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May 10, 1991 - Image 18

Resource type:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1991-05-10

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Continued from preceding page

the women to decide
whether or not they want to
come and pose for us.
"As for Playboy," she said,
"it's a mainstream maga-
zine that has excellent edito-
rial content as well as beau-
tiful women. It belongs on
the coffee tables of
Ms. Engelman said she's
felt more exploited during
modeling assignments than
she did during the Playboy
photo shoot.
"I've walked out of an
assignment because men
had made crude comments
and made me feel cheap.
There was none of that at

Playboy. I had to spend
several hours posing
alongside a lake in cold,
windy weather. Whenever I
had to change or whenever I
felt like I had to go inside, I
just said so, and I was totally

"Being a strong, indepen-
dent woman today means
making choices for herself. I
believe in experiencing as
much as I can. My family
and boyfriend have all been
very supportive. And in a
way, this was the most fem-
inist statement I could have
made at this juncture in my
life." ❑ •

Puncturing Myths About
The 'Jewish Lobby'



Washington Correspondent

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B'nai B'rith Foundation
of the United States

B'nai B'rith Michigan
Regional Council

We wish to thank everyone who attended and
supported B'nai B'rith's Las Vegas Night, April 28th, Special
thanks go to all the workers who helped make the evening
a huge success.

We couldn't have done it without all of you!

Proceeds will benefit our youth-serving agencies: B'nai
B'rith Youth Organization and Hillel Foundations on

Ralph N. Woronoff


Michigan Regional Council


FRIDAY, MAY 10, 1991

Jerry Olson


Las Vegas Night

Harvey Olson


Las Vegas Night


oes the pro-Israel
lobby exert an undue
amount of influence
on the American foreign
policy process?
Not according to Mitchell
G. Bard, the editor of the
Near East Report, who has
just published a book
devoted to the subject, The
Water's Edge and Beyond:
Defining the Limits to Do-
mestic Influence on United
States Middle East Policy.
If that sounds more like a
doctoral thesis than the
latest Robert Ludlum
bestseller, it's because the
book is based on Mr. Bard's
graduate work at UCLA in
political science.
He said he kept reading
about the alleged power of
what was usually described
as the 'Jewish lobby,' and
was interested in looking "in
a more academic fashion at
the evidence people used to
support these kinds of
Part of Mr. Bard's research
involved a statistical analy-
sis of a number of significant
policy debates that involved
the exercise of Jewish and
pro-Israel policy, including
the sale of AWACS aircraft
to Saudi Arabia, and the
Jackson-Vanik amendment,
the cornerstone of efforts to
aid Soviet Jews.
"I also did case studies in
the administrative branch,
going back to President
Truman's policy toward
Palestine and to the first
sale of Phantom jets to
Israel," Mr. Bard said.
The results, he said, show-
ed that while the pro-Israel
lobby does have influence, it

is not able to control policy.
Pro-Israel groups, his data
showed, tend to be more
effective in influencing
policy decisions made in
Congress, especially in the
area of aid to Israel. Not
surprisingly, he found that
pro-Israel influence is
weakest in the administra-
His analysis also refuted
the notion that presidents
refrain from making con-
troversial decisions regar-
ding Israel in election years
— an idea that is increasing-
ly attractive to pro-Israel ac-
tivists as 1992 rolls around.
"In reality," he said, "it
makes very little difference
whether it is an election
year or not."
Mr. Bard discounted a
predictable criticism of his
book — that as an employee
of the American Israel
Public Affairs Committee
(AIPAC), he is anything but
"The book was written
long before I was affiliated
with AIPAC, or had any ex-
pectation of working with a
pro-Israel group," Mr. Bard
said. ❑


Tel Aviv (JTA) —Israel has
begun preparing for the
possible mass immigration
of 17,000 Ethiopian Jews, as
negotiations over their fate
continue. The emergency
arises from the possibility
that rebel forces will soon
overthrow the regime of
President Mengistu Haile
Mariam and enter the capi-
tal. Jews there fear that if
the rebels take over, they
may well put an end to Jew-
ish emigration.










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