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September 02, 1983 - Image 50

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Detroit Jewish News, 1983-09-02

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50 Friday, September 2, 1983

THE DETROIT JEWISH NEWS



Six Years of Activities Under Begin Administration Are Chroni cled

after having been in the op- responsibility any longer."
In the interim period,
position for 29 years.
Finally, at the age of 64, Begin led his country to a
Begin felt that his political peace agreement with
and social views had been Egypt and to a controv-
vindicated and that despite ersial war in Lebanon. He
the bitter attacks against handed back the entire
him and his colleagues in Sinai to Egypt but
the Knesset by the success- strengthened Israel's
ive Labor Party govern- role in the administered
ments the majority of the territories. Under his
people of Israel were on his _premiership, Israel an-
nexed the Golan Heights
side.
Begin felt exhilirated and but stopped short of an-
exhuberant, filled with nexing the West Bank.
Begin was a fighter, if not
dreams of putting his re-
visionist Zionist philosophy always a diplomatic one. He
into practice. Six years la- took on President Hafez
ter, at the age of 70, Begin Assad of Syria, Chancellor
resigned from office, physi- Helmut Schmidt of West
cally ill, psychologically de- Germany, President Valery
pressed and and proclaim- Giscard d'Estaing of
ing that "I cannot bear the France, Labor Party leader

By GIL SEDAN

JERUSALEM (JTA) —
Menahem Begin won a
stunning upset over the rul-
ing Labor Party in the 1976
elections to become Israel's
first non-Labor premier

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President Anwar Sadat of
But at the same time,
Egypt began to break down Begin gave the green light
and finally stopped al- for the rapid construction of
together. The autonomy settlements in the West
talks were dead-ended be- Bank, creating a situation
cause Israel and Egypt were described by many as "ir-
at odds over the degree of reversible" from the point of
autonomy to be granted to view of leaving the door
the Palestinians on the open for future negotiations
West Bank. While Begin be- with Jordan.
lieved in "autonomy for the
Begin's hardline image
people, not for the land," also re-emerged when he
Egypt viewed autonomy as ordered the bombing of the
a stepping-stone toward a nuclear reactor in Iraq and
Palestinian state. Egypt, in- the invasion of Lebanon.
furiated with the stalemate The latter, which culmi-
and the war in Lebanon, re- nated in the massacre at the
MENAHEM BEGIN
called its ambassador.
refugee camps by Phalan-
Shimon Peres, and derided
Begin also leaves behind gist forces while Israeli
and rejected President an Israeli society more di- troops were nearby, left
Reagan's peace initiative. vided than ever: religious Begin with the political
But at the end of his reign, against the secular, stigma that he headed a
Begin seemed to have lost Sepahardim against government which did not
that combztiveness and Ashkenazim, Jews against know how to prevent such
began to acquiesce to most Arabs. These divisions have an atrocity.
American requests, includ- caused violence: Sepahardic
Neither Israel nor hiS
ing the latest one that Israel Jews attacking Ashkenazic Herut Party and the Likud
delay the redeployment of property and daubing them coalition he headed will
its troops in Lebanon.
with slogans reminiscent of ever be the same again
Begin leaves his office as Nazi Germany; Ultra- without Begin. For six years
a man who had grown Orthodox Jews attacking he was the cement that held
weary of the petty infight- secular archeologists; the together the building blocks
ing and bickering among murder of Peace Now ac- of diverse elements. In the
the Cabinet ministers, tivist Emil Grunzweig dur- end, history was stronger
especially in the past few ing a demonstration follow- than the individual, but the
weeks, sparked by the ing the report of the Kahan individual — Begin — con-
mounting toll of Israeli Commission of the mas- tributed strongly to that
soldiers killed and wounded sacre of civilians in the story.
in Lebanon and by an au- Sabra and Shatila refugee
All the arts relating to
sterity economic package camps; the killing and
proposed by Finance Minis- wounding of Arab students human life are linked to-
ter Yoram Aridor. Close at the Islamic College in gether by a subtle bond of
associates of Begin said he Hebron; and the attempted mutual relationship.
was grieved by the death of assassination of three West
517 soldiers and the wound- Bank Arab mayors.
ing of more than 2,000. He
At the beginning of his
termed the war in Lebanon premiership, Begin
a tragedy" and admitted seemed to go out of his
that he had never antici- way to dispel his image as
pated that the war would a hardliner. From his sick
PATISSERIE
become so complicated.
bed (he suffered from a
In the past year Begin heart condition) Begin
suffered two tragedies: his called up Laborite Moshe
"Delicious and
beloved wife Aliza died last Dayan and invited him to
unusual
November while he was in become foreign minister.
The move paid off —
the United States, and
his close friend and political Dayan was instrumental in
partner Simha Ehrlich died achieving the peace agree-
ment with Egypt. Begin's
for
in June.
Begin was also repor- hardline image concerning
the
Holidays
tedly distressed by the his views of Israel's Arab
nation's economic crisis, neighbors was also dispel-
29229 Northwestern Hwy.
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Camp
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(313) 357-4540
grasp. He never claimed David accords, along with
President
Carter.
to understand economic
problems and left all that
work up to the ministers
in charge, first and
foremost, Aridor. At first,
Aridor's economic policy
enabled the Likud to win
office for the second time
in 1981. Those economic
policies created an at-
mosphere of prosperity,
with major consumer
goods flooding the mar-
ket at prices available to
even low income families.
== = = •=. =
But those policies began
7.7.;
to fail. Inflation ran as high
as 140 percent annually and
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