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February 07, 1968 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1968-02-07

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94g lrichgau Baly
Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom

The Daily Crossword Puzzle
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Where Opinions Are Free, 420 MAYNARD ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
Truth Will Prevail

NEWS PHONE: 764-0552

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Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.



The Chaos That Is China:
The 'Cultural Revolution'-II

In yesterday's Daily, Dan Share
began his discussion of China, based
on observations by a recent campus
visitor, Harald Munthe-Kaas, Peking
correspondent for the Scandinavian
News Agency. In Part I, the Cultural
Revolution was discussed and it was
noted that party cadres dispatched
during this time became assimiliated
into the peasant communities.
EVEN BEFORE the onset of the cultural
revolution, the cadres were ,aligning
themselves with the rural population
against the central government. As early
as 1963 some cadres were reported to have
taken concubines-a practice forbidden
by the central government, but of long
standing tradition in the provincial
The most immediate manifestation of
the "credibility gap" between the rulers
and the ruled is in food distribution. Al-
though the harvest this year is reported
to be very good, Munthe-Kaas reports
that the government is having difficulty
collecting its share. While farmers in
Szechwan may be eating themselves fat,
the people in the North may be having a
very hard winter.
Without the cooperation of the 550 mil-
lion rural citizens of China, no govern-
ment can expect to effectively rule. Cer-
tainly the Chinese Army of about 250
million can not, in the face of China's
urban disturbances, be expected to en-
force the government's will on the rural
Munthe-Kaas says that "In this kind
of situation the country has a long way
to go." Even if the government can con-
trol the cities, the countryside presents
an even more difficult obstacle-perhaps
an insurmountable one.
MUNTHE-KAAS hints at the possibility
that the cultural revolution may be
the first step in the collapse of the gov-
ernment-paralleling the dynastic cycle.
An examination of the situation proves
this idea to be reasonable.
Throughout Chinese history, revolu-
tions have often been led b'y a charis-
matic figure from the peasantry. Once in
power, he institutes sweeping reforms-
often unpopular-and with his demise
the dynasty collapses. It seems, in retro-
spert, that primarily his personality held
the government together.
Mao led a revolution which launched
sweeping, unpopular, and uneffective re-
forms (The Great Leap Forward). His
personality is certainly a dominant fac-
tor, for Mao has been elevated to the
status of a folk hero. The cultural revo-
lution didn't even center around pro and
anti Mao factions, but rather who was
the most pro-Mao faction.
In addition Mao exhibits many quali-
ties of China's great emperors. His poetry
rivals the best of the literary poet Li Yu.
His rare public appearances and the mys-
tique surrounding his life is reminiscent
of China's first emperor Liu Pang.
Maoism is thus a critical factor in what
is happening in China today. Opinions
on the state of Mao's health vary from
reports of his death to assertions that he
is in full control. Munthe-Kaas, how-
ever, is "convinced that he is old-74. His
brain may be sharp at times; at other
times it is very dull." "Hey, Comrades"
is all Mao said during the cultural revo-
This leads Munthe-Kaas to conclude
that the cultural revolution may have
been a premature power struggle, an hy-
pothesis which fits very well into the Chi-
nese historical tradition.

WHAT EXISTS then in China today is
a set of pragmatic military leaders in
charge of a country that has vast urban
and rural problems to overcome before
it can hope to take its place as a super-
power. Many signs point to the fact that
a collapse of the present Chinese gov-
ernment is a realistic probability.
If China would collapse, a power vac-
uum will be left which could be filled by
the U.S., Japan or the Soviet Union. In
any event, Munthe-Kaas fears that such
a situation would be disastrous. For a
strong unified China is inevitable and

