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chance of flturrie.
Seventy-Seven Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXVIII, No. 97 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JANUARY 23, 1968 SEVEN CENTS
Seniors in Pass-Fail Study
Continue To Aim at Grades
By HENRY GRIX ' than a solution to the problem of
Pass-fail seems to be a new grading.
The literary college inaugurated
alias for the same old game. the pass-fail project at the Uni-
'Students still seek grades ra- versity last winter term. In one
ther than 'pass,' but they try, form or another, a pass-fail pro-
mostly without success, to get C's gram exists at more than 100
and to justify their choice of a universities through the country.
pass-fail course," said Charles Last year, only second-semes-
Pascal, who conducted a study on ter seniors were allowed to ,elect
pass-fail grading for the Center , one course on a pass-fail option.
for Research on Learning and The pass-fail course may not be
Teaching. in the major field of study or ful-
In a report on the first group fill distribution requirements.
of University seniors who used The student receives credit to-
the pass-fail option, Pascal re- ward graduation, although not to-
vealed that pass-fail has proved ward his grade point average.
to be a grading innovation rather In practice, pass-fail students
Concon Election Plan
perform assignments and receive
grades just as other students in
a course do. Teachers are not
aware, officially at least, which
students in their classes are us-
ing the option.
But at the conclusion of the
semester, teachers' grades of A,
B, or C are recorded by the
registrar as "P", while grades of
D or E are classed as "F."
Last semester, this option was
extended to all juniors and sen-
Under competitive pressure, the
option students felt compelled to
work for good grades.
Most pass-fail students, who
had an average grade point of
3.16, ended up receiving compar-
able grades to those they got in
"I'm trying hard not to work
and I still'made a B- on the mid-
term. I find myself trying to do
the minimum amount of work to
High Court Rules
Loyalty Oath OK
Similar Constitutional Pledge Taken
By All Public Employes in Miedigai
From V Vu'ire Service Reports
The Supreme Court' y-sterday upheld a lower court rul-
ing approving use of a loyalty oath for teachers. The Court
move cleared the way for states to require affirmative pledges
to uphold state and federal constitutions.
The decision came in an unsigned order upholding a
lower court ruling approving use of the constitutional pledge
of allegiance in New York State..
The New York requirement is similar to the Michigan law,
which requires that all persons who receive a paycheck from
the state, including University professors, take an oath up-
holding the Michigan and United States Constitutions.
"All University employees have to sign this oath,'4 said
Russel W. Reister, University[-
personnel officer. "It's the T
same one taken by the state
By GREG OXFORD
Election of constitutional con-
vention delegates through a ward
system / based on individual
schools and colleges was proposed
by the Select Committee on the
Constitutional Convention Sun-
day. The committee approved the
proposal 8-1 after four hours of
The report, to be submitted to
Student Government Council
Thursday, recommends a consti-
tutional convention with 55 dele-
gates representing the various
Delegates will be selected as
By ALISON SYMROSKI
COne hundred fifty students at
Bursley Hall last night attended
a teach-in aimed at improving bus
service to North Campus.
"The administration has made
a number of improvements," said
Bursley transportation committee
chairman Howard Rontal, '71.r
"But they still haven't hit the
core of the problem. They still
don't provide adequate bus serv-;
Rontal referred to surveys made
earlier this year in which 89 perf
cent of the students questioned+
said they would like later bus serv-
ice Friday and Saturday nights,
and indicated that bus service is
what they like least about living
He listed the proposals that the
Bursley committee is working for:
-Fifteen minute service on Sat-E
urdays and Sundays (at present
service is every half hour on Sat-
urday afternoon and all day Sun-
-Half hour service all night
Friday and Saturday;
-Bus service on week days until
15 minutes after the Undergrad-
uate library closes at night;
-Creating a committee of Burs-
ley residents with an active part
in forming bus service plans.
Robert Hughes, assistant direc-
tor of University housing, replied
that the basic problem is lack ofI
finances. Cuts in the existing
schedule, or appropriation of
money from the housing fund
would be necessary to meet the
proposals. Hughes said this would
probably require increased room
and board fees for the next few
"It is simply a question of com-
1~peting money," Bursley Director
Gerald Burkhouse said. Money is
ultimately appropriated to housing
from the general University fund.
WASHINGTON (RP) - Sen.
Robert P. Griffin said yesterday
if Detroit newspaper strike lead-
ers are involved financially in
publishing a temporary paper
"this is nothing less than labor
Griffin cited an article in Re-
porter magazine as authority for
a charge that certain Teamster
part of the SGC election, but a
date has not yet been scheduled.
SGC, which 'appointed the Se-
lect Committee, must approve the
The plan permits candidates to
organize and name slates, and be
grouped on the ballot by them. It
also recommends that if any con-
vention candidate files from a
ward where too few candidates
are running to fill available seats,
that candidate will be automat-
ically elected and the remaining
The exact number of delegates,
estimated around 55, is being cal-
culated by a computer to deter-
mine how many delegates will
proportionally represent the vari-
ous populations of the wards.
This number will be set by the
time the committee submits its
report to SGC Thursday.
The only dissenting vote on the
committee was cast by Mike Ren-
ner, '69, who called the recom-
mendation "the second best
He cited "fantastic complica-
tions for the voter," the difficulty
in explaining the plan to the
constituents and the "'impossi-
bility" of campaigning as his ma-
Renner also predicted that the
literary college ward, which will
have more than twenty seats, will
turn into a "circus."
Committee chairman Don
Tucker, '68, called the plan "func-
tional, different from the present
elective process, and potentially
"I'm confident that the student
at the University is going to pro-
duce through this convention a
get a C. Otherwise I am frustra-
ted that I am wasting time in >
the course that I could be spend-
ing on the other courses."
Superficial Success 1
The fact that the bulk of those
students taking pass-fail courses Ball State's Marzine Moore (24)
would have received A's and B's Sullivan (hidden) for a rebound
anyway indicates only a -"super- Ricks (44) looks on in hope the+
ficial connection of success," said - --
Theprogram, while promising, ELECTIONS HELD:
does not completely meet the ex-_
pectations and needs of students,
4.1 T C -- -.-~~ I T -WIS. -0 " - I b -~~~
Pascal explained that "the U 0l1
general philosophy behind the
pass-fail option is toballow stu-
dents to enlarge their 'intellectual1
scope' and to encourage them to eieeao
sires without fearing the penalty
of losing grade points because By RON LANDSMAN ed 143-111 against being repre-
they have ventured outside of Daily News Analysis sented by the Michigan Nursesl
their own 'curricular backyard.'" Labor bargaining continues at Association in the most recent.
Nearly half the 203 students the University despite the Re- election. The voters, comprising1
who elected to take a course on gents' move last week to appeal about 60 per cent of the 422-r
the pass-fail option last year did a court decision that Public Act member unit, were asked to
venture into "alien subject mat- 379 of 1965 covers non-academic choose between the MNA and
ter." Another 35 per cent had employes. Two unions have been "no-union."]
only one previous course in the recognized as bargaining agents Nurses who worked for the un-1
area of the pass-fail course. and two more are seeking recog- ion and spokesmen for the as-
Salvation nition sociation refused to comment on
The title of pass-fail does seemi To end an eight-day walk-out the loss.
to serve as a sort of "salvation" last September the University Skilled tradesmen in the plant
stifled by grade-grubbing and who agreed to recognize the right of department, who led the Septem-1
seeks a so-rtf bcoci ar employes to bargain collectively, ber walk-out, are organized into3
sedgesrt of a"subeckt taty npending the outcome of the PA a single 250-man unit. They voted
knowledge of a subject that in-37 u.Thacnam dmn last month to be represented by 1
terests him," Pascal said. 379 suit. The act, an amendment ls ot ob eieetdb
But Pascal noted that most to the Michigan Public Employ- the Washtenaw County Building
courses are not geared for a ment Relations Act, allows em- Trades Council.1
pass-fail audience. He cites the ployes to bargain without the , Some 30 heating plant employes.
example of two math majors who right to strike, voting the same week chose to be
found themselves in History of The University and the unions represented by the International
Art sections where most of the agreed to have the State Labor Union of Operating Engineers.
students were majoring in hum- Mediation Board act as mediator The remaining 2600 employes'
anities. Their needs and expecta- ! betweenf them. The SLMB has 3 under the service and mainten-1
tions of the course were not the held three elections and is pre- ance classification are awaiting a
same as those of the graded ma- paring to hold at least one more.' decision by the SLMB on "ap-
jority. University Hospital nurses vot- propriate bargaining units" be-
alkW-i Q"i !A i 9 f !i
l7Vllpb1b41V1V11 V1 VAI'V, 74w VV va
1 ~(tll UII 'Michigan. and that I will faith-
I fully discharge the duties of my
" :76 position, according to the best
Z~~i i of my ability."
k. 3 7 .1 S uR 1 The Supreme Court previously,
had overturned loyalty oaths
which required teachers or other
fore they can choose collective public employes to swear they
bargaining agents. r n m r fsbvesiv
council plan not unlike that. -
which functions today," Tucker
Educative Process C i l
E"The concept of student power
is a reality and the members of "
this convention will not be able t ver J ttes o
to function without it. It will be
much more of an educative pro- By DANIEL ZWERDLING
cess than a legislative process," City Councils first open hear-
he continued. ity Conil's fit pen hear-
Members of the Select Coin- ing last night on the public hous-
mittee stressed that they favored ig plan made one thing clear:
a strict deadline for filing - one if and when Ann Arbor builds its
which would permit no deadline ! 200 low-rent units, nobody will
extensions. They left open the be very happy with them.
question of whether SGC should Most speakers claimed they
appoint several extra members to support public housing in theory-:
the convention for technical ad- ;they simply object to the Hous-
vice nh- ing Commission's method of pro-
Ice _.,viding it. -
UP FOR GRABS
battles Wolverine sophomore Bill Frauman (35) and junior Bob
during Michig an's 99-75 victory last night. Ball State's Steve
others will miss. See story, Page 8.
Lawrence S. Berlin, chairman
of the Ann Arbor chapter ofB odens
the American Civil Liberties
Union, said, "For all intents and"
purposes, the Supreme Court has!M iem bersh
said it sees no constitutional ob-
jections tq affirmative loyalty
oaths." Research Personnel
"It is safe to say," he added,
"that the decision would be sus- Granted Senate Stati
tained if brought to court from In Bylaw Revision
the state of Michigan."
The Michigan oath reads:ByLCKEND
"I do solemnly swear that I will By LUCY KENNEDY
support the Constitution of the jUniversity Senate yesterd
United States. of America and the approved a bylaw revision givi'
cons~titution of the state of Senate privileges to research pe
earing Reveals Division
f Public Housing Units
Two unions are currently peti-
tioning the board for representa-
tion rights for University em-
ployes. The American Federation
of State, County, and Municipal
Employes AFSCME) is seeking
to have one large "residual unit"
set up containing all of the 2600j
service and maintenance em-I
ployes not - included in the two'
specialized units, the skilled
tradesmen and the operating en-!
The University would also like
to have a single unit set up, pre-
ferring to bargain with as few
unions as possible.
The Building Service Employes
International Union (BSEIU) is
seeking to have three small units
organized - 32 Law Club em-
ployes, 19 Dearborn Center em-
ployes, and ,over 400 Universityl
housing workers. BSEIU strengthl
is concentrated in those three
Spokesmen for AFSCME feell
confident that their petition for
a single large unit will be hon-
The AFSCME spokesmen are
also confident that they will win
the election. Over 1200 members
of the 2600-worker unit have
signed up with AFSCME.
If small units are recognized,
AFSCME will probably seek to,
place its name on the ballot, al-
though BSEIU would have a good
chance to win any of the threel
A union which claims tp have
over 30 per cent of a proposed
unit signed as members may peti-
tion the SLMB for hearings.
From the hearings and briefs
filed by union lawyers, the board
will decide whether the proposed
unit is appropriate - in board
terminology, whether there is a
"community of interests" or a
"natural community." ElectionsI
are then scheduled.
By refusing to interfere in the
New York case, the court in es-
sence agreed with the lower court
ruling that the state does rtot in-
terfere with freedom of speech
by requiring teachers to "sup-
port the governmental systems
which shelter and nourish the
institutions in which they teach."
The decision was'an affirmation
of a decision by a three-judge
federal panel last June 5. In the
case, 27 teachers at Adelphi Uni-
versity. Long Island, contended
the required pledge "infringed
freedom of speech."
The 1934 New York law ap-
plies to teachers in public schools
and private schools whose 'real
propterty is subject'to tax exemp-
tion. Teachers who refuse the
oath may not be employed.
The decision reflects a trend
toward acceptance of "simple and
clear" loyalty oaths. In at least
10 loyalty standards decisions
during the past year, eight oaths
in "vague" language. were struck
Berlin said the ACLU was in
the process of formulating a de-
cision as to the constitutionality
of the Michigan loyalty oath, and
that the "recent decision will not
necessarily deter us" from con-
In 1962, the House of Repre-
sentatives of Michigan voted 94-
6 in favor of a resolution that
"all persons paid by the state
must take a loyalty oath."
At that time, Rep. Lester J.
Allen (R-Ithaca) said the resolu-
tion was "aimed at a very small
minority of professors" who ad-
vocated socialism over capitalism,
and penalized objecting students
by giving them lower grades.
The University, Michigan State
University and Wayne University
have all required the oath for,
over 30 years.
orVC1Gnizations.lV av 9uJr i Q
sonnel not holding professorial
Another bylaw revision was
passed at yesterday's special Sen-
ate meeting ' that requires the
Faculty Assembly to wait 30 days
before passing bylaws req'uiring
Regental approval to the Re-
gents. During this period, the
Senate has the option of request-
ing Assembly not to send bylaw
revisions to the Regents.
Normally the 65-man Assembly
would have the power to send re-
vised bylaws directly to the Re-
gents for approval.
Yesterday/s special meeting was
called at the request of several
Senate members unhappy with
Assembly's previous proposed ad-
dition of research personnel.
In their regular Senate meeting
last November, some Senate
members had moved to revoke
the Assembly's proposals.
\ The Assembly motion was not
revoked at that time, but suffi-
cient signatures were gathered to
call yesterday's special session to
reconsider the membership ques-
Senate privileges were granted
to research personnel when yes-
terday's Senate meeting rejected
99-61 a proposal to have the
membership question decided
after a mail poll had been con-
ducted of all Senate members.
Under the membership portions
of the bylaws approved yesterday,
Senate membership includes all
professors, some library officials,
and certain research personnel.
Senate membership is limited
to research personnel who hold a
Ph.D. degree or its equivalent and
have demonstrated excellence in
research. Nominations for Senate
membership are to be made by
the directors of the research cen-
ters or institutes concerned. The
nominees must be approved by
Assembly's Research Policies
Research personnel, several
Senate members pointed out, oft-
en cannot attain professorial
rank because there are no Uni-
versity departments covering the
area of their research.
The public, which in 1965 en-
dorsed a public housing referen-+
dum by only a slim margin, con-
tests most strongly the proposed
distribution of housing units. 1
Current plans call for building
and renovating 200 apartments
on seven sites. Three of those;
sites are within a half-mile of}
each other, and carry 39 apart-
"Ann Arbor, the All-American1
city, has an image that is now
positive, and bright and shiny,"'
claimed a soft-spoken represen-'
tative of the Fifth Ward Associa-
tion for Permanent Progress.
"But current plans for low-
income housing are the first tar-
nishing of Ann Arbor's image,"
he declared, arguingthat by clus-
tering 117 of the units on just
three sites in his area, property
values will go down, educationI
will be impaired and new ghettos
will form all over again.
Witnesses were unanimous in
condemning what they felt con-
stitutes excessive concentration of
units, but didn't agree why. Sev-
eral, including a local teacher,
proposed that the three 39-unit
sites would destroy the "socio-
economic balance of the schools."
At least two voters, including a
representative from the League of
Women Voters, suggested that'
unimagipative planning may les-
sen the! socially rehabilitating ef-
fect of integrating low-income
families in "healthy" neighbor-
Businessmen have expressed
concern about the-contested three
sites, according to one woman.
"The majority of businessmen in
the area - they are an integral'
part of the community - have j
said, 'Business will not be as
pleasureable' when these public
housing units are constructed."
"Given the Housing Commis-
sion we have now, there is no real
prospect that a better plan will
in fact be forthcoming," said one
witness. "So we go forward now
or get no public housing."
Last night's hearing was not
the final public say. City Council
has scheduled a second hearing:
FLEMING TO TAKE OATH:
$25,000 Inauguration Slated for March
By MIKE THORYN
By 8 p.m. March 11 some
$25,000 will have been spent to
officially inaugurate Robben
W. Fleming as President of the
Inaugural ceremonies will
include a luncheon for more
than 1,000 people, a buffet
dinner, academic costumes,
bus tours for guests, decora-
tions for Hill Auditorium,
parking, and postage for 3,000
pieces of mail.
tee to reduce the cost as much
as possible while maintaining
the stature of the University.
He expressed a wish to "keep
the ceremony simple."
The committee responded by
cutting the number of out-of-
town guests invited to the
buffet following the ceremony
and the luncheon.
Since the University is a
major institution of higher
education, protocol requires
that invitations be sent to two
important groups of people,
will represent the Governor's
Free tickets for the.inaugur-
ation will be available to stu-
dents and faculty on a first-
come, first-served basis. The
reception following the inaug-
uration will be open to the
Bruce Kahn, '68, president
of Student Government Coun-
cil said, "I think it is absurd
to spend $25,000 on a corona-
tion - oops - inauguration."