg,
GA administrative vice-president; Marsha Daigle, treasurer,
and former president Roy Ashmall. Ruth Baumann, '68,
executive vice-president of Student Government Council, also
The teach-in is scheduled for March 19. The proposed
strike of both graduate and----.___
The assembly aims at involving
more students in decision-making,
said Mark Maddox, '71. a newly-
elected member. He predicted little.
change in the college's policies.
The assembly yesterday formed
a committee to research and for-
AN AD HOC COMMITTEE of graduate students met yesterday to discuss alternatives to the draft in pr
and strike. Their proposals will be presented at a Graduate Assembly meetingto'night.
WRITE THEIR OWN TICKETS:
Industry Lures Engineerig G
With Deerments Travel, Top
"eparacion tr a p , teaundergraduate students would
be held March 20.
Yale Chaplain William Sloane
Coffin is scheduled to attend the-
teach-in. Coffin is currently under
federal indictment for advocating
r esistance to the draft, in violation
n ateof the Selective Service law.
The teach-in was organized by
the Rev. Bartlett - Beavin of the
Wesleyan Foundation, Guild House,
S al r ieSGC and the Inter-Faith Council
for Peace along with other groups.
_ .._ ._ T~ nr hnnnnmi~tn r rraafd
+saain fna niandr tpnh-in
Of City HRC
Dr. Martin Luther King's plan mulate a policy on decision-
to bring thousands of the poor to making and the use of referenda
A Washington in April and have on important issues.
them stay until "some definite In addition to Maddox, the stu-
and positive action is taken," will dent assembly members are How-
be explained by a national cam- ard Heideman, Joel Greene, Mark
By DAVID MANN
It costs from $1,000 to $5,000j
pus organizer in Ann Arbor today
Stoney Cooks, a staff member
of King's Southern Christian
Leadership Conference, will meet
privately with interested Ann Ar-
bor civil rights groups tonight at
8 p.m. and tomorrow noon at St.
Andrew's Church on Division be-I
tween Huron and Ann.
Tomorrow at 6 p.m. he will
meet social work students at Prof.
John Ehrlich's residence. Cooks
will meet students at 8 p.m. in
1035 Angell Hall.
Cooks' visit is primarily intend-
ed to explain the tactics and goals'
of the Washington campaign.
King has called the campaign a
"critical test for non-violence."
The organizers hope to bring 3000
poor people to pitch tents in
Washington until federal action is
taken on their demands for im-.
proved housing and jobs.
Turnamian, Pat Ryan, Eileen Les- to recruit an engineering grad-
ser, Tova Clein and Cathleen uate.
Dody. All are freshmen. A shortage of engineers has
Four members of the college placed the graduating senior in a
faculty belong to the assembly.: commanding position, explained
They are Prof. Charles Mauer of Prof. John G. Young, head of the
the German department, Prof. engineering placementservice and
Sheridan Blau of the English de- assistant to the dean of the
partment, Prof. Donald Brown of engineering college.
the psychology department, and "It'satight job market, and
Prof. Robert Greenberg of the the qualified student can just;
chemistry department. about write his own ticket," said
TWO resident fellows, Robert Donald L. Vangilder, head re-
Olson, Grad, and Allin Seward,t cruiter for Michigan Bell Tele-
'69L, also are voting members of phone Co.
'thLe asly. nA qualified student often does
the assembly. write his own ticket, round trip
The four administrators are El- and all expenses paid anywhere
lis Wunsch, director of student in the country. A spokesman for
affairs for the college; Robert the Ford Motor Co. college re-
Rau, assistant to the director of cruiting program said invitations
the Residential College;, and Paul' for plant visits are left to the
Wagner, administrative associate discretion of the interviewer. This
to the Residential College. is true for almost all interviewing
Robertson is chairman of the companies.
assembly but has no vote. One graduating senior in elec-
FLEMINGS ENTERTAIN C
trical engineering with a 3.1 The average University engineer- recruiting is preferential: a Uni- TectU ocomittee1uggestea
grade point average received round ing graduate with a bachelor's de- versity student with a C average various ways to protest the draft.
trip airline ticekts for a visit to gree is offered about $9,400 to received a rented car and plush Al Klovdel, grad, a GA member,
a Texas plant from a company start. The better the grade point, accomodations, while students suggested that the group bus stu-
which had only looked at his in- the higher the offer. The offer from Massachusetts and Califor- dents to Windsor, Ontario, to ex-
terview form. often includes grad school on nia Institutes of Technology were amine the possibility of Canadian
After initial contact has been company time with extra pay. forced to use cabs and stayed in citizenship.
made by the campus interview, E University graduates receive motels. "The other guys resented Resistance Day
the company often follows pros- higher starting salaries than eng-; it, but I sort of enjoyed it," the" Others suggested participation
pects with "a real hard sell pro- fineers from other schools. Even student said. in the student resistance planned
gram," as one student described for April and National Resistance
it. ecritig ma inlud mal, rs st Supp rte Li l p Day. April 3. The March teach-in
phone calls, plant visits with will concentrate on these and other
evenings on the town, even pres- alternatives.
suring telegrams. " The group emphasized the need
"I average a piece of recruiting for continued resistance to the
mail a day," said onesenior. draft after the new policy an-
Many companies offer an oc- nounced last week becomes effec-
cupational draft deferment. "Even NEW YORK OP-An organiza- and Conservative candidates trail- tive July 1. The new system elim-
if they put you in sales, they'll tell tion Democrat defeated an anti- ed far behind. inates graduate deferments except
your draft board you're working Johnson party maverick yesterday Dubin, running as an independ- for medical students and leaves
on defense contracts," a student in a four-man contest for Congress; ent, had said he would not fight classification to local draft boards.