DESPITE THE FACT that The Daily prints "All The
News That Fits," there still seems to be too many rest-
less students falling asleep during meaningful lectures.
This of course, upsets those of us who value the fine lec-
turers at the University, and the following is intended to
keep all students alert and active throughout their classes.
Yes, of course, this is the First Michigan Daily Cross-
word Puzzle, hatched over the past few weeks by a team
of nationally-reknown linguistic experts and me. The
theme of this puzzle is the University (or the 'U', as those
familiar with it love to call it). This puzzle is meant to
challenge your knowledge of the campus' current per-
sonalities, places and past trivia. Most answers refer to
the University and require a depth of information rarely
available to one person.
All answers should be sent to The Daily Crossword
Puzle, c/o The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann
Arbor. The first winning entry will be interviewed and
misquoted by an ace Daily reporter and will receive a still-
to-be determined Prize. All later correct answerers will
be acknowledged in print. Any one of The Daily members
who has snuck a look at my answer sheet, any of my
roommates (or their immediate family), and all other
acknowledged geniuses are prohibited from competing.
The correct answers will be run next Tuesday.
1. Joseph Sax, Yale Kamisar and Jerold Israel are
professors at this 'U School.
5. "Fighting" women.
7. This one is easy.
12. High card
)3. Now located in East Quad. (abb.)
15. University President, 1920-1924.
16. Rackham's Student Government. (abb.)
1'. Lady Regent.
18. 'U' Psychology professor known for pain, hunger
2C All Greek men belong.
21. Osterweil, or Nakamura.
22. Athletic field below the hill. .
25. Where Robber, Fleming came from. (abb.)
27. Fajan's Rule and Charles' Law are taught in this
28. Henle's Loop and the Isle of Langerhan are studied
Wi this department.
32. Consult then. when drving cost-to-coast.
33. He isRobben Fleming's George Christian.
36. Regent who headed the $55 million fund drive.
37. The ideal college education was once described as
Marc Hopkins on one end of this, and a student on the
39. 'U' Building designed by architect Eero Saarinen.
43. The North Campus Building with the funny
windows. (abb.)
44. The origiral name for the University.
46. Famous 'U' Figure nicknamed "Hurry Up."
47. Greek ritual
48. Campus Organization based on 1961 Port Huron
50. Hebrew for "day."
51. Built for 1889 Exposition (misspelled).
54. Author of Winnie The Pooh.
56. Famous labor mediator.
59. For undergracuates, he is more common than a
professor (abb.)
60. First name of Second University President.
64. Center for Chinese Studies located in this building.
65. "Pass here and collect $200."
66 A University school received wide publicity last
year for putting electronic equipment in one of these
precious personal possessions.,
67. West Quad house.
69. 'U' fraternity gutted by fire during the summer.

7 Initials of 'U' football coach.
72. Two-fifths of cigarette slogan.
73. Computer language used at 'U'.
74. It sponsors Broadway in Ann Arbor.
76. 'U' Presiden. who wrote "The Western Reserve".
78. In Daily's Motto, what will prevail?
79. Initials of Michigan Union's architect (oldest of
the two brothers)
83. Campus mainly for musicians, engineers, and re-
84. Entreaty contempt, regret, threatening, triumph,
delight, relief.
35. The year 44 Across was founded.
88. SGC President.
89. April 27 is most important to them.
92. History majors receive this upon graduation
94. The type of sit-in ruling which touched off last
year's student demonstrations here.


Presence or contact in space or time.
Quakes deferment.
SGC business objective.
Don Tucker heads this large campus group.
Wasn't built in a day!
'U' depositcry of colonial documents.
Administrativc pronouncements are tinged by this
His men recently paid a visit on U.S. Saigon em-

