The Second Annual
Sam Young Memorial
managers were brought in, emp-
ty apartments were turned into
bed-and-breakfast sites, cottage
industries in cosmetics, graphics
and what not opened up.
While many kibbutzim are
now thriving with successful
businesses in plastics and farm-
ing technology, dozens of others
are lost causes. Some can barely
feed their members. Others can't
pay their electricity bills. Their
youth leave as soon as they fin-
ish the army, their elderly get
older, and their middle-aged
members hang on, embittered be-
cause they don't have the where-
withal to leave and start over.
Kibbutz Gezer, near Ben-
Clarion Airport, doesn't have the
problem of age. Reorganized in
1974, Gezer's 100-plus members
are in their 30s and 40s, mainly
emigrants from the United States
and other Western countries. But
with such high interest still ac-
cruing on their old loans, the kib-
butz remains about $15 million
To help secure its economic fu-
ture, Gezer wants to do some-
thing that would have been
considered highly unorthodox in
the kibbutz movement a genera-
tion ago. Members want to take
a part of their farmland and build
a gas station and apartments for
"We can't fire
people. They're our
— Zvi Ben-David
sale there. But the plan would be
quashed if Gezer is forced to sim-
ply hand over this land to the gov-
ernment and banks, as the
Finance Ministry's proposed bail-
out would have it, said Norm
Frankel, now completing his term
as Gezer's economic manager.
As in all other kibbutzim, there
is a debate inside Gezer over
whether to maintain its commu-
nal economic life in the future, or
to privatize little by little and
eventually become a close-knit
but capitalistic rural village.
Yoel Weingarten, the incom-
ing economic manager, stands
somewhere in the middle. A
business student at Tel Aviv Uni-
versity, he believes the kibbutz's
economic units — the dairy, glue
factory, softball league, architec-
ture office and others — must
stand individually as profit-mak-
ers or close.
He still believes in communal
ownership but added, "There has
to be some sort of new formula."
As for the older, failing kibbutz-
im, he said that if they can't
shape up, they should close and
its members be absorbed into
stronger kibbutzim. Whatever
IDENTITY page 62
of Metropolitan Detroit
We would like to thank the players and all of our
sponsors for their support in making the
Sam Young Memorial Racquetball Tournament
a huge success.
We're Doing Great Things!
The Jewish Community Center proudly offers inclusive
and specialized programming opportunities for children
and adults with special needs in vision, hearing and
Join us for the Second Annual Event!
The Jewish Community Center is a recipient of The
Jewish Federation of Metropolitan Detroit's Max M.
Fisher Jewish Community Foundation.
at Franklin Racquet Club
SPORTS AND FITNESS
on Friday, October 7 - Sunday, October 9, 1994
• Small student/instructor ratio, aides provided when
• Special Needs Swim
• Arthritis Foundation Aquatics
• Upper Body Ergometers
• M.S. and Parkinsons Exercise
• Range of Motion Aquatics
All proceeds benefit the Sam Young Camp Fund.
We appreciate your continued support.
Sam Young Memorial
Racquetball Tournament Committee
For more information, please contact (810) 682-9588.
• Hearing Loss Support Group
• Speech Reading Class
• Sign Language Class
• Low Vision Support Group
• Educational lectures and discussions
Gain Access to
• Large Print and Audio Library
FAMILY DEVELOPMENT CENTER
• Nursery School and Enrichment, aides provided when
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