explained. that revolved around attitudes on in Vietnam if he were draft age. Not 'Elitists'
Interviewers for technical firms the Vietnam war. The final, unofficial count in allI
have told students that they have The winner in the Brooklyn race 358 election districts showed Podell Although the original purpose of
been about 85 per cent success- was Bertram A. Podell, who ran 35,913. Dubin 27,664, Republican the ad hoc committee was aimed
ful in obtaining deferments for about 4 to 3 over reform Dem- Gerald L. Held 4,909 and Conser- at resisting the draft, the group
their employes. ocrat Melvin Dubin. Republican vative Michael V. Ajello 4,200. feared that a protest only against
- - Podell's victory made the polit- the elimination of graduate defer-
ical lineup in Congress 247 Dem- ments would brand them as "elit-I
aAMPUS Jocrats, 187 Republicans and one ists."
By MICHAEL ROBERTS
Robert L. Brown, director of
the Ann Arbor Human Relations
Commission since October 16, re-
signed from that post Monday.
The resignation becomes effec-
tive April 1. No successor has been
Brown said he was leaving be-
cause the HRC moved much too
slow on programs he felt needed
prompt attention. Noting the
short time he served as director,
Brown commented, "I was fed up
just that fast."
During the regular HRC meet-
ing last night, Mrs. Albert H.
Wheeler, representing the Nation-
al Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People and the
Congress on Racial Equality, sub-
mitted a statement on the ap-
pointment of Negroes.
Mrs. Wheeler said, "Our or-
ganization voted to request the
resignation of the current director
because of his inability or unwill-
ingness to discuss race relations
with civil rights organizations,
while he met with the representa-
tives of a group such as the John
Critical of HRC
Mrs. Wheeler criticized the
-f +1,n "annta t %Inrlr With f
Voice Plays 'Robben Het
vacancy. "Most of the peupl i wo i.w±in HRC in general. "People are ap-
g Podell, 42, the choice of the would not support a strike only pointed to the Planning Commis-
// Brooklyn regular organization in against deferments," said Miss sion because they know something
atd a t 1irs t.lea__
F i po .the six to one Democratic 13th Baumann._ about planning," she said, "but
District, campaigned as a supporter-_ _ _ the type of people appointed to
of the President, but said he favor- " the HRC have no experience with
By DANIEL OKRENT jibes aimed at Fleming and the ed a softer approach to the war. 'pollee1 a el ;human relations. We believe your
Mrs. Robben Flemings student- University's participation in clas- Dubin, 44, supports Democratic Commission, in large measure, is
tea kies a qie assgod sified research' were all right, but Sen. Eugene J. McCarthy of Min- For 'Teth ieOSt eva i ofrarfuny sted
those that Mrs. Harlan Hatcher didn't seem to hit home with the nesota in his primary campaign bel eael d es con
used to serve. But the entertain- administration bigwigs present at against Johnson. A) broad rpreaive odes."
the ea.Repulicn Hld. 5 cnsidred w ai iei 11lI~S cerned with racial problems."
ment the Flemings provide is a the tea Republican Held, 35, consideredCouncilman H. C. Curry (D-
whole lot better, The one exception: outgoing Ex- a Rockefeller Republican, said in
ecutive Vice President Marvin L. the campaign that the best hope Ann Arbor police have been or- First Ward) commented on the
thed ' r a etite Niehussnoticeably winced when for peace lies in changing the par. dered to watch for the "ten most rift within the Commission itself.
ovewhelmmg sof the naf the little moralityt wanted autos" - cars which have "You can't solve the problems of
ath Univero oityh president'siytmidweekr
a University president's midweek, play told how Fleming came to his y in power. . anywhere from 26 to 59 unpaid the city when you can't even take
afternoon get-together as neces- realm in Michigan, "how in battle Ajello a 26 year parking tickets against them. care of your own He told the
sarily precluding anything unique valorous he slew three vice-presi- his first bid for public office, said A new list of the ten most HRC that it was "time to wake
or valoroudents e she favored stepping up the war in wanted will be issued periodically. up, time to do something about
As pertly dressed freshman girls But for the fifteen-minute inter- Vietnam. The present group, including four Ann Arbor."
would pass through the reception Dubin narrowly missed gaining tied for eighth place, consists of New Program
wud truhlude, however, the afternoon was. Ir'' oiainfo h rw ~ ~'
lines munching tasty little tidbits all very normal. Acting with the theDemocratic nomination for the the following autos: Brown proposed he nmti ing
from the Hatcher kitchen, the ex- ey.h seat in the last primary, when he: An Austin Healey Sprite, li- of a Street Worker Program such
! !~aplomb of a truly professional ad-I
president and his lady would mere- ;mis or nther Feing ado was edged out by the incumbent, cense BB6246, 59 tickets worth as Lansing used last summer. In
ly pose plastic smiles on their lipsmrg Rep. Abraham J. Multer. Multer $200; a Chevrolet, license Penn- this program., young adults are
I an oter o-hm , any of the vice-presidents there ;
and offer ho-hum pleasantries. ma any ttem sice n since was elected to a judgeship, sylvania C4880, 53 tickets; anoth- hired to work among the people
Brwdeny all sto chucked creating the vacancy filled by this er Chevrolet, license Ontario, of areas still "victimized by ra-
Butyesterday, a few hours be- show. They all stood and chuckled 'oAAA A7 +- cia discrimination" in an attempt