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February 27, 1987 - Image 44

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1987-02-27

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

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Friday, February 27, 1987

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS

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44

U.S. Report Details
Human Rights In Israel

COMPLIMENTARY EXAM
528-3232

Washington (JTA) —
Human rights in Israel con-
tinue to be marked by a
"state of war" with the oc-
cupied territories, according
to a senior State Department
official last week.
Richard Schifter, Assistant
Secretary of State for Human
Rights and Humanitarian Af-
fairs, made his comments at
a briefing on the State
Department's 1986 "Country
Reports on Human Rights
Practices," presented annual-
ly to the Congress. The report
assesses human rights condi-
tions in all countries that are
members of the United Na-
tions.
Schiffer described Israel as
a democratic state which, like
other democratic states has
its "deficiencies and
strengths."
Israel's "complex human
rights situation in the oc-
cupied territories reflects the
fact that, in the absence of a
peace settlement, the ter-
ritories remain under military
administration and there is
friction between occupation
authorities and the Palesti-
nian population," the report
states. "Among the signs of
friction are active resistance
to the occupation, including
episodes of violence, some-
times encouraged by outside
extremist groups."
The Human Rights report
goes on to note that this fric-
tion "arises from security
measures taken by Israel, ad-
vocacy of annexation or per-
manent control of the ter-
ritories by some Israeli
political figures, as well as the
refusal of the main Palesti-
nian organization to recog-
nize Israel or to promote a
negotiated peace."
However, both Arab and
Jewish residents suffered
somewhat fewer violent acts
in 1986 compared to 1985.
The report said the Palestine
Liberation Organization "fac-
tions and various PLO dissi-
dent groups claimed respon-
sibility for nearly all violent
acts against the IDF (Israel
Defense Force), Israeli civil-
ians, or Palestinians who
disagreed with such groups.
Most of the violence appears,
however, to have been spon-
taneous and local."
Human rights abuses
against Jews in other Middle
East countries were less fre-
quent than against other
religious groups, although
discrimination remains, ac-
cording to the report.
In Iran, Jews are permitted
to practice their religion, but
they are discriminated against

in employment and public ac-
commodation, according to
the report. Jews are subject
to travel restrictions which
are not applied to members of
other recognized religious
groups," the report notes.
In Syria, Jewish residents,
totaling 3,000 to 4,000 in-
dividuals, are given freedom
to practice, and "enjoy a
relatively high standard of
living, access to higher educa-
tion, and entrance into the
professions," the report notes.
But Syrian Jews are also
bound by restrictions on
foreign travel and religious
training is prohibited.
In Iraq, where the Jewish
community totals only 400,
there is "no evidence of
persecution," the report notes.
In Morocco, Jews, with a
population of 10,000, are pro-
minent in the business and
government, and operate
schools and social institu-
tions, according to the report.
King Hassan II's meeting
with former Prime Minister
Shimon Peres showed his sup-
port for a Jewish community
abroad.
Tunisian Jews are per-
mitted to practice freely, ac-
cording to the report, al-
though during periods of ten-
sion synagogues and Jewish-
owned shops have been at-
tacked. But, in 1985, after the
raid on PLO headquarters,
the government took "ex-
traordinary measures to pro-
tect the Jewish community."
In the Yemen Arab Repub-
lic, there are no synagogues,
but Jews are permitted to
worship freely, according to
the report. They are not per-
mitted to communicate with
Jews in Israel.
Ethiopian Jews suffer
economic discrimination, the
report states, although "the
stories of genocidal actions
by Ethiopian authorities or of
highly brutal behavior toward
Ethiopian Jews has not been
substantiated by American
visitors to the area."
In Egypt, the small Jewish
community "appear to prac-
tice their faith without
restriction or harassment."
In Argentina, which boasts
the largest Jewish communi-
ty in South America, occa-
sional anti-Semitic incidents
occur, the report notes.
Legislation providing pen-
alties for racial, religious, and
other forms of discrimination
has been has passed by the
executive branch and the
House and is awaiting ap-
proval by the Senate.
In Hungary, with a Jewish
population of 100,000, the

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