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September 06, 1991 - Image 92

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1991-09-06

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Kosins i(osms


Kosins • 559-3900
27881 Southfield Rd.
at 11 1/2 Mile
Lathrup Village

Big & Tall • 569 6930
26300 Southfield Rd. north of
10 1/2 Mile, Lathrup Village


New arrivals at the detention camps are ushered toward the Disinfection

A Detention Center:
Then And Now

Monday-Friday 10-9, Saturday 9-6, Sunday 12 5



Special to The Jewish News

To all our clients, friends and neighbors...
our wish for a year filled with
happiness, health and prosperity.


We invest in relationships.

32300 Northwestern Highway, Farmington Hills, MI 48334-1516



Best Wishes For A Healthy and Happy
jr • *

4 4.1




Rita and Marty Jerome

967- 1 16 1



=L.* ■ ;:


en to the 'right,
women to the left.
Through the turn-
stile. Hand your clothes to the
attendant. You'll get them
back after you shower.
Hurry?' Thus, would-be im-
migrants to Palestine were
greeted in the detention camp
at Atlit in the 1930s and '40s.
After a harrowing escape
from Nazi Europe in over-
crowded, rickety boats, the
Jewish refugees — many of
them survivors of the
Holocaust — had finally
reached the shores of
Palestine. As they jumped
ship and waded jubilantly
through the waves to shore,
many were seized by British
troops and transported by
train to Atlit.
' Atlit, whose present popula-
tion is 4,500, hugs the
Mediterranean shore, sixteen
kilometers south of Haifa.
Fish restaurants dominate
its main street, and like many
Israeli towns, it is a blend of
turn-of-the-century stone
homes, sprawling modern
villas and drab row housing.
Atlit's history was recently
extended 8,000 years back in
time with the discovery of a
Neolithic village offshore, 10
meters underwater. From the
human, animal and vegetable
remains, archaeologists
deduce that the inhabitants
of what has been named Atlit
Yam (Hebrew for "sea") were
among the earliest humans to
practice farming in addition
to hunting and fishing. The
oldest fresh-water well in the
world was recently discovered
here, showing that man knew
how to tap groundwater much
earlier than was formerly

As the earth slowly warm-
ed and glaciers began to melt,
the ocean rose and the village
of Atlit Yam was abandoned,
the shoreline slowly exten-
ding 400 meters inland. Here
remains of a Canaanite city
have been found, which is
thought to be Kartha, men-
tioned in the Bible as one of
the cities given to the Levites.
(Joshua 21:34): A succession
of Persians, Greeks, Romans,
Byzantines and Moslems
then ruled the coastal plain.
In 1217 a splendid Crusader
fortress was built at Atlit to
welcome pilgrims to the Holy
Land. The modern village to
Atlit was established in 1903
near the ruins of the fortress,
built on land purchased by
Baron Edmond de Rothschild.

Many immigrants,
survivors of the
Holocaust, who
came by ship,
spent time in Atilt.

Due to Atlit's proximity to
Haifa, the major port of Man-
datory Palestine, the British
built a detention camp there
for "illegal" Jewish im-
migrants. Many of the im-
migrants, survivors of the
Holocaust, who came by ship,
spent time in Atlit, waiting
for release within the frame-
work of the limited immigra-
tion quota. In October 1945,
a Palmach unit penetrated
the camp, liberating over 200
of its occupants. From then
on, the British began to ship
what they referred to as "il-
legal" immigrants to deten-
tion camps in Cyprus. There
they were to remain until
1948, when they were finally
allowed to enter the newly
declared State of Israel.

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