the lawyer had no personal
standing in the case. Today,
they would hear such an
Chief Justice Meir Sham-
gar and Aaron Barak, both
former government legal
advisors, are the leaders of
the activist wing. Barak, at
53, the Court's youngest jus-
tice, is considered a brilliant
jurist who helped draft the
Camp David Accords. Since
coming to the court, he
has introduced the test of
reasonableness for govern-
ment actions. In a landmark
decision, he ruled that the
Military Censor acted un-
reasonably in restricting
publication of an article by a
lel Aviv newspaper that dealt
with the former head of the
Mossad, Israel's secret intel-
ligence agency. In doing so, he
considerably widened the
scope- of the bagatz system,
and tightened restrictions on
the administrative power of
Unlike the United States,
Israel has no written consti-
tution, and the Court cannot
rule legislation unconstitu-
tional. In theory, the Knesset
is sovereign to decide what it
likes. But over the years, the
Court has found ways to exer-
cise a form of judicial review.
In a recent case, for exam-
ple, Chief Justice Meir Sham-
gar ruled that the law which
grants client privilege to
lawyers and doctors must ex-
tend to journalists and their
sources. In doing so, Shamgar
extrapolated from the unwrit-
ten principles of Israeli
democracy, which includes
freedom of the press, to go
beyond the letter of the law.
"What he was actually doing
was making law," says Schoff-
man. Blum agrees. "The
court sometimes comes very
close to making legislation."
Sometimes the mere threat
of a bagatz is enough to get
action. Recently the Associa-
tion for Civil Rights filed a
petition with the court re-
garding the abysmal condi-
tions in a military prison. The
army responded by making
drastic improvements. A
delegation of three Supreme
Court Justices then visited
the prison to inspect the
changes. Satisfied, the
Association dropped its peti-
tion. "The Court sometimes
disappoints us," says Joshua
Schoffman, "but most of our
successes come through peti-
tioning it, or threatening to."
The range of the Supreme
Court is virtually limitless.
A unique opportunity to participate in a traveling university
and to see Israel through the eyes of experts.
MARCH 18-28, 1990
Listen to the comments of a few of our 1988 Bar-Ilan Mission participants:
"The ongoing close contact with Bar-Ilan faculty,
"Even though this was my 40th visit to Israel, the
both on a professional and personal basis, was the
excitement and insights that the experience provided
highlight of the trip!'
made it as if it were my first:'
"The warmth of the group, as well as the fact that
the trip was tailored for both first timers and for
repeat visitors, made the trip highly memorable'
"I was amazed by the depth and the quality of
"The home hospitality, both by Bar-Ilan faculty and
BarAlan's medical research. While small by our
by the Yavneh community, were thrills that I shall
standards, its research faculty is outstanding:"
DR. MATHEW BOROVOY
DR. ARTHUR LIEBERMAN
You, too, can participate in our outstanding spring trip which will include:
seethe country come to fife through the eyes of experts.
The deepening of your Jewish experience through an
intensive and superbly guided visit to Jerusalem.
Home hospitality and extensive contact with Israelis.
A beautiful "Kinneret Dinner Cruise'
A close look at how Bar-Ilan's research and other
activities are having a major impact on the quality of
Experiencing the unique entertainment and cultural life
that is Israel's alone.
A complete sightseeing package excellent for both first
timers or repeaters.
Learning how Bar-Ilan is incorporating excellence in
both academics and Judaica.
Round trip air transportation and 8 nights with 5-star
Spectacular price, subsidized by Bar-Ilan University.
Price also includes baggage handling, most meals,
transfers, local hotel service charges, and taxes.
Bar-Ilan professors traveling with us throughout Israel;
For further information contact the Detroit regional Bar Ilan office, 29200 Southfield Road, Suite 201A, Southfield, MI 48076, (313) 423 4550.
ROCHELLE and DR. ARTHUR LIEBERMAN, LINDA and PAUL ZLOTOFF, Mission Chairmen
Call today to find
out just how much
Bonds can do
Children of Holocaust-Survivors
Association In Michigan
C H.A.I.M.'s 10th Anniversary
When: Saturday evening, October 28th, 7:45 P.M.
Where: J.C.C., W. Bloomfield, Schiffman Hall
Program: Special Guest — Helen Epstein, author of
1979 pioneering book, Children of the Holocaust
Celebration/Reunion: Catered Dessert Reception/
Yiddish and Hebrew Folk Music/Dancing
Community is Invited to Attend!
Members $ 5 , Non members $6, cost at door $6
Please RSVP Eva Kraus 661-0838 / Charley Slow 489-8886
THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS