VoL. VIII. No. 157. ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 30, 1898 PRICE-3 CENTP.
Spring selections just arrived
from the East. Call and
NO. 108 E. WASHINGTON ST. NEAR MAIN
The store is undergoing a
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the stock is being sorted
and increased. Precsrip-
tions a specialty.
Geo. P. Wilder.
FOR THE NEXT WEEK.
Just received at fresh suppiy of Allegretti, and
Williams and Wrners Chocolates. Largest line
in the city.
Lunches at all hours.
R B.m.JOe IA* &Co
808 South state Street.
1.--A folding Camera with
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Takes a 4x5 picture.
2.-A 4x5 Plute Camera for
$5.00. Takes good pic-
A good Base Ball and Bat is just
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We have every varity from 5c
Sporting Goods of all kinds.
Base Ball Suits made toworder.
Prices are right.
MICHIGAN DEFEATS CHICAGO
Wins Debating Contest By a Un-
A unanimous vote in favor of Michi-
gan was the award of the Judges in the
Michigan-Chicago debate last night.
This victory makes Michigan ahead in
the series and amply atones for the de-
feats in' the past. Further, as is seldom
seen in any debate, the verdict of the
audience and friends of both sides un-
questionably upheld the decision of the
Michigan won through a mastery of
the subject, an ease and force of deliv-
ery, and a depth of argument. It must
be admitted that the men from Chicago
were somewhat of a disappointment.
With the exception of the first speaker,
Mr. Ebersole, there was practically no
new line of argument laid down, or no
system observed in the presentation of
the arguments. Mr. Baker and Mr.
Hagey, who spoke second and third on
the negative, spent nearly all their time
in rebuttal and failed to introduce any
new arguments in support of their side.
The men from Chicago evinced a con-
siderable lack of preparation. Outside
of a few general contentions, they did
not seem to be able to proceed with any
degree of assurance or certainty.
The Michigan team all won places in
the final preliminar-contest defending
the negative of the question. This did
not seem to matter much -however, as
in several respects 1the work of each
man was superior to that In the last
contest. Chicago did fairly well in re-
buttal, but the fixing of the substantial
burden of proof upon them seemed. to
entirely disconnect their policy.
The attendance was not very large.
War excitement and the fact that the
contest has been little advertised no
doubt are the explanations. President
Hutchins was the presiding officer and
in stating the question for debate an-
nounced also the rules accepted by both
sides, which were, that 'each speaker
as to be allowed 18 minutes, and Mich-
igan five minutes for rebuttal The
Judges were Prof. Oliver F. Emerson, of
Cleveland, 0.; Hon. Edward R.f O'Mal-
ley, of Buffalo, N. Y.; and Judge J. A.
Barber, of Toledo, Ohio. The time keep-
ers were H. T. Clark and L. H. Erlich.
The question read, "Resolved, That the.
action of the United States senate in re-
jecting the proposed treaty of arbitra-
tion with England was wise." Michi-
gan upheld the affirmative and Chicago
The debate was opened for Michigan
by T. A. Berkible, of Missouri. He out-
lined in a general way the provisions of
the treaty and explained the jurisdic-
tIon of the three main tribunals speci-
ied in the treaty. He maintained that
the treaty to be discussed was the'orig-
inal one submitted to the senate and
I not the amended one that was finally
defeated, since the slightest amend-
ment on the part of the senate vitiated
the proposed treaty as far as England
was concerned. If it can be shown that
this treaty endangered a single vital
interest then abetter one could have
beenfound, and hence the action of the
senate was wise In rejecting this one.
He claimed that the affirmative upheld
the general principle of arbitration but
was opposed to this particular scheme,
which was not a use of arbitration,, but
an abuse. The senate should not deal
with speculations but . with realities.
By accepting this treaty, the senate
would have been signing away its sov-
ereign right of ratifying all treaties
and considering all international dis-
putes when they arise. No legislative
body can sign away the rights of some
future body. This treaty would have
interfered with our internal and nation-
al policies, Policy somtimes demands
the. abrogation of treaties. This is not
recognized by international law and
hence tribunals would always be ob-
liged to decide disputes arising out of
a violation of a national agreement
against us. This treaty would have had
the effect of multiplying claims and
making us practically a political de-
pendency by the power of other na-
tions to dictate ou policies-.
ir. Amos A. Ebersole,. of Illinois,
opened the debate for Chicago. He dill
not spend any time in rebuttal but pro-
ceeded at once to his argument. B He
defined the position of Chicago as claim-
ing first that there was a need of some
new system of arbitration and second
that this treaty met that need. The
present system is inadequate and has
caused untold evil ins the past. Under
it war scares are frequent and easy.
These always cost- the country dear.
Economic and social disturbance al-
ways follow such an excitement, often
doing more damage than can bte ram-
edied in two years of prosperity" The
system contemplated by this treaty will
make settlements of disputes peaceably
an almost certainty. Stability willthus
be secured to business enterprise and
the fears and rumors of war prevented.
This treaty ls a step in theright direc-
tion. The effect of its ratification would
certainly have been for the welfare of
nations. Not only England and the
United States would be benefited but
the general cause of international ar-
bItration would have been advanced.
Then war is caused by a series or a
group of disputes and not by a single
point in difference. This treaty antici'
pates that fact in a measure that the
present system does not. A permanent
court of arbitration would simplify dis-
putes and establish a regular system
by which differences could be quickly
and easily adjusted. -
Lloyd C. Whitman was the second
speaker for Michigan. He summarised
what his colleague had pr ed and de-
manded of the. negative that they an-
(Cotnued --Second -age).
Immediately after the debate last
night a banquet was given by the Ora-
torical association at Prettyman's
Campus club. Among those who sat
around the board were Acting Presi-
dent Hutchins, Judges Edward R.
O'Malley and J. A. Barber, Profs. Clark,
Trueblood and Ingraham, and the con-
testants of last'night's struggle. The
gathering was informal itf a way, and
remarks were made byActing Presi-
dent Hutchins, Hon. E. R, O'Maley,
Judge J. A. Barber, Prof. Clark and
Prof. Trueblood. Mr. O'Malley was a
prize debater some ten years ago at
Cornell, while Judge Barber won hon-
ors in the Interstate Oratorical con-
test of some years ago. These gentle-
men compared the methods of those
days with the tactics of today. Music
was furnished by a mandolin orchestra.
The} visiting team and judges will be
onlookersat the game today.
Co. A. Organizd.
The first official military company
among the students was formed last
evening. The object in the forming of
this company is, as far as possible, to
get a nucleus of well drilled men so
as to further the military organization
among the students of the University
and to aquire a proficint knowledge
of military tactics. In order to do this
the requirements of this company have
been raised above those of the regular
army, and the men enlisted must be
very prompt in attending drills and also
in observing the rules and-regulations
so that an efficient organization may
.This company as it. is organized is
called Company A of the U. of M. For
the present the number of men com-
posing the company will be limited to
forty-five, in order that proficiency in
discipline may be acquired as soon as
possible. There is to -be one captain,
two lieutenants, five sergeants, four
corporals, one quarter-master sergeant
and two trumpeters.
At the meeting of the applicants for
membership two officers were elected,
Mr. Witiam Magly being unanimously
chosen captain. Mr.. Magly comes from
Cincinnati, where he has been captain
of a fine company and has had a great
deal of military drill. The company Is
fortunate in securing such a man. Mr.
Atkinson was elected first lieutenant.
Over fifty applications have already
been received for membership, but as'
the' requirements are high man'y will
doubtless fail in gaining admission. . A
few of the most Important require'
ments are as follows:
Height, 1 ft. 8 in., minimum; weight;
140, minimui; age, over 18. Besides
this a preference will be shown to those
men who may have had some military.
drill previous to the, time of applica-
tion. Capt. Magly will drill his men
at regularly appointed times, prehbtably
each evening from 6:4 to 745and Sat-
urday afternoon from 2 to4 p. m.