Harald Munthe-Kaas
always been defensive. She is cognizant
of both her weakness militarily and eco-
no-icaliy and is surrounded on all sides
by hostile powers-Japan, the U.S., and
the Soviet Union. China uses propagan-
dia, but will back it up with force only if
any of her territory is threatened.
China has been disappointed in her
relations with the U.S.-especially the
failure to resolve the Taiwan question.
However, Russia and not the U.S. is at
the core of most of what little foreign
policy commitments she has.
JUDGING from Munthe-Kaas' observa-
tions, it seems apparent that a new
social order is evolving. The new social
order will, in all probability, not be the
same kind envisioned by the initiators of
the cultural revolution, for the army
pragmatists have taken power and are
likely to remain in power for some time.
Even when they do give up the reins of
power, it will certainly not mark a return
of the kind of policy characterized by
attempts at the massive communization
of the Great Leap Forward. The past eco-
nomic failures and the social disruption
caused by the leftists' abortive attempt
to take power insure that the pragmat-
ists will do everything in their power to
maintain control.
The success of any new system rests
with the peasants. If the peasants sup-
port the government, then its success is
virtually assured. The army has demon-
strated it can control the cities, so with
the backing of the peasants, one can ex-
pect a return to the pre-Great Leap For-
ward policies of slowly rebuilding the
A new Communist party tailored to
these needs will likely be generated. For
quite some time to come, China will un-
doubtedly be occupied with her inter-
nal problems: Gaining support of the
peasants, distribution of food, rebuilding
of industry, and the task of reintegrating
the students into the culture.
China's foreign policy will probably
not change. If anything it will be de-em-
phasized even more than currently. Prop-
aganda may even decline slightly, and the
work on its nuclear arsenal may also be
I' addition, less material support for
wars of liberation can be expected. China
is simply too weak now to get involved
in a war with any of the major powers;
however, any incursion of her territory
would probably draw a Korea-like re-
THE CULTURAL revolution is intended
to create a new culture. It will not be
the Marxists, Leninist, Maoist culture
envisioned by China's left wingers. It
will be a more pragmatic group con-
::ernea wltn bue reunication ana re-
building of China, and all other objec-
tives are likely to be subordinate to this.
Nonetheless, China will one day re-
build herself and will be a power to be
reckoned with. The kid gloves treatment
she receives in her current state of dis-
order testifies to just how powerful she
potentially is. It is wise if the Western


19. Designation given graduate of William Hubbard's
'U' School.
20. University-owned home overlooking Arb where
such guests as Konrad Adenauer and C. P. Snow have
21A. (one square to right of 21) President Fleming
recently announced this was due for serious re-struc-
2-. Initials of The Manchurian Candidate.
2 . Author of "The Gold Bug."
25. Famous 'U' expert on Japan.
26. Hasty.
29. Midwifery (abb.)
30. 'U' women's dorm.
33 University President before Harlan Hatcher.
34. This person might place the following ad
"Wanted* An Honest Man."
35. First three letters of time designation.
36. Barbour and Waterman.
36. Racing car model.
39. The first 'U' building lived in by students, razea
in 1950 and rebuilt on same spot.
40. Supposed to have near-perfect acoustics.
41. Initials of Poverty Director's wife.
42. What 76 Down is looking for.
44. This man is leaving 21A Down.
45. 'U' President, 1871-1909.
49. Sororities want to move to this Co-op.
52. About one-fourth of male undergrads belong.
53. This is the end.
54. The Philadelphia Orchestra traditionally higi,
lights this 'U' festival.
55. President of the University, 1909-1920.
56. How many classified military contracts does the
University have? Answers the administration'........
57. From Rackham to the General Library.
58. An important national education association (abb.)
59. It makes the campus work week worthwhile.
62. The relation of direction of approach and arrival
63. William Lederer's "Nation."
68. Newest Regent.
70 The Roaring Stone Lions or The Diag M'.
75. 'U' Nuclear Reactor project.
76. Its 196, Subpoena of membership lists here caused
a furor.
80. Remember the Maine.
32. Twist or contort.
8 The number of 'U' vice-presidents plus the number
of 'U' Regents minus four.
86. Driving age.
87 The Daily's "Years of Editorial Freedom" ,plus one.
88. He coaches Hansen, Cornell, and Porter.
90. In, the last few years, this group has produced
"Once Upon A Mattress, and "How To Succeed in Busi-
ness ...
91. The condition of Joy Adamson's pet.
93. Clark Kerr :s distinguishing physical characteristic.
95 Ellis Rabb's group.
96. The first name of new vice-president for State
Relations and Planning. (abb.)
97. They presentec "Pantagleize" and "Exitthe King"
this fall.
100. Latest art form.

Pictured Above is 21 Down.

96 Drugs may be cutting into this nationwide group's
98. Dorm bosses (abb.)
99. The University's Henry Fowler.
101 Ann Arbor microfilm magnate.
132. 'U' Physics lab.
103. What the Popt. wants in Vietnam.
104 In this Ceremony for Sphinx they use brick-dust,
for Michigauma they use war-paint.
1. Linger.
2. Campus fraternity that folded, over the summer
and reorganized this winter.
3. You and I
4. National academic group that has come out with
recent proclamations on academic freedom and campus
protests. ,
5. 'U' student radio station.
6. His record this year is 6 wins, 10 losses,
7 Only University President ever to serve twice, in
two year spans ten years apart.





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