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September 19, 1986 - Image 53

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1986-09-19

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

University Grads
Double In Israel

1bl Aviv (JTA) — The num-
ber of university graduates in
Israel more than doubled in
the decade between 1974 and
1984, and the over 200,000
holders of university degrees
now account for some eight
percent of the population over
the age of 20, according to
survey released last week.
The Central Bureau of Sta-
tistics, which published the
findings of a special review,
said that in 1984 there were
some 206,000 university
graduates in Israel. This
figure is 2.1 times that record-
ed for 1974. The graduate ac-
counted for in the most recent
survey include some 130,000
persons with a degree equiv-
alent to a B.A., 64,000 per-
sons with a degree equivalent
to an M.A., and some 11,000
holders of a PH.D.
Among university graduates,
some 197,000 are Jewish and
some 9,000 non-Jewish. Some
85,000 university graduates,
roughly 41 percent of the
total, are women, the survey
showed. Half of the Jewish
university graduates in Israel
in 1984 were less than 40
years old, and 44 percent were
born in Israel.
The percentage of those
originating from Asia and
Africa, including those Israeli-
born individuals whose
parents were born on those
continents, reached about 15
percent (slightly more —
some 19 percent — among
B.A. holders).
The Central Bureau of Sta-
tistics said the figures were
based on the preliminary re-
sults of the survey of college
and university graduates,
conducted by the Bureau be-
tween September 1984 and
May 1985. The survey cov-
ered a representative sample
of 15,000 persons selected ac-
cording to the information
obtained during the popula-
tion nd housing census of
June 1983.
The percentage of universi-
ty graduates among adult
Jews of African and Asian
origin, aged 20 and older, in-
creased from 1.1 percent in
1974 to three percent in 1984.
Among Jews of European and
American origin, the increase
was from 8.3 percent to 14.8
percent, respectively. The
percentage of women univer-
sity graduates increased from
25 percent in 1961 to 37 per-
cent in 1974, and to 41 per-
cent in 1984.
A striking change took
place in the breakdown of
university graduate accord-
ing to fields of studies: the
total of humanities, social
sciences, business and ad-
ministration increased from
12 percent for each of these
fields in 1961 to some 25 per-
cent for each of them in 1984.
The total of university grad-
uates who received a degree in
mathematics and sciences in-

creased from eight to 13 per-
cent, respectively.
In contrast, the total of
university graduates who
received a degree in law,
medicine or engineering
decreased significantly.
Changes in these fields took
place mainly between 1961
and 1974, and to a lesser ex-
tent in the following decade,
the Bureau said.

NANCY HEELER

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COLONY

Bus Stop
Vandals Fined

Jerusalem (JTA) — The
Jerusalem Magistrates Court
fined 23 ultra-Orthodox Jews
between 100 and 500 shekels
each and sentenced them to
suspended jail terms for de-
struction of bus stops here two
months ago.
The most severe penalty
went to Rabbi Gershon Sat-
mar, one of the leaders of the
Eda Haredit. Satmar was fined
500 shekels and received a
suspended sentence of four
months.
The trial of three others
charged with the destruction,
among them Rabbi Uri Blau of
Neturei Karta, continues.

1EhMS time

PdERIORs

Ivory Coast
Embassy Opens
In Jerusalem

Jerusalem (JTA) — Ivory
Coast reopened its Embassy
in Jerusalem last Monday,
formally resuming diplomatic
ties with Israel which it broke
after the Yom Kippur War in
1973. A Charge d'Affaires will
head the Embassy until the
ambassador arrives to pre-
sent his credentials to Presi-
dent Chaim Herzog.
Israel and Ivory Coast
agreed to resume diplomatic
relations at a meeting in
Geneva last January between
Prime Minister Shimon Peres
and President Felix Houph-
ouet-Boigny. Israel has an
Ambassador in Abidjan,
capital of the West African
nation. The fact that he is the
former officer promoted to
ambassadorial rank appeared
to have irked the Ivorians, ac-
cording to some sources here,
and accounts for the nine-
month delay in reopening the
embassy. Others believe
Ivory Coast, with a 15 per-
cent Moslem population may
have been nervous about
resuming relations with
Israel.
But the fact that the Em-
bassy is in Jerusalem rather
than rIel Aviv is heartening to
Israelis. The Ivory Coast
government continued to pay
rent for the building during
the 13 years it was vacant
and also paid the salary of the
embassy secretary who has
now returned to her old job.